Referring to the discretization of derivatives by Finite differences, and its applications to numerical solutions of partial differential equations.

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1answer
25 views

Implement Robin Boundary Condition

This is a follow up to this question. I have a nonlinear BVP on $x=0$ to $L$: $$ (T^2)\frac{\partial^2 T}{\partial x^2} + T \left( \frac{\partial T}{\partial x}\right)^2 + Q = 0 $$ to which I apply a ...
3
votes
2answers
71 views

Neumann Boundary Condition at r=0 in Polar Coordinates (Numerical BCs)

I have asked a question in this regard earlier. I am trying to solve the following equation in Polar Co-ordinates: $$ u_t - (u_{rr} + \frac{1}{r} * u_r + \frac{1}{\theta} * u_{\theta\theta} + bu) = ...
0
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0answers
58 views

Finite Difference in Polar Co-ordinates

Background Please note that I am duplicating the question on scicomp. I have already asked this in math. I am trying to come up with a scheme in Polar Co-ordinates for the following PDE: PDE I am ...
1
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0answers
64 views

Solving a Nonlinear BVP using Finite Difference Method

I am trying to write a code to solve a nonlinear BVP using the Finite Difference Method. The BVP is: $(T^2)\frac{\partial^2 T}{\partial x^2} + T \left( \frac{\partial T}{\partial x}\right)^2 + Q = 0$ ...
0
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0answers
44 views

What is a reasonable manufactured solution to test finite difference method? [duplicate]

What is a reasonable manufactured solution to test the following equation against its finite difference approximation? I want it to look like a Cosine function about $0$, rotated about $Z$ axis ...
1
vote
1answer
72 views

Solve steady state reaction-diffusion/Helmholtz equation numerically

I am solving a problem of the form: $\frac{\partial u(x,y,t)}{\partial t} = \nabla^2 u(x,y,t) - f(x,y,t)u(x,y,t) - \kappa(x,y,t)$ At the moment, I am solving this at each time step by assuming a ...
1
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0answers
35 views

Finding a scalar field in order to generate a solenoidal vector from a given vector

I am working on generating a (complex) solenoidal vector field $\mathbf{A}$ from a prescribed (complex) vector $\mathbf{a}$ and the gradient of a scalar, $b$, such that $$\mathbf{A} = \mathbf{a} + ...
0
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1answer
83 views

Computing multiple numerical derivatives at once

Lets say I have a function $f(X) = f(x_1,...,x_N)$ to be integrated. But unlike time discrete methods, my integrator uses quantisation to advance time, that is if $|x - q| > dQ$, with $q$ being the ...
-1
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1answer
35 views

Can you give some information for rothe method [closed]

I want to learn a numerical method for PDEs other than finite difference method. After some research on internet i have found Rothe method and it looks interesting to me. Unfortunately, i couldn't ...
1
vote
3answers
100 views

Solve diffusion equation with linear source term

I would like to solve numerically the diffusion equation, where the sink term depends linearly on the field, and there is field-independent sink: $\frac{\partial^2 u(x)}{\partial x^2} =f(x)u(x) - ...
0
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2answers
71 views

Numerical Solution of non-linear diffusion equation using Finite Differencing

I'm trying to solve the following non-linear diffusion equation: $$ \frac{\partial}{\partial t} u(x,t)= \frac{\partial^{2}}{\partial x^{2}}u(x,t)^{3}$$ $$ -1\leq x \leq1, t \geq 0 $$ with the boundary ...
3
votes
1answer
93 views

Finite Difference Error Estimate for an Elliptic PDE with an Oscillatory Coefficient

Suppose I want to solve the PDE: $$-\nabla\cdot\left( a_\epsilon\left(x\right)\nabla u\right)=0 \text{ in } \Omega$$ $$u=g(x) \text{ on }\partial\Omega$$ Here, I assume that ...
0
votes
1answer
39 views

Nuemann boundary problem

I'm writing a solver for a differential equation with two neumann boundaries (u'(0)=u'(1)=0) and I can't figure out how to determine how to solve the problem. What will my boundaries be and how do I ...
2
votes
0answers
79 views

Finite Volume/difference scheme for 2d continuity equation

I am trying to solve the following 2D continuity equation on the rectangular domain [0,1]x[0,1] using the finite volume method. $\rho_t + \nabla \cdot (\rho v) = 0$ where the velocity $v =(v1,v2)$ is ...
-2
votes
1answer
94 views

explain the difference between 1D Poisson solvers

I compared 2 methods for 1 dimensional Poisson equation solution. One is finite-difference method, "Successive Overrelaxation" from http://www.cs.berkeley.edu/~demmel/cs267/lecture24/lecture24.html; ...
4
votes
2answers
158 views

How can I prove numerical diffusion in upwind scheme for transport equation

I was just implementing the upwind scheme for a linear transport equation $u_t + cu_x = 0$ where $c=0.5$ and I saw that the solution was indeed advected but over time it starts to diffuse. Can anyone ...
2
votes
2answers
72 views

Infinite Function Value on Dirichlet Boundary

I have been working on a multigrid solution to a non-homogeneous Dirichlet boundary value problem. However, the function goes to infinity on the boundary. This causes numerical overflow errors to be ...
3
votes
2answers
68 views

How does constraint resolution affect the stability/accuracy of numerical integration?

I understand some basic analysis techniques (local truncation error, global error, zero-stable, absolute stable, etc.) of numerical integration. But I find it hard to apply these techniques in ...
4
votes
2answers
263 views

Crank-Nicolson method for solving nonlinear parabolic PDEs

Is the Crank-Nicolson method appropriate for solving a system of nonlinear parabolic PDEs like $\partial u/\partial t - a\Delta u + u^4 = 0$ ? I tried to apply this method for solving such system but ...
2
votes
1answer
159 views

Finite differences scheme for 2D advection equation

I'm trying to study with a finite difference method the 2D advection equation with a space-dependant flow. Taking a function $f(x,y,t)$ solution of the equation : $$ ...
4
votes
1answer
73 views

Error implementing Robin boundary conditions in toy ODE problem

I am attempting to solve the following ODE problem: $$-u''+ u = x$$ $$u(0) = 0$$ $$u'(1) = -u(1)$$ The exact solution is: $u(x) = e^{-x-1} - e^{x-1} + x$ I have a Dirichlet at $x = 0$ and a Robin ...
3
votes
1answer
92 views

Get symmetric Finite Difference matrix in non Laplacian settings

I would like to solve a system of differential equations $u+\nabla(\nabla\cdot u)=f$ or in more detail $a+\partial_t^2a+\partial_t\partial_xb+\partial_t\partial_yc=f$ ...
2
votes
0answers
79 views

2D Neumann Conditions on Irregular Domain

I would like to model the 2D diffusion equation with Neumann BC's inside the following egg-shaped domain: I would like to use the finite difference method with the discretization implied by the ...
3
votes
1answer
106 views

Numerically solve a PDE in Python with a term calculated by coarse-graining

I'm trying to solve a PDE in Python of the form, $\dfrac{\partial c(\mathbf{x}, t)}{\partial t} = \mathrm{D} \nabla^2 c(\mathbf{x}, t) -\gamma \rho(\mathbf{x}, t) c(\mathbf{x}, t)$ where $c$ ...
0
votes
1answer
127 views

Solve a fourth order differential equation

I want to solve $$ \frac{\partial^2}{\partial t^2}u(z,t) + a\frac{\partial^2}{\partial z^2}u(z,t) + k\frac{\partial^4}{\partial z^4}u(z,t) = 0 $$ with $u(z,0) = 1+0.1e^{-\frac{z^2}{2}}$. I'd like to ...
2
votes
1answer
160 views

Solve a differential equation with finite difference method

I want to solve this equation $$ -\frac{1}{2}f''(x)+2a\ f(x)^3 = f(x)\mu $$ One exact solution (there are a lot of different kinds) of this equation is $f(x) = f_\infty \tanh(\sqrt{2a}f_\infty x) $ ...
2
votes
3answers
109 views

Computing the derivative on a mesh

I have a 2-D mesh of triangles and I have a scalar function $f(x,y)$ defined at all the vertices of this mesh. I want to accurately estimate $\frac{\partial f}{\partial x}$ and $\frac{\partial ...
3
votes
1answer
96 views

Books and references on implementing finite difference codes for PDEs

Are there any good books or references on implementing finite difference methods for PDEs? Specifically, I'm looking for something comparable to Gockenbach's book Understanding and Implementing the ...
3
votes
2answers
119 views

Finding shortest path in a time/distance map

I get a distance map output after using a Fast Marching Method. The PDE involved is the Eikonal equation which take the form : $$\begin{cases} c(x).|\nabla u| =1\\ u(x) =\phi(x) ...
4
votes
2answers
182 views

Projection Method: Boundary condition on intermediate velocity field

I'm trying to solve variable density and viscosity Navier-Stokes equation using lagged pressure projection method. I'm solving for cavity problem as a test case now (once I get projection right, I ...
3
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0answers
120 views

Efficient assembly of finite element matrix(coupled equations case)

I noticed this post, where spalloc and sparse are recommanded for efficient assembly in Matlab. I personally use sparse assembling for simple cases. However, when it comes to the case of coupled PDE, ...
3
votes
1answer
69 views

ODE boundary value problem relaxation method reference request

This is a somewhat basic question, I guess. Take the ODE boundary value problem $$ \frac1\lambda y''-y'=0, \qquad y(0) = 0, \quad y(1) = 1, $$ with the solution $$ y(x) = ...
4
votes
3answers
297 views

Discrete Poisson Equation with Pure Neumann Boundary Conditions

I'm trying to implement the Helmholtz-Hodge Decomposition in 2D, which states that a vector field is composed by a rotational free component, a divergence free component and a harmonic component. ...
1
vote
1answer
251 views

Python - calculation time derivative and laplacien by finite differences

I would like to determine a temporal derivitive and a Laplacian by the finite differences method to solve the heat equation in a 1-dimensional case. My aim is to get the sources term that is why I ...
5
votes
2answers
162 views

Advice on numerical solution for 2D hyperbolic PDE with zero flux boundary conditions

I would like to numerically solve a hyperbolic PDE of the form $\frac{\partial\theta_t}{\partial t}(x,y)+\frac{\partial\left[\theta_t \gamma_t^x\right]}{\partial x}(x,y)+\frac{\partial\left[\theta_t ...
6
votes
3answers
222 views

Finite Difference Method Stability

The diffusion equation is: $ \frac{\partial T}{\partial t} = \alpha \left( \frac{\partial^2 T}{\partial x^2} \right) $ An explicit finite difference approach can be used to solve this, forward in ...
1
vote
1answer
72 views

Coupled PDE: a confusion in boundary condition setup

I have a coupled PDE problem(Poisson-Schrondinger system), i.e. first I need to solve an eigenvalue problem (Schrodinger problem discretized by Galerkin method) $$Ax=\lambda x, ~~~A=A(u)$$ the ...
2
votes
1answer
393 views

Poisson equation with Neumann boundary conditions

I'm trying to solve the Poisson equation with pure Neumann boundary conditions, $$ \nabla^2\phi = \rho \quad in \quad \Omega\\ \mathbf{\nabla}\phi \cdot \mathbf{n} = 0 \quad on \quad \partial \Omega ...
4
votes
1answer
253 views

Finite differences vs. elements: Accuracy and implementation

I am trying to solve the 2D Poisson equation numerically: $ \frac{\partial ^2 \phi}{\partial x^2} + \frac{\partial ^2 \phi}{\partial y^2} = 1 $ with the Dirichlet boundary condition $\phi = 0$. I ...
2
votes
2answers
109 views

Finite element: handle discontinuity/abrupt interface

I am using Galerkin's method to set up some pde solver for my problems(1D/2D) at hand. Some abrupt material interfaces do exist, so far, what I did regarding this is simply: 1) no element across the ...
1
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0answers
38 views

characterising attractors for master equations

I have a master equation for $(x,y,z)$ with the constraint $x+y+z=N$. $x$ can be regarded as the number of animal of a certain species in the whole system. In other words, I have a differential ...
2
votes
0answers
169 views

Solving the Helmholtz equation numerically

I am trying to solve the Helmholtz equation in some complex unbounded 2D domain: $$\left( \frac{\partial^2 \psi}{\partial x^2} + \frac{\partial^2 \psi}{\partial y^2} + E \right) u(x, y) = 0$$ ...
0
votes
1answer
157 views

Explicit scheme for heat equation with Neumann boundary conditions in Maple

$\displaystyle \frac{\partial u}{\partial t}=\alpha(x,t)\cdot \frac{\partial^2 u}{\partial x^2}+b(x,t)$ $u(x,0)=f(x)$ Initial condition $u_x(0,t)=0$ 2nd type Boundary condition $u_x(1,t)=0$ 2nd ...
3
votes
1answer
268 views

Comparison of Lattice Boltzmann Method vs Traditional Navier-Stokes based Methods

I have a choice of two options, analysing and implementing Lattice Boltzmann methods or traditional Navier Stokes based methods. I'm a CFD newbie and I have a rough idea (though not rigorous enough to ...
1
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0answers
59 views

Finite difference mixed derivatives on quadrilateral (non-orthogonal) grids

Could someone tell, please, has someone constructed finite difference mixed derivatives on quadrilateral (non-orthogonal) grids, already? Without using aconformal mapping to an orthogonal grid. I mean ...
0
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0answers
17 views

dynamics of bending of flexible kvazi-1D object simulated using smooth basiset

Do you know a about method which use smooth basiset (like spline, $\sin, \cos$ ) rather than finite element method for simulation of bending of some flexible 1D object ( canteliver, bow, stiff rope, ...
2
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0answers
100 views

Why does my Finite Difference approximation not work?

I am trying to find out the magnitude of the acceleration of my object based on non-uniformly sampled 3D position data. I'm using the standard approximation of the 2nd order derivative on a ...
2
votes
1answer
151 views

FEM: which is the correct way to impose Dirichlet B.C

I know the Neumann B.C. is implicit in FEM language. However, I have seen at least two ways to impose Dirichlet B.C. e.g. for the following problem 1D, $$\nabla^2 u + \nabla u= 0, u_{left}= 1, ...
0
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0answers
196 views

How to solve singular non symmetric poisson equation with Neumann boundary condtions?

I am trying to solve 2D Poisson equations with Neumann boundary conditions. When the mesh is uniform, Poisson equation is singular and symmetric, so the method listed in Null Space Projection for ...
1
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0answers
118 views

finite volume for diffusion equation with anisotropic (tensor) coefficient

Consider the scalar PDE for $u$ with Dirichlet boundary conditions: $\mathrm{div}(\mathcal{K}\nabla u) = f\; \forall x\; \in \Omega \subset R^2$, $u = 0 \; \forall \; x\;\in \partial\Omega$ ...