A means of solving ordinary and partial differential equations. The domain of the problem is broken up into elements, and the solution in each element is expanded in a basis of functions. The Finite Element Method lends itself well to adaptive refinement, irregular geometry, and good error ...

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Step-wise finite element formulations: can this be done?

Given some functional of the form: $$ I\!\left[\mathbf{x}\right]=\int^t_0 \mathcal{L}\,\text{d}\tau $$ Which stationary at: $$ \frac{\text{d}\mathbf{x}}{\text{d}t}=\mathbf{A}\mathbf{x} $$ And $$ ...
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3answers
118 views

Finite elements on manifold

I'd like to solve some PDEs on manifolds, say for example an elliptic equation on a sphere. Where do I start? I'd like to find something that use preexisting code/libraries in 2d , nothing so fancy ...
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76 views

Why are functional representations of systems important in numerical applications?

I tried asking a similar question in SE.Physics, and I got some information regarding the abstract side of this, but I figured I should post here to get more complete information about the numerical ...
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45 views

Creating FEM mesh for image region — what is the most suitable shape function?

I wish to create a FEM mesh to solve an inverse elasticity problem, for an irregular domain. This domain is given by a medical image, so it is discretised and each square on the grid has one scalar ...
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28 views

Resources for viscous behavior in simple FEM

I am working on a simple explicit-integration lumped-mass elastic FEM code which implements CST+DKT triangles (plate+shell) and constant-strain tetrahedra ...
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1answer
68 views

Effect of banded matrix on error

It is necessary for me to solve a Poisson problem with a numerical method on a square domain with two types of triangular mesh: uniform triangular mesh (using uniform distribution nodes on square) and ...
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97 views

Finite elements $W^{1,\infty}$ error estimates

Are there finite element method setups that provide error estimates in the $W^{1,\infty}$ norm (i.e., bounds on $\|u'_h - u'\|_\infty$)? Which families of elements can be used for implementing them? ...
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46 views

Solving Initial Value problem ignoring the time-derivative

I am looking at a heat initial value problem \begin{align} \frac{\partial u}{\partial t}-\nabla^2u = f\quad&\text{in}\quad \Omega\times(0,T)\\ u = g \quad&\text{on}\quad ...
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132 views

Initial Value Problem using Finite Element

I am trying to implement a FEM solver for the following initial value problem \begin{align} \frac{\partial u}{\partial t} - \nabla^2 u &= f\quad \text{ in } \Omega\times (0,T)\\ u &= g\quad ...
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53 views

Thin plate stiffness: analytical formula to validate FEM model

I tried to compute analitically the stiffness of a cantilever thin plate (shown in picture). The plate is also homogeneous and isotropic. The aim is to compare the result I obtain with the result I ...
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1answer
122 views

How to solve Energy Balance equation by numerical method

Good Day I am new to heat transfer technique please give me some suggestion on solving energy balance equation $$a \frac{\partial T_p}{\partial t}=\frac{\partial}{\partial x}\left(b\frac{\partial ...
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2answers
91 views

Model of heat sink problem with fan

I am trying to solve this problem using advection-diffusion model and finite element method for the solution, due to the complex geometry. Basically the problem i'm trying to solve using OpenFOAM is ...
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1answer
102 views

Effect of subdomain topologies on overlapping additive Schwarz?

Is there a reference on the effect of subdomain topology on performance of the overlapping additive Schwarz method for (high order) finite elements? For example, taking subdomains to be vertex ...
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2answers
168 views

Projecting Finite Element solution onto new mesh

I am implementing a finite element solver in MATLAB and I have the following problem. Let's say I have a mesh $\mathcal{T}_1$ with triangular elements on a rectangular domain ...
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1answer
73 views

Importing results of FEM analysis into Matlab

I need to import in Matlab the results (like time histories of diplacement or frequency response at a specific point) obtained from a FEM analysis in Nastran. At the moment I ask Nastran to save the ...
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2answers
213 views

P versus Q elements

I am currently developing a project that uses finite elements for multi-dimensional PDEs and I'm still wondering if I will use P elements (triangles in 2D and tetra in 3D) or Q elements (squares in 2D ...
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74 views

Structural FEM analysis: transiet response vs frequency response

I am running 2 simulations on a cantilever plate in Nastran: one is a transient analysis (time domain) and the other one is a frequency response analysis. The transient analysis computes the response ...
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78 views

Is it possible to predict the null space of a structure from contributing elements null spaces?

I am trying to solve an almost incompressible problem with heterogeneous properties by domain decomposition. Solution with CG converges slowly or divergerces completely. My problem becomes ...
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2answers
183 views

Why does FEM usually formulate the problems in reference configuration?

I'm with the background of computer engineering and generally use FEM for graphics simulation. As far as I know, FEM formulation is usually expressed with respect to the reference configuration, i.e., ...
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74 views

How to determine the support/influence domain for irregularly distributed nodes in the Element-Free Galekin Method?

EDIT (26-12-14):In the Belytschko's EFG code, the domain of influence for uniform distributed node can be calculated using the code below; my question is how to calculate xspac and yspac when the ...
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1answer
175 views

Alternatives to Comsol Multiphysics

This might be a question better suited for the Software Recommendations side of S.E., however I do believe that people who frequent this part of S.E. are more likely to be able to answer this ...
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2answers
153 views

FEM for a nonlinear parabolic PDE

I'm looking to numerically compute the solution to $$ k(x,u) \partial_t u - \Delta u = f \quad\quad\text{ in } \Omega \times [0,T]$$ where $k$ is a continuous but nonlinear (in $u$) real-valued ...
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54 views

What is Mesh Independence Report?

I am performing analysis on chassis (Static Structural) and for optimization purpose i am asked to generate MESH-INDEPENDENCE REPORT,of which i have no idea. I have tried going through research papers ...
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1answer
91 views

Solve steady state reaction-diffusion/Helmholtz equation numerically

I am solving a problem of the form: $\frac{\partial u(x,y,t)}{\partial t} = \nabla^2 u(x,y,t) - f(x,y,t)u(x,y,t) - \kappa(x,y,t)$ At the moment, I am solving this at each time step by assuming a ...
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3answers
115 views

Solve diffusion equation with linear source term

I would like to solve numerically the diffusion equation, where the sink term depends linearly on the field, and there is field-independent sink: $\frac{\partial^2 u(x)}{\partial x^2} =f(x)u(x) - ...
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4answers
206 views

Motivation behind Galerkin method

I have a question about Galerkin method. I don't understand why the Galerkin method weights the residual by the shape functions and sets it equal to zero. I want to know what is reason of this. Why we ...
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1answer
202 views

Finite Element integration with tensor notation

While I was studying discontinuous finite element methods I found an integration of a Navier Stokes equation using tensorial notation. The equation is the following: $\mathbf{\bar {u}}_{t} + ...
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4answers
243 views

Need a simple mesh format (for FEA) and a tool to generate the mesh

I want to write a 2D FEA code for my course project and I need to import a mesh (2d, simple quad/tri) on a simple geometry such as a L shaped plate or with a square/circular hole in it, something like ...
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1answer
123 views

Are additional penalty terms necessary to solve elliptic PDE's with DG-FEM?

After a cursory glance at several references to discontinuous galerkin finite element methods for the elliptic poisson PDE, i notice that all of them emphasize using penalty methods where an ...
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1answer
234 views

On the completeness of the Periodic Table of Finite Elements

In a recent SIAM News article, there is a long article describing a systematic organization of the finite elements, aptly dubbed the Periodic Table of Finite Elements. Its really quite fascinating to ...
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148 views

Poisson equation with pure Neumann boundary conditions (using FEM)

I am trying to derive the correct variational form for the Poisson equation with pure Neumann boundary conditions, and an additional contraint $\int_{\Omega} u \, {\rm d} x = 0$, as described in this ...
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111 views

Galerkin FEM: Handling Dirichlet boundary condition with quadratic basis function

Consider a simple BVP: $-u_{xx} = f$ with $u(1) = g$ and $-u_x(0) = H$. Following Hughes' notation for Galerkin FEM, the variational function space $V$ is defined first using basis $\{N_A(x)\}$, $A = ...
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84 views

Splitting Operator

I have a problem with this finite element formulation. After applied a Splitting Operator $Q=\hat{Q} + \tilde{Q}$ I do not know how to procede. I need to obtain the solution of the following finite ...
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1answer
174 views

When should a geometric stiffness matrix for truss elements include axial terms?

Bathe's Finite Element Procedures shows the "nonlinear strain stiffness matrix" for a 2D truss element as $$ \frac {^tP} {L_0 + \Delta L} \left[ \begin{array}{ccc} 1 & 0 & -1 & 0 \\ 0 ...
3
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2answers
310 views

Programming Finite Element Methods in C++

I am trying to develop a library for finite element methods in C++ and for that I am looking at the data structures for meshes. Based on what I've read up on fenics and deal.ii, the general ...
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53 views

Mixed DG for Poisson with mixed BC's

I am trying to find a good reference on a proper weak formulation for mixed DG (Raviart Thomas and DG) formulation for a Poisson equation with mixed boundary conditions. Can anyone suggest a good ...
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1answer
41 views

Transparent boundary conditions for finite element simulation of TDSE

I have implemented a version of Visscher's method for numerically solving the TDSE (A fast explicit algorithm for the time-dependent Schrödinger equation) (also described in Are there simple ways to ...
3
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2answers
157 views

Do I need to impose boundary conditions in the Jacobian matrix?

In the framework of Finite Element Method, when the Newton method is used, we solve $J(x^k) \delta x = -f(x^k)$, and the increment $\delta x$ would not change some entries from $x^k$ related to ...
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1answer
39 views

Modifying finite difference solution to Schrodinger eqn to account for fermion/boson effects

I have been playing with an implementation of Visscher's explicit method for solving the time dependent Schrodinger equation (Are there simple ways to numerically solve the time-dependent ...
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2answers
112 views

Method to quantify geometric difference of two dissimilar meshes

I am looking for a method or algorithm to produce a value that describes how different two meshes are geometrically but that have different topologies. An example would be some CAD data that has had ...
0
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1answer
89 views

Buckling reference using the FEM

I want to analyze buckling in a composite using the FEM. So far I have studied this references Zdenek P Bazant, Luigi Cedolin. Stability of Structures: Elastic, Inelastic, Fracture and Damage ...
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4answers
228 views

Mesh generator that can do 2D & 3D elements combined?

I'm trying to analyze a circuit card assembly (CCA). The biggest problem is always trying to mesh the thin copper layers along with the thicker epoxy layers between. I'm making the approximation that ...
2
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115 views

What is numerical damping in the context of time-dependent FEM solvers?

Comsol Multiphysics (a popular FEM package) includes two time-stepping algorithms (IDA aka BDF, and Generalized-alpha), described in their documentation as follows (quoted here under Fair Use; ...
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73 views

Treatment of Neumann (Traction) boundary conditions using projection methods

I am looking to solve the incompressible Navier-Stokes equations in 3D, using an inflow boundary condition specifying a velocity: $\mathbf{u} = \mathbf{g}_0 \,\, \forall \,\, \mathbf{x} \in \Gamma_u$ ...
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229 views

How to use the Freefem++ (or Fenics) for solving 3D Helmholtz equations or Maxwell equations

I recently want to solve the three-dimensional Helmholtz equations with ABCs via the edge element method. But I am familiar with the program of C++/Python (-type) language, so I want to obtain some ...
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2answers
177 views

Implementation of nonlinear term in FEM

Although there are similar questions, I am also struggling with the implementation of the following term in "my own code" by Finite Element Method, namely, $\nabla \phi \cdot \nabla \phi$. $\phi$ is ...
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139 views

Analog of perfectly matched layers for finite element methods

Is there an analog of perfectly matched layers for finite element methods? References or small examples are much appreciated.
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68 views

jump conditions for Poisson/Darcy equation in primal form versus mixed form

Consider the Darcy equation, $$\mathbf{v} + \dfrac{k}{\mu_0}\nabla p = \mathbf{f} \\ \mathrm{div}\; \mathbf{v} = 0$$ If the coefficient $k$ is piecewise constant across an interface $\Gamma$ in the ...
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2answers
92 views

Choice of spaces for mixed formulation for Poisson Equation Or Darcy equation

Consider the mixed formulation of the Poisson/Darcy system for a region $\Omega$: $\alpha \mathbf{v} + \nabla p = f \\ \mathrm{div}[\mathbf{v}] = 0 $ with the boundary conditions $\mathbf{v}\cdot ...
2
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1answer
103 views

Jump condition for elliptic equation in standard finite element method

Consider the elliptic PDE $ -\mathrm{div}(k(x)\nabla u) = f(x) \in \Omega$ and $u = 0$ on $\partial \Omega$ If $k(x)$ is piecewise constant across an interface $\Gamma$ in the domain, then we ...