For questions regarding design and implementation of preconditioners for solving linear systems.

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2
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0answers
47 views

preconditioned Uzawa method with Petsc

I am trying to improve the resolution of a Stokes problem (P2/P1 on unstructured mesh) defined by the matrix $M$: $M= \begin{pmatrix} A_u & 0 & B_u \\ 0 & A_v & B_v\\ B_u^T & ...
4
votes
1answer
72 views

Choosing preconditioner for unsymmetric pressure-velocity coupled system

I'm working with pressure-velocity coupled systems. It means that instead of solving 4 different linear systems in segregated approach (1 for pressure and 3 for Ux, Uy, Uz), we can solve only one ...
0
votes
0answers
33 views

Non-overlaping Domain decomposition - assemble of Laplacian

I am dealing with following 2-dimensional problem in the unit square domain $S_2$ $$- \Delta u (x,y) = f \ \text{in} \ S_2, \hspace{1.5cm} u(x,y) = 0 \ \text{on} \ \partial S_2$$ where $f$ is ...
9
votes
1answer
117 views

What iterative method can effectively solve a linear system with this kind of spectrum

I have a linear system with matrix which eigenvalues are uniformly distributed on the unit circle like this: Is it possible to solve this kind of system effectively by iterative method, maybe with ...
0
votes
0answers
31 views

How to compute the inner system(like schur complement) effeciently

i got a factorization of $A$ like $A=D+F*H$, where $D$ is a block diagonal matrix and $F,H$ are low-rank matrices. I consider to use the Woodbury formula to construct a solver: ...
3
votes
2answers
71 views

Preconditioning symmetric Schur complement

Consider a $2\times 2$ block matrix and a linear system of equations associated to it: \begin{equation} \begin{pmatrix} - A & B \\ B^t & C \end{pmatrix} \begin{pmatrix} x \\ y \end{pmatrix} ...
2
votes
1answer
97 views

Best preconditioner for mixed-poisson problem (RT0 elements)

For a very large mixed-poisson problem with lowest order Raviart-Thomas elements (RT0), I plan on using an iterative solver. However, this kind of problem is not positive-definite (saddle point ...
1
vote
1answer
86 views

OpenMP threaded nonlinear solver for complex numbers

Problem: I have translated Jacobian-Free Newton-Krylov solver written by C. T. Kelley to Fortran and now want to parallelize it on shared-memory system with OpenMP. In addition, I want to precondition ...
0
votes
1answer
60 views

Avoid arithmetic overflow in matrix multiplication

I am solving the following matrix equation for $\mathbf{x}$: $$(J^{\mathbf{T}}J)\mathbf{x}=J^{\mathbf{T}}\mathbf{r}$$ $J$ is $m\times n$ matrix $\mathbf{x}$ is vector of size $n$ $\mathbf{r}$ is ...
1
vote
0answers
56 views

Block preconditioners and condition number

I am working with block Jacobi like preconditioners which are very cheap for my problem. But I could not find much about the dynamics of basic preconditioners (block Jacobi, Gauss-Seidel, ILU etc). ...
2
votes
1answer
192 views

Construct a preconditioner for the linear system $Ax = b$ from a different matrix

When I use PETSc to solve my linear systems, I always use the subroutine PetscErrorCode KSPSetOperators(KSP ksp,Mat Amat,Mat Pmat) where ...
5
votes
1answer
108 views

Effect of subdomain topologies on overlapping additive Schwarz?

Is there a reference on the effect of subdomain topology on performance of the overlapping additive Schwarz method for (high order) finite elements? For example, taking subdomains to be vertex ...
8
votes
0answers
79 views

Guidelines for nested preconditioners

Consider the situation where you want to solve a linear system using a preconditioned Krylov method, but applying the preconditioner itself involves solving an auxiliary system, which is done with ...
3
votes
1answer
180 views

Designing a preconditioner for a very Ill-conditionned matrix

I am a physicist with limited numerical methods knowledge and I am trying to speed up the inversion of a very ill-conditioned problem ($rcond>10^{30}$). The same sparse square matrix is used ...
0
votes
0answers
76 views

Eigenvalue analysis of preconditioned partial differential operator

today, I encountered a confused problem by accident, but I have no ideas to deal with it fully. The question can be described as follows: for example, when we need to use FDM/FEM to discrete the ...
7
votes
1answer
189 views

Why should I renormalize physical variables?

I am working with legacy physical codes and I develop new ones based on the output of them. They all use their own internal normalization of variables (for example all distances are divided by the ...
1
vote
1answer
89 views

Heuristic help with preconditioning large system ODEs

I'm looking for some general insight on preconditioning. In particular, relevant references/resources/comments would be greatly appreciated. Note, I have been through some of the literature, but am ...
4
votes
1answer
519 views

High quality flexible GMRES (FGMRES) implementation

What are the best FGMRES implementations in various languages/frameworks? In particular, are there any good quality Matlab implementations? I am referring to the variation of GMRES where a changing ...
11
votes
2answers
310 views

preconditioning a krylov method with another krylov method

In method like gmres or bicgstab it could be attractive to use another krylov method as a preconditioner. After all they are easy to implement in a matrix-free way and in a parallel environment. For ...
1
vote
0answers
135 views

How to solve sparse linear systems using CPUs and GPUs?

There are several libraries to (iteratively) solve large sparse linear equation systems in parallel on a number of CPUs. Our parallel cluster also has attached powerful GPUs, but so far, I did not ...
11
votes
2answers
235 views

Do black-box preconditioners for matrix-free methods exist?

Jacobian-Free Newton-Krylov (JFNK) methods, and Krylov methods in general, can be very useful because they don't require explicit storage or construction of a matrix, only the results of matrix-vector ...
0
votes
1answer
409 views

Dual time stepping for fluid dynamics

I'm attempting to implement the Weiss and Smith preconditioner in an existing finite volume code and I am struggling with the idea of dual time stepping. My inner time steps are predictor-corrector, ...
12
votes
2answers
260 views

Is there any way to do “double preconditioning”

Question: Suppose that you have two different (factored) preconditioners for a symmetric positive definite matrix $A$: $$A \approx B^TB$$ and $$A \approx C^TC,$$ where the inverses of the factors $B, ...
3
votes
1answer
85 views

What type of matrices is approximate inverse preconditioner $||I - AM||_F$ well suited for?

Take sparse approximate inverse preconditioner $M \approx A^{-1}$ given by solution of $$\underset{M \in S}{\mbox{min}} \; ||I - AM||_F,$$ where $S$ is a set of sparse matrices and $||.||_F$ is the ...
4
votes
3answers
233 views

Preconditioner for finding the smallest eigenpairs of a large, but structured, matrix

I'm trying to find the eigenvector corresponding to the second smallest eigenvalue of a large $(4,000,000 \times 4,000,000)$ matrix $L$. $L$ is a graph Laplacian, with the following structure: $L = D ...
7
votes
1answer
446 views

Solving a large non-hermitian generalised eigenvalue problem from a linear stability analysis using SLEPc

I have a generalised matrix problem: $A x = \lambda B x$ from a spectral method on a linear stability analysis problem. My matrix B is diagonal and positive semi-definite. A is non-hermitian and ...
3
votes
1answer
188 views

Jacobi preconditioner not reducing condition number?

Let's say you have a normal matrix $A$, with diagonal entries $a_{ii} = d>0$. (No assumptions are made about the off-diagonal elements.) Then Jacobi preconditioning doesn't improve condition ...
10
votes
2answers
722 views

Which preconditioners (and solver) in PETSc for indefinite symmetric systems should I use?

My system is a symmetric FE problem with lagrange multipliers (e.g. incompressible Stokes' flow): \begin{pmatrix}A & B^T \\ B & C\end{pmatrix} where $C = 0$ is the typical case (I have even ...
4
votes
2answers
208 views

Existence of incomplete cholesky factorization

What is the current state of research on the existence of incomplete cholesky factorizations (in the context of preconditioning) for symmetric positive definite matrices? I wonder in particular ...
8
votes
1answer
330 views

Extracting diagonal of an approximately diagonal matrix when we don't know its entries

What is a good way to extract the diagonal from a symmetric matrix that is already almost diagonal, but where you don't have the matrix elements (only the ability to apply it to vectors)? Further ...
6
votes
1answer
296 views

Using algebraic multigrid for preconditioning convection-diffusion operators

I implemented a Navier Stokes based on FEM discretization and PETSc for solving the linear system of equations. To create an efficient solution procedure, I follow the paper "Efficient preconditioning ...
11
votes
1answer
307 views

What is the current state of polynomial preconditioners?

I wonder what has happened to polynomial preconditioners. I am interested in them, because they appear to be comparatively elegant from a mathematical perspective, but as far as I have read in surveys ...
11
votes
2answers
241 views

Efficient preconditioner for Augmented Lagrangian

I want to solve a non-linear problem with non-linear equality constrains and I'm using a augmented Lagrangian with a penalty regularization term that, as well known, spoils the condition number of my ...
6
votes
2answers
736 views

Taxonomy of ILU preconditioners

I learned that for BiCGStab solver for sparse linear systems it's pretty much always necessary to use a preconditioner. I realized by now that choosing a good one is problem dependent. Surfing the ...
8
votes
2answers
434 views

How can I precondition a non-linear problem before linearization?

When I think of solving non-linear equations, I generally think of linearizing first, then applying a preconditioner to the linear matrix. The thought occurred to me that it might be possible to ...
5
votes
2answers
601 views

How does matrix scaling influence linear solvers?

For instance, in MUMPS there is option to scale matrix s.t. all rows/columns have the same norm. This claims to decrease condition number and improve numerical properties of the matrix: ...
4
votes
3answers
370 views

On Vanilla Preconditioners for solving dense $Ax=b$ iteratively

I am looking for preconditioners which don't assume anything about the matrix or its origins. I basically want to be able to type in the following in MATLAB and have quick solving time: ...
15
votes
1answer
613 views

Are there any open source inverse-based multilevel ILU implementations?

I am very impressed with the serial performance of multilevel inverse-based ILU preconditioners, particularly for heterogeneous Helmholtz, but I am surprised to not be able to find any open source ...
15
votes
3answers
668 views

What guidelines should I use when searching for good preconditioning methods for a specific problem?

For the solution of large linear systems $Ax=b$ using iterative methods, it is often of interest to introduce preconditioning, e.g. solve instead $M^{-1}(Ax=b)$, where $M$ is here used for ...
11
votes
5answers
1k views

What is the advantage of multigrid over domain decomposition preconditioners, and vice versa?

This is mostly aimed for elliptic PDEs over convex domains, so that I can get a good overview of the two methods.
13
votes
2answers
4k views

Why is my iterative linear solver not converging?

What can go wrong when using preconditoned Krylov methods from KSP (PETSc's linear solver package) to solve a sparse linear system such as those obtained by discretizing and linearizing partial ...
3
votes
1answer
76 views

Applicability of combinatorial and support preconditioner

There are several correspondences between matrices and graphs, e.g., each matrix is the adjacancy matrix of a weighted graph. The terms support preconditioner or combinatorial preconditioner refer to ...