# All Questions

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### How to understand the choice of Krylov subspace orthonormal basis?

This semester, I study the Krylov subspace iterative methods (about Ax=b) using the book H. A. Van der Vorst. Iterative Krylov Methods for Large Linear Systems, volume 13. Cambridge University Press, ...
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### Block-matrix: optimal fill-in reduction for LU factorization

Consider a square $N \times N$ block-matrix $\mathbf{A}$, where each $n \times n$ block $\mathbf{A}_{ii}$ is either a dense block or a zero-block. So, $N$ denotes the number of blocks, $n$ denotes the ...
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### Numerical stability in the product of many matrices

I have to calculate in numpy the matrix-product of many matrices (~400). Are there common practices to increase numerical stability? If this is relevant, the matrices are $300\times 300$ orthogonal ...
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The quadratic knapsack problem (QKP) $$\max_x x^TPx$$ $$\mathrm{s.t.}\;\;w^Tx\leq c,\; x\in\{0,1\}$$ where $P\geq0, w\geq0$ elementwise, is well studied and has existing solvers. My problem below ...
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### Prove that the set of maximizers are independent of parameter in the objective function

A maximization problem reads as $$J(y) = \sum_{k=1}^{K} \sigma_k(y)^q \mathop{\rightarrow}^{y} max$$ where $q \in [1,\infty]$ is a user-defined parameter and functions $\sigma_k, k=\{1,\dots,K\}$ ...
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### Necessary information that a toplogical optimisation solver needs to collecte from a pre-processed CAD model

I am developing a solver that gets a CAD model as entry and does the topological optimisation calculation on it. My solver is inspired by the open source codes presented in literature. Since it is ...
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### Methods to approximate obective function gradients from point cloud

Problem statement: Assume that I have an objective function $f(x)$ which takes as input a $D$-dimensional vector $x\in\mathbb{R}^D$, and that $f(x)$ is sufficiently smooth. Assume further that I ...
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### Fast algorithm for computing lower mode shapes and natural frequencies in MATLAB using sparse stiffness and mass matrices

I am looking for a fast algorithm for computing eigenvalues and eigenvectors from sparse stiffness and mass matrices in MATLAB. The eig(K, M) doesn't work with ...
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### Produce vertex displacements from volumetric shrinkage data on unstructured meshes

I was wondering what would be an efficient way to produce compatible displacements for mesh nodes/vertices if the computed data is volume shrinkage of each element/cell in the unstructured mesh? ...
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### When should I write a matrix-vector function to handle the sparse matrix vector multiplication?

This semster, I have been studying the iterative methods for large sparse matrix system. But I have some questions. For large sparse matrix, we must use an economic storage to store them. The most ...
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### Plot sinewave on ZX axis [duplicate]

I am trying to plot a sinewave with a bit of 3d perspective along the ZX axis instead of the XY axis. I have so far been unable to get anything that works, and have been unable to locate any examples....
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### A lot of identical staff in Comsol material database?

I got a lot of elements in Material Browser of Comsol Multiphysics of Optics section. ...
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### Solving differential equation in Python with discretized variable coefficients

I am trying to solve a differential equation with discretized variable coefficients which are calculated from a time serie. In this case the Runge-Kutta step size is fixed by the frequency in the time ...
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### Question regarding 1D implementation of the DG method

I'm pretty new to the DG method and have been writing a 1D code to help me understand the coding aspect. With respect a reference, I've been following these notes https://www3.nd.edu/~zxu2/...
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### Why do not we choose the error solution norm as an iterative method's criterion?

For solving linear system $$Ax=b,$$ using iterative mehods, we often use the terminate criterion as follows: $$\frac{\|r_k\|}{\|r_0\|}=\frac{\|b-Ax_k\|}{\|b-Ax_0\|}<eps.$$where $x_0$ is the ...
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### Using MATLAB to simulate the Ising Model

I am using MATLAB to simulate a 1D Ising Chain. I am running into an issue where when trying to find heat capacity, my system has a tremendous amount of noise. I'll post my code and an image of the ...
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### Derive the Finite Difference equation corresponding to the steady state PDE. Explain how to implement Dirichlet and Neumann boundary conditions

A rod of length L = 1m, is made of copper, with thermal conductivity κ = 380W/m/K. A uniform heat supply h = 10kW/m3 is applied to the rod. The left boundary of the rod is kept at constant temperature ...
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### Numerical integration with singularity term

In https://www.johndcook.com/blog/2012/02/21/care-and-treatment-of-singularities, the author explains the subtraction method to get rid of singularities when performing numerical integration. The ...
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### Consumer hardware for scientific computing?

I'm interested in problems around probability, statistics, and statistical mechanics, and often I find it useful to perform simulations to get some sense of the underlying phenomena. Example ...
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### Why does the initial guess for linear system usually choose by zero vector?

For solving linear system $$Ax=b,$$ using iterative mehods, we often use the terminate criterion as follows: $$\frac{\|r_k\|}{\|r_0\|}=\frac{\|b-Ax_k\|}{\|b-Ax_0\|}<eps.$$where $x_0$ is the ...