Quoting from Solenthaler et. al. Predictive-Corrective Incompressible SPH (ACM Transactions on Graphics, Vol. 28, No. 3, Article 40, Publication date: August 2009) (PDF link here)
These incompressible SPH (ISPH) methods first integrate the velocity field in time without enforcing incompressibility. Then, either the intermediate velocity field, the resulting variation in particle density, or both are projected onto a divergence-free space to satisfy incompressibility through a pressure Poisson equation.
What does the author mean by "project?? Is there a simpler way of understanding this operation? I tried reading other articles, but they go even more deep saying solenoidal vectors etc. I am looking for a simple explanation at first to understand the concept.