# Convergence of a DASPK depending on DAE formulation

I have a system of non-linear DAE and I noticed that the system does not converge if some of the equations are not differentiated. For example, if the control volume equation is represented as this: $V_{total} = V_1 + V_2$ The solver won't convege.

However if I differentiate the equation like this:

$0 = m_1(\partial v_1/\partial p)(dp/dt)+\dot{m}_2v_2+ m_2(\partial v_2/\partial p)(dp/dt)+(\dot{m}_2v_2)$

Then it does converge. I'm using DASPK on octave.

Background: The equation is part of another five equations that are used to solve the dynamics of a steam accumulator. In such a system, a metal vessel is almost half filled with liquid water and steam is occupying the top other half of the vessel. The system operates under varying pressures and the two phases (1: liquid and 2: steam) are not always in equilibrium.

The full system of equations is as follows: the Unknowns are $M_{1},M_{2},M_{1r},M_{2r},p,\dot{m}_r$ But notice that $\dot{m}_r$ is actually calculated readily from 4

$\frac{d}{dt}[M_1+M_2] = \dot{m}_f - \dot{m}_s$

$\frac{d}{dt}[M_1h_1+M_2h_2-pV_t] = \dot{m}_fh_f - \dot{m}_sh_s$

$V_{t} = V_1 + V_2$

$\frac{d}{dt}[M_{1r}+M_{2r}] = \dot{m}_{dc} - \dot{m}_r$

$\frac{d}{dt}[M_{1r}h_1+M_{1r}h_2-pV_r] = \dot{m}_{dc}h_1 - \dot{m}_sh_s\alpha_r$

$V_{r} = V_{1r} + V_{2r}$

• Can you provide a full description of the equation you are trying to solve.
– Jan
Jan 22, 2015 at 11:23
• Could you write out the equations defining your DAE in full? Without seeing the equations, the only thing I can think of that might be happening is that the original DAE could be high-index (that is, not index 1 or Hessenberg index 2). In that case, DASPK may be unable to solve the problem, leading to the convergence issues. However, differentiating some of the algebraic equations might reduce the index of the system to the point where DASPK successfully solves the resulting DAE system. Jan 23, 2015 at 1:35