I am trying to build my own simulator of Langevin Equation for the Brownian motion.

According to this material.

The way we calculate the particle position in certain time step is :

enter image description here

W(u) is a Wiener process. x0, v0, tauB are all constant.

My question is: How to write a c++ code for this Wiener process integral equation?

This is the code that I currently used in the simulator.

tau=0.1;      //0.1s
tauB=m/gamma; //~ 1e-8s

for(int j=0;j<=N;j++){  // t step
    for(int k=0;k<=j;j++){  // u step

x[j] is the particle position at time step j. ND[j] is a Normal distribution random value at time step j.


The result is incorrect. There must be something important that I misunderstood in the equation.

Please help me.

  • $\begingroup$ Is your code actual code or are you using C as pseudo code? You're using square braces as parentheses in multiple places. $\endgroup$ – horchler Nov 5 '15 at 14:59
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    $\begingroup$ If your goal is to simulate this, it might be more straightforward to write out the SDE and use Euler-Maruyama. You also might find this answer of mine on Math.SE helpful: Implementing Ornstein–Uhlenbeck in Matlab. $\endgroup$ – horchler Nov 5 '15 at 15:11
  • $\begingroup$ My fault, I should write it more carefully. $\endgroup$ – Zhean Lee Nov 5 '15 at 15:12

The increments, $W(t_{k}) - W(t_{k-1})$, of the Brownian motion $W(t)$ are normally distributed with zero mean and variance equal to $t_{k} - t_{k-1}$. If ND[j] is a normal random variable with zero mean and variance equal to one, then you want to multiply it by sqrt(tau). The resulting ND[j] * sqrt(tau) is a normally distributed random variable with zero mean and variance equal to $t_{k} - t_{k-1}$, which is what you want.

  • $\begingroup$ Ah.... yeah, that is a my typo. Let me change the description. Sorry. $\endgroup$ – Zhean Lee Nov 5 '15 at 14:49
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    $\begingroup$ I can see that you have edited the code but the symbol N coincides with the upper bound in your loop (N=1000) and, besides that, the factor tau is still present (it should not be). $\endgroup$ – Juan M. Bello-Rivas Nov 5 '15 at 14:53

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