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Note: This was cross-posted from comp-sci, as I didn't know this community existed!

I have a problem which I'm looking to see if there is literature on:

Consider three types of actors, a Director, Aggregator, and Follower. The Director talks to multiple Aggregators, the Aggregator talks to multiple Followers. The director gives simple commands to the Aggregator, who then can portion out the commands to each Follower as she sees fit.

The question then is, how can the Director know whether or not an Aggregator can complete a given request at time step T? T+1? If T is now, then this is relatively easy as the Aggregator can simply sum up the capabilities of each of the Followers and return it, saying "this is what I can do in total." The problem then is, if the Director is doing her own optimization problem in deciding how to direct two different Aggregators, given each command she must be able to predict how the Aggregator will react. I.e., what are the Aggregator's capabilities in time step T+1 given a direction D in time step T?

Due to the complexity of the Aggregator, I think it's likely best to create an estimator across the current state of the Aggregator (or all of their followers). Further, the Aggregator can give whatever knowledge it wants to the Director, though ideally this would be of constant size no matter the size of the set of Followers. This is therefor an optimization problem on the Aggregator's side for creating an optimal estimator, which is well studied.

What I want to know: Is there any literature about creating an estimator when you know the exact function you are estimating? So if I am the aggregator, how can I tell the Director, in a constant space for the amount of information I give no matter the number of followers, the information require to best predict I would react to a given direction?

Put another way: How can I create an optimal estimator in which I have full knowledge of the shape and composition of the functions I am estimating?

I can think of a number of places where this might occur, potentially in networking, data compression, etc., though I think I don't have the necessary vocabulary. I've tried searching through aggregation, optimization, estimation, forecasting, prediction, which a number of different combinations of keywords relating to these. There is a ton of generalized work on making estimators and predictors, though none which target the assumption that they already have perfect knowledge of that which they're estimating.

[Post note after finding this stack exchange] I read a bit, finding this for instance, and felt that my question was still unique. In this case all functions are known beforehand.

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