# CFL condition in polar coordinates

In this question, I suggested that the Couran-Friedrichs-Lewy (CFL) condition for the wave equation in polar coordinates reads

$$C = 2c\frac{\Delta t}{\Delta r \Delta \phi} \leq C_\max \enspace ,$$

where $c$ is the phase speed. I suggested this from an intuitive point of view, and it worked in that example. Nevertheless, This is probably not right, And I could not find an expression for this case.

Question: What is the CFL condition in polar coordinates?

This question was asked before in Math.SE:

$$\Delta t \sum_{i=1}^3 \frac{u_i}{\Delta x_i} = \Delta t \left( \frac{u_r}{\Delta r} + \frac{u_{\phi}}{r \Delta \phi} + \frac{u_z}{\Delta z} \right) < C_{max} \\$$
• That is definitely a clever option, although that implies that a discretization that includes the origin is really problematic for the selection of $\Delta t$. Mar 5, 2017 at 20:58
• I'm not sure how the expansion would pan out, or, for that matter if you'll be able to define a criterion without a transcendental function.. As for your first comment, though, I would argue that, analytically your argument is true but, the CFL condition should be measured at collocated cell centers, so the first radial element is located at $r=0+0.5 \Delta r$, meaning that there's no issue at the origin. Also, this analog is in agreement when $r$ is very large and the elements are nearly rectangular.. Mar 5, 2017 at 22:01