# Red flags for numerical computing?

I've learnt the hard way that you should avoid:

• computing small numbers as the difference of two large numbers
• evaluating chaotic functions with imprecise inputs.

Are there any other red flags a novice should look out for?

Edit

The comments made me realize I have stumbled onto a studied field. I'd like to know:

1. What are the names given to this field and its key topics
2. What references are recommended.
• Your first problem is called catastrophic cancellation, it is one of the first things I teach to my students. The second one is related to either condition of the problem or the stability of the algorithm. maths.manchester.ac.uk/~higham/asna/index.php is a great book on the topic. Jun 20, 2020 at 16:49
• Maybe you should add the tag reference-request and ask for literature. There are whole books on problems due to numeric artifacts and I guess many useful online ressources. Collecting them in the answers could be useful for many other people as well.
– allo
Jun 20, 2020 at 20:39
• @AbdullahAliSivas Thanks! I've edited the question, to make your comment suitable as an answer. By "condition of the problem" did you mean the conditioning of the problem and is this related to the condition number? Jun 21, 2020 at 20:58
• @TomHuntington I meant conditioning, thanks for noticing that. A measure of the conditioning of a problem, then, would be the condition number of the said problem. However, since -either theoretically or practically- computing the condition number is a herculean quest, we end up finding upper bounds -and whenever possible lower bounds- and use them as a surrogate while still calling these bounds "condition number"s. Jun 22, 2020 at 5:52