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I'm writing a solver for Boltzmann Equations (BE) including a force term in rarefied plasma, for my PhD. The aim is to see if an instability occurs inside an electric streamer (theoretically it should, basing on the analysis of the dispersion relation).

I used finite differences method with MPI parallelization, but the model is unstable before the instability shows. Unfortunately, the methods that I used are slow. I'm thinking of changing the paradigm and turning to Particle-In-Cell (PIC) model. Anyway there still are other methods like Lattice Boltzmann Method (LBM) that might be used without reducing particles to macro-particles as in PIC while improving the speed.

Have you got any recommendations for me where to turn with my investigations? Maybe it would be useful to go few steps higher, trying to see if hydrodynamic approach would do? However, the analysis linked is based purely on kinetic theory. I note that I got the access to huge computing resources.

The set of BE being solved is:

set of Boltzmann equations

On the right hand side there is a BGK collision term ( for $\alpha$ type of particles, $\Phi_\alpha$ is a Maxwellian distribution function shifted by the velocity of a streamer), r is displacement vector, v is velocity vector, E is a constant field that acts on the whole fluid, but E’ and B’ are locally-variable fields that are related to the small wavy plasma disturbance calculated from Maxwell equations in each step.

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    $\begingroup$ Whether you do it by PIC or continuum methods, the problem you are describing is a pretty serious problem in computational plasma physics. To build a simulation model for these equations will take lots of effort. But check out this paper, and maybe it will help you get started on this exciting journey, M.D. Campanell and M.V. Umansky, Phys. Rev. Lett. 116, 085003 (2016). $\endgroup$ – Maxim Umansky Jul 16 '20 at 15:38
  • $\begingroup$ Thank you, Maxim! Are you the author of the model described in this article or did you use some existing codes? $\endgroup$ – Paweł J Jul 17 '20 at 15:08
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    $\begingroup$ My coauthor and I developed the simulation model from scratch. The original version, as described in the paper, is 1D1V kinetic code, so it is simpler than what you are trying to do. But it is a step in the right direction. $\endgroup$ – Maxim Umansky Jul 17 '20 at 15:36

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