I have obtained some data from neutron diffraction for some material samples. The "rawest" form of the data is the structure function $S(Q)$.
We can choose a variety of different Q-maxes when Fourier transforming the data into $g(r)$, along with applying something like a Lorch function to smooth it out. Right now the whole process is done by eyeballing it and using whichever curve ends up looking the best.
Well, it turns out there may be some long-range order at high values of $r$, which — if this order really exists — will lead to a very exciting paper. However, I want to be absolutely certain that what we're seeing is not some Fourier transform artifact or some kind of systematic artifact. However, I'm a computational modeler, not an experimentalist, so I don't really know how to verify this mathematically.
Ideally, I would like the $g(r)$ curve to have an envelope around it, the "error envelope" that represents some confidence interval. But I don't know the process of getting it, and in fact, a literature search reveals no one may have even done this before (though you'd think all experimentally obtained data would have error bars nowadays).
Any ideas? Thanks for the help.