Short answer: No, at least not that I know of.
I'm a Computer Scientist who, for the past year and a half, has been working with Astrophysicists on writing faster simulation codes. I spent quite a bit of time looking for books on the topic to provide some sort of overview, and found nothing convincing.
Most of what I now know about Astrophysics, I learnt from asking Astrophysicists directly. There are a number of good review papers on specific topics, e.g. Daniel Price's papers on SPH, e.g. here, or Walter Dehnen's papers on N-body solvers, e.g. here, but I still rely on my colleagues in that field for the details.
What I think you should keep in mind, though, is that most of the interesting computational problems don't involve that much physics or even maths, but algorithms and data structures. Keep in mind that most physics codes (or books on physics codes) were written not by Computer Scientists, but by Physicists. That doesn't necessarily mean they are bad, but given the choice, would you rather buy a physics book written by a Computer Scientist, or by a Physicist?
As a Computer Scientist, you have an edge with regards to algorithms and data structures, and there are loads of low-hanging fruit there. In most of my own work in this area, I have not had to tweak the physics of any problem at all, just the algorithms implementing them. Simply getting the algorithms right can already lead to massive speedups.
In summary: If you have close collaborators who are Astrophysicists, rely on them to get the physics right, but keep in mind that you will probably be able to make the largest contributions in the algorithms and data structures used to implement said physics.