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Questions tagged [accuracy]

For questions about characterizing or improving the accuracy of a computational method.

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Estimating the rate of convergence of Projected Gradient Descent on constrained polynomial objectives

I am estimating the order of convergence of Projected Gradient Descent (GD) on quadratic polynomials with random coefficients independently drawn from Uniform(-1,1) and bounded by a unit hypercube. I'...
ufghd34's user avatar
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1 answer
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numerical schemes for 1D PDE: for smaller grid size there is an increased roundoff error, larger size more truncation, so sweet spot in between?

I had a discussion with a colleague today. He claimed that usually for a general numerical scheme for solving a general 1D PDE, for smaller grid size there is an increased roundoff error because of ...
Millemila's user avatar
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7 votes
1 answer
192 views

Unexpected result when summing sorted (and unsorted) positive floating point numbers

I am exploring Higham's excellent Accuracy and Stability of Numerical Algorithms and chapter 4 is dedicated to summation. So I decided to test the most basic thing. Summing positive random numbers ...
lucmobz's user avatar
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2 answers
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Is computing the 2-norm of a vector numerically stable?

Is computing the 2-norm of a vector $x$, computed by setting $\alpha = \max_i x_i$ and then computing $|\alpha| \cdot ||x / \alpha ||_2$ (e.g., as in this link) numerically stable? There are two parts ...
i901234's user avatar
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Oscillation in non-linear porous flow solved by finite difference

I am trying to solve numerically the flow of a gas through a porous, spherically symmetric body. The non-dimensional equations read: $$ \frac{\partial\rho}{\partial t}+\tau\frac{1}{r^2}\frac{\partial}{...
MaximeMaurice's user avatar
5 votes
2 answers
181 views

What is the best method of computing $a^{(k)}/k!$?

I have the following expression $$ \frac{a^{(k)}}{k!} $$ where $a^{(k)}$ is the rising factorial. Is it better to evaluate it using floating-point arithmetic separately, that is, call a function that ...
nougako's user avatar
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1 answer
221 views

How to correctly plot Order of accuracy for different finite difference schemes

I have implemented Upwind, Lax, Lax-Wendroff, Leapfrog and macCormak method for the linear advection equation with Dirichlet boundary conditions. I am trying to create the order of accuracy plots for ...
nyaki's user avatar
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4 votes
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Numerical algorithms made stable by unums which are unstable on IEEE floats

For unums, there is good evidence (see figure 5) that accuracy is better than IEEE floats. (Note: I use the term "unum" broadly to refer to any of the various iterations and revisions to the ...
user14717's user avatar
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6 votes
1 answer
240 views

General approach to infinite sums

My question is specific to algorithms and models of computation. I would like to write code to evaluate the following expression quickly and accurately: $$\log \left( \sum_{i=1}^{\infty}{I_{\nu+i}(2\...
Lewkrr's user avatar
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2 answers
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Intuition for relative error for vectors

I'm trying to understand the notion of relative error for vectors in $\mathbb{R}^n$, but it's not "clicking" somehow. $$\operatorname{\varepsilon-rel}(x_\text{approx}, x) = \frac{||x_\text{...
user357269's user avatar
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What is the rationale of second-order finite volume discretization?

When it comes to a second-order accurate finite volume discretization of Navier-Stokes equations, which one of the two following rationales is adopted? 1- Second-order accuracy is a direct consequence ...
Naghi's user avatar
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3 votes
1 answer
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How to find the optimum finite difference method for derivatives?

Related to: What are the negatives of using higher order finite diference schemes? Problem: I have some discrete data of a trajectory $x_t$ with errors $\delta x_t$ of a physical system sampled at ...
Puco4's user avatar
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5 votes
3 answers
253 views

Automatic finite differences

Given numbers $x, y \in \mathbb{R}$ where $$\frac{|y-x|}{|x|}$$ is small, and code that implements the function $f$ with a sequence of arithmetic operations, I would like to compute to high accuracy ...
Federico Poloni's user avatar
1 vote
0 answers
132 views

Comparison between stability and accuracy of various Finite Difference schemes

I`m Analyzing the 1D convection equation (PDE) for stability, consistency, and accuracy. I know Both upwind schemes (explicit and implicit) show better stability with a higher number of waves for ...
Abdelrahman Mabrouk's user avatar
2 votes
1 answer
145 views

Accuracy gap for apparently stable solution

I was reasoning about the behaviour of the methods I'm using for my simulation and I noticed that, considering $h_s$ as the timestep over which I have unstable solutions and $h_a$ as the timestep ...
Zebx's user avatar
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17 votes
1 answer
3k views

How can I avoid catastrophic cancellation?

I have the following formula that I need to rewrite in order to avoid catastrophic cancellation. $$y =\sqrt{\frac{1}{2}\left(1-\sqrt{1-x^{2}}\right)}$$ As $x$ becomes smaller, $\sqrt{1-x^{2}}$ ...
Tim's user avatar
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3 votes
1 answer
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How to get a more accurate cancelation

I shall try to get to the point, so let me know if there is something left and you need more details. I am solving a couple of equations that are not coupled explicitly, but their corresponding ...
user avatar
2 votes
2 answers
213 views

Accelerating convergence of a generalized continued fraction

I wish to compute $$ \frac{1}{1 + \frac{1^3}{1 + \frac{2^3}{1 + \frac{3^3}{1+\cdots} } } } $$ to high accuracy. To start, I tried computing $$ \frac{1}{1 + \frac{1^2}{1 + \frac{2^2}{1 + \frac{3^2}{1+\...
user14717's user avatar
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5 votes
1 answer
157 views

Accurate computation of Gauss-Kuzmin entropy

The Gauss-Kuzmin distribution gives the probability of an integer appearing as a partial denominator in the continued fraction of a real number $x$ as $$ P(a_k = k) = -\log_2\left(1 - \frac{1}{(k+1)^2}...
user14717's user avatar
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2 votes
1 answer
324 views

Order of Accuracy Measurements on 1D Advection Methods

I am trying to learn about basics of computational fluid dynamics, at the moment on the simple example of linear advection in 1D. I am am currently testing the theoretical predictions of the order of ...
mivkov's user avatar
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3 votes
0 answers
164 views

Derivative of Whittaker-Shannon interpolant

Last time we looked at how to improve the accuracy of Whittaker-Shannon interpolation, where user njuffa demonstrated that judicious use of sin_pi could greatly ...
user14717's user avatar
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0 votes
1 answer
65 views

Training accuracy improves but test set accuracy remains the same

I have built an ANN model with 5 hidden layers and 100 nodes in each layer to solve a multilabel classification problem. After the first run, I get a training accuracy of ~66% and a test set accuracy ...
Chayan Chatterjee's user avatar
6 votes
1 answer
301 views

Whittaker-Shannon interpolation: Accuracy dies with speedup; can it be fixed?

With a truncated Whitaker-Shannon series (cardinal series) $$ f(t) = \sum_{j = 0}^{n-1} y_{j} \frac{\sin\left(\pi( \frac{t-t_0}{h} -j)\right)}{\pi\left(\frac{t-t_0}{h}-j\right)} $$ we can naively ...
user14717's user avatar
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0 votes
0 answers
22 views

Cost functions to judge time/memory/accuracy tradeoffs

I am working on an interesting algorithm: Its absolute error is exponential in a parameter $j \in \mathbb{N}$, and for a given $j$, I have complete freedom to choose between an $\mathcal{O}(1)$ time-...
user14717's user avatar
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1 vote
1 answer
157 views

Adam Bashforth 4 method: how to determine starting values and stil keep the the order of accuracy

I am using an Adam Bashforth 4 method to solve an IVP problem so I need other numerical method to estimate the first 3 values. I am very much interested in finding a way to estimate the first 3 values ...
k.dkhk's user avatar
  • 255
8 votes
1 answer
711 views

Accurate and efficient computation of the inverse Langevin function

The Langevin function $\mathcal{L}(x) = \mathrm{coth}(x) - \frac{1}{x}$ occurs in computations related to elastomers and paramagnetic materials. It is easily computed accurately and with high ...
njuffa's user avatar
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2 votes
1 answer
102 views

When writing a research article, how to deal with deviations from theoretical expectations due to numerical errors?

We research the aerodynamics of the vehicle. Usually, there exists turbulence, which will cause the time-varying measurement of the force. The unsteady flow field determines we could not get a ...
PureLine's user avatar
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6 votes
1 answer
254 views

Is it possible to proof a-b+b = a for all double floating-point numbers?

I want to know whether the equation : a-b+b = a is always true for a, b belongs to double precision floating-point number and |a|>=|b|. If the equation is true, how can I proof it? If not, what ...
Star's user avatar
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6 votes
2 answers
2k views

Matrix multiplication accuracy Matlab vs Python

I am translating some Matlab code into Python and I having some problems regarding matrix multiplication accuracy. Assuming we have following data: ...
Octavio Castillo's user avatar
1 vote
0 answers
58 views

Decrease in slope during convergence analysis

I am using the method of manufactured solutions to perform the order of accuracy testing. I am using a cube for the testing. The cube is size 1m on all sides. I used 5 refinements: $dx = dy = dz = ...
user27504's user avatar
  • 321
2 votes
1 answer
308 views

Computational Fluid Dynamics: Question on a third-order accurate finite difference approximation

According to this paper the following finite difference approximation is third-order accurate: $$\frac{d\rho_j}{dx}\approx\frac{2-\eta}{3}\frac{\rho_{j+1/2}-\rho_{j-1/2}}{\Delta x}+\frac{1+\eta}{3}\...
Peanutlex's user avatar
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7 votes
1 answer
396 views

What is a good definition of "accuracy to N digits"?

Let's say I have two numbers $x$ and $y$ which I'd like to compare to see whether they are equal up to their first $N$ digits. For instance $ 1.002 \approx 1.001$ and $1002 \approx 1001$ up to 3 ...
user357269's user avatar
6 votes
1 answer
225 views

Does the IEEE-754 standard mandate that exp2 is rounded correctly?

The IEEE Standard for Floating-Point Arithmetic section "9.2 Recommended correctly rounded functions" lists functions that are recommended (but not required) by a language standard to provide, among ...
Ondřej Čertík's user avatar
4 votes
2 answers
420 views

Intervals where the sign of a polynomial can be computed reliably

This is a follow-up of a previous question. Let $p$ be a polynomial with floating-point coefficients. Is there a method for finding intervals where evaluating $p$ in floating-point arithmetic always ...
lhf's user avatar
  • 976
6 votes
3 answers
187 views

Accurate evaluation of the sign of a polynomial

Let $p$ be a polynomial with floating-point coefficients and let $a$ be a floating-point value. Is there a method for accurately evaluating the sign of $p(a)$ in floating-point arithmetic? I don't ...
lhf's user avatar
  • 976
2 votes
0 answers
55 views

Quick evaluation of floating point Absolute Error

I need to to find a quick and dirty way to estimate the absolute error introduced by a series of agebraic operations of IEEE single precision floating point numbers, a pessimistic result is ok. The ...
Francesco Gianni's user avatar
3 votes
0 answers
135 views

How can I evaluate the accuracy of my n-body simulation?

I am making an n-body simulation in python. There are many different methods to numerically solve the system of differential equations governing the gravitational interactions between the $n$ ...
math_lover's user avatar
20 votes
2 answers
4k views

Practical example of why it is not good to invert a matrix

I am aware about that inverting a matrix to solve a linear system is not a good idea, since it is not as accurate and as efficient as directly solving the system or using LU, Cholesky or QR ...
Manu's user avatar
  • 459
2 votes
2 answers
572 views

Precision loss in Matrix-Vector product when applying Finite-Difference scheme

I am applying a 6th order Finite-Difference differentiation scheme as seen in http://www.scholarpedia.org/article/Method_of_lines/example_implementation/dss006 There seems to be severe numerical/...
Dr Krishnakumar Gopalakrishnan's user avatar
5 votes
0 answers
732 views

Order of accuracy of FVM discretization

I've recently got interested in CFD and started a small project by solving the radial Reynoldsequation. Why the Reynoldsequation? I recently encountered it through my studies and somehow got stuck :) ...
Rover's user avatar
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4 votes
2 answers
621 views

Numerical differentiation of non-linear functions

In my efforts to write a code for a calculation I have encountered a problem of numerically differentiating a non-linear function at different points on a grid. I used the simple forward finite ...
user avatar
0 votes
2 answers
81 views

Accuracy between ill-conditioned matrix-free vs. matrix-based operators

As far as I know, precision errors become larger as the condition number of a matrix increases. Consider a matrix-based operator: $$A = \nabla \bullet k \nabla $$ And a matrix-free operator: $$\...
Charles's user avatar
  • 619
0 votes
1 answer
110 views

2nd order accurate finite difference method variable material properties near boundary

I'm aware that a 2nd order accurate finite-difference method using variable properties for central differencing can be written in a finite-volume type way: $$ \nabla \bullet (k \nabla f) = \frac{\...
Charles's user avatar
  • 619
13 votes
2 answers
8k views

Which Runge-Kutta method is more accurate: Dormand-Prince or Cash-Karp?

I simply want to know whether the Dormand-Prince Numerical Method or the Cash-Karp Numerical Method is more accurate.
ABBC's user avatar
  • 233
3 votes
1 answer
205 views

Achieving high relative accuracy (vs. absolute accuracy) using spectral methods

Problem I have a PDE that I'm trying to solve with spectral methods. The solution $y$ is always positive, and decays as $y \propto e^{-ax}$ for large $x$. The domain is $[0, \infty)$. (There are ...
Josh Burkart's user avatar
0 votes
1 answer
921 views

Order of accuracy of DGFEM or FEM

I know that it is possible to determine the theoretical order of accuracy (B) of numerical solutions in FVM (for instance for a steady problem in which only the central differencing scheme (CDS) is ...
melody's user avatar
  • 311
0 votes
0 answers
58 views

Order of accuracy of linearised vs non-linear system

Does the order of accuracy of a combination of schemes applied to solve a system of non-linear equations, match those of the same schemes applied to the linearised version of the system? In other ...
melody's user avatar
  • 311
4 votes
2 answers
637 views

Accuracy of numerical methods in finding eigenvalues

I have a problem with assesing the accuracy of my numerical calculation. I have a 2nd order ODE. It is an eigenvalue problem of the form: $$ y'' + ay' + \lambda^2y = 0, $$ and the boundary condiations ...
Glo's user avatar
  • 59
5 votes
1 answer
251 views

Accuracy of finite differences

I'm currently reading this paper, and I'm a bit confused about how they compute the accuracy of their algorithm. In the aforementioned paper, they investigate the regularized long-wave equation: $$ ...
Hunter's user avatar
  • 265
1 vote
1 answer
185 views

Debugging an implemented numerical method: which term gives the drop in accuracy?

I have a numerical scheme to solve an hyperbolic system of equations of this type (this a more simple version just for clarity): $$\frac{\partial u}{\partial t}+u\frac{\partial u}{\partial x}+v\frac{\...
Millemila's user avatar
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