Questions tagged [boundary-conditions]

For questions regarding the choice and/or appropriateness of conditions necessary to model a particular phenomenon with a partial differential equations.

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714 views

How to implement outgoing wave boundary condition

I am solving the one dimensional wave equation: $0=\Box\phi = -\partial_t^2\phi + \partial_r^2\phi ,$ using a Crank-Nicolson finite difference scheme, in the domain $r\in[0,R]$. First, I define $\xi\...
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101 views

Discontinuos Galerkin Method - inhomogeneous advection problem

I'm currently trying to get into this topic. I've learned that the basic scheme for the advection problem ($D_{x}u+a*D_{t}u=0$) can be solved in a scheme like $$ M^{k}\frac{d}{dt}u^{k}_{h}-(S^{k})^{T}...
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219 views

Outflow boundary condition - second derivative of velocity

Consider a fluid flow simulation in a pipe. At the outflow, instead of explicitly imposing a boundary condition, I linearly extrapolate information from the interior (for velocity components). This ...
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138 views

boundary condition in 2-D planar finite difference problem

I'm working on a 2-D planar finite difference code. My differencing scheme at the boundary nodes involves introducing ghost nodes in the computation. My code also involves a multi-dimensional ...
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1answer
258 views

Well-posedness of Elasticity Boundary Conditions

For geotechnical engineering problems, it is common to fix a single component of displacement along a boundary as a Dirichlet boundary condition (roller boundary condition). However, I'm having ...
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269 views

Breather solutions of Sine-Gordon Using Finite Differences

I'm attempting to simulate a standing breather of the form $$ u(x,t)=4\tan^{-1}\left(\sqrt{3}\cos\left(\frac{t}{2}\right)sech\left(\frac{\sqrt{3}x}{2}\right)\right)$$ for the Sine-Gordon equation $$u_{...
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1answer
474 views

Symmetric boundary condition

I am solving a flow physics problem, in which I encounter a symmetric boundary. So I set the boundary conditions to be $$\frac{\partial u}{\partial r} = \frac{\partial v}{\partial r}=\frac{\partial w}...
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1answer
159 views

Initial Condition in a Numerical Problem

In a initial value problem does the initial condition has to satisfy the boundary condition and the governing equation? For example: If a non-homogeneous Neumann boundary condition for the pressure ...
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1answer
286 views

How do I simulate an open end?

When simulating a partial differential equation describing a physical phenomenon like vibrations on a string, fluid flow in a chamber or quantum wave functions, the most straight-forward way is to ...
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2answers
999 views

Advice on numerical solution for 2D hyperbolic PDE with zero flux boundary conditions

I would like to numerically solve a hyperbolic PDE of the form $\frac{\partial\theta_t}{\partial t}(x,y)+\frac{\partial\left[\theta_t \gamma_t^x\right]}{\partial x}(x,y)+\frac{\partial\left[\theta_t \...
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2answers
656 views

Applying boundary conditions in a simple one element rotated mesh

I'm testing a Finite Elements code. To do this, i have created a simple one element quadrilateral mesh to verify the solution: This is a plane stress elasticity problem, and the local stiffness is ...
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1answer
307 views

FD implementation of Absorbing Boundary condition for acoustic wave

I am simulating acoustic wave equation in which absorbing boundary condition has to be applied. It is applied in two ways Ist method is as mentioned in this paper. Boundary condition at bottom is (...
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1k views

How to implement boundary conditions on Finite Difference WENO5 scheme for the Euler equations

I'm implementing a Finite Difference WENO5 with Lax-Friedrich flux splitting on a uniform, structured grid to solve the 2D Euler equations of fluid dynamics on a rectangular domain in cartesian ...
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1answer
3k views

Solving the Poisson equation with Neumann Boundary Conditions - Finite Difference, BiCGSTAB

I am trying to solve the Poisson equation in a rectangular domain using a finite difference scheme with a rectangular mesh. I have happily generated the matrix system of equations Ax = b which is ...
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1answer
402 views

How to reformulate a 1/x^2 singular term to 1/x so that bvp4c can solve it?

I have a ''cosmetic'' problem with a singular term in my Matlab script. I am trying to solve the following system of differential equations: $$ \begin{aligned} y_1' &= y_2,\\ y_2' &= \frac{...
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1answer
1k views

heat equation on bounded and unbounded domain

I have been reading about the heat equation and I am confused about uniqueness in the case when the domain is bounded and when it is not. In the book I am following, it is common to write the heat ...
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1answer
1k views

Numerical method for a BVP with mixed boundary conditions (MATLAB)

I've been given a second-order non-linear ODE: $$\frac{d^{2}\theta(s)}{ds^{2}} = sf_{g}\cos{\theta} + sf_{x}\cos{\phi}\sin{\theta}$$ where $f_{g}, f_{x}$ and $\phi$ are constants. The boundary ...
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187 views

Mass conservation in atmospheric continuity equation numerical solution

My phd project is heavily related to numerical modeling of planetary atmospheres. In particular now I am dealing with a particular expression of the continuity equation, involving a thermodynamic flux....
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1answer
260 views

How can an engineering student become a computational scinece expert in a short time [closed]

How can a student with zero computing or programming language knowledge, few engineering mathematics knowledge, understand computational science especially Finite Element Modelling (FEM) from ...
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2answers
306 views

$O(h^2)$ convergence for Elliptic PDE

I am trying to solve an elliptic PDE in 2-D: $$-\nabla^{2} u = 20tanh(10x-5)(10-10tanh(10x-5)^2) = f$$ I know that the solution is $u = tanh(10x-5)$ but I am unable to get $O(h^2)$ solution with a ...
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2answers
2k views

Boundary condition for Pressure in Navier-Stokes equation

I am reading the paper, http://math.mit.edu/~gs/cse/codes/mit18086_navierstokes.pdf I could not really understand the description. Could someone explain a little bit more? It says, "For the lid ...
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2answers
2k views

How to handle boundary conditions in Crank-Nicolson solution of IVP-BVP?

I'm trying to solve the PDE for $c(r,t)$ $$c_t=(1/r)(rJ)_r$$ using Crank-Nicolson, and I'm having difficulty with the boundary conditions. $J$ is the flux, the initial condition is $c(0,r)=c_{init}$, ...
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0answers
142 views

How to apply Dirichlet boundary condition for lowest order Nedelec element over tetrahedral domain? [closed]

The Dirichlet boundary condition is $n \times \vec{E} = n \times \vec{g}$. I don't know how to calculate the boundary value. Any kind of help would be appreciated.
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198 views

Multigrid for Robin boundary conditions

I have a question regarding the treatment of Robin boundary conditions in a multigrid solver. I am solving the Poisson equation in $\Omega=(0,1)^2$ with Robin boundary conditions on the boundary, $$- \...
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1answer
273 views

Imposing boundary conditions for PDE quadratic eigenvalue problem

I have a quadratic eigenvalue problem of the form: $$(A_2 s^2 + A_1 s + A_0)\hat{v} = 0$$ where $s$ is the eigenvalue. The matrices $A_i$ contain derivatives up to order six, and I have six boundary ...
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0answers
209 views

Spherical Advection Discretization (boundary nodes)

Consider the spherical advection problem: describing the conservation of a property $u$ in a closed spherical domain. $$ \frac{\partial u}{\partial t}+\frac{1}{r^2}\frac{\partial }{\partial r}\left(r^...
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2answers
1k views

Boundary conditions in conjugate gradient method for poisson's equation

I want to use the conjugate gradient method to solve poisson's equation in an electrostatic setup: \begin{align} \rho=-\nabla^2\phi \end{align} I am however a little confused when it comes to the ...
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2answers
126 views

Definition of inflow boundary in CFD

If $w$ is the vector of conservative variables, $f=f(w)$ the flux function, I think have read somewhere (I can not find it anymore) that the inflow boundary $\Sigma$_ is characterized by: $\Sigma_{-}...
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0answers
79 views

Differential eigenproblem with eigenvalue in boundary condition

Statement of the problem I need to (numerically) solve an eigenproblem of the type $$-\omega^2\mathcal{D}_1\vec{x}=\mathcal{D}_2\vec{x}$$ on the interval $[-1,1]$, where $\mathcal{D}_1$ and $\...
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1answer
861 views

Best practice for dealing with Dirichlet boundary conditions in finite-difference schemes: add artificial unknowns?

I know of at least two ways of dealing with Dirichlet boundary conditions in finite-difference schemes (and, to a lesser extent, finite-element schemes). Here I'm thinking of solving Poisson's ...
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2answers
4k views

Recovering pressure from velocity or streamfunction fields

I am interested in 2D channel flow of an incompressible Stokes fluid (Re << 1), with periodic boundary conditions in the x-direction and no-slip at the walls in the y-direction. I have existing ...
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1answer
251 views

Coupling Boundary Condition of one PDE with source term of another PDE

We have a system of equations, wherein the BC of one PDE is coupled with the source term of another PDE. We have a regular 2D unit grid in x and y. There are two PDEs to be solved The first PDE (...
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2answers
715 views

Absorbing boundary conditions for acoustics in Discontinuous Galerkin

Note: I'm trying to implement a Discontinuous Galerkin method, as kind of a way to learn about these things. As of now, I've taken the acoustic wave equation $c^2 \nabla \cdot \nabla u(x,t) - \frac{\...
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1answer
273 views

imposing "measured data" to Dirichlet boundary conditions in fenics

I'm relatively new to fenics and I just looked through all questions related to Dirichlet boundary conditions. I don't seem to find a well-described question or answer about what I'm about to ask. I'...
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0answers
351 views

How to add a Ricker Wavelet (Mexican Hat) to a 2D/ 3D fem mesh?

I have a 2D square mesh and a 3D beam shaped mesh and I want to propagate a seismic wave in them. I am trying to simulate them using Open source FEM codes (fenics). I have left the top surface to be ...
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2answers
715 views

Boundary conditions Chebyshev differentiation

I was wondering if anyone has any experience dealing with boundaries when implementing chebyshev differentiation. I am currently trying to implement a no slip boundary condition to solve the ...
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2answers
473 views

2D Laplace problem with mixed boundary conditions using Conjugate Gradients

I am being asked for one of my classes to solve 2D Laplace equations with mixed boundary conditions using the Conjugate Gradient method. The equations and conditions are given as: $$ \frac{\partial^...
3
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2answers
915 views

Get symmetric Finite Difference matrix in non Laplacian settings

I would like to solve a system of differential equations $u+\nabla(\nabla\cdot u)=f$ or in more detail $a+\partial_t^2a+\partial_t\partial_xb+\partial_t\partial_yc=f$ $b+\partial_x^2b+\partial_x\...
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2answers
179 views

BCs in a coupled problem

Consider a thermo-mechanical coupled problem, where coupling exists from both the sides, mechanical loading producing thermal effects and vice versa. In such a case, is it necessary to always ...
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1answer
153 views

Definitiones of solid, fluid, and boundary nodes in the context of LBM

In the family of Lattice Boltzmann (LB) methods, like many others, one deals with three types of node; namely, fluid node, solid node, and boundary node. (I know; the boundary node is a subtype of ...
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2answers
231 views

Determine numerical infinity for Schrodinger equation $−\psi''(x) + x^ 2 \psi(x) = E\psi(x)$

Consider the following Schrodinger equation for the harmonic oscillator with real $x$: $$ −ψ''(x) + x^ 2 ψ(x) = Eψ(x). $$ I solve the last equation using shooting method and implicit Runge-Kutta ...
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1answer
178 views

Apply second order finite difference discretization for mixed boundary condition

I want to solve the problem below \begin{equation} \begin{aligned} \eta u-\Delta u &=f, &\text{in $\Omega$}\\ \end{aligned} \end{equation} where $\Omega=(0,1)\times (...
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2answers
1k views

Do I need to impose boundary conditions in the Jacobian matrix?

In the framework of Finite Element Method, when the Newton method is used, we solve $J(x^k) \delta x = -f(x^k)$, and the increment $\delta x$ would not change some entries from $x^k$ related to ...
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1answer
415 views

Outflow boundary condition

I know that in outflow boundary we assume a zero normal gradient condition and use upwind scheme for approximation. However, I saw this sentence in a book which I do not understand; "Convective fluxes ...
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1answer
302 views

Boundary conditions generalized eigenvalue problem

Consider the following eigenvalue problem \begin{equation} \mathcal {L} x(s) = \lambda x(s), \end{equation} where \begin{equation} \mathcal {L} = \alpha \partial^4_s + (s^2-1)\partial^2_s + s \...
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1answer
4k views

How do I program periodic boundary conditions? [duplicate]

Hi I have a code below that solves non linear coupled PDE's given Dirichlet boundary conditions. However I need to implement periodic boundary conditions. The periodic boundary conditions are ...
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1answer
108 views

Finite difference scheme for Webster equation

Webster equation is a popular generalization of 1D wave equation used for ducts of variable cross-section $S \equiv S(x)$. Assuming harmonicity in time, the spatial equation for propagation of ...
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0answers
460 views

Periodic boundary conditions for solving Navier Stokes Equations on a Staggered Grid

I want to solve two dimensional Navier Stokes equations on a staggered grid for the case of Taylor-Green Vortex. My initial conditions are standard sine and cosine functions. As I am aware, I should ...
4
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0answers
236 views

Reflecting boundary condition posed as a Riemann problem

I am trying to implement a solver for the Euler/Navier Stokes equations. I have a problem implementing boundary conditions for the wall. I am using an unstructured solver. A lot of literature says ...
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1answer
89 views

How to deal with PDE over the real line

I have a PDE defined over $\mathbb{R}$, for which I don't have the exact solution, and I am to approximate it with finite differences so I need to input some BC. Can anyone suggest any good ...

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