Questions tagged [boundary-conditions]

For questions regarding the choice and/or appropriateness of conditions necessary to model a particular phenomenon with a partial differential equations.

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203 views

What Linear Equation Solver should be used for a problem with many dirichlet conditions?

I am solving a laplace equation on a finite-element mesh (tetrahedral, triagonal) and have many say 99% dirichlet conditions compared to the number of unknowns. Is there an efficient way to solve this ...
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1answer
2k views

Mixed boundary conditions Finite Element Method

I have the following problem in Finite Element Method $$ -(\alpha u')' + \beta u' + \gamma u = f$$ with $ \Omega = (0, 1)$, $ u(0) = 0 $ and $ u'(1) = 3 $ to be able to write the weak formulation ...
5
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1answer
581 views

Applying Dirichlet b.c. to the Eigenvalue-Problem

If you use a FEM (on the variational formulation), you can discretize some continuous eigenvalue problem, $$L u = \lambda u \ \ \text{on} \ \Omega,$$ into some discrete, generalized eigenvalue problem,...
5
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1answer
811 views

Best practice for dealing with Dirichlet boundary conditions in finite-difference schemes: add artificial unknowns?

I know of at least two ways of dealing with Dirichlet boundary conditions in finite-difference schemes (and, to a lesser extent, finite-element schemes). Here I'm thinking of solving Poisson's ...
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2answers
2k views

periodic boundary conditions for triclinic box

I am trying to do analysis on a data set of atomic coordinates generated form lammps. I simulated an alpha glycine crystal in a triclinic box. The box vectors look like the following, where xy,xz,and ...
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3answers
2k views

No flux boundaries for mixed hyperbolic parabolic PDE

I read this post, "Conservation of a physical quantity when using Neumann boundary conditions applied to the advection-diffusion equation" and although it is the same type of equation it does not fit ...
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2answers
3k views

Recovering pressure from velocity or streamfunction fields

I am interested in 2D channel flow of an incompressible Stokes fluid (Re << 1), with periodic boundary conditions in the x-direction and no-slip at the walls in the y-direction. I have existing ...
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1answer
3k views

Finite Difference Method Neumann Boundary Condition with Variable Coefficients

Disclaimer In the process of typing up this question, I determine its solution. Since I went through the trouble of typing up the question in its entirety, I will post its answer as well. It may ...
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2answers
868 views

How can i convert a boundary flux condition into an internal source term?

Imagine a rectangular box that is thermally insulated on all sides except for one, where a heat flux is applied. Now imagine the same box with the same conditions on all sides except that the side ...
5
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1answer
276 views

Is there a jump condition for this PDE? ( Brinkman model , piecewise constant permeability)

The Brinkman equations for steady flow of an incompressible fluid through rigid porous solid are: $-\dfrac{\mu_0}{k}\mathbf{v} - \mathrm{grad}p + \mu_0 \Delta \mathbf{v} =0$ and $\mathrm{div}(\mathbf{...
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0answers
260 views

Boundary conditions in the Finite Element Method at only one side of computational domain

I want to solve a Sturm-Liouville problem in 1D, i.e., \begin{align} [p(x)\ u'(x)]'+q(x)u(x) = f(x) \end{align} with boundary conditions \begin{align} u(0)=a \hspace{1cm} u'(0)=b \end{align} How do I ...
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166 views

Elliptical problem with Robin BC

Working in finite differences, I am using a transformation on the temperature variable $\Theta = \int_{T0}^T \kappa(T)dT$ to linearize the steady-state heat equation into a Poisson equation $-\...
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0answers
88 views

Interface Formulation at Finite Volume Boundaries when using the Dual Mesh

When using the dual mesh (vertex-centered) for finite volume methods, you end up with a cell center at the boundaries between materials. It is possible that the equations being solved in each ...
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1answer
437 views

Symmetric boundary condition

I am solving a flow physics problem, in which I encounter a symmetric boundary. So I set the boundary conditions to be $$\frac{\partial u}{\partial r} = \frac{\partial v}{\partial r}=\frac{\partial w}...
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3answers
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Solving a linear equation system with pure Neumann condition

I am trying to solve a linear equation system $\textbf{A}\textbf{x}=\textbf{b}$, e.g. a Poisson equation discretized in strong form, using biCGstab method. Since there are only natural Neumann ...
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2answers
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Neumann Boundary Condition at r=0 in Polar Coordinates (Numerical BCs)

I have asked a question in this regard earlier. I am trying to solve the following equation in Polar Co-ordinates: $$ u_t - (u_{rr} + \frac{1}{r} * u_r + \frac{1}{\theta} * u_{\theta\theta} + bu) = ...
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2answers
304 views

Numerical solution of zero-potential time-dependent Schrödinger equation in 1D

I want to solve numerically the one-dimensional time-dependent Schrödinger equation $$i \psi_t(x,t)=-\frac{\hbar}{2m} \psi''(x,t)$$ My issue is that I don't have the physical background to understand ...
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1answer
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How to apply non zero Dirichlet boundary condition in finite elements?

I am writing a code for steady state heat transfer on a rectangular domain. I am specifying temperature on the edges - nonzero Dirichlet boundary condition. The equations can be written in form of $$...
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1answer
202 views

Imposing no flux boundary conditions on variants of the Cahn-Hilliard equation using Finite Differences in Python

I have been looking into simulations of phase separation in variants of the Cahn-Hilliard system and have been running into issues with implementing no flux boundary conditions on certain variants. ...
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2answers
240 views

Solving system of differential equations with interconnected boundary conditions

I am trying to solve the following system of differential equations numerically over the domain $x=0$ to $x=D$. The main difficulty is that the boundary conditions are interconnected and depend on the ...
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1answer
373 views

How to physically understand time dependent boundary conditions?

I am a beginner in Computational science and FEM. I came across some PDEs which implement time dependent boundary conditions. I am not able to visualize exactly a physical scenario of how that would ...
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1answer
491 views

Surface charge boundary conditon for Poisson-Boltzmann solver

I want to set up a surface charge boundary condition for the simulation of semiconductor and electrolyte interface. The 2D-Poisson example and surface charge boundary condition are shown in following ...
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1answer
259 views

Multigrid stops converging when more grid levels are used

I'm having a problem with multigrid code I wrote. If I solve Laplace's equation in 2D and use more than 5 grid levels, the V-cycles stop converging after a few cycles (see below, convergence factor > ...
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2answers
404 views

Kronecker product representation of the finite difference laplacian

The laplacian equation when discretized gives a system of linear equations that can then be solved. See the answer to this question: https://math.stackexchange.com/questions/3120948/discretization-...
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2answers
572 views

Manufactured solution for pressure based 3d incompressible Navier-Stokes solver with wall boundaries

I already successfully verified my solver (SIMPLE-type FVM-method) with the following manufactured solution (3d Taylor-Green vortex) on the solution domain $[-1,1]^3$ with Dirichlet boundary ...
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1answer
618 views

How to handle inflow and outflow boundaries for a non-linear convection-diffusion equation (DGFEM)

Following "A conservative DGM for Convection-Diffusion and Navier-Stokes Problems" (Oden and Baumann), if we have a linear convection-diffusion equation of the following form: $$ \nabla\cdot(\mathbf{b}...
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1answer
302 views

mathematical statement of “open” boundary condition

For your information, the original equation comes from here. Note: You DON'T have to read the paper. I will make the question as self-contained as possible. The central equation to solve is equation (...
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1answer
247 views

How do I solve an ODE Two-Point Boundary Value Problem?

I have a feeling my question is a very basic one, but I am not at all well versed in computational sciences. My equations are of the form: $$ y \in \mathbb{R}^3 \\ \dot{y}(t) = f(y(t)) \\ y_1(0) = a ...
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2answers
2k views

How to handle boundary conditions in Crank-Nicolson solution of IVP-BVP?

I'm trying to solve the PDE for $c(r,t)$ $$c_t=(1/r)(rJ)_r$$ using Crank-Nicolson, and I'm having difficulty with the boundary conditions. $J$ is the flux, the initial condition is $c(0,r)=c_{init}$, ...
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1answer
117 views

Weak Formulation of Poisson's Equation for Electrostatics with Surface Charge

I am currently attempting to use FEnICS to solve an electrostatic problem with two materials of different permittivity $\varepsilon_1$ and $\varepsilon_2$ forming an interface: Consider a domain $\...
4
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0answers
176 views

How to apply an integrated constrain condition in FEM?

I'm running some simulation using FEM. In my model I need to apply a constraint condition to the governing equation. My governing equation similar to the diffusion equation as below: $$\frac{\...
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0answers
1k views

How to implement boundary conditions on Finite Difference WENO5 scheme for the Euler equations

I'm implementing a Finite Difference WENO5 with Lax-Friedrich flux splitting on a uniform, structured grid to solve the 2D Euler equations of fluid dynamics on a rectangular domain in cartesian ...
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0answers
71 views

Differential eigenproblem with eigenvalue in boundary condition

Statement of the problem I need to (numerically) solve an eigenproblem of the type $$-\omega^2\mathcal{D}_1\vec{x}=\mathcal{D}_2\vec{x}$$ on the interval $[-1,1]$, where $\mathcal{D}_1$ and $\...
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0answers
221 views

Reflecting boundary condition posed as a Riemann problem

I am trying to implement a solver for the Euler/Navier Stokes equations. I have a problem implementing boundary conditions for the wall. I am using an unstructured solver. A lot of literature says ...
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0answers
4k views

What should be the number of boundary conditions of a PDE [closed]

As far as I know, for getting a unique solution to a PDE we should impose some boundary conditions to the PDE. "The number of required auxiliary conditions is determined by the highest order ...
4
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0answers
1k views

2D wave equation with Mur boundary condition - setting up the RHS and solving (time-steps)

I am trying to solve a 2D wave equation implicitly using FD with central approximations with the following boundary conditions $$\begin{align} &u=2\sin\left(\frac{2\pi}{5}t\right)\quad \text{at }...
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4answers
2k views

Heat equation (steady state) with boundary conditions at domain edges and inside the domain

I'm trying to solve the steady state of a heat equation problem in 2D $\Delta u = 0$ (3D also), with the method of solving the huge system of equations that arises from the discretization of the ...
3
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2answers
6k views

Is “tangent stiffness matrix” the same as “stiffness matrix”?

I'm trying to implement nonzero Displacement Boundary Conditions in VegaFEM on a non-linear model, using the method outlined in §3.6.2 of University of Colorado's intro to FEM (modify $f = Ku$: set ...
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2answers
2k views

Scipy OdeInt solver with Neumann boundary conditions

I'm using scipy.odeint to solve Fisher-Kolmogorov equation: \begin{equation} u_t = u_{xx}+u(1-u) \end{equation} The code can be found here. From Ablowitz and ...
3
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2answers
158 views

Solving a Boundary Value Question $\frac{d^2y}{dx^2}=y\cos(x)+\frac{\sin(x)}{x^2+2}$ using Python

I'm looking to solve this boundary value question using the shooting method! $$\frac{d^2y}{dx^2}=y\cos(x)+\frac{\sin(x)}{x^2+2}$$ given the initial values: $$y'(x=-1)=-1\\y'(x=5)=0$$ I'm aware of ...
3
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1answer
259 views

FEM current toy problem

I am solving the Dirichlet problem $$ \begin{cases} \Delta u = 0, \\ u|_{\partial D} = f, \end{cases} $$ in a $2d$ domain $D$ using the finite element method. What I want to get is the ...
3
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1answer
4k views

How do I program periodic boundary conditions? [duplicate]

Hi I have a code below that solves non linear coupled PDE's given Dirichlet boundary conditions. However I need to implement periodic boundary conditions. The periodic boundary conditions are ...
3
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1answer
534 views

Jump condition for elliptic equation in standard finite element method

Consider the elliptic PDE $ -\mathrm{div}(k(x)\nabla u) = f(x) \in \Omega$ and $u = 0$ on $\partial \Omega$ If $k(x)$ is piecewise constant across an interface $\Gamma$ in the domain, then we ...
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2answers
205 views

How to solve second order coupled non linear differential equations

For a project I am doing, I have to solve the following system of differential equations numerically using my own code: $$ x^2K'' = KH^2 + K(K^2-1) $$ and, $$ x^2H'' = 2K^2H + \alpha H(H^2-x^2) $$ ...
3
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2answers
292 views

Finite difference method having a discontinuity

I am trying to understand the FDM which is a widely used method solving differential equations by using approximation below. $$\dfrac{\partial u}{\partial x}=\dfrac{u(i+1)-u(i-1)}{2\Delta x}$$ How can ...
3
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2answers
228 views

Determine numerical infinity for Schrodinger equation $−\psi''(x) + x^ 2 \psi(x) = E\psi(x)$

Consider the following Schrodinger equation for the harmonic oscillator with real $x$: $$ −ψ''(x) + x^ 2 ψ(x) = Eψ(x). $$ I solve the last equation using shooting method and implicit Runge-Kutta ...
3
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1answer
2k views

Applying Neumann boundaries to Crank-Nicolson solution in python

Consider the heat equation $$u_t = \kappa u_{xx}$$ with boundary conditions of $$u(x,0)=0\\ u(0,t)=100\\ u(l,t)=0$$ Numerical analysis by pyton can be done with ...
3
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1answer
744 views

Radiation boundary condition (heat transfer)

I am looking for reference on how to implement nonlinear boundary conditions. Specifically, I am interested in implementing a radiation boundary condition for heat transfer with the FEM: $-k \frac {\...
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2answers
2k views

How to solve ODEs with constraints using BVP4C?

I am using BVP4C to solve a system of ODEs which is as follows. \begin{equation} \left\{ \begin{aligned} \frac{\partial f(x,y)}{\partial x} &- \frac{d}{ds}\big(\...
3
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1answer
841 views

How to know whether a boundary-value ODE problem is well defined?

I am using bvp4c from Matlab to solve a boundary values ODEs problem. Given the ODEs and boundary conditions, is there any way to have more information on the solutions? How many do I expect? 0, 1, ...

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