Questions tagged [boundary-conditions]

For questions regarding the choice and/or appropriateness of conditions necessary to model a particular phenomenon with a partial differential equations.

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Pressure boundary condition in Navier-Stokes equations

I would like to solve 3D transient incompressible Navier-Stokes with FEM, Newton method, Schur-based preconditioner, Lagrangean P2/P1 elements (no stabilization), in a rigid pipe discretized with ...
2
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1answer
168 views

Apply second order finite difference discretization for mixed boundary condition

I want to solve the problem below \begin{equation} \begin{aligned} \eta u-\Delta u &=f, &\text{in $\Omega$}\\ \end{aligned} \end{equation} where $\Omega=(0,1)\times (...
2
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1answer
398 views

Laplace's equation with periodic Dirichlet boundary conditions

Consider a Laplace's equation with Dirichlet boundary condition: ${\nabla ^2}\Phi = 0$ in a domain $D$ with given Dirichlet Boundary condition: $\Phi=\Phi_o$ at $\partial D$ (smooth, but not ...
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1answer
544 views

Shallow Water Equations Boundary Conditions

I am trying to solve shallow water equations using DG methods. Flow over a bump is a common problem that comes up in this context. For example (http://loki.udc.es/info/asignaturas/calculo_ii/Finite%...
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1answer
2k views

How to implement boundary condition in this case?

Let's start off by NUMERICALLY solving a 1-D steady-state heat transport problem using IMPLICIT FDM. $DT_{xx}=0; ~T(x=0)=T_{BL}; ~T(x=l)=T_{BR}$ where $D$ is diffusion; $T$ is temperature; subscript ...
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1answer
122 views

How to apply Dirichlet boundary conditions to time-dependent PDEs?

Assume the time-dependent linear elasticity equation. Using a finite element discretization we obtain $$M\ddot{u}=Ku+F_\text{ext}$$ where $M$ is the mass matrix,$K$ is the stiffness matrix, and $F_\...
2
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1answer
172 views

Finite element (1D) for steady state non-linear problem

I need to solve with linear finite elements the equation $$\frac{\partial }{\partial x}\Bigl(\text{sgn}(x) u \Big) +\frac{\partial}{\partial x} \Bigl[ \sqrt{u} \frac{\partial u}{\partial x} \Bigr] =0$...
2
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1answer
123 views

Methodology Suggestion for Wave-propagation Problem using Finite Elements

I want to simulate the propagation of a sinusoidal plane wave in a rectangular domain using Finite Elements Method. First, the wave should propagate through a fluid medium, then it will encounter a ...
2
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1answer
240 views

Boundary conditions in a finite element eigenvalue problem

I've been reading multiple papers and related posts for a while now, but I can't seem to find a specific answer to the issues I'm having so I hope someone can clarify things here. I'll provide some ...
2
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1answer
150 views

1-D boundary value problem: How implement mixed boundary conditions using a FD method?

I have been given a convection-diffusion ODE modeling the steady state temperature of a pipe (through which flows a fluid) as $$-\frac{d}{dz}\left(\kappa \frac{dT}{dz} \right)+v\rho C\frac{dT}{dz}=Q(...
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1answer
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Interatomic distance-periodic boundary conditions-non cubic unit cell

I am trying to find interatomic distance considering periodic boundary conditions for hexagon cubic cells (graphite). I tried to follow the answers to these two questions here but am unable to get the ...
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1answer
247 views

Closed boundary conditions in finite difference method for diffusive-advective equation

I am implementing a finite difference method in solving the diffusive-advective equation: $$ u_t + v \cdot u_x = D\cdot u_{xx} $$ (v, D are constants). Planning to use the operator splitting method (...
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2answers
631 views

Neumann boundary conditions diffusion equations methods of lines

I want to solve the diffusion equation using the method of lines with Neumann boundary conditions $$ \frac{\partial p}{\partial t}=\frac{\partial^2p}{\partial x^2}\\ \frac{\partial p}{\partial x}(x=0)=...
2
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1answer
242 views

Coupling Boundary Condition of one PDE with source term of another PDE

We have a system of equations, wherein the BC of one PDE is coupled with the source term of another PDE. We have a regular 2D unit grid in x and y. There are two PDEs to be solved The first PDE (...
2
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1answer
148 views

Definitiones of solid, fluid, and boundary nodes in the context of LBM

In the family of Lattice Boltzmann (LB) methods, like many others, one deals with three types of node; namely, fluid node, solid node, and boundary node. (I know; the boundary node is a subtype of ...
2
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1answer
453 views

Periodic boundaries - implementation strategies

I managed to implement the Nearest-Neighboor Ising Model with periodic boundary conditions, it was doable. I also made a modified version of it, where the interaction would go further than the nearest ...
2
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1answer
154 views

Finding the frequencies of vibration of a circular and square drum

I want to find the frequencies of vibration of a circular and square drum. To do this, I need to solve a 2-dimensional wave equation (PDE) with boundary conditions. Every method that I have researched ...
2
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1answer
641 views

Method of lines for inhomogeneous Dirichlet conditions

I understand how to set up the boundary conditions for a steady state problem discretized by Galerkin method, for a time dependent PDE below, $$\frac{\partial}{\partial t} u = c\nabla^2 u + a\nabla u ...
2
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1answer
435 views

Moving airfoil boundary conditions

I am trying to simulate a moving airfoil with constant speed (Mach=0.755, aoa=1.25). I solve Euler equations with Roe's method. I have two boundary conditions: Farfield Slip wall (airfoil) For all ...
2
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1answer
451 views

Boundary conditions for second order PDE

For a second order PDE, for example heat conduction equation $\frac{\partial T}{\partial t} = \frac{\alpha}{C_p} \nabla^2 T$, is it possible to determine the steady-state (or even transient) solution ...
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29 views

Semi-analytical/empirical modelling of wall boundary conditions in advection-diffusion-reaction equation with distributed source

Let's suppose I need to numerically solve a 3D steady-state transport equation of the form $$ \nabla \cdot (\mathbf{u} c) = \nabla \cdot (D \nabla c) - \lambda c + S $$ where $c$ is the transported ...
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84 views

How are finite volume method boundary conditions implemented without using ghost-cells?

I'm currently trying to implement my own FVM code in cpp, but when I try to calculate the laplacian of a test function, given by \begin{align}\phi_0=\sin(2\pi x)\sin(2\pi y)\end{align}, I get ...
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42 views

How to solve this boundary value problem which has more unknown than equation on MATLAB

I need your helps about solving the problem below with MATLAB. I am trying to solve 2D Stress Wave Propagation problem by using FDTD(Finite difference time domain) method on the cylindrical coord. I ...
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0answers
138 views

Residual of Poisson equation with periodic boundaries

I am trying to write a multigrid solver for Poisson's equation, $-\Delta u=f$, on the unit square, $\Omega=(0,1)^2$ with periodic boundaries. My primary source has been Multigrid by Trottenberg, ...
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0answers
42 views

How to account for a corner node with zero-flux condition at an extrapolated distance

I am trying to implement a numerical solver and am having troubles dealing with boundary conditions, especially in the corners. I have a 2D mesh, and on the left I have a Dirichlet condition, on the ...
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198 views

CFD and finite volume method: Dirichlet boundary conditions for the Euler equations

Please point me to an answer if one already exists, but after some searching, I still can't find the answer to what seems like a very simple question. There are plenty of references out there for ...
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0answers
192 views

Implementation of boundary conditions for 1D Euler equations

I'm trying to solve 1D Euler equations with gravity in spherical coordinates using a finite-difference TVD MacCormack method on a non-uniform grid of $N$ components, following the method provided in ...
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0answers
64 views

Unusual boundary conditions on Matlab

I'm trying to solve the following PDE by Matlab, $$ u_t-\Delta u = 0, \quad \text{in}\quad \Omega\times (0,T) \tag{1} $$ $$ u_t-\Delta_\Gamma u + \partial_\nu u=0,\quad \text{on}\quad \Gamma\times(0,...
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192 views

Are there known accuracy issues between 2D axisymmetric and 3D solutions?

In my full 3D solutions I am solving for the potential throughout a $100\times 200\times 200$ grid. Inside is a ring electrode set to -5V via a Dirichlet boundary condition, and surrounded on all ...
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0answers
139 views

Neumann boundary conditions in the Maccormack scheme

I am trying to solve the viscous Burger equation $$ \frac{\partial u}{\partial t} + u\frac{\partial u}{\partial x} = \mu \frac{\partial^2 u}{\partial x^2} $$ with Neumann boundary conditions. I am ...
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0answers
54 views

Finite difference Neumann boundary conditions: uneven weighting of edge nodes?

Originally asked this on math.stackexchange, but I figure it's also appropriate here. I'm reading through some finite difference code for a diffusion equation and came across something odd for the ...
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0answers
89 views

Finite differenced eigenvalue prob. of inhomogeneous boundary conditions?

I am basically asking about eigenvalue problems of differential equations using some finite difference method (FDM). Usually the system is subject to some boundary conditions (BC), e.g., Dirichlet or ...
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0answers
39 views

Can I expect reasonable results when expanding in scaled Legendre polynomials?

Imagine I want to compute the eigenvalues of an operator $\hat O$ defined on $ L^2(\mathbb{R})$, however using a properly scaled N-dimensional polynomial basis of $ L^2([-a,a]) $ which fulfills ...
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0answers
32 views

Minimum box size in order for an object in the center to not 'see' duplications of itself under periodic boundary conditions?

I am working on developing a Dissipative Particle Dynamics (DPD) model of a colloid in a bulk fluid. I essentially want to ensure that the perturbations of my meshed colloid are completely uncoupled ...
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0answers
212 views

Outflow boundary condition - second derivative of velocity

Consider a fluid flow simulation in a pipe. At the outflow, instead of explicitly imposing a boundary condition, I linearly extrapolate information from the interior (for velocity components). This ...
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0answers
186 views

Mass conservation in atmospheric continuity equation numerical solution

My phd project is heavily related to numerical modeling of planetary atmospheres. In particular now I am dealing with a particular expression of the continuity equation, involving a thermodynamic flux....
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0answers
1k views

Center of mass in systems with periodic boundary conditions

I have a question about the calculation of center of mass (COM) in systems with periodic boundary conditions. There is a method introduced here: https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Center_of_mass#...
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0answers
120 views

Finite difference aproximation - Darcy law

I am solving following problem: Filtration of water can be described in bi-dimensional case by $$- \partial_x(K(x,y) \partial_x u ) - \partial_y (K(x,y) \partial_y u ) = 0, $$ where $u$ - water ...
2
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0answers
451 views

Solving constrained BVP, singular Jacobian

The boundary value problem is $$ \begin{cases} \dot{x}_i = \begin{cases} (0.5D^{-1}\psi)_i, \text{ if }(0.5D^{-1}\psi)_i \le 0 \\ 0 \text{, otherwise} \end{cases} \\ \dot{\psi} = 2\Sigma x \\ x(0) =...
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0answers
988 views

FEniCS: both normal and shear stress boundary conditions for elasticity? [closed]

I would like to have both the normal (xx) component and shear (xy) component of a 2D (stress) tensor defined on a boundary (y=const, for instance) for an equation which is of the type $$ \nabla \cdot ...
2
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0answers
309 views

Implementation of no-slip boundary conditions in lattice Boltzmann method fluid simulation

My faculty advisor recommended that I take a look at the lattice Boltzmann method as an introduction to scientific computing and potentially an undergraduate honors thesis topic. I cooked up a some ...
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0answers
134 views

Arbitrary Choosing of the Solution Domain - Navier Stokes and Manufactured Solutions

I want to verify a finite-volume solver (SIMPLE-Algorithm) for the incompressible Navier-Stokes equations by using a manufactured solution. I use Dirichlet boundary conditions for the velocity at all ...
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0answers
288 views

Treatment of Neumann (Traction) boundary conditions using projection methods

I am looking to solve the incompressible Navier-Stokes equations in 3D, using an inflow boundary condition specifying a velocity: $\mathbf{u} = \mathbf{g}_0 \,\, \forall \,\, \mathbf{x} \in \Gamma_u$ ...
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0answers
185 views

boundary conditions with non-constant coefficients in cell centred finite volume method

Suppose am solving the heat conduction equation in 1d with Dirichlet boundary conditions. The thermal conductivity $k$ is a non constant function. So $-(k(x)u'(x))' = f(x)$ The value of $k$ enters the ...
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0answers
75 views

Finite Difference for Hamilton Jacobi Belman

I have hjb equation where $V=V(x,t)$ and $u=u(x,t)$ $V_t + \sup(u) [A(x,u)V_x + B(x,u)V_{xx}]=0$ for $x$ in $[0,1]$ and $t$ in $[0,1]$ I have been able to successfuly resolve it numerically having ...
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0answers
968 views

Newton Iteration method convergence

I wrote a Python code which solves a second degree nonlinear differential equation using the Newton iteration method. The code converges to a 2-cycle within 50 or so iterations. The cycle only ...
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2answers
1k views

Boundary condition for Pressure in Navier-Stokes equation

I am reading the paper, http://math.mit.edu/~gs/cse/codes/mit18086_navierstokes.pdf I could not really understand the description. Could someone explain a little bit more? It says, "For the lid ...
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2answers
80 views

inclined/general Dirichlet boundary conditions

For simpilcity, consider a single quad linear elasticity finite element in 2D. The Dirichlet boundary conditions on node 1 and node 2 are easy to implement and can be handled in the standard way. ...
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1answer
2k views

Structural mechanics - traction free = Zero displacement gradient?

This is a follow up question to my question yesterday Structural mechanics traction boundary condition question Does a traction free boundary condition also mean that the displacement gradient is 0 ...
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1answer
88 views

How to deal with PDE over the real line

I have a PDE defined over $\mathbb{R}$, for which I don't have the exact solution, and I am to approximate it with finite differences so I need to input some BC. Can anyone suggest any good ...

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