Questions tagged [computational-physics]

Computational physics is the study and implementation of numerical algorithms to solve problems in physics for which a quantitative theory already exists.

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Using RK2 Method to solve the simple harmonic oscillator of a horizontal mass on a spring (1D)

Being new to numerical analysis techniques, in particular RK2, I decided the best way to jump in is by using python to solve the well known mass-spring oscillator using RK2 techniques. My problem is ...
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98 views

How can I evaluate the accuracy of my n-body simulation?

I am making an n-body simulation in python. There are many different methods to numerically solve the system of differential equations governing the gravitational interactions between the $n$ ...
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1answer
172 views

How to avoid negative roots with a Newton's method?

I'm currently trying to solve a system of (3) nonlinear equations of (3) variables which are the baryonic density, the isospin asymmetry and and the density of a fluid with the Broyden's method (a ...
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1answer
270 views

Higher-order Verlet integration

I'm using a simple version of Verlet integration for a particle–particle interaction system with collisions. At the end of each iteration, I integrate like this: ...
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1answer
52 views

Can 3rd order TVD admit perfect shift for Upwind 1D Advection equation?

I recently coded a 1 stage and 3 stage optimal TVD-RK explicit scheme using eqn 3.3 here http://www.ams.org/journals/mcom/1998-67-221/S0025-5718-98-00913-2/ on the equation Ux+Uy=0, where x and y ...
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188 views

Can Runga-Kutta method be used to solve non-linear differential equations?

Consider two-body central force problem in polar co-ordinates $r,θ$. Corresponding 2nd order differential equation is obtained by using conservation of angular momentum. This equation is : $ d^2r/dt^...
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2answers
380 views

Time step relationship with number of elements or material properties

When looking at the output file of my solver, I have been told that the time-step taken by the solver depends on parameters like the total number of elements and their relative size in my geometry, or ...
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2answers
104 views

Trotter expansions in ode solver?

Trotter expansions say: $$ e^{A+B} = \lim_{P\to\infty} \big(e^{A/2P} e^{B/P} e^{A/2P} \big)^P. $$ With $P = 2$, it becomes (with high accuracy) $$ e^{A/4} e^{B/2} e^{A/2} e^{B/2} e^{A/4}. $$ Let's ...
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1answer
232 views

Numerical Free Fall Analysis with RK4

I am trying to calculate real speed and time in free fall of a body. I wrote a code in Fortran and I am trying to improve it by using RK4 method x=time y=total free fall Purple line using: ...
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61 views

How to model pedestrian flow through subway systems?

I'm a New Yorker and take the subways every day. I have a growing interest in understanding the distribution of paths people take on the subways to work every day. I.e. if there are $n$ subway ...
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1answer
69 views

Is this a proper implementation of point charge dynamics with ODEs

Since learning about point charges in my physics II class this semester, I want to be able to investigate not only the static force and field distributions but the actual trajectories of movement of ...
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43 views

Software suggestion for simulating the stacking of sedimenting rods

I'd like to simulate the following problem: Define some square, horizontal and hard area onto which cylinders (aspect ratio R) sediment. Preferably, the source of cylinders sequentially generates N ...
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1answer
138 views

Why FEM electric analysis gives only access to current density?

A Comsol study using frequency sweep on electric current physics yields only current density as accessible variables. I understand the underlying equation used is Ohm's law, i.e. $$\mathbf{J} = \...
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3answers
242 views

What type of computer science/engineering knowledge someone need to have to study graduate level course in compurational physics?

I am wondering if this is the right place to ask this question. I found a related question on stack overflow https://stackoverflow.com/questions/814312/physics-in-computer-science but it was closed. ...
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176 views

Mass conservation in atmospheric continuity equation numerical solution

My phd project is heavily related to numerical modeling of planetary atmospheres. In particular now I am dealing with a particular expression of the continuity equation, involving a thermodynamic flux....
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1answer
238 views

How can an engineering student become a computational scinece expert in a short time [closed]

How can a student with zero computing or programming language knowledge, few engineering mathematics knowledge, understand computational science especially Finite Element Modelling (FEM) from ...
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3answers
134 views

Solving a small non-symmetric, non-diagonally dominant, and non-sparse system

I want to solve a small (20 $\times$ 20 up to 30$\times$30) system which is not symmetric, not diagonally dominant, and not sparse. Each row contains a modified form of the Legendre coefficient of a ...
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1answer
119 views

Boundary treatment with higher order methods

I wrote a code which solves the 2D Poisson equation with homogeneous Dirichlet BC everywhere and a source term of -1. I am using the classical Jacobi iteration method. The grid is $N_x \, \mathrm{x} \,...
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64 views

Sensitivity Analysis — Total Variation for a function with categorical arguments?

I have an application in sensitivity analysis of complex system models with moderately nonlinear interactions between arguments Arguments potentially dozens or hundreds in number Arguments mostly ...
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2answers
297 views

Quality of linear congruential generators for random numbers

I'm doing some simulations of the Langevin equation, for various external forces. Being told that C's rand() from stdlib.h can ...
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1answer
2k views

Is there an advantage of using a staggered grid over a regular one when combined with high order methods?

The title says is all. This question is in the contest of an incompressible Navier-Stokes solver. Specifically, I am currently working on a new solver while referring myself to an older code for ...
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2answers
85 views

Should energy be conserved in an N-body simulation where particles don't lose energy in collisions?

In an N-body simulation where forces between particles are attractive and particles do not lose energy on colliding with walls or each other, should energy be conserved? How could it be, with total ...
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1answer
951 views

Why is leapfrog integration symplectic and RK4 not, if the latter is more accurate?

In a system where energy theoretically should be conserved, the most accurate simulation would conserve energy (as well as giving accurate positions, velocities and etc). RK4 is more accurate than ...
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95 views

The Schrodinger equation for time-dependent Hamiltonian after one timestep, taking exponential or use ode solver?

The Schrodinger equation for time-dependent Hamiltonian is $$i\hbar\frac{d}{dt}\psi(t) = H(t)\psi(t) \, .$$ Assuming I knew $\psi(t)$, I want to know $\psi(t+\Delta t)$. Should I take exponential ...
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1answer
63 views

nodal lines of wave-function $\psi(x,y) = \sin 12x \sin y + (1 + \epsilon) \sin x \sin 12y$

I am trying to reproduce this figure of nodal lines of a wavefunction from this work of Berry $$\psi = \sin 2r\,x \sin y + (1 + \epsilon) \sin x \sin 2r\,y$$ Here the image. The first is $\epsilon = ...
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1answer
136 views

How to determine the truncation error with products and quotients

If I have an equation given by $$\displaystyle Y = \frac{a^2}{d^2}\frac{(1-c^2\frac{c}{a})}{(1-b^2)}$$ and I expand $a,b,c,d$ in a Taylor series, where $a$ is truncated at the $A^{th}$ order, $b$ is ...
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1answer
395 views

Object falling with air resistance using Runge-Kutta

I am not very familiar with differential equations, nor physics in general. I am trying to program an object falling with air resistance with the use of a numerical algorithm called Runge-Kutta. The ...
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5answers
645 views

Open source FEM implementation for Windows

I am wondering is there any robust, well-tested, accurate open source FEM solver package for Windows? I would like to use to power the engine of my structural engineering application. The FEM package ...
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1answer
107 views

What is a good algorithm, and framework, to calculate centres of gravity or mass (cog)?

I'd like to take an photograph, subdivide it into a tesselation, either of squares, or (ideally), hexagons, and then find the centre of gravity (or, if you prefer, centre of mass) of each cell of the ...
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0answers
71 views

Cavity Flow CFD Boundary conditions and strange waves

So I have a PDE that I use to describe how material flows through a volume(2D or 3D). $$\frac{\partial C}{\partial t} + \vec{u} \cdot \nabla C = (D' + D )\nabla^2C$$ Now using finite differences I get ...
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74 views

Metropolis algorithm and thermal sine-Gordon model

I try to simulate thermal version of 1D $(x, t)$ sine-Gordon field model. I am interested in finding thermal static solution that minimizes functional of energy $E$: $$E = \int dx \left( \frac{1}{2} \...
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76 views

Numerical error in implementation of iterative algorithm

I am trying to implement (in Python for now) low thrust orbit propagation for spacecraft using universal variables. For a given central body with the gravitational parameter $\mu$ and an orbit with ...
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0answers
101 views

How to get the eigenvalues of Hamiltonian in an over complete basis

Let $|\psi_i\rangle$, $i=1...N+m$, be a set of overcomplete basis vector in a $N$-dim Hilbert space. The following are known: (Einstein's summation convention assumed) $$\hat{H}|\psi_i\rangle=H_{ji}|\...
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3answers
1k views

Understanding Finite-Element Modal Analysis

I am teaching a basic course on computational physics and for the last part of the course I will introduce freshman physics undergraduates to finite-element modelling methods. I am preparing a COMSOL ...
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2answers
105 views

Definition of inflow boundary in CFD

If $w$ is the vector of conservative variables, $f=f(w)$ the flux function, I think have read somewhere (I can not find it anymore) that the inflow boundary $\Sigma$_ is characterized by: $\Sigma_{-}...
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97 views

Journals that publish theoretical analyses of existing algorithms

In computational physics, the vast majority of papers has the following structure They propose some new algorithm, or improvement to an existing one They give numerical examples, ideally comparing ...
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1answer
67 views

Conservatives in shock tube

We know shock tube problem will give discontinuous solution of primitive variables ($\rho$, $v$, $p$). Will it give discontinuous result in flux terms? $F =[\rho u, \rho u^2 +p, \rho e_v]^T$. I tried ...
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49 views

Book Recommondation for the time-dependent Schrödinger equation [duplicate]

Can you recommend a good book that discusses several methods for the numerical solution of time-dependent and time-independent Schrödinger equation? I have searched the internet several times but ...
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0answers
64 views

RCWA for Non-Periodic Structure?

I have a quick question regarding Rigorous Coupled Wave Analysis (RCWA) for numerically solving problems (in optics). I am trying to simulate a device which is non-periodic in x, y directions (but is ...
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1answer
1k views

Solving Time dependent Schrodinger equation using MATLAB ode45 [closed]

The Schrodinger equation for time-dependent Hamiltonian is $$i\hbar\frac{d}{dt}\psi(t) = H(t)\psi(t) \, .$$ I try to implement solve the Schrodinger equation for time-dependent Hamiltonian in ODE ...
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1answer
422 views

Implementing velocity verlet for harmonic oscillator in C gives error wrt conservation of energy

I'm attempting to implement velocity Verlet with a harmonic oscillator in C, but I have some errors: Energy is not being conserved Energy oscillates much more than I would expect I believe the error ...
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1answer
127 views

How does Multi Body Dynamics software work for flexible joints?

I need to model a "fishing rod" in 2 dimensions by joining several "rigid sticks" by flexible/elastic joints. The joints act as plate/torsion springs with different spring constants. The "fishing rod" ...
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0answers
199 views

Solving a 3D (almost radial) convolution with FFT

I have a 3D integral that is almost a radial convolution of the form $$ \int d^{3}k'h(\mathbf{k'})g(|\mathbf{k-k'}|) $$ and I am looking for a fast and efficient algorithm (e.g. FFT) to solve it ...
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3answers
109 views

Mixing some particles together - “Game physics for engineers”?

I'd like to simulate how several particles mix together. For example, how do they settle when you throw them in a bucket? How do they assemble in zero-gravity? I might also want that they are "sticky" ...
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0answers
53 views

Phase dislocations and numerical accuracy

I am solving the nonlinear Schrodinger equation (NLSE), $$A_t+iA_{xx}+i|A|^2A=0$$ where $A$ is a complex valued function, which can be written as $A=ae^{i\theta}$ for $a,\theta$ real. Now, for ...
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0answers
126 views

Solving Schrodinger's Equation Numerically in a Bunimovich Stadium

I need to solve, as mentioned, Schrodinger's equation in a Bunimovich stadium-shaped infinite potential well with Dirichlet BC Numerically (this isn't possible analytically). In order to do so, I need ...
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2answers
769 views

How to implement Newton method in solving 1D PDE system? (ie. Poisson eq, continuity eq, drift-diffusion eq.)

I want to solve PDE system, which consists of Poisson equation, continuity equations for electron and hole with drift-diffusion equation numerically, by using method called Newton's method. This ...
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1answer
478 views

Second order interpolation scheme

On a grid I am having the values of a physical quantity say for example Temperature, at the E,W,N,S and P node all of them being calculated using a second order discretization scheme. I want a second ...
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1answer
81 views

Convergence Criteria for Two Fluid Flow Solver

Which one of the following is suitable for judging convergence in Two-Fluid Flow Solver? 1) Absolute Residual (L^2-Norm). 2) Relative Residual. 3) Fraction Change in Velocity, Pressure and Volume ...
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2answers
230 views

How to Solve an Integral Equation for an Unknown Integrand numericlaly?

I am working on an astrophysical research in which we relate the cumulative number of Damped Lyman Alpha HI clouds/galaxies, namely their number densities, $\frac{dN_{DLA}}{dz}(>M, z=0),$ to the ...