# Questions tagged [condition-number]

For questions about calculating or interpreting condition numbers. Most commonly refers to the condition number of a matrix, but can be applied generally to analyzing the error in a function based on error in the input.

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### Why are systems with clustered eigenvalues easy to solve?

I came across the following slide by Theo Diamandis & Zachary Frangella on what makes the linear system $Ax=b$ easy to solve using the conjugate gradient method. Transcription: CG converges ...
281 views

### Stable alternatives to "condition number"?

A number of numerical problems are easy to solve when condition number $\kappa$ of the problem is low. For instance, conjugate gradient descent complexity scales as $O(\sqrt{\kappa})$. However "...
1 vote
110 views

### Conditioning and Stability of generalized eigenvalue problem

The (generalized) eigenvalue problems with a multiple eigenvalue are the ill-posed ones. I have two questions that should be simple for experts: (1) Is the eigenvalue problem much more sensitive to ...
226 views

### Correctness of direct numerical solution of ill-conditioned linear system

To what extent can you put trust in a numerical solution obtained by direct solver for an ill-conditioned linear system? In other words, how can you test the solution? Dropping it into the system says ...
861 views

### Why does this preconditioner effectively reduce the condition number of a random SPD matrix?

Consider some randomly generated matrix $B\in\mathbb{R}^{100\times100}$ and let $A:=BB^{\top}$ On MATLAB I computed the condition number of $A$, I obtained a value of $2.8377\mathrm{e}+04$ However if ...
109 views

### Sparse least squares with a (black-box) ill-conditioned operator

It was suggested on math.stackexchange.com that I try to ask this question here. Consider a bounded linear operator $A : U \to V$ where $U$ is finite dimensional and where $V$ is a separable Hilbert ...
297 views

### Is there any way/any python function to calculate the condition number of the roots of a polynomial directly?

I know that NumPy has linalg.cond(A) to find the condition number of a matrix A. But, if I want to find the condition numbers of the roots of a large polynomial ...
110 views

### Regularisation of ill-conditioned matrix-vector problem

I have a linear* problem which arises from an integro-differential system, and writes: $$(\mathbf{I}+\lambda \mathbf{A})x = b$$ where $\mathbf{A}$ is a real full matrix, size $n\times n$, but is not ...
104 views

### Is there a general threshhold for which a large condition number becomes "problematic?"

I think the answer is probably no in the linear algebra community, but I'd say anything above $10^8$ and you're starting to lose too much precision, making the situation problematic. In some ...
923 views

### How to Invert a Poorly Conditioned Matrix

In my research, I need to invert a Fisher matrix in order to get a covariance matrix for me to do parameter estimation. Unfortunately, the values of Fisher matrix vary by many orders of magnitude, and ...
436 views

### Ill-condioned Linear System and Gaussian Elimination

Suppose that I have a linear system $Ax=b$ such that $A$ is ill-conditioned. Can I say that it is dangerous to find a solution with Gaussian Elimination for this system, or does there exist some class ...
1 vote
713 views

### Is there any function to calculate condition number of sparse matrix in Eigen libraray?

The function JacobiSVD and BDCSVD can calcuate condtion number of a dense matrix via singular values. However I need to know condition number of a sparese matrix due to slow computation speed using ...
1 vote
362 views

### Condition number of finite element stiffness matrix

In the FEM, there are certain applications in which the condition number $(\kappa)$ of the overall global stiffness matrix $(A)$ is computed or reduced by some preconditioner $(P)$. Are there any ...
198 views

### Accurately Computing a Positive Vector in the Nullspace of a Matrix

I'm sure this question has been asked before yet after many hours of searching I am unable to find a definitive answer. The problem at hand is solving the linear system: $$A \mathbf{x} = \mathbf{0}$$ ...
62 views

### Is "sensitivity" a term in numerical computation?

The section 4.2 "Poor Conditioning" in the book Deep Learning defines the condition number of the function $f(x) = A^{-1}x$ as \begin{align} \underset{i,j}{\max}~ \Bigg| \frac{\lambda_i}{ \...
184 views

### Why $\alpha I +A$ can improve the condition nubmer of a SPD matrix $A$?

For Poisson equation with Dirichlet boundary conditions in 2 dimension: $$-\Delta u=f,$$ using FDM (centered difference) or FEM discretization, we can obtain a SPD system of linear equations as ...
167 views

### "Geometry of ill-conditioning" for least-squares problems

It is an idea that dates back to Demmel, 1987 that the condition number of a problem is often related to the distance to the closest ill-posed problems. In Section 3 of the above paper, the author ...
1 vote
202 views

### Whether should we consider the condition number of the preconditioned matrix when choosing a preconditioner?

when we solve a large sparse linear system Ax=b, using preconditioned Krylov subspace methods,e.g., gmres, should we need to reduce the condition number of the coefficient matrix? In my opinion, we ...
281 views

### Matrix condition number and reordering

Does the condition number change when a matrix is reordered by e.g. Cuthill Mckee or some other method?
928 views

### CHOLMOD condition number estimate

The CHOLMOD library provides a CHOLMOD_rcond function that estimates the reciprocal condition number (in the one norm) of a symmetric positive definite matrix from ...
1 vote
80 views

### Missing something fundamental about condition number estimation

In Higham's Accuracy and Stability of Numerical Algorithms, Chapter 15, algorithm 15.3 and 15.4: The topic is ostensibly condition number estimation, but these algorithms show how to compute $\gamma$ ...
99 views

### Assessing numerical error in solving a least squares problem

I have a linear system of the type $$Ax = b$$ I want to minimise $|b - Ax|^2$. I know there are different approaches to directly solve the system (Normal equation + Cholesky, QR decomposition, SVD ...
1 vote
673 views

### Conjugate gradient - ill-conditioning and numerical tolerance

I would like to solve system $Ax=b$, where $A$ is SPD, but very ill-conditioned ($\text{cond}(A)>10^{11}$). I am interested in using UNpreconditioned version of the conjugate gradient method. Is ...
1 vote
435 views

### Condition number of a matrix

I saw some definition that if $$M=\max_{x\not=0} \tfrac{\|Ax\|}{\|x\|} \quad\text{and}\quad m=\min_{x\not=0} \tfrac{\|Ax\|}{\|x\|} \,,$$ the condition number of $A=M/m$. In my opinion, If we have a ...
207 views

568 views

### Are there any quad-double arithmetic sparse matrix package?

I am working on some ill-conditioned large sparse linear system of equations. I want to use double-double arithmetic or quad-double arithmetic to solve them. I know that there is a package named MPACK ...