Questions tagged [differential-equations]

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17 views

Optimality conditions for optimal control: BVP - DAE

I am solving an optimal control problem of the form $$ \min_u \qquad\int_0^T \langle u(t), u(t) \rangle \, \mathrm{d}t \\ s.t. \quad \dot{x} = \tilde{f}(x) + u, \quad x(0)=x_0 \\ \qquad \tilde{\Phi}(...
4
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2answers
51 views

MInimizing cost function using iterative search for a minimum method

I want to estimated the parameters $\ \hat{\theta} $ of a model using an iterative search for the minimum of a cost function. The cost function is defined as follows: $$ V_N(\hat{\theta}) = \frac{1}{...
1
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2answers
95 views

Solving a parameter estimation problem using trajectory optimization

This is a follow-up to my previous question here I've the following system of equations for studying information flow in the below graph, $$ \frac{d \phi}{dt} = -M^TDM\phi + \text{noise ...
2
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1answer
70 views

Using Implicit Euler with second order differential equations

We can numerically integrate first order differential equations using Euler method like this: $$y_{n+1} = y_n + hf(t_n, y_n)$$ And with Implicit Euler like this: $$y_{n+1} = y_n + hf(t_{n+1},y _{n+...
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0answers
35 views

Solving a 2-time Volterra integro-differential equation

In non-equilibrium field theory one usually encounters the so called Kadanoff-Baym equations, which are Volterra integro-differential of 2 times $$ i \partial_t f(t,t^\prime) = h(t) f(t, t^\prime) + \...
1
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1answer
37 views

How to properly compute weights for Weighted Least Squares (WLS)?

I want to apply the weighted least squares method in order to identify parameters of a dynamic process. The process is described by a second order differential equation of the form: $$ \ddot{y}+a_1\...
2
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0answers
50 views

Numerical errors due to terms of the form $\frac{1}{r}$ (r goes to 0 at the boundary) while using finite difference method

I am trying to solve a system of differential equations using finite difference method. There are few terms of the form $\frac{A(r)}{r}$, both $A(r)$ and r go to zero at the boundary. Analytically ...
1
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0answers
59 views

Are linear, CTCS codes always stable?

I would like to solve some equations which basically look like this $$\frac{\partial u}{\partial x}=F\left(v,\frac{\partial v}{\partial y},\frac{\partial^2 v}{\partial y^2}\right),$$ $$\frac{\partial ...
0
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0answers
19 views

Online Parameter Estimation

I have a system $\ y = θ^*u+d(t) $ where $\ y $ is the output , $\ u $ is the input which satisfies $\ u\epsilon L_{\infty} $, $\ θ^* $ is an unknown but constant parameter and $\ d(t) $ is an unknown ...
4
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1answer
147 views

Solving coupled differential equations in Python, 2nd order

I have a system of coupled differential equations, one of which is second-order. I am looking for a way to solve them in Python. I would be extremely grateful for any advice on how can I do that! $k$...
1
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1answer
49 views

Dealing with boundary conditions using Fourier spectral methods

I am currently working on a project where I need to use Fourier spectral methods to solve the KS equation. I found this code which is using the Fourier spectral methods to solve the classic 1D heat ...
0
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0answers
135 views

Numerically solving a partial differential equation in python with Runge Kutta 4

I'm supposed to solve the following partial differential equation in python using Runge-Kutta 4 method in time. $$ \frac{\partial}{\partial t}v(y,t)=Lv(t,y) $$ where $L$ is the following linear ...
2
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1answer
120 views

Numerical Solution to Rayleigh Plesset Equation in Python

I have been trying to numerically solve the Rayleigh-Plesset equation for a sonoluminescence bubble in Python. You can read about this phenomenon here: https://iopscience.iop.org/article/10.1088/0143-...
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0answers
54 views

Stably solve transport equation with source term

I am trying to solve a transport equation of the form for the variable $\psi(t,r)$ \begin{equation} \partial_t\psi-\alpha(r)\partial_r\psi-\beta(r)^2\psi-f(t,r)=0 , \end{equation} where I am solving ...
1
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0answers
20 views

Using nondimensionalization to solve an ode in MATLAB [duplicate]

I am trying to solve an ode that uses some extremely large numbers and some extremely small numbers, namely $$ e = 1.6\times 10^{-19}\\ E = 10^6\\ \tau = 6\times 10^{-24}\\ m = 9.1\times 10^{-31}\\ c ...
2
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1answer
75 views

MATLAB's ode45 not dealing with initial conditions well [RESOLVED]

*Concern highlighted in yellow *Solution at bottom I have a differential equation to solve for the motion of an electron: $$ \frac{d^2v}{dt^2} = \frac{1}{\gamma^6}\left( \frac{eE}{\tau m} - \left( \...
1
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1answer
79 views

Crank-Nicholson for diffusion-advection vs diffusion equation

Let's consider the following 1D diffusion equation: $\frac{\partial u}{\partial t} = xk \frac{\partial}{\partial x}(\frac{1}{x}\frac{\partial u}{\partial x})$ where we assume that the diffusion ...
1
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1answer
112 views

Numerical integration in 2D

I would like to solve the following problem $$ \vec{v}(x,y)= k\, \nabla \theta(x,y) $$ with respect to the unknown function $\theta$. Parameter $k$ is just a real constant quantity. I have two ...
0
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0answers
21 views

Offline Parameter Estimation for second order system - Ordinary Least Squares

I have a second order system which is described by the following differential equation: $\ \ddot{y}+α_{1}*\dot{y}=b_{0}*u $ where $\ y $ is the output of the system and $\ u $ is the input of the ...
3
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1answer
128 views

Solving an SDE with time-dependent parameter in R

I am trying to solve a system of SDEs in R using the Diffeqr package. Let's reduce the system to a simple ODE: ...
1
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1answer
75 views

How to Break Coupled ODEs down to first order for Runge-Kutta

My question might seem a bit simple. I am trying to solve a system of ODEs using Runge-Kutta method. I am having difficulty breaking down the equations into a system of first order ones required ...
1
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1answer
73 views

Numerical methods for non-linear diffusion

I have the following non-linear diffusion equation, for $\ z(x,t)$: $\ z_t = -C(\sin(\omega t))^m x^{hm}(hm x^{-1}(z_x)^n + n z_{xx} (z_x)^{n-1}) $ Any advice for numerical (or analytical) solutions?...
1
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0answers
28 views

Book Recommendation: Analysis and design of mechanistic models - such as pharmacokinetics or hydrology models

I have been looking at an interesting book "Pharmacokinetic-Pharmacodynamic Modeling and Simulation" by Peter Bonate on pharmacokinetic models: the models of how medical drugs work their way through ...
2
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0answers
60 views

Numerical integration of SDE: choice of $dt$ and algorithm

I am working on the following Stochastic Differential Equation (SDE) in the Quantum Mechanics context: $$dX_{t} = a X_{t} dt + b X_{t} dW$$ where $X_{t}$ is my stochastic varible, $dt$ is my ...
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0answers
65 views

How one can simulate a system given by differential equation?

I want to simulate a diffusion environment given by the differential equation $$\frac{\partial u(x,y,t)}{\partial t}=D\left(\frac{\partial^2 u(x,y,t)}{\partial x^2}+\frac{\partial^2 u(x,y,t)}{\...
1
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0answers
52 views

Governing equations vs Transport equations

This is a basic question. But I did not find any explanations for this. How are governing equations, like mass, momentum, energy conservations equations, different from 'Transport equation'?. Is a ...
0
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0answers
57 views

What are the differences between these different forms of equation?

What are the differences between Conservative differential form, Non-conservative differential form, Conservative Integral form and Non-conservative integral form of differential equations? I know ...
1
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0answers
80 views

Solved : Damped spring-mass system, wrong position, correct speed and acceleration

I am modulating a spring-mass system with gravitation and aero drag, with python programming. The spring is hanging vertically and attached a weight. The user then selects a length to drag it down ...
4
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1answer
137 views

Fast and free server for computing

I have to calculate a huge differential equation. With my laptop, it's going to be computed for several days. Is there a free (I need just for 3 days) fast server for scientific calculations? My ...
2
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1answer
62 views

Symplectic linear multistep method?

I'm doing a gravitational n-body simulator and I'm thinking of implementing linear multistep methods like Adam-Bashforth. But is there any symplectic multistep methods?
1
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1answer
67 views

Online Parameter Estimation using steepest descent

I have a first order system which is described by the following differential equation: dx/dt = -a*x + b*u where u is the input <...
3
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2answers
112 views

Finite difference for a highly nonlinear equation - The wind within the forest

Based on the Navier-Stokes equations and a few parameterizations, the horizontal steady-state wind $u(z)$ within a forest of height H satisfies: $$ a\left(\frac{du}{dz}\right)^2 + b\frac{du}{dz} \...
3
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2answers
112 views

Damped Harmonic Oscillation. Efficient algorithm to find the parameters resulting in threshold oscillation amplitude

Let's assume, that we have damped harmonic oscillation of a body in the form of a cone, immersed in a liquid. Equilibrium condition of the body is: $$m\overrightarrow{a} = \overrightarrow{F_\text{...
1
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0answers
38 views

Why does the correlation function of this stochastic differential equation starts at different points?

I am working with the following differential equation: The equation is $$x=\beta +\sqrt{2D} \xi(t)$$ where $\xi(t)$ is a white noise term, with a reflecting wall boundary conditions. After solving ...
2
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0answers
79 views

How to implement adaptive step size Runge-Kutta Cash-Karp?

Trying to implement an adaptive step size Runge-Kutta Cash-Karp but failing with this error: ...
1
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1answer
296 views

Solving differential equation in Python with variable coefficients (I just know the coefficients numerically)

I am trying to implement a routine to solve a differential equation in Python. Basically the kind of equation that I am interested in solving is of the form: $\displaystyle \frac{d}{dx^2} \left(x y(x)...
0
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1answer
75 views

Stability of PDEs

I am currently trying to solve some PDEs with FiPy. At page 56, the manual mentions (https://www.ctcms.nist.gov/fipy/download/fipy-3.0.pdf). The largest stable timestep that can be taken for this ...
0
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1answer
84 views

Actual global error vs theoretical global error: How to combine theory with practice

I have implemented an Adams Bashforth 4 method to solve an Initial Value Problem for an ODE and I am testing it against the test equation: $y'=\lambda y$ with $y(0)=1$ with the exact solution: $y(t)=...
0
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1answer
122 views

Unexpected solutions solving an ODE using odeint

I am trying to solve a system of 8 coupled differential equations using scipy's odeint. I have already written my code and it runs fine, but the solutions I get are completely different from what I ...
1
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1answer
44 views

Wrong results for $2$ stage multistep method $y_{n+2} - y_n = h\left[(1/3)f_{n+2} + (4/3)f_{n+1} + (1/3)f_n\right]$

I need to fix a code to utilise the $2$ stage multistep method : $$y_{n+2} - y_n = h\left[(1/3)f_{n+2} + (4/3)f_{n+1} + (1/3)f_n\right]$$ Since this is an implicit method, I used a Newton-Raphson ...
1
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0answers
39 views

Numerically solving a system of parabolic PDEs and 1st order ODEs

I'm trying to solve the following system of differential equations numerically. What are the available finite difference approaches and matlab solvers to solve such a system? Other approaches to solve ...
5
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1answer
135 views

Numerical solution of two coupled nonlinear eigenvalue problems

I would like to numerically solve the following system of coupled nonlinear differential equations: $$ -\frac{\hbar^2}{2m_a} \frac{\partial^2}{\partial x^2}\psi_a + V_{ext}\psi_a + \left( g_a |...
2
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1answer
96 views

Numerically solving a partial differential equation

I am trying to numerically solve the following PDE, $$\frac{\partial u^A}{\partial t} = c_1\frac{\partial^2 u^A}{\partial^2x} \,,$$ where $c_1$ is a constant. The above can be discretized using the ...
0
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0answers
81 views

why I cannot find explicit finite difference for elliptic equation

Let us think on the Poisson equation $\nabla^2 u(\bf{x})=\rho(x)$ with Neumann boundary conditions, with $\bf{x}=\it (x,y)$ in 2D. Here is a stencil with central differences in both $x$ and $y$ (...
1
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0answers
93 views

How to solve an implicit ODE with forward Euler?

Consider the implicit ODE $$ M(y)\dot{y} = F(t,y) $$ If $M$ is non-singular for all $y$ How to use the forward-Euler method to numerically solve for $y$ without inverting $M(y)$? I only came out ...
2
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1answer
87 views

PML boundary conditions

I set up two one-way wave equations for constant velocity $c$ in one-dimension. When I implement them I get a highly unstable (divergent) solution. I wonder if someone could give me a suggestion about ...
4
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3answers
205 views

Finite difference for 1D wave equation: why the spike initial data results in a noisy output?

I am using a second-order finite difference in space and time approximation for the 1D wave equation. No source but initial data: $I(x)=\mathrm{e}^{-400 (x-0.5)^2}$. Velocity $c=1$, $nx=501$, $nt=...
1
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1answer
273 views

How write a integration loop in fortran, leapfrog scheme to solvind PDE (advection)?

I want to resolve numerically this equation using of difference finite method with Leapfrog Scheme $$\frac{\partial{u}}{\partial t}+ v \frac{\partial{u}}{\partial x}= 0 $$ I'm trying to write a code ...
1
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1answer
150 views

Can a second-order ODE be “inconsistent” with its boundary conditions?

I am trying to solve a set of coupled, nonlinear ODEs. The only dependent variable is a 1-dimensional spatial coordinate, let's call it $x$. For now, I've managed to approximate away some of the ...
0
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1answer
51 views

Calculate forces on atoms from potential energy of system and position of atoms

Background I am using a neural network to calculate the potential energy of atoms in a configuration and then adding energy of all atoms to compare it with the true energy of the configuration(label) ...