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Questions tagged [eigenvalues]

Eigenvalues are a special set of scalars associated with a linear system of equations (i.e., a matrix equation) that are sometimes also known as characteristic roots, characteristic values (Hoffman and Kunze 1971), proper values, or latent roots (Marcus and Minc 1988, p. 144).

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Fast Eigenvalue and SVD Solver for Structured Matrices

I am looking for a fast Eigenvalue and SVD solver for small dense structured matrices (Hankel and Toeplitz). I have searched for efficient implementations in libraries like MKL but I am not able to ...
Sai Venkat's user avatar
8 votes
0 answers
454 views

Eigenvalue with largest imaginary part

Iterative eigensolvers such as ARPACK, give the option to find a subset of the eigenvalues which have the largest imaginary part. My question is how do these algorithms work. As I understand it, ...
as2457's user avatar
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7 votes
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Can we sparse solve a few eigenvalues specified by index range?

I need to solve a few eigenvalues of a large sparse matrix specified by their index range. These indices are according to the whole eigenspectrum sorted in algebraic (not absolute value) ascending ...
xiaohuamao's user avatar
7 votes
0 answers
224 views

Solving a coupled eigen value problem

I have the following problem: $$\begin{bmatrix}A &B \\C& D\end{bmatrix}\begin{bmatrix}x\\y\end{bmatrix} = \begin{bmatrix}\lambda I_m & 0 \\ 0& \mu I_n\end{bmatrix}\begin{bmatrix}x \\y\...
xadu's user avatar
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6 votes
0 answers
502 views

Will penalty-augmented stiffness matrix cause numerical issues in eigenvalue analysis?

In the finite element method, we often construct the constraints of the system by adding penalty-function terms ( which often are many many magnitudes, up to $10^6$ order bigger than the largest ...
Graviton's user avatar
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5 votes
0 answers
107 views

Efficient way to find eigenvalues of complex symmetric matrix with real off-diagonal elements

My goal is to find all eigenvalues (and eigenvectors) in a given range of magnitudes of a complex symmetric matrix with real off-diagonal elements (only diagonal elements are complex). Currently I'm ...
QNA's user avatar
  • 151
5 votes
0 answers
93 views

Improving convergence of Jacobi iteration to Schur form

I'm using SIMD processor arrays to compute the eigen-decomposition for large numbers of small (up to $32\times 32$) matrices. For assorted technical reasons, Jacobi iteration maps well to the SIMD ...
Mark Pedley's user avatar
5 votes
0 answers
160 views

Multi-matrix orthogonal basis problem

Suppose we are given a set of symmetric, positive definite matrices $A_1,A_2,\ldots,A_k\in\mathbb{R}^{n\times n}$. Is there any numerical method or reduction to a known problem (e.g. eigenvalue ...
Justin Solomon's user avatar
4 votes
0 answers
190 views

Why for $A^T A$, it is faster to computer the eigenvalues of its inverse than itself?

I have written the following code in MATLAB. I also observe the same effect in Arnoldi iteration in ARPACK in C. ...
Ma Joad's user avatar
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4 votes
0 answers
264 views

Eigenvalues of a Laplacian operator on an irregular mesh

I have the following setting: An irregularly-shaped domain, expressed as a mesh of points A Laplacian operator, together with boundary conditions I am looking for the eigenvalues of that operator, i....
magiiique's user avatar
4 votes
0 answers
176 views

Eigenvalue-style optimization with quadratic constraints

Suppose $A\in\mathbb{R}^{n\times n}$ is symmetric and positive definite and that we have several symmetric matrices $B_i\in\mathbb{R}^{n\times n}$ that are low-rank and indefinite. I need an ...
Justin Solomon's user avatar
3 votes
0 answers
46 views

Preconditioned GMRES for nearly diagonalizable systems

I have been working with a matrix $A$ and preconditioner $P\approx A^{-1}$ that I've then applied GMRES to the (left) preconditioned linear system \begin{equation} P^{-1}Ax=P^{-1}b \end{equation} $P^{-...
Tucker's user avatar
  • 189
3 votes
0 answers
135 views

Fast Fourier Transform on Meshes

I have a (closed, manifold, oriented) triangular mesh for which I build a matrix $L\in\mathbb{R}^{n\times n}$ discretising the negated Laplace-Beltrami operator. The matrix $L$ is symmetric positive ...
lightxbulb's user avatar
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3 votes
0 answers
71 views

Approximating eigenvalues of DPR1 matrix with special properties

In my application, I have a sum of diagonal $A$ and rank-1 $B$ $$T=\underbrace{\text{diag}(1-2\alpha h+2\alpha^2 h^2)}_A + \underbrace{\alpha^2 hh^T}_B$$ Where $h$ is a vector $\in \mathbb{R}^d$ with ...
Yaroslav Bulatov's user avatar
3 votes
0 answers
213 views

How to obtain smallest eigenvalues with Arnoldi iteration

I understand that the Arnoldi iteration produces a basis which tends to include in its span the eigenvectors corresponding to eigenvalues of large magnitude (hence the analogy between the last vector ...
Pedro Secchi's user avatar
3 votes
0 answers
149 views

Does shift-invert method has invertibility issue?

Please note that I have nearly zero background on numerical methods. I understand the shift invert method as described in SciPy Tutorial The main argument of the above link is as follows. Suppose we ...
Laplacian's user avatar
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3 votes
0 answers
118 views

Why the MIRACLE of Lanczos/CG-like?

Lanczos/Arnoldi/Rietz/CG-like algorithm share the same core strategy... In each, a little miracle appears, most of the Gram-Schmidt inner products are zeroes! In others words, new direction need only ...
sharl's user avatar
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3 votes
0 answers
460 views

Computing Small Eigenvalues with Sparse Symmetric Indefinite Mass Matrix

I want the eigenvalues of the following generalized eigenvalue problem: $$ Av = \lambda M v $$ where $A\in\mathbb{R}^{n\times n}$ is sparse, symmetric, and positive semi-definite $M\in\mathbb{R}^{n\...
user3658307's user avatar
3 votes
0 answers
128 views

What is the complexity of calculating K-th largest real part eigenvalue of non-normal sparse matrix

I just need to calculate the largest real part of eigenvalues of a Jacobian which is highly non-normal and singular. Most of the eigenvalues are negative, and some of them are positive but near to ...
CatDog's user avatar
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3 votes
0 answers
71 views

Preconditioning matrix with known spectrum

Assume I know all eigenvalues of a matrix $A$ fall into a certain set $\Omega \subset \mathbb{C}$. Is there any way I can exploit this knowledge to design a preconditioner for $A$? Some further ...
gTcV's user avatar
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3 votes
0 answers
361 views

Computing eigenvectors from the QR algorithm

I've seen a few other posts on this topic but none have full answers. I'm trying to implement some eigen-decomposition algorithms. I've managed to get the Explicit QR algorithm and the Implicit (...
user124784's user avatar
3 votes
0 answers
273 views

Method with low memory requirement for large-scale eigenvalue problem

I am working on the flow stability problem. In this work the main complication is solving generalized eigenvalue problem for a large scale Non-Hermitian matrix. I need only one eigenvalue (most left ...
Kirill Belyaev's user avatar
3 votes
0 answers
82 views

Estimating eigenvalues from time-dependent non-linear operator

I have a very sparse non-linear system $N(u) = 0$ that can be solved as a time-dependent ODE, $\frac{du}{dt} = N(u)$, and explicitly integrated until $\frac{du}{dt} = N(u) = 0$, e.g. by forward euler, ...
Aurelius's user avatar
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3 votes
0 answers
364 views

Solving PDE or eigenvalue problems without FEM

Do you know any methods/solvers for PDE or eigenvalue problems like $\begin{cases} \Delta u= 0\ (\text{ or }\lambda u) & \text{ in }\Omega \\ u =0 & \text{ on }\partial \Omega \end{cases}$ (...
Beni Bogosel's user avatar
  • 1,057
2 votes
0 answers
67 views

Diagonalization of large sparse matrix, computational programme recommendation and methods

According to this link, All eigenpairs of large sparse symmetric matrix. The guy @Baranas seems to have given a very confident answer about solving the whole Eigen spectrum. May I know if anyone has ...
Lee Zhi Yan's user avatar
2 votes
0 answers
44 views

Iterative methods for underestimate of smallest eigenvalue for large sparse matrices

I recently read the paper "EUCLIDEAN-NORM ERROR BOUNDS FOR SYMMLQ AND CG" by Estrin et al. and there they use an underestimate (i.e. something in $(0,\lambda_{min}]$) of the smallest ...
lightxbulb's user avatar
  • 2,162
2 votes
0 answers
195 views

Generalized Eigenvalue Problem using MATLAB

I'm trying to solve a generalized eigenvalue problem. I have two matrices $H$ and $S$ such that: $$ HX=λSX $$ I need to find the eigenvalues $\lambda$. The matrices $H$ and $S$ are real, asymmetric, ...
Beginner Noob's user avatar
2 votes
0 answers
139 views

Why is LAPACK (seemingly) suboptimal for packed and banded eigenvalue problems?

Based on this LAPACK routines list, it looks like there is no relatively robust representation (RRR) driver routine for either packed or banded symmetric eigenvalue problems. According to the relevant ...
Grayscale's user avatar
  • 211
2 votes
0 answers
78 views

Geometric interpretation of lemma

I am currently studying eigenvalue problems. I already worked through the minimax-principles and seen why $\lambda_{h, m} \geq \lambda_m$, when comparing the eigenvalues of a discretization and the ...
mdot's user avatar
  • 155
2 votes
0 answers
146 views

Finite differenced eigenvalue prob. of inhomogeneous boundary conditions?

I am basically asking about eigenvalue problems of differential equations using some finite difference method (FDM). Usually the system is subject to some boundary conditions (BC), e.g., Dirichlet or ...
xiaohuamao's user avatar
2 votes
0 answers
177 views

What is Chebfun `eigs` doing

What is this doing? Looks like the original eigenvalue problem is converted into generalized eigenvalue problems with different dimensions of collocation points. Can someone explain more about this? ...
monotonic's user avatar
  • 129
2 votes
0 answers
211 views

Generalized eigenvalue with null space

Define $S\in\mathbb{R}^{n\times n}$ as $$S:=H+Q^\top V^{-1} Q.$$ $H,V$ are positive semidefinite. Here, $H$, $Q$, and $V$ are large, dense matrices but they are structured: I can write code for ...
Justin Solomon's user avatar
2 votes
0 answers
431 views

Numerical solution of Dirac equation (eigenvalue problem)

Suppose we have equation of the form: $$H \Psi = E \Psi $$ where $H$ is Dirac Hamiltonian (also my question can be answered by people who are not familiar with Dirac Hamiltonian but familiar with ...
newt's user avatar
  • 159
2 votes
0 answers
118 views

Eigenvalue decomposition of the sum: $AA^T$ + diag($u$)

Suppose $A\in\mathbb{R}^{n\times c}$,$u\in\mathbb{R}^n$,$n\gg c$. The time complexity of eigenvalue decomposing directly for matrix $AA^T+\text{diag}(u)$ is $O(n^3)$. And it is easy to avoid $O(n^3)$ ...
Echo's user avatar
  • 21
2 votes
0 answers
399 views

scipy.linalg.sparse.eigsh does not work for generalised eigenvalues

I asked this question over at StackOverflow and someone told me that I'd get a better answer here. So here's my problem: I'm working on a machine learning project which involves doing a Principal ...
Ramtin Yazdanian's user avatar
2 votes
0 answers
158 views

what do positive real parts of eigenvalues mean?

I am solving a 1D advection problem of the the form $$d{Q}/dt = [A]{Q}$$ where {Q} is the vector of unknowns and [A] is the matrix of coefficients of spatial discretisation. I have worked out the ...
melody's user avatar
  • 311
2 votes
0 answers
103 views

non convex, non linear optimization involving matrix differential equation solution

I'm trying to develop an inferential procedure for a multivariate dependent Markov process. Basically, the procedure could be considered as a non linear regression, with a known dependence structure ...
user58058's user avatar
2 votes
0 answers
507 views

Arpack and Matlab give different values for eigenvalues

I am solving a generalized eigenvalues problem with inversed complex shift: $$(M-\sigma J)^{-1}J \boldsymbol{x} = \boldsymbol{x} \nu \enspace .$$ My matrices are obtained from a finite element ...
Britomarti's user avatar
2 votes
0 answers
350 views

ARPACK gives different answers from Matlab and NAG

I'm playing with ARPACK. I looked into the examples they provide, zndrv4.f illustrating the usage of the routine znaupd, in the directory of ARPACK/EXAMPLES/COMPLEX/. I also came cross NAG Fortran ...
jengmge's user avatar
  • 51
2 votes
0 answers
53 views

Eigenvalues and Timestep restriction Follow up

This is a follow-up question to the previous questions I had on eigenvalues. Please let me know if I should edit the previous question itself for asking this. If the eigenvalues of a matrix ...
gk1's user avatar
  • 322
2 votes
0 answers
65 views

Are the eigenvalues of the product matrix of two real symmetric square matrices also real values?

Suppose $A,B \in \mathbb{R}^{n\times n}; A=A^T, B=B^T$, let $C = AB, D =BA$, If we have all the real eigenvalues of $A$ and $B$, e.g. the eigenvalue decomposition of them: $A=P\Lambda_1 P^T$, $B=Q\...
LCFactorization's user avatar
2 votes
1 answer
550 views

Improving my QZ-Algorithm (Include Shifts)

I Need to to solve an generalized Eigenvalue Problem and to compare two Methods (QR and QZ) concerning their convergence rate and execution time. I started with the Basic QR-Algorithm, implemented in ...
Roland's user avatar
  • 111
2 votes
1 answer
793 views

Eigenvalue problem with periodic boundary conditions: Are my eigenvalues correct?

I am using a (central) finite difference scheme to solve the eigenvalue problem $$-\frac{d^2}{dx^2}u = \lambda u$$ with periodic boundary conditions on a unit interval. I use arpack's zndrv1 and ...
DJames's user avatar
  • 417
1 vote
0 answers
72 views

Ways to speed up Lanczos algorithm when we have a very dense cluster of many eigenvalues?

Lanczos algorithm can be used to find the largest/smallest eigenvalues of matrices. I am trying to find a good library in C/C++/Rust for finding the smallest singular value (or eigenvalue). I have ...
Ma Joad's user avatar
  • 161
1 vote
0 answers
87 views

Optimal Krylov subspace dimension and iteration limits for eigs

When using the eigs function in MATLAB, which is based off of ARPACK, one can manually modify the maximal dimension of the constructed Krylov subspaces, the maximum iteration counts, and the error ...
user45844's user avatar
1 vote
0 answers
75 views

Rayleigh-Ritz under LOBPCG : Nested iteration?

I am trying to understand the basic LOBPCG algorithm, as used in popular python libraries, primarily from the suggested resource on wiki. LOBPCG involves a subroutine to compute the coefficients of ...
Shark's user avatar
  • 11
1 vote
0 answers
107 views

Well-conditioned pseudospectral for computing eigenvalues to (partial) differential equations

I am working on writing a Chebyshev pseudospectral method (see for example "Chebsyhev and Fourier spectral methods" by John Boyd) to solve for the eigenvalues of differential equations of ...
physics_researcher's user avatar
1 vote
0 answers
55 views

Reproducing a paper's result for Topological Insulators

For the past weeks I have been trying to reproduce Agarwala's results but I've been unsuccessful. From this paper I am trying to reproduce the first and last columns of Fig.2, by implementing eq.2; ...
Victor RM's user avatar
1 vote
0 answers
55 views

Neural networks trained with subspace iteration algorithms for solving SCF eigenvalue problems

I am toying with the idea of using current libraries available with SCF (Self-Consistent Field) subspace iteration codes to train an ANN (Artificial Neural Network) to solve for SCF eigenvalue ...
Jonathan's user avatar
  • 111
1 vote
0 answers
99 views

When does reduced integration lead to artificial zero energy modes in stiffness matrix?

This question relates to the topic of locking free finite element development. In the case of application of reduced integration to global stiffness matrix for the Timoshenko beam element with ...
Yirmidokuz's user avatar