Questions tagged [error-estimation]

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4
votes
1answer
1k views

How do error estimates scale for multidimensional cubature?

Suppose I have a quadrature method with a theoretical error estimate that scales with the number of points as $e(N)$: $$\int_a^b f(x)\mathrm{d}x = \sum_{i=1}^N w_i f(x_i) + \mathcal{O}\bigl(e(N)\bigr)...
14
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1answer
2k views

What are the relative benefits of using Adams-Moulton over Adams-Bashforth algorithm?

I am solving a system of two coupled PDE's in two spatial dimensions and in time computationally. Since the function evaluations are expensive, I would like to use a multistep method (initialised ...
1
vote
1answer
295 views

Error propagation on GSL eigenvalues computation

The problem comes from the need to estimate the error propagation of the spectral norm computation of a square matrix $A$ of which I know the components' $A_{ij}$ absolute error. The fundamental step ...
13
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4answers
1k views

Estimating hardware error probability

Say I run a supercomputer computation on 100k cores for 4 hours on http://www.nersc.gov/users/computational-systems/edison/configuration, exchanging about 4 PB of data over the network and performing ...
5
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0answers
150 views

Methods for integrating black box functions on a non-uniform grid

If i have some function expressed as points on a non-uniform grid (I'm specifically interested in logarithmic grids, but general results are also interesting), and I want to integrate it, I believe ...
1
vote
1answer
225 views

a reverse of foamToVTK tool?

my question is simple, in openfoam we have the function foamToVTK which creates vtk files for each timestep of the solution. Now I have a huge VTK tar file (has atleast 100 timesteps), i have system ...
1
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1answer
3k views

how to specify an arbitrary surface for field average in openfoam?

So, I am running this openfoam simulation and I need areaAverage velocity and pressure on a surface,currently the entire plane is being read, I wan't to specify my own in sampleSurfaceDict, ...
3
votes
1answer
76 views

a posteriori error estimation for skewed elements

I'm working with error estimates for Poisson's equation of the form $$\mathcal{E}^2_T = h_T^2\|-\Delta u - f\|_{L^2(T)} + \sum_{e\in \partial T} h_e\|n\cdot \nabla u\|_{L^2(e)}$$ where $T$ is an ...
6
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1answer
254 views

Proving convergence of adaptive finite elements - min res FEM?

There's a body of work out there dealing with the discrete convergence of adaptive finite element methods using error estimators. Most deal with proving the property $\|u-u_{k+1}\|_U \leq (1-\alpha) \...
2
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1answer
984 views

Error norm in finite difference calculation

I've used an explicit finite difference scheme to model the 1D time dependent temperature distribution in a friction weld. I want to now verify the consistency and convergence of my algorithm. I have ...
6
votes
1answer
329 views

Computing $\sin(\pi/2)$ numerically

I'm trying to understand the types of numerical errors, to do this I want to calculate $\sin(\pi/2)=1$ numerically. To do this I use the Taylor series of $\sin(x)$ in 0: $$\sin(x)=x-\frac{x^3}{6}+\...
2
votes
2answers
120 views

Normalizing error when data passes through zero

Given a time-dependent measure of error, $e(t)$, and a time-dependent function to normalize it with, $f(t)$, one would report the normalized error as $$E(t) = \left|\frac{e(t)}{f(t)}\right|.$$ ...
4
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2answers
946 views

How can you calculate percent error in tensor approximations?

I have a matrix A which is an approximation to the known matrix B. Both matrices are square, 3x3 matrices and, in this case, are ...
7
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2answers
134 views

Convergence of adaptive finite elements with inexact solves

I'm working on some adaptive discontinuous Galerkin codes for time harmonic wave propagation, currently just Helmholtz, but will be branching out once I have a working prototype in this case. There ...
3
votes
1answer
37 views

Known Algorithm to compute errors of given nature

I have three sets of data, measured by three different devices: A,B and C of air balloon whose fall is influenced by wind and ...
8
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2answers
591 views

Bounding the relative error of derivative given relative error of the function

Suppose a function $f$ can be computed such that the bound on the relative error is $R$ i.e. $f^-(x) = f(x)(1+r)$ where $f^-$ and $f$ are respectively the computed and exact value $f$ and $|r| \leq ...
5
votes
1answer
150 views

Can we compare the speed of convergence of two different iteration methods of same order looking at their error estimates?

I have a two iterative method for approximating the inverse of given square matrix $A$ whose error terms are given as follows Error estimate of method $1$: $\lVert A^{-1} - X_{k}\rVert \leq q^{2^{k+...
4
votes
1answer
289 views

Error bars for pair-correlation function

I have obtained some data from neutron diffraction for some material samples. The "rawest" form of the data is the structure function $S(Q)$. We can choose a variety of different Q-maxes when ...
1
vote
1answer
199 views

How can I quantify the error of FFT-based poisson solvers?

I have an FFT code that solves a particular case of the steady Euler equations where a Poisson equation is solved, what is a good way to quantify the error? Is what I am doing ok? Since I do not have ...
4
votes
2answers
208 views

Problem Condition and Algorithm Stability

Consider 2 mathematical problems: $$ f_1(x) = a - x \\ f_2(x) = e^x -1 $$ The condition number for a function is defined as follows: $$ k(f) = \left| x \cdot \frac{f'}{f} \right| $$ Lets analyze ...
25
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5answers
2k views

Why do equi-spaced points behave badly?

Experiment description: In Lagrange interpolation, the exact equation is sampled at $N$ points (polynomial order $N - 1$) and it is interpolated at 101 points. Here $N$ is varied from 2 to 64. Each ...
1
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1answer
230 views

Error analysis of WENO scheme

I have three questions regarding WENO schemes 1) How to actually compute the smoothness indicators $\beta_j$ for required order of polynomial? Any reference which explains the algorithm will be ...
19
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4answers
2k views

Numeric Quadrature with Derivatives

Most numerical methods for quadrature treat the integrand as a black-box function. What if we have more information? In particular, what benefit, if any, can we derive from knowing the first few ...
2
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0answers
50 views

Propogated Error in Mesh Interpolation

I am working with a code that solves diffusion/reaction equations on a 2D unstructured mesh. Due to the stiffness of some of the processes, I start with time steps near 1e-13, and end with a final ...
2
votes
1answer
169 views

Diffusion-Transport problem FEM

I was looking at a book of FEM on problems of Diffusion-Transport. $$-div(\mu \nabla u) + b \cdot \nabla u + \gamma u = f \qquad in~\Omega$$ $$u = 0 \qquad in~\partial\Omega\text{ (in the boundaries)...
40
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4answers
1k views

Scientific standards for numerical errors

In my field of research the specification of experimental errors is commonly accepted and publications which fail to provide them are highly criticized. At the same time I often find that results of ...
5
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1answer
188 views

a priori error analysis of cell-centered finite-volume methods

I'm using the cell-centered finite-volume method (for example Morton, Numerical solution of convection-diffusion problems, Chapman&Hall, 1996) to discretize the advection-diffusion equation and ...
2
votes
0answers
84 views

function over conditional probability

I need to create a scoring model out of estimated conditional probability functions for two events, A and B. Let 0.5 be the threshold value. Ideally, the probability is in the interval $[0,0.5)$ for A ...
1
vote
1answer
387 views

How to find the number of principal components that lead to the smallest generalization error?

I am working on a paper part of which is the application of validation rules to find how many principal components give us the least generalization error. The concept goes more or less like this: "...
6
votes
2answers
4k views

When to stop Gauss-Seidel-iterations?

I want to have an estimation, that my solution has an error, let's say less than 1e-8. Usually, I stop the Gauss-Seidel algorithm, when the residual is "small enough" and this is already the problem. ...
9
votes
3answers
9k views

What norm to choose when?

Recently, I saw this question: how to measure the error of a finite difference method I am student of simulation sciences and unfortunately, for me, it's totally unclear, what norm to use in what ...
3
votes
1answer
280 views

Integral average approximation and error bounds

I'm looking into integrals of the form: $$\int_a^b {f(x)g(x)dx}$$ Where $f(x)$ is unknown, but it's integral is: $$\int_a^b {f(x)dx}=F$$ It's been suggested to me that one could approximate this ...
10
votes
2answers
326 views

What about this simple error estimate for linear PDE?

Let $\Omega$ be a convex polygonally bounded Lipschitz domain in $\mathbb R^2$, let $f \in L^2(\Omega)$. Then the solution of the Dirichlet problem $\Delta u = f$ in $\Omega$, $\operatorname{trace} u ...
4
votes
1answer
468 views

finite difference methods and global error

I was going through my notes on different finite difference methods and came across something I don't quite understand. I have code that will calculate an approximate solution we can call this $U_{nm}$...

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