Questions tagged [finite-element]

A means of solving ordinary and partial differential equations. The domain of the problem is broken up into elements, and the solution in each element is expanded in a basis of functions. The Finite Element Method lends itself well to adaptive refinement, irregular geometry, and good error estimates.

253 questions with no upvoted or accepted answers
Filter by
Sorted by
Tagged with
13 votes
0 answers
453 views

Sequential approach to solving coupled PDEs

I'm dealing with a coupled system of three transient, non-linear convection-diffusion equations. Let's just say to simplify the problem that they take the following form: $$ -\nabla\cdot(D_{1}(u_{2},...
user avatar
12 votes
1 answer
518 views

DG local equation, how to interpret mean-averaged test function

In the paper http://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/pii/S0045782509003521, an HDG element-local equation is described on page 584 equation (4), with one of the equations taking the following ...
user avatar
9 votes
0 answers
423 views

Simple turbulence model appropriate for buoyancy-driven cavity like problem

Which turbulence model is suitable for resolving incompressible buoyancy-driven flow of a fluid within an cylindrical ampoule? I prefer turbulence model which is sufficiently simple so that fully ...
user avatar
9 votes
0 answers
357 views

Energy conservation in the solution of the Helmholtz equation

This might be a silly question, but I know very little about the theoretical properties finite elements, so here goes. Suppose you were to solve the Helmholtz equation (let's say in 2D) with a ...
user avatar
  • 4,410
8 votes
0 answers
273 views

What can be done with Finite Element Method and not with the Finite Volume Method, and vice versa?

What are some applications where you would absolutely go for either FEM, but not FVM, or vice versa? What are some applications where both methods are equally suited? I worked with the FEM so far and ...
user avatar
  • 1,443
8 votes
0 answers
698 views

Numerical implementation of the Dirichlet-to-Neumann map

I am solving the Dirichlet problem $$ \begin{cases} \Delta u = 0, \\ u|_{\partial D} = f, \end{cases} $$ in a $2d$ domain $D$ using the finite element method. What I want to get is the ...
user avatar
  • 445
7 votes
0 answers
355 views

How to check if my stiffness matrix is correct

I built the stiffness matrix for the Poisson equation on a 2-dimensional domain with the shape of "almost" an octagon, using pyramid basis functions. I used almost to intend the fact that I have an "...
user avatar
6 votes
0 answers
138 views

FEM : energy minimization VS PDE solving

Engineering FEM When I studied engineering, I learned the traditional approach for finite elements for elasticity. The point was to solve the PDE $-div(\sigma)=f$ as: Multiply your PDE with a test ...
user avatar
  • 61
6 votes
0 answers
255 views

$L^2$ norm error estimates of conforming FEM about Poisson’s equation with mixed boundary conditions

Consider Poisson’s equation $$- \Delta u = f{\rm\qquad{ in }}\;\Omega $$ with following mixed boundary cconditions $$u = g{\rm\qquad{ on }}\;\Gamma \subset \partial \Omega $$ $$\frac{{\...
user avatar
  • 61
6 votes
0 answers
723 views

Understanding Boundary Condition in FEM

I am trying to understand Dirichlet and Neumann boundary conditions in FEM and I wanted to know if my inference is correct. To articulate my understanding, lets consider a simple case of TE and TM ...
user avatar
  • 163
6 votes
0 answers
146 views

Do practice and theory differ substantially when implementing Neumann Boundary Conditions using a Mixed Method?

I have implemented a pretty straightforward finite element solver for the following Poisson equation. For the purposes of this question we can assume the source term and the Dirichlet data both ...
user avatar
  • 1,000
6 votes
0 answers
397 views

Will penalty-augmented stiffness matrix cause numerical issues in eigenvalue analysis?

In the finite element method, we often construct the constraints of the system by adding penalty-function terms ( which often are many many magnitudes, up to $10^6$ order bigger than the largest ...
user avatar
  • 468
6 votes
0 answers
515 views

How to do FEM in sector elements?

Suppose we have an element in the polar coordinate as $0\leq r\leq 1$, $0\leq\theta\leq \alpha$. What are the correct basis functions in this element? For this kind of mesh, there are a lot of ...
user avatar
  • 1,319
5 votes
0 answers
147 views

About the condition $\ker(B_h) \subset \ker(B)$ in mixed finite elements formulation

I'm studying mixed finite elements. The problem is a classical saddle-point one: we seek for $(u,p)$ in $V \times Q$: $$A u + B^t p = f$$ $$Bu = g$$ where $A: V \rightarrow V', B:V \rightarrow Q'$ ...
user avatar
5 votes
0 answers
85 views

Numerical methods for the continuity equation with Sobolev vector field

Consider the continuity equation $$ \partial_t \rho(x,t) + \operatorname{div} (b(x,t) \rho(x,t)) = 0, \qquad t \in [0,T], \quad x \in \mathbb R^N, $$ with $b \in L^1((0,T), W^{1,p}(\mathbb R^N))$. ...
user avatar
  • 51
5 votes
0 answers
171 views

Geometric Multigrid for Conform and Non–″ Elements: Restriction Operators

First of all, let me set up some notations. Suppose we have a hierarchy of meshes $\mathcal{T}_0 \subset \mathcal{T}_1 \subset \dots \subset \mathcal{T}_n$. For simplicity I restrict myself here to $...
user avatar
  • 861
5 votes
0 answers
266 views

Boundary conditions in the Finite Element Method at only one side of computational domain

I want to solve a Sturm-Liouville problem in 1D, i.e., \begin{align} [p(x)\ u'(x)]'+q(x)u(x) = f(x) \end{align} with boundary conditions \begin{align} u(0)=a \hspace{1cm} u'(0)=b \end{align} How do I ...
user avatar
  • 51
5 votes
0 answers
331 views

Is it possible to predict the null space of a structure from contributing elements null spaces?

I am trying to solve an almost incompressible problem with heterogeneous properties by domain decomposition. Solution with CG converges slowly or divergerces completely. My problem becomes ill-...
user avatar
5 votes
0 answers
1k views

Poisson equation with pure Neumann boundary conditions (using FEM)

I am trying to derive the correct variational form for the Poisson equation with pure Neumann boundary conditions, and an additional contraint $\int_{\Omega} u \, {\rm d} x = 0$, as described in this ...
user avatar
  • 51
5 votes
0 answers
231 views

Conjugate residual/gradient convergence checking in practice

Let's say we want to solve $Ax=b$ ($A$ symmetric positive /semi/definite) with the conjugate residual/gradient method. $A$ comes from FEM where the mesh is being refined. The exact solution is $x_*$ ...
user avatar
  • 471
5 votes
0 answers
252 views

Negative viscosity stabilized by fourth order terms

I am trying to solve a "Navier-Stokes"-type problem where the viscosity is negative. Of course this renders the equation unstable and thus I add a fourth order term, so the entire equation becomes: $$...
user avatar
  • 51
4 votes
0 answers
98 views

Quadrature rules for non-linear finite element problems

For solving linear problems stemming from PDEs with the FEM, such as the Poisson equation or the wave equation, it is customary to use the "simplest" numerical quadrature that exactly ...
user avatar
4 votes
0 answers
75 views

Global reconstruction defined elementwise in a-posteriori error estimator

This question is a follow-up of this previous one. In "Error Control for Discontinuous Galerkin Methods for First Order Hyperbolic Problems" by Georgoulis et al., an error estimator is ...
user avatar
4 votes
0 answers
287 views

Construction of Prolongation and Restriction Operator for Geometric Multigrid (2D-FEM): Resulting in a Decreasing Solution

Consider the following problem, $$ -\Delta u(x) = f(x), \qquad x \in \Omega \\ u(x) = 0,\qquad x \in \partial \Omega$$ with $\Omega = [0,1]\times [0,1]$ being the domain and $\partial \Omega$ being ...
user avatar
  • 41
4 votes
0 answers
200 views

How to apply an integrated constrain condition in FEM?

I'm running some simulation using FEM. In my model I need to apply a constraint condition to the governing equation. My governing equation similar to the diffusion equation as below: $$\frac{\...
user avatar
4 votes
0 answers
88 views

Extrapolation after successive finite element refinement

I wish to compute a certain function $\lambda$ (in my case an eigenvalue of the Laplacian) to a certain accuracy, which I wish to guarantee, if possible. I started with a finite element method. I know ...
user avatar
4 votes
0 answers
208 views

Once and for all: Which FEM plattform should I use for a very large multiphysics simulation?

I'm fooling around with the decision on how to build a multiphysics simulation for too long now (also several questions in this forum). First, I thought it would be possible/necessary to write most of ...
user avatar
  • 1,443
4 votes
0 answers
194 views

Galerkin FEM error when using even number of elements

Intro: I am developing a Galerkin FEM code in matlab - starting small with a simple 1D ODE. The equation I'm trying to solve is: $$a u_x = cos(x), x \in [0, 2\pi]$$ Which has a known exact solution $$...
user avatar
3 votes
0 answers
92 views

How is the surface Jacobian determinant calculated in FEM?

I am currently trying to evaluate surface forces on a structure. I came across P356 in Bathe's Finite Element Procedures 2014 (example 5.8) in which he related the edge derivative from the global to ...
user avatar
3 votes
0 answers
35 views

Numerical calculation of out-of-time order correlators (OTOCs)

I want to numerically calculate OTOCs for different quantum mechanical systems. Consider the following Hamiltonian $$H=p_x^2+p_y^2+x^2y^2$$ and I want to calculate the following OTOC $$C_T(t)=-\left&...
user avatar
  • 139
3 votes
0 answers
60 views

Typo in a-priori error estimate in a Discontinuous Galerkin paper

I'm looking at this famous paper which is available in the link below: Franco Brezzi, LD Marini, Endre Süli, Discontinuous Galerkin methods for first-order hyperbolic problems, Mathematical Models ...
user avatar
3 votes
0 answers
132 views

How to treat nonlinear radiation term in heat equation using Finite-element method?

I am trying to solve the time-dependant non-linear heat equation with radiation. This equation is coupled to the radiative transfer equation but for the purpose of my question, this does not matter ...
user avatar
3 votes
0 answers
92 views

Hanging nodes in deal.ii tutorials: how is the continuity constraint imposed?

While looking at step6 of deal.ii tutorials, I decided to try to understand how the constraints coming from hanging nodes are imposed. So I started by watching video lecture 16 by prof. Bangerth As ...
user avatar
3 votes
0 answers
384 views

Jacobian Matrix of 2D element mapped to 3D

Note: I previously posted this question to MathStackExchange, but got no attention there. So I'm rewritting and trying over here. Problem summary Given a common¹ set of shape functions defined at ...
user avatar
3 votes
0 answers
110 views

Galerkin Least-Squares stabilization for FEM solution advection (hyperbolic) equations

I am playing with Galerkin Least-Squares stabilization to solve advection diffusion problem in the context of the finite element method. This works very well for steady-state advection-diffusion ...
user avatar
  • 1,127
3 votes
0 answers
60 views

Some formulations of domain coupling lead to saddle point problems. Is this merely an artifact?

Background I wanted to learn how to couple FEM and BEM (for the Poisson equation), because I wanted to better understand how open boundary conditions look like. Therefore I worked through the relevant ...
user avatar
3 votes
0 answers
100 views

How to construct a Fortin Operator for Crouzeix-Raviart Element?

I want to prove the LBB condition for the Stokes Equations discretised by the Crouzeix-Raviart element. The continuous Stokes Equation in the weak formulation is Find $u \in H_0^1(\Omega, \mathbb{R}^...
user avatar
  • 329
3 votes
1 answer
139 views

Adaptive Lagrangian-Eulerian methods and practical benchmark results

Does anyone know of any published study that talks about the practical aspects of running Adaptive Lagrangian-Eulerian techniques for solid and/or fluid mechanics problems? I'm looking for things ...
user avatar
3 votes
0 answers
137 views

Solving saddle point problem having non-invertible top-left block with a PETSc nested matrix

My system is a symmetric FE problem with lagrange multipliers: $Z=\begin{pmatrix}A & C^T \\ C & 0\end{pmatrix}$ The matrix $A$ is positive semi-definite, non-invertible. The whole matrix is ...
user avatar
  • 151
3 votes
0 answers
98 views

numerical instabilities in Fluid Dynamics, Finite Element Method

I'm looking for references to understand where the numerical instabilities come from in hydrodynamics in general, and notably when the Péclet number: $Pe>1$. I'm using the finite element method. ...
user avatar
  • 171
3 votes
0 answers
108 views

Strain propagation from surface to bulk in COMSOL

I am trying to simulate strain propagation from the surface into the bulk. I have a rectangular semiconductor block (~2 μm thick) on top of which metal gates (~25 nm thick) are deposited as seen in ...
user avatar
3 votes
0 answers
100 views

Numerical solution to N-dimensional diffusion on simplex?

Assume I have a system of at least (but generally only) $N+1$ points in an $N$-dimensional space ($N > 3$ is possible). At each of these points $x_i, i=1,...,N+1$ I know an initial potential/...
user avatar
  • 203
3 votes
0 answers
93 views

Structural Analysis Library

Can anyone recommend a structural analysis library that satisfies the following requirements: C++ API Simulate both beam elements and shell (slab) elements Both static and dynamic analysis Free and/...
user avatar
3 votes
0 answers
85 views

Element Preconditioner

Im just working on a preconditioner for the linear equation system $Ax = b$ arising in FEM for elliptic PDE. $A$ is a s.p.d Matrix with real valued entries. I read something about the element by ...
user avatar
3 votes
0 answers
74 views

Should I expect computational gains using a second-order splitting method here?

I am trying to solve a three-dimensional baroclinic transport problem. The hydrodynamic (three-dimensional shallow water) equations are: \begin{align} \nabla \cdot \vec{v} = 0, \tag{1} \\ \frac{\...
user avatar
  • 379
3 votes
0 answers
89 views

Data transfer in the context of adaptive mesh in finite element method (FEM)

In the context of adaptive mesh in FEM, after a new mesh is created, the data on the old mesh are to be transferred to the new mesh. For the data on the integration points (IPs), it seems the usual ...
user avatar
  • 31
3 votes
0 answers
229 views

Finite Element Stabilization for Drift-Diffusion/Advection-Diffusion Equations

I've tried my best to look through the relevant suggested similar questions when posting this, and hopefully this contains enough new material to not be considered a duplicate. I'm currently trying ...
user avatar
  • 311
3 votes
0 answers
115 views

Piecewise Constant Enrichment of the continuous galerkin method

I am interested to study crack propagation in a hyperelastic material in a variational setting. The crack surface exhibits a jump discontinuity. The function space for displacement field should ...
user avatar
  • 95
3 votes
0 answers
153 views

Alternating Schwarz does not converge without Dirichlet conditions on physical boundaries

Note: Thanks to comments, I realized that I have two problems, each which can be described more clearly on its own. This revised question covers the first. I would like to solve $$ -\Delta u - 1=0,\...
user avatar
  • 133
3 votes
0 answers
796 views

1D Discontinuous Galerkin - Lagrange vs Legendre Basis

Consider the 1D advection equation in its strong and weak forms $$\ u_t + a u_x = 0 $$ $$\ \int_{x_{j-0.5}}^{x_{j+0.5}} w u_t \ dx - a \int_{x_{j-0.5}}^{x_{j+0.5}} w_x u \ dx + a [w(x)\hat{u}]_{...
user avatar
  • 31

1
2 3 4 5 6