Questions tagged [finite-element]

A means of solving ordinary and partial differential equations. The domain of the problem is broken up into elements, and the solution in each element is expanded in a basis of functions. The Finite Element Method lends itself well to adaptive refinement, irregular geometry, and good error estimates.

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153 views

Software and tutorial for FEM

i'm looking for some advice for finite element analisys. i'm a biomedical engineering student with few knowledge about the FEM. Tools like Comsol and Ansys are very powerfull but also complex and i ...
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42 views

Use of 7-node rectangular serendipity element

I am would like to use 8-node quadrilateral serendipity elements to model a problem. However it seems to me that mid-nodes are not required at the boundary, as shown in the diagram below i.e. elements ...
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Typo in a-priori error estimate in a Discontinuous Galerkin paper

I'm looking at this famous paper which is available in the link below: Franco Brezzi, LD Marini, Endre Süli, Discontinuous Galerkin methods for first-order hyperbolic problems, Mathematical Models ...
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485 views

DG local equation, how to interpret mean-averaged test function

In the paper http://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/pii/S0045782509003521, an HDG element-local equation is described on page 584 equation (4), with one of the equations taking the following ...
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176 views

Discrete divergence free functions

I'm studying the weak formulation of NS equations. During the analysis, the book I'm using (Quarteroni-Valli, page 301-302), defined $$Z_h=\{v_h \in V_h: (\operatorname{div}(v_h),q_h)=0 \quad \forall ...
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67 views

Finite element method with two different Dirichlet boundary conditions

I have the problem like this $$ -\triangle u = f \ \ on\ \Omega \\ u = g_1 \ \ on \ \partial \Omega_1 \\ u = g_2 \ \ on \ \partial \Omega_2 $$ If we choose $$ V_1 = \{ \nu_1 \in H^1 : \nu_1 = 0 \ ...
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137 views

Discontinuous Galerkin: confusion about the weak formulation for linear advection equation

In an introduction to Discontinuous galerkin methods, I have some problems in checking the weak formulation. I'm looking at page 16 here The context is the advection reaction equation: $$\operatorname{...
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1answer
96 views

Discontinuous Galerkin order of convergence on arbirary refined mesh: step-12 deal.ii tutorial

I'm learning DG methods and in order to practice a little bit I'm using the deal.ii library. In particular, I'm looking at step-12, where they solve $$\operatorname{div}(\beta u) = 0$$ $$u = g_D \text{...
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146 views

preconditioner for Laplace "without" boundary values

I'm looking at solving systems with the FEM discretization $$ -\int_\Omega (\Delta u) v = \int_\Omega \nabla u \cdot \nabla v - \int_\Gamma (n\cdot\nabla u) v. $$ without applying Dirichlet- or ...
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169 views

Write incompressible Navier Stokes as ODE in $(\mathbf{u},p)$

Consider the Navier stokes equation after the discretization with conforming finite elements with source term $f=0$. We have the algebraic structure of a saddle point problem: $$M \dot{u} = f- Au -B^...
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346 views

Proving solution existence and uniqueness of the Helmholtz equation with Robin boundary conditions with complex coefficients

I am trying to solve the Helmholtz equation with Robin boundary conditions with complex coefficients and the weak formulation $$ \iint_\limits\Omega\nabla p_0(x,y)\nabla\left(\overline{v(x,y)}\right)...
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165 views

Time discretization Navier Stokes equation

This question is a follow-up of this one. The weak form of Navier Stokes equation is (assuming $v,q$ test functions for the velocity and the pressure, respectively) $$(\frac{du}{dt},v)_{\Omega} + (\...
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424 views

Global stiffness matrix from element stiffness matrices for a thin rectangular plate (Kirchhoff plate)

I have the element stiffness matrix for a thin "kirchhoff" plate. The plate is 3 [m] x 5 [m] and is simply supported on all edges. It's thickness is 0,2 [m]. On the plate there acts a ...
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How to determine the orientation of convex/concave hexahedra?

I am writing a code that checks the orientation of a list of vertices (along with face connectivity) describing both convex and concave hexahedra. The face connectivity table stores the list of vertex ...
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2answers
137 views

Imposing pressure variation instead of Dirichlet boundary conditions on Finite Element Method

I always see Finite Element codes solving PDE with Dirichlet or Neumann boundary conditions. But, I have a problem now consisting of a straight cylinder with a circular base (a simple 3D tube), with ...
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80 views

Finite element method for Stokes and Navier--Stokes with square elements only

I wanted to learn how to implement a code for the Stokes and Navier--Stokes equations 2D/3D. I already know how to implement it when the elements are triangles or tetrahedral. Do exists finite element ...
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1answer
134 views

Material properties for a node in a 2-material FEM code

I'm trying to debug an FEM that I inherited, and I unfortunately do not have much knowledge of FEM. I only know FD and FVM. If you're modeling a system with 2 materials, there will be an interface ...
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66 views

How to Calculate magnetic and electric field in 2D Magnetotelluric using Edge based Finite Element

I calculate 2D Model of Magnetotelluric responses which are apparent resistivity and phase. I do the calculation for Transverse Electric (TE) mode. Then I used edge based finite element with ...
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About the condition $\ker(B_h) \subset \ker(B)$ in mixed finite elements formulation

I'm studying mixed finite elements. The problem is a classical saddle-point one: we seek for $(u,p)$ in $V \times Q$: $$A u + B^t p = f$$ $$Bu = g$$ where $A: V \rightarrow V', B:V \rightarrow Q'$ ...
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108 views

Locking phenomena for $P1 - P0$ elements

Consider the Stokes problem and the usual divergence operator $B:V \rightarrow Q'$, $\langle Bv, q\rangle = b(v,q)=(\operatorname{div} v,q)$ and its discrete versione $B_h : V_h \rightarrow Q_h'$. In ...
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Understanding inf-sup conditions for classical saddle point problems

I'm studying the inf-sup conditions for saddle point problems. I'm referring to the usual one $$\begin{cases}Au + B^t p = f \\Bu=g \end{cases}$$ In the book I'm using (Ern - Guermond: Theory and ...
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131 views

Proof of R. Verfürth paper on adaptive mesh and bubble functions

I'm studying adaptive meshes, and my professor wrote the following property for a bubble function ( see this scicomp post for the definition I'm using)$b_T$ defined on a triangle $T$. $$||b_T \phi ||_{...
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2answers
165 views

Sum of norms over elements is not equal to norm over the whole $\Omega$

In my finite element notes, after the proof of the global estimate for the interpolation error, assuming a regular triangulation with triangles $T_m$: $$\sum_m|v - \Pi_h^r v|_{s,p,T_m} \leq \sigma^{-s}...
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1answer
91 views

Classical global estimate for $H^1$ error

I'm having lots of troubles in understanding the proof the estimation of the classical $H^1$ error using finite elements of degree $r$. $$||u-u_h||_{H^1(\Omega)} \leq \frac{M}{\alpha} C h^r |u|_{H^{r+...
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1answer
76 views

MPI vs OPENMP usage for boundary element method

I have an implementation question with MPI and OPENMP. I have a large three-dimensional surface mesh divided into elements. I want to loop over each element (outer loop) and compute an integral over ...
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63 views

Displacement/Pressure Finite Element formulation for Large Deformations (from Bathe)

On page 563 of Finite Element Procedures by Klaus-Jürgen Bathe the author states that governing equations of the displacement/pressure finite element formulation for large deformations is given as $$ \...
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166 views

What is the difference between $u_h$ and $I_h(u)$ in finite element literature?

In finite element books, we have estimates for $$||u-u_h||$$ and also estimates for $$||u - I_h(u)||$$ where $I_h(u): V \mapsto V_h$ projects a function from the infinite dimensional space to the ...
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122 views

How to treat nonlinear radiation term in heat equation using Finite-element method?

I am trying to solve the time-dependant non-linear heat equation with radiation. This equation is coupled to the radiative transfer equation but for the purpose of my question, this does not matter ...
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27 views

How to decrease error in (FTCS) forward time centered space method?

I am using the FTCS method for solving differential equations. I know that the condition for stable output is $$ \frac{\alpha \Delta t}{\Delta x ^2} < \frac{1}{2} $$ But when I use the distance ...
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Confusion about preconditioner for incompressible Navier-Stokes equation with implicit-explicit method

Consider the time-dependent Navier-Stokes equation $$u_t + (u \cdot \nabla) u - \Delta u + \nabla p = f$$ $$\operatorname{div}(u)=0$$ Looking at deal.ii tutorials, I've notice that there are ...
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Finite Volume on Cubed Sphere

The US weather model uses an uncommon (?) discretization called 'Finite Volume on Cubed Sphere'. To avoid the singularities that occur at the poles when using lat/lon discretization, they instead ...
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1answer
113 views

How to couple the vibro-acoustic equations by Mortar method for non-matching meshes?

Assume we have two domains $\Omega_a$ a acoustic domain with boundary $\Gamma_a$ and $\Omega_s$ a domain of a solid body with boundary $\Gamma_s$. $\Omega_a$ and $\Omega_s$ have the common interface $\...
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80 views

Displacement field not correct?

Consider the elastic equation $$- \operatorname{div}(C \nabla \mathbf{u}) = \mathbf{f}$$ as presented in step-8. Here $\mathbf{u}$ is the displacement vector, let's consider the 2d case. As you can ...
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How to prove the stability of the interpolation?

From the book (Vidar Thomee, Galerkin finite element methods for parabolic problems), there holds (see Lemma 13.3) \begin{align}\label{eq} \|\nabla I_h u\|_{L_{\infty}}\leq C\|\nabla u\|_{L_{\infty}},\...
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Ritz projection error estimate for bilinear Lagrange element?

For second order elliptic problem \begin{align} -\Delta u=f,\quad in ~~\Omega\\ u=0,\quad on~~ \partial\Omega, \end{align} we have for the Ritz projection for $P_1$ conforming element \begin{align} \|...
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Applying displacement control loading using lagrange multipliers in the material non-linear finite element method

Hi I am trying to implement a simple plasticity based finite element code. I am not clear how to set up displacement control applied through Lagrange multipliers. In case of a linear problem, I did ...
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112 views

Bubble function property: how to prove it?

I'm studying error estimators and I need a check on an estimate. In our course, we've been given the following definition of bubble function (in 2D): It's a function defined on a triangle $T$ such ...
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Does the time-dependent 1D advection-diffusion with point sources have an analytical solution?

I am looking for the analytical solution of 1-dimensional advection-diffusion equation with several point sources, Q, along the axial length of a cylinder through which the fluid flow occurs. Neumann ...
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301 views

How to implement point source or volume source in finite element implementations

I'm trying to do a simple implementation to study the advection-diffusion-reaction dynamics in a straight pipe. I have points positioned along the length of the pipe (blue dots in the image above). I ...
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1answer
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Computing the residual in a Dual Weighted Residual (DWR) method

I am in the process if computing the Dual-Weighted Residual (DWR) for a linear PDE with a linear functional but I am struggling with the residual part of the calculation. For example suppose we want ...
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2answers
188 views

Dyadic operations, fourth order tensors and Tensor algebra

I am trying to understand the dyadic operation for a while since I am interested in Elasticity problems. I believe an intuitive understanding (rather than assuming) will give me good problem solving ...
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Hanging nodes in deal.ii tutorials: how is the continuity constraint imposed?

While looking at step6 of deal.ii tutorials, I decided to try to understand how the constraints coming from hanging nodes are imposed. So I started by watching video lecture 16 by prof. Bangerth As ...
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145 views

Finite Element Analysis based on contractions of a subset of edges in enterior of mesh

I am modelling a problem that is "driven", not by typical boundary conditions but, by contractions in its interior. In a finite element analysis, I can specify the new lengths (not ...
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106 views

How to interpolate stress at unknown points from the stress values available based on geometrical position for constant load?

I am working on a combined contact, bending, and torsion problem. I have data on geometrical points and their instantaneous stress components. However, based on the available data, I have to ...
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1answer
165 views

Weak Formulation of Poisson's Equation for Electrostatics with Surface Charge

I am currently attempting to use FEnICS to solve an electrostatic problem with two materials of different permittivity $\varepsilon_1$ and $\varepsilon_2$ forming an interface: Consider a domain $\...
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Can this volume intgral be expressed as a convex function?

This question is related to the following: https://math.stackexchange.com/q/4151405/685910 - the context is summarized below for clarity. In the setting of convex optimization, I am looking for a ...
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73 views

Transient advection equation with stabilized FEM

I am interested in solving the transient advection equation $\left\{\begin{array}{ll}\partial_{t} u+\beta \cdot \nabla u=f & \text { in } \Omega, t>0 \\ u=0 & \text { on } \partial \Omega^{-...
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1answer
96 views

discretizing surface integral using nodal DG method

I am currently learning nodal DG methods, primarily through the book by Warburton, and am a bit confused on how to handle surface integrals using straight edged elements. On page 187 (and on page 214)...
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Constrained optimization for non-linear equations in octaveGNU

I have installed Optim1.6.1 package. I would like to solve a system of equations in non linear finite element analysis using constraints as u=1 at certain nodes. u=0 at certain nodes. Typically I find ...
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2answers
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Reference for mass matrix assembly

I will now explain what I understand to be the process of a finite element mass matrix assembly. I would like a reference which does something similar, or if I am mistaken about the process please let ...

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