# Questions tagged [finite-element]

A means of solving ordinary and partial differential equations. The domain of the problem is broken up into elements, and the solution in each element is expanded in a basis of functions. The Finite Element Method lends itself well to adaptive refinement, irregular geometry, and good error estimates.

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### FEM toolbox for discretization of higher order PDEs

Is there any (open source) FEM toolbox that allows the direct discretization of higher order PDEs without the need to split them up into systems of second order?
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### Solving Poisson equation with free boundaries and adaptively refined mesh

Assume we want to solve the Poisson equation $$\Delta u = f$$ with free (Neumann) boundary conditions. So, the right hand side function $f$ must fulfill the compatibility condition to integrate to ...
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### Visualizing discontinuous Galerkin/finite element data

I would like to visualize simulation results, obtained using the discontinuous Galerkin (DG) approach, within ParaView. Similarly to finite volume methods, the problem domain is divided into cube-...
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### PDE discretization with the method of rothe and the method of lines (Modular implementation)

The Heat equation is discretized in space with FV (or FEM), and a semi-discrete equation is obtained (system of ODEs). This approach, known as the method of lines, allows to easily switch from one ...
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### Finding which triangles points are in

Suppose I have a 2D mesh consisting of nonoverlapping triangles $\{T_k\}_{k=1}^N$, and a set of points $\{p_i\}_{i=1}^M \subset \cup_{k=1}^N T_K$. What is the best way to determine which triangle each ...
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### Rigid Body Elements

I am currently developing structural FEM solver in FORTRAN. My question is about Rigid Body Elements (Multi Point Constraints). In NASTRAN there is RBE2 element defined by one independent and one or ...
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### COMSOL - Implementing Perfectly Matched Layers (3D)

If there are any COMSOL gurus here, I want to simulate a 3D RF system infinite in 1 direction. I realize I need to use PML's, but am unsure how to configure them. it seems that simply scaling them by ...
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### Complexity of direct solvers? [duplicate]

Possible Duplicate: How to reorder variables to produce a banded matrix of minimum bandwidth? What is the time and space complexity of direct sparse solvers (e.g., UMFPACK, SUPERLU, PARDISO, etc.)...
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### What is a good way to run parameter studies in C++

The problem I'm currently working on a Finite Element Navier Stokes simulation and I would like to investigate the effects of a variety of parameters. Some parameters are specified in an input file ...
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### Recommended Route for Mastering Inverse PDE Problems

I would like to master Inverse PDE Problems particularly with the use of Finite Elements. My problem is I don't know where to start. Should I begin by reading a book on Inverse Problems or on PDE-...
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### Construction of $C^1$/$H^2$-conforming finite element basis for triangular or tetrahedral mesh

In the paper Hierarchical Conforming Finite Element Methods for the Biharmonic Equation, P. Oswald claimed Clough-Tocher type elements has $C^1$-continuity while being a cubic polynomial on each ...
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### Forced viscous damping in elastodynamics

I have an 2D elastodynamics problem, that is a problem which is driven by the Cauchy equation: $$\rho\ddot u-\mathrm{div}\sigma=\rho f$$ where $u$ is the displacement, $\sigma$ the Cauchy stress ...
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### Initial guesses for perturbed linear systems

Suppose you solve a linear system $Au = f$ by an iterative method, e.g. conjugate gradients or Richardson iteration. Then you try to solve a linear system that is slightly perturbed in the matrix and ...
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### Standard format for finite element meshes

Does there exist a standard format for finite element meshes which is widely used in the industry? Thanks!
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### Modern resources for learning FEM

I need to get started using Finite Element Methods. I am about to start reading Numerical solutions of partial differential equations by the finite element method by Claes Johnson, but it's dated 1987....
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### How to incorporate the boundary conditions with the Galerkin method?

I've been reading some resources on the web about Galerkin methods to solve PDEs, but I'm not clear about something. The following is my own account of what I have understood. Consider the following ...
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### How does one handle the source term in the Shallow Water Equations when using the discontinuous galerkin method? [closed]

I use the discontinuous galerkin method to solve the steady flow 1D shallow water equations with a bump at the bottom. This flow is frictionless. I use the runge-kutta method to approximate the time ...
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### Conjugate Gradient with Hierarchical Basis Functions: How can the hierarchical base be decomposed?

I'm trying to implement a Conjugate Gradient solver using Hierarchical Basis Functions, following this paper. In section 3 the paper says that the hierarchical basis matrix $S$ can be decomposed into ...
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### Shape regularity in higher dimensions

In Finite Element theory, and other methods in scientific computing for PDEs, one uses meshes which fulfill several regularity criteria, many of them being equivalent. It is of interest to have ...
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### Reference implementation of Nédélec-Elements

Does anybody know of an implementation of Nédélec elements that does not come along with a huge bulk of additional software? Is there a small library written in a language like Python, Matlab, or ...
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### Which libraries have good implementations of Basis splines?

I'm looking to use the finite element method with B-splines as my function basis. Which C/C++ libraries have good B-spline support? Specifically, I'm looking for an implementation of a stable ...
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### How to derive the Weak Formulation of a Partial Differential Equation for Finite Element Method?

I have taken a basic introduction to Finite Element Method, which did not emphasize a sophisticated understanding of a 'weak formulation'. I understand that with the galerkin method, we multiply both ...
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### What are the possible numerical schemes for a diffusion equation with a nonlinear reaction term?

For some simple convex domain $\Omega$ in 2D, we have some $u(x)$ satisfying the following equation: $$-\mathrm{div}(A\nabla u)+cu^n = f$$ with certain Dirichlet and/or Neumann boundary conditions....
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### Quadrature rules, methodologies, and references

There is at least one quite comprehensive encyclopaedia of quadrature rules that doesn't seem to have been updated in quite a while and has restricted access. This source refers to several classical ...
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### How to do FEM in sector elements?

Suppose we have an element in the polar coordinate as $0\leq r\leq 1$, $0\leq\theta\leq \alpha$. What are the correct basis functions in this element? For this kind of mesh, there are a lot of ...
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### Are 8 Gauss points required for second order hexahedral finite elements?

Is it possible to get second order accuracy for hexahedral finite elements with fewer than 8 Gauss points without introducing unphysical modes? A single central Gauss point introduces an unphysical ...
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### Solution oscillations with a small timestep in backward Euler

I am using backward Euler in a FEM scheme for a convection-diffusion problem. On a given mesh, I can take arbitrarily large time steps, as expected. But if I decrease time step, at some point it will ...
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### Looking for a library or algorithms to perfom clipping 3D unstructured meshes by a set of surfaces

We have a 3D (volume) unstructured, possibly hybrid, degenerative irregular mesh data structure that we are capable of generating (mostly composed of hexahedra and general polyhedra, using a mix of ...
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### What numerical quadrature to choose to integrate a function with singularities?

For example, I would like to numerically compute the $L^2$-norm of $\displaystyle u = \frac{1}{(x^2+y^2+z^2)^{1/3}}$ in some domain that includes zero, I tried Gauss quadrature and it fails, it is ...
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### Is there one general approach to build a projection methods for different problems?

My question is probably going to be too general to answer it with a couple words. Could you please suggest a good reading in that case. Projection methods are used to reduce size of the solution space ...
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### What are criteria to choose between finite-differences and finite-elements

I am used to thinking of finite-differences as a special case of finite-elements, on a very constrained grid. So what are the conditions on how to choose between Finite Difference Method (FDM) and ...
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### Introductions to hp-FEM

do you know good introductions into or surveys $hp$-adaptive finite elements? In particular I do not know how the heuristics for choosing spatial refinement or increased polynomial degree are ...
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### What are possible methods to solve compressible Euler equations

I would like to write my own solver for compressible Euler equations, and most importantly I want it to work robustly in all situations. I would like it to be FE based (DG is ok). What are the ...
High Reynolds number flows produce very thin boundary layers. If wall resolution is used in Large Eddy Simulation, the aspect ratio may be on the order of $10^6$. Many methods become unstable in this ...