# Questions tagged [finite-element]

A means of solving ordinary and partial differential equations. The domain of the problem is broken up into elements, and the solution in each element is expanded in a basis of functions. The Finite Element Method lends itself well to adaptive refinement, irregular geometry, and good error estimates.

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### Alternatives to Newton-Raphson for nonlinear elasticity via finite element

As far as I have seen, solving problems of nonlinear elasticity using the finite element method proceeds by linearizing, either around the initial configuration (total Lagrangian approach) or around ...
137 views

### How would one solve the wave equation using the finite element method?

I would like to solve $$\alpha u_{tt} = -\nabla^2u$$ with $\frac{\partial u}{\partial n} = 1$. On using a Galerkin approximation I obtain $$M\ddot{c}=\frac{1}{\alpha}(Dc+b)$$ where $M$ is the mass ...
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### Radially symmetric system of PDEs in deal.II

I am trying to solve the radially symmetric polar form of the PDE with homogeneous Neumann BC in deal.II on a unit circle: $$u_t = \Delta u - \nabla \cdot (u \nabla h)$$ $$h_t = \Delta h$$ I am ...
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### Taylor expansion of error - Finite elements approximation

In some of my computations I calculate a scalar value $\lambda_h$ (in my case an eigenvalue) depending on a finite element discretization of the domain. Usually we can manage to find estimates of the ...
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### Deriving weak form of a set of scalar equations

I have the equilibrium equation in elasticity for a static case.i.e Div T=0. For certain implementation, I have to get the x and y component equations and then derive the weak form separately. How is ...
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### Non-linearities in modal analysis of flexible beam

I'm trying to analyse the behaviour of a wind turbine blade rigidly connected to a wall during fatigue testing, being excited in it's first mode in two orthogaonal directions simultaneously (the first ...
138 views

### Nédélec Elements and Newton-Methods

If you want to develop numerical algorithms for variational inequalities, you often choose a Semismooth Newton Method. In many cases, this approach involves derivatives of $\max$ or $\min$ functions ...
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### Finite difference method for the electric field of the electron gun

Can anybody help me to find books or MATLAB code examples for solving electric field of the electron gun(fig.1)with finite difference method? Python code examples are also perfect. The electron gun ...
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### How do 'virtual kinematics/functions' play a role during deriving weak form formulations for physical problems?

I wanna ask a question that confuses me quite a long time. I saw many guys, in the context of computational mechanics, they seemed to choose the virtual functions or kinematics in a way that some ...
146 views

### Introducing EigenModes from 2D FEM into 3D FEM

This particular FEM question concerns waveguides and FEM 3D simulation. To excite a waveguide with waveport (TE10 and so on), we typically have to solve for eigenvalues ($k$) of helmholtz equation ...
344 views

### How can I make sure the flow is divergence-free when I use moving mesh?

I am using projection method and P2/P1 finite element method to solve the incompressible Navier-Stokes equations while the mesh is constantly adapted as the body moves (edge swapping, splitting and ...
363 views

### Understanding Boundary Condition in FEM

I am trying to understand Dirichlet and Neumann boundary conditions in FEM and I wanted to know if my inference is correct. To articulate my understanding, lets consider a simple case of TE and TM ...
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### stiffness matrix for 3D regular grid in FEM

I have understood the stiffness matrix for 3D truss, and programmed Ku=f from scratch (in Java) to find the displacements. Then I moved to 3D solid but lost in too many concepts and equations, such ...
464 views

### Finite Element Analysis for Laminated Plates with Holes or Patches

As the title says, I am trying to code in FEM a plate structure that either has a hole in one of the layers or one of the layers is made of patches of plates, rather than one whole plate. However, ...
141 views

### Parallel calculation in finite elements

I am trying to solve a 1 Dimensional eigenvalue of poisson problem: $$\nabla \phi ^2 +\nabla \phi = k\phi$$ with the boundary condition: $\phi (0)=0 , \nabla \phi(1) = 0$. I could solve this ...
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### Principle of virtual work - extra term needed for deformation dependent loading?

I'm working on a problem in nonlinear elasticity, for which the external forces (loadings) depend on the displacements. Following Klaus-Jürgen Bathe's book "Finite Element Procedures", the virtual ...
227 views

### FEM current toy problem

I am solving the Dirichlet problem $$\begin{cases} \Delta u = 0, \\ u|_{\partial D} = f, \end{cases}$$ in a $2d$ domain $D$ using the finite element method. What I want to get is the ...
239 views

### Resources on mesh generation for finite element methods

I know that this is not really apart of the rules as this is a recommendation question and these don't really have an answer per say. But, like this forum posting: https://stackoverflow.com/questions/...
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### Do practice and theory differ substantially when implementing Neumann Boundary Conditions using a Mixed Method?

I have implemented a pretty straightforward finite element solver for the following Poisson equation. For the purposes of this question we can assume the source term and the Dirichlet data both ...
302 views

### Lagrange multipliers space is too rich in a mathematical view

Background: Lagrange multiplier method has been employed in numerous fields, such as contact problems, material interfaces, phase transformation, stiff constraints or sliding along interfaces. It is ...
188 views

### the augmented global stiffness matrix is not positive semi-definite using Lagrange Multipliers method within FEM

The augmented global stiffness matrix is not positive semi-definite when using Lagrange Multipliers method to enforce boundary constraints on a simple square domain of integral form: I am considering ...
771 views

### Stiffness matrix computation for 4 node quadrilateral element

I am writing a finite element code for heat transfer (scalar field problem) and starting from simple 4 node quadrilateral element. I tried computing conductance (stiffness) matrix in the physical ...
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### Galerkin method for a system of nonlinear PDEs

Suppose I have a nonlinear system of PDEs. I am actually interested in Navier-Stokes, but, for the sake of simplicity and example, suppose I had  \frac{\partial f}{\partial t} - f \frac{\partial g}{...
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### Piecewise Constant Enrichment of the continuous galerkin method

I am interested to study crack propagation in a hyperelastic material in a variational setting. The crack surface exhibits a jump discontinuity. The function space for displacement field should ...
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### Discontinuous Galerkin FEM : Control points are mid-points of edges instead of nodes

I am thinking to use discontinuous galerkin FEM (DGFEM) method to estimate discontinuous displacement field $u: \Omega \rightarrow \mathbb{R}^2$ at the crack surface of a material. The domain is ...
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### Pressure definition/convergence issues for the Incompressible Navier-Stokes when using a stabilized P1-P1 finite element formulation

I believe this might be a recurring topic, but i have not found a post that directly related to this issue. I come from a finite volume background and my experience is more with predictor-corrector ...
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### Plotting yield surface for geotechnical constitutive model

I have found the following example which is produced as documentation for RS3 geotechnical FE software. This is a validation document that goes through an analytical verification of triaxial testing ...
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### Comparison between FEM libraries & languages

Is there any modern online resources which compares the most popular finite element method libraries/packages/languages?
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### Correct way to model an embedded reinforcement (non linear FEM)?

I need to add to an existing FEM solver some embedded reinforcement element. This would give me the possibility to model/solve concrete structure (reinforced with steel rebar) taking into account the ...
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### Some questions on Trace (operators) on the boundary in the context of PDEs

Background: The solution space of original problem (which requires a fine enough mesh to resolve the microstructure) can be split into a macroscale solution space and microscale solution space. This ...
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### What does optimal convergence rate mean? How to prove whether a numerical method, e.g. FEM, has an optimal convergence rate or not?

I searched online about the way optimal is defined mathematically,but without any information acquired? How to prove whether a numerical method, e.g. FEM, has an optimal convergence rate or not? ...
243 views

### error estimator VS error indicator in the context of FEM error estimation

Is an error indicator an index for size measurement of something? And how is the relationship between the error estimator and error indicator? Is the error indicator just used for the (e.g. derivative)...
143 views

### Bubnov-Galerkin method in 1D: how to handle convective-type nonlinearity?

Consider the BVP: find $u = u(x)$, for $x \in (0,1)$ that satisfies \begin{align} u'' + u u' = f, \\ u'(0) = g_n, u(1) = g_d. \end{align} To derive the weak form for this BVP, we multiply the first ...
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### What does Consistent Variation mean?

Consistent variation occurs in papers multiple times when reading . So what does it really mean from a maths view? I searched online and found an answer for it. Someone explained it as ‘Solution is ...
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### Is FEM discretization error equivalent to quadrature error of bi-linear term in the weak form?

In FEM, to discrete the weak form, elements are needed to build the FE approximation basis space. FE method involves integration of the weak form. Due to discretization, the solution is an ...
Some reference in adaptive techniques say that when the solution $u$ is smooth enough we can use p-refinement instead of h-refinement. And when we have for example singularity, we should use h-...