Questions tagged [fluid-dynamics]

The study of the properties of fluids and gases in motion

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55 views

Good non oscilliatory derivatives for an exsisting grid

I'm calculating the entropy production of a shockwave by utilizing the equations: \begin{equation} \sigma = J'_q\frac{\partial}{\partial x}\left(\frac{1}{T}\right) +\frac{1}{T}\frac{4\eta}{3}\left(\...
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57 views

Jos Stam's stable fluids — why is the timestep multiplied by the number of grid cells?

One more question about Jos Stam's GDC tutorial on stable fluids: in the advection step on page 8, the timestep for each dimension is implemented as dt * N, where <...
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37 views

Jos Stam's stable fluids — why multiply by the grid size when subtracting out the curl-free part?

Considering page 10 of Jos Stam's GDC tutorial on stable fluids, the function project() first obtains the divergence of the velocity field: ¹ ...
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83 views

Simulating the behavior of falling peas

I hope this is the right place for my question. I am a university student who designed a pea-pouring machine.Now I‘m really interested in simulating the behavior of those peas. Basically, they are ...
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1answer
71 views

Discretizing the viscous component in 1 - D Navier stokes compressive flow

I've been working on modelling the NS equations in order to simulate shock waves. The equations are set up on the form: \begin{equation} \frac{\partial U}{\partial t} + \frac{\partial F(U)}{\partial x}...
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1answer
137 views

Non-reflective boundary condition

I'm currently solving incompressible Navier-Stokes system of equations with periodic flow and high viscosity. Is there any outlet boundary types that avoids the reflection of flow from the outlet back ...
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57 views

Multigrid method: linear solver and modified residual

I am trying to better understand the FAS multigrid algorithm for Euler equation in FV discretization. The usage of the modified residual (the residual with forcing) inside the different cases: ...
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2answers
74 views

Filter size of large eddy simulation with Smagorinsky sub-grid stress model

I am trying to implement Large eddy simulation for solving air flow simulation with large Reynolds number using Smagorinsky sub-grid stress model. I read that the filter size should be calculated ...
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92 views

Weird "oscillatory" modes appearing in FEM simulations

I am using COMSOL to solve a mathematical model involving thermoelectric hydrodynamic (TEMHD) flow. I am running a very large parameter sweep and using the solutions obtained to make some plots. ...
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162 views

Write incompressible Navier Stokes as ODE in $(\mathbf{u},p)$

Consider the Navier stokes equation after the discretization with conforming finite elements with source term $f=0$. We have the algebraic structure of a saddle point problem: $$M \dot{u} = f- Au -B^...
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159 views

Time discretization Navier Stokes equation

This question is a follow-up of this one. The weak form of Navier Stokes equation is (assuming $v,q$ test functions for the velocity and the pressure, respectively) $$(\frac{du}{dt},v)_{\Omega} + (\...
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How to numerically solve PDE that governs the free vortex wake model?

Crossposted at Math SE I am reading a paper on the free vortex wake model for a helicopter rotor blade, which is described by the following PDE: $$\frac{\partial \vec{r}}{\partial \psi} (\psi, \zeta) ...
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What is the rationale of second-order finite volume discretization?

When it comes to a second-order accurate finite volume discretization of Navier-Stokes equations, which one of the two following rationales is adopted? 1- Second-order accuracy is a direct consequence ...
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54 views

Why does including the pressure in this FVM for Stokes 2nd Problem lead to wrong solutions?

I'm trying to learn how to use finite volume methods and I want to solve a more general case of Stokes' second problem i.e. an infinite half-plane oscillating harmonically with no-slip boundary ...
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74 views

Why do we have to resort to Higher order schemes for solving the 1-D advection equation/ continuity equation?

\begin{equation} \begin{aligned} \frac{\partial N}{\partial t} &+ \frac{\partial J}{\partial r} = 0, \\ \frac{\partial N}{\partial t} &+ \frac{\partial }{\partial r}(N \upsilon ...
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35 views

Insert a boundary condition without removing periodicity assumption

I've to perform a multi-fluid internal flow simulation with a code which intrinsically assumes periodicity on a given direction (say z) on a cartesian grid. Nonetheless, the problem I'm trying to ...
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79 views

How to avoid negative concentration from numerical solution using FDM scheme?

$\frac{\partial C}{\partial t} + u \frac{\partial C}{\partial x} + w \frac{\partial C}{\partial x} = D \left(\frac{\partial^2C}{\partial x^2}+\frac{\partial^2C}{\partial y^2}\right)-C \cdot \left(\...
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117 views

Tool that calculates total drag for a submarine

Can you please suggest a tool (software or online tool) that can analyze a submarine hull shape and give the total drag at a specific velocity. A simplified tool would work too, where I select a ...
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81 views

Galerkin Least-Squares stabilization for FEM solution advection (hyperbolic) equations

I am playing with Galerkin Least-Squares stabilization to solve advection diffusion problem in the context of the finite element method. This works very well for steady-state advection-diffusion ...
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1answer
161 views

Projection method FVM poisson part, adding source term

The idea of the method is to decompose the Navier-Stokes equation into the solenoidal and irrotational parts. $$\frac{\partial u}{\partial t}+u(\nabla \cdot u)=-\frac{1}{\rho}\nabla p+\nabla ^2 u$$ ...
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116 views

Efficient schemes for solving the extended Saddle point problem

I am interested in knowing some efficient techniques for solving the following extended Saddle point problem. \begin{align} \begin{bmatrix} A & B^T & C^T \\ B & 0 & 0 \\ C & ...
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1answer
112 views

What exactly are WENO schemes and where are they used?

I am currently trying to understand what WENO schemes are and most of the literature on web talks about cell-face reconstruction. What I am unable to understand is the origin of these discontinuities ...
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100 views

Lumped mass matrices for higher-order finite elements for CFD

Given that some of the mass lumping techniques, for example, row-sum lumping does not produce practically viable lumped mass matrices for all the element shapes, what are the techniques used for mass ...
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59 views

What is temporal order of accuracy of the PISO algorithm?

A few Computational Fluid Dynamics (CFD) codes implement the so called PISO (Pressure-Implicit with Splitting of Operators) algorithm for pressure-velocity coupling. My concern is what is actual ...
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206 views

How to apply the boundary condition when global stiffness matrix is stored in csr format? [duplicate]

I am solving the poisson equation and I constructed the global stiffness matrix in compressed row storage format. Then I wrote the preconditioned conjugate gradient solver for solving the system of ...
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105 views

Implementation of Source Panel Method as Described in Katz Plotkin Book

I am currently trying to implement Source Panel method as described in Katz and Plotkin in Low Speed Aerodynamics. I have successfully implemented two previous methods. However, I am fully blocked on ...
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1answer
106 views

Unstructured mesh preprocessing

For solving PDE with self written code it is needed to preprocess the data from mesh generators. I recently started shifting from cartesian grid to unstructured. I finished reading up to FVM part of ...
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44 views

Boundary layer and high order finite element methods

When modeling boundary layers, it is typically required to have a highly refined mesh along the boundary. My question is if there has been success with high order finite element methods to overcome ...
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92 views

How are finite volume method boundary conditions implemented without using ghost-cells?

I'm currently trying to implement my own FVM code in cpp, but when I try to calculate the laplacian of a test function, given by \begin{align}\phi_0=\sin(2\pi x)\sin(2\pi y)\end{align}, I get ...
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1answer
141 views

L2 projection with bounds

In some problems we are currently working on, we are working with discontinuous functions that are defined on a finite element mesh and are established using Lagrangian particles. To obtain them on a ...
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50 views

Simulating a combustion process

I want to try simulation-(and not experimental)-driven approach to design custom fireplace fuel burners. What software applications, libraries, code and model templates can I use to model and ...
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49 views

When to stop iterations in SOR solver for 3D Poisson equation

I'm writing a solver (in C) for 3D incompressible fluids, using the finite-differences method, and I'm finding a somewhat surprising behaviour: the solver provides "good-looking" solutions, ...
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28 views

How to define "Characteristic length in Ansys CFX Power Syntax script?

I am trying to evaluate Reynolds number in Ansys CFX 2020 R2 using CCL/Perl script on different domains in a radial turbine. But for that, I need to define the Characteristic length. So I define the ...
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68 views

How does the diffusion of a finite volume method with a WENO scheme compare with that of spectral methods?

I know that, in general, finite volume (FV) methods are more (numerically) diffusive than spectral methods. However, I can't find any information on how the advection scheme changes that. For example, ...
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46 views

Unsteady Stokes equations in ALE framework

I'm trying to solve Unsteady Stokes equations on a moving domain, using an ALE formulation, that is $$\frac{\partial \mathbf{u}}{\partial t} - \mathbf{w}\cdot \nabla\mathbf{u} = \nu\Delta\mathbf{u} - \...
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123 views

Is there any way to have a better guess for initial condition of an ODE coupled to CFD as a boundary condition?

I'm doing CFD simulations for blood flow in unstructured grids. My boundary condition at the outlets is called three-element Windkessel which basically calculates the pressure by solving this ODE: $$...
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2answers
154 views

Why are fluid simulations so hard?

Fluid simulations solving the hydrodynamic (HD) or the magneto-hydrodynamic (MHD) equations are very useful in physics, the latter being particularly useful for modeling plasmas. Of course these ...
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Probability Density Function of DNS velocity field [duplicate]

I am currently working on a DNS turbulent solver and I would like to compare my IHT simulations to papers. Those papers show the Probability Density Function of the velocity field: I would like to ...
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63 views

Handling time derivative as source term in SDIRK methods

I am currently facing some challenge implementing a less traditional PDE which take a form similar to the Navier-Stokes equation, except that the continuity equation is modified such that: $$\epsilon \...
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61 views

Is it possible to shift the numerical results in order to compare it with the analytical solution?

I'm using lattice Boltzmann method (LBM) to do simulation of flow in a pipe. The diameter of the pipe is 0.02 m and its height is 0.1 m. I put a parabolic velocity profile at the inlet: $$\mathbf{u}(\...
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49 views

Finding a CFD paper with extra degree of freedom variable in mass conservation

I am trying to find a paper that I saw about a year ago. I am not sure of the actual date of the paper. I believe it was a finite difference CFD paper. The interesting part of the paper was the ...
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2answers
126 views

Imposing pressure variation instead of Dirichlet boundary conditions on Finite Element Method

I always see Finite Element codes solving PDE with Dirichlet or Neumann boundary conditions. But, I have a problem now consisting of a straight cylinder with a circular base (a simple 3D tube), with ...
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1answer
60 views

Understading memory sharing in a GPGPU using a lattice example

I am new in the GPUs world, I used them in Matlab ambient so I didn't need to appreciate the subtleties of these devices. I know that a GPU can be divided into multiprocessors (also called Streaming ...
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192 views

How to calculate the average velocity over a surface through time using paraview?

My problem is a little more complex, but here is a simplified similar model. Let us consider a fire source inside a box and the hot gases (burnt or unburnt) from the combustion are going out of the ...
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57 views

computing time scale and steady state concentration in microfluidic channels

I have been performing convection-diffusion transport studies on microfluidic channels like the following The inlet concentration is specific and I obtain the time-dependent concentration profiles of ...
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1answer
84 views

Would modeling a fluid flow that decreases in magnitude violate conservation of mass?

If I make a quasi-steady assumption in a model such as keeping the fluid density constant and assuming the flow is incompressible, does modeling a flow with decreasing velocity / magnitude, say, as ...
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Understanding STRUCTURED_POINTS dataset in VTK

Based on my readings this is what I have gathered: Dimensions: Number of data points in the x, y, z directions Spacing: Space between points in each dimension Origin: Location of origin Cell data: ...
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68 views

Grid Independence Study

Is the change in time step necessary for the grid independent study? As the CFL is based on the relation between dt and dx. In mesh independent study, only change should be mesh i.e, dx isn't it so?
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Extracting data from VTK simulations using C++

I have been given a few numerical simulations regarding fluid mixing and have been asked to extract a few parameters from them using C++. Altogether there are about 1000 VTK files per simulation, and ...
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1answer
274 views

DNS simulation in industry

I have this idea in my mind that Direct Numerical Simulation (DNS) is only used in research since the Reynolds numbers of industrial applications are too high and require computer horsepower we don't ...

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