# Questions tagged [fluid-dynamics]

The study of the properties of fluids and gases in motion

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### Boundary conditions for streamlines in enclosed flow

I am trying to solve Lid driven square cavity flow problem of Stokes equation using finite element method. I have boundary conditions for velocity as zeros on every boundary but u=1 on top boundary. ...
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### Implementing pressure inlet boundary condition

I am interested in implementing pressure inlet boundary conditions for the 2D compressible Euler equations. My equation of state is an ideal gas ($p=\rho R T$) which is thermally prefect but not ...
1answer
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### computing turbulent energy spectrum from isotropic turbulence flow field in a box

I have my 3 dimensional velocity flow-field u, v and w at a given instant of time from DNS using pseudo-spectral method. I need to calculate the energy spectrum ( in Fourier space ) as a function of ...
1answer
113 views

### Comparison between FEM and FDM methods for flow simulations

What are the main differences between finite element and finite difference approach for incompressible flow simulations? I have a vague idea about how FE methods rely on minimizing the residual over ...
2answers
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### Automatic timestep adjustment in a CFD solver

I have developed my own 3D Finite Volume Navier-Stokes solver based on projection method for nonuniform grid. I am looking to incorporate automatic timestep adjustment at each time step based on ...
0answers
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### Compute cell values and isosurface constant from density values of particles

I am trying to reconstruct the surface for a fluid simulation based on a list of particles using the Marching Cubes algorithm. From different resources, such as http://paulbourke.net/geometry/...
0answers
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### Dealing with spurious oscillations in particle tracking methods

I work on modelling high intensity discharge xenon-filled lamps. The model governing the discharge is quite complex and sadly includes fluid dynamics. After some time, I managed to implement a finite-...
1answer
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### Simulating magnetic particles in a field free point generated by two opposing magnets

This is probably a long shot with such a short time, but I've been trying to get theoretical data for a project I'm working on. The project involves using a very simplified version of magnetic ...
1answer
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### Is “Gradient Computation” in Finite Volume Discretization Really 2nd order accurate?

Based on this, pp 245, we go through these steps to discretize a gradient statement, namely $\nabla\phi$: 1- Gauss theorem reads, $$\int_V\nabla \phi dV = \oint_{\partial V}\phi dS$$ 2- Integral ...
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### Poincare map for Arnold-Beltrami-Childress Magnetic Field in Python

I want to plot the Poincare map for Arnold-Beltrami-Childress magnetic field for parameters $A=1, B=0.816, C=0.5773$ in Python for the Poincare section $z=0$. Also, I am not able to understand what ...
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### PDEs in their weak form in Comsol

If a physical model is not listed in the wizard, we can use Comsol's weak form to enter PDE's (governing equations of a system) in their weak form. How can it be done ? for example: 2 equations of ...
2answers
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### Can I model laminar incompressible fluid flow and heat transfer in MATLAB's PDE toolbox?

I have a system of PDEs in cylindrical coordinates that needs to be solved: 1. Continuity equation 2. Incompressible Navier stokes ( in r & z coordinates) 3. Heat transfer equation with both ...
1answer
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### Imposition of Dirichlet BC for Fourier pseudospectral in this paper

I was trying to implement the algorithm from the paper "Adapting a Fourier pseudospectral method to Dirichlet boundary conditions for Rayleigh–Benard convection". I am having a hard time to ...
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466 views

### Proper boundary conditions for potential flow around cylinder

I am computing the stationary, incompressible, inviscid and irrotational flow around a circular cylinder using a discretization in general coordinates. I derived a PDE and proper boundary conditions ...
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### Double mach reflection at a inclined wedge

I am running into a strange problem when solving the 2D compressible Euler equations on a inclined wedge. To elaborate, my top boundary condition seems to emitting some type of instability. I have ...
1answer
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### What's a time centered Riemann problem?

I am trying to understand the meshless methods as described in https://arxiv.org/pdf/1409.7395.pdf. I'm having trouble understanding the following step: (Page 7, just after equation 17) Now, rather ...
4answers
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### Why is local conservation important when solving PDEs?

Engineers often insist on using locally conservative methods such as finite volume, conservative finite difference, or discontinuous Galerkin methods for solving PDEs. What can go wrong when using a ...
1answer
451 views

### Finite volume a posteriori error estimation

I'm wondering what alternatives there are to a grid convergence study to judge solution accuracy for a given grid resolution when doing steady-state RANS simulations on an automatically generated ...
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### Discontinuous Galerkin: Nodal vs Modal advantages and disadvantages

There are two general approaches to representing solutions in the discontinuous galerkin method: nodal and modal. Modal: Solutions are represented by sums of modal coefficients multiplied by a set of ...
0answers
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### Instability in Lattice Boltzmann Solver

I wrote a Lattice Boltzmann Solver in Rust a little while back using both the BGK approximation and the TRT (two relaxation time) method on the D2Q9 lattice. In both cases I run into major stability ...
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### 3D Tollmien-Schlichting Waves Imposed in a Channel Flow (Are Physics correct?, etc)

So I am trying to do some further tests on a 2nd-order code Incompressible Navier Stokes equations, by studying transition to turbulence in a Poiseuille flow. Specifically, I'm interested to see ...
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### Anisotropic invariant expansion

I am trying to calculate the second and third invariants for a turbulent flow. I have the second order statistics (both transient and averaged). i.e $uu$, $vv$, $ww$, $uv$, $vw$ and $uw$. These are ...
3answers
245 views

### Why is the FVM traditionally used in CFD, and FEM in computational structures?

Most CFD codes use FVM. Most computational structures codes use FEM. Why is the FEM not frequently used in CFD, and why is FVM not frequently used in FEM?
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### Finite volume discretization of non-conservative linear hyperbolic equation

Problem. Consider the one-dimensional adjoint Euler equations for $(x,t) \in \Omega \times [0,T]$ with $\Omega \subset \mathbb{R}$ and $T > 0$  \varphi_t + \Big(\frac{\mathrm{d}F}{\mathrm{d} U}(x)...
2answers
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### Use of machine learning in computational fluid dynamics

Background: I have only built one working numeric solution to 2d Navier-Stokes, for a course. It was a solution for lid-driven cavity flow. The course, however, discussed a number of schemas for ...
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### Can OpenFoam be used for interactive simulations (flying a plane)?

I'm a software engineer and I've just started to fly rc-planes. I'm currently building a self learning auto-pilot for my plane and I'm really interested in CFD. I installed OpenFOAM and ran through ...
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### Heat diffusion - Is this the correct approach to include Newmann boundary conditions?

Thank you for looking at this problem. Is this the correct approach to include neumann boundary conditions? With this solution temperature is not correct, and there´s no diffusion. The model seems ...