Questions tagged [fluid-dynamics]

The study of the properties of fluids and gases in motion

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1answer
238 views

Stability Criterion for this Explicit Scheme

I am solving an unsteady flow using the dual-time Navier-Stokes equation in which I write my momentum equation as: $$\frac{\partial u}{\partial \tau} + \frac{\partial u}{\partial t} + \frac{\partial u^...
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2answers
461 views

Stagnation or Total conditions in a pipe with moving fluid?

In Flow Science, they provide an example of boundary conditions and how to specify them for CFD simulations. The following is stated: Pressure Boundary Example For example, consider the ...
3
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1answer
186 views

LU-SGS and boundary conditions

I am trying to understand how boundary conditions are implemented when one uses the nonlinear LU-SGS algorithm for Euler equations. Most papers describe the Gauss-Seidel sweep over mesh cells, but do ...
3
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1answer
373 views

Finite difference scheme for 2D sound propagation

I am simulating the sound wave propagation in non-rectangular and asymetric spaces using finite-difference method. I presume linear acoustics equations to be enough (i.e. $\Box p = 0$, $\Box \vec{v} = ...
3
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1answer
690 views

2D Poisson Solver for Taylor Green Vortex Problem

I am trying to write a 2D Navier Stokes solver using an RK3 for time advancement in python. For debugging, I have converted the RK3 to an Euler step for simplicity. Checking my divergence for my ...
3
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1answer
360 views

Finite Element integration with tensor notation

While I was studying discontinuous finite element methods I found an integration of a Navier Stokes equation using tensorial notation. The equation is the following: $\mathbf{\bar {u}}_{t} + (\...
3
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1answer
218 views

Non-linear ordinary differential equation in the modeling of the oscillation of a meniscus

I am trying to model the oscillation of a fluid miniscus in a straw when the miniscus is displaced from its equilibrium level. The results was the following non-linear ODE: $$y''= 1/y - 1.$$ This ...
3
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1answer
153 views

Transient Fluid Dynamics

Eventually, I would like to numerically simulate the transient compressible flow in an axial compressor during start-up. However, I know that this is a very challenging undertaking (to say the least). ...
3
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1answer
295 views

CFD (Fluent) define a inlet for a tidal basin

I'm still pretty new in the CFD modelling world. Can anyone advise me how to define a inlet for a tidal basin in Fluent? The water level and the velocity at the inlet vary in time due to the tide ...
3
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0answers
57 views

Is it possible to shift the numerical results in order to compare it with the analytical solution?

I'm using lattice Boltzmann method (LBM) to do simulation of flow in a pipe. The diameter of the pipe is 0.02 m and its height is 0.1 m. I put a parabolic velocity profile at the inlet: $$\mathbf{u}(\...
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0answers
55 views

Choosing good modelling method for solving Boltzmann equation

I'm writing a solver for Boltzmann Equations (BE) including a force term in rarefied plasma, for my PhD. The aim is to see if an instability occurs inside an electric streamer (theoretically it should,...
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0answers
88 views

Is the matrix exponential and the Jordan canonical form actually useful for solving differential equations?

All of my yearlong graduate-level Linear Algebra course notes from my professor—an algebraist/representation theorist—shows his love for the exponential map $e^A$ and the Jordan canonical form—and one ...
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88 views

numerical instabilities in Fluid Dynamics, Finite Element Method

I'm looking for references to understand where the numerical instabilities come from in hydrodynamics in general, and notably when the Péclet number: $Pe>1$. I'm using the finite element method. ...
3
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0answers
66 views

Should I expect computational gains using a second-order splitting method here?

I am trying to solve a three-dimensional baroclinic transport problem. The hydrodynamic (three-dimensional shallow water) equations are: \begin{align} \nabla \cdot \vec{v} = 0, \tag{1} \\ \frac{\...
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0answers
196 views

Finite Element Stabilization for Drift-Diffusion/Advection-Diffusion Equations

I've tried my best to look through the relevant suggested similar questions when posting this, and hopefully this contains enough new material to not be considered a duplicate. I'm currently trying ...
3
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0answers
145 views

Non-reflecting boundary conditions for compressible Navier-Stokes equations

I have some questions about the implementation of non-reflecting OUTFLOW boundary condition for Navier Stokes equations. Following Poinsot, Lele "Boundary Conditions for Direct Simulations of ...
3
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0answers
275 views

Simulation of surface tension-dominated interfaces

I want to simulate the shape of the free surface in a small fuel tank in microgravity, which is very slowly being emptied. The tank is not symmetric, the geometry is given by CAD (e.g. step file). ...
3
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1answer
96 views

Computational Fluid Dynamics: Question on a third-order accurate finite difference approximation

According to this paper the following finite difference approximation is third-order accurate: $$\frac{d\rho_j}{dx}\approx\frac{2-\eta}{3}\frac{\rho_{j+1/2}-\rho_{j-1/2}}{\Delta x}+\frac{1+\eta}{3}\...
3
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1answer
447 views

1-D turbulent energy spectra in homogeneous direction (non-isotropic)

I am trying to compute the one-dimensional energy spectra for my channel-flow simulation. I have already written a post-processing script to achieve this; however, I need to validate my code before ...
3
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0answers
194 views

Rhie--Chow interpolation on PDE level

The Rhie--Chow [1] interpolation seems to be a standard tool in the Finite-Volume discretization of incompressible flows. It is commonly defined on the discrete level [2]. In the lecture notes [3] --...
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0answers
72 views

Cavity Flow CFD Boundary conditions and strange waves

So I have a PDE that I use to describe how material flows through a volume(2D or 3D). $$\frac{\partial C}{\partial t} + \vec{u} \cdot \nabla C = (D' + D )\nabla^2C$$ Now using finite differences I get ...
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0answers
324 views

Collocated Grid Navier Stokes Solver

I want to solve Navier Stokes equations on a collocated grid. Earlier, I was using a MacCormick scheme based solver where I discretized predictor step in forward differences and corrector step in ...
3
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3answers
1k views

Time step size for transient simulations of vortex shedding

I am simulating unsteady flow around a circular cylinder (using FLUENT). I am facing the following problem. Kindly please help me. OBJECTIVE: To find out the Reynolds number at which vortex shedding ...
3
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0answers
294 views

Implementation of no-slip boundary conditions in lattice Boltzmann method fluid simulation

My faculty advisor recommended that I take a look at the lattice Boltzmann method as an introduction to scientific computing and potentially an undergraduate honors thesis topic. I cooked up a some ...
3
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0answers
358 views

Euler Equation Eigensystem with Gravity in the Energy Flux

I am modifying a conservative form of the Euler equations with gravity in the energy flux (see previous question: Energy Conservation in Conservation Laws with Source Terms) for use in a Riemann ...
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0answers
55 views

Discretizing boundary conditions for vortex methods

I am working on a fluid simulation using vortex methods. For this I must compute the vortex sheet on my boundaries given as: $$ \gamma(\mathbf{x}) - \frac{1}{\pi}\int_S \frac{\partial}{\partial\mathbf{...
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0answers
359 views

Transport Equation in a Tube: Source Term on Boundary

I'm modeling mass transport in a flow reactor. The flow reactor is a tube, which allows me to use cylindrical symmetry in solving the Convection-Diffusion-Reaction (CDR) Equation, which governs the ...
3
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0answers
640 views

Immersed boundary method

I'm trying to use immersed boundary method for the 3D flow problem (Navier-Stokes equations), but I'm maybe misunderstood something in this method. Main principles I took from this book. I use the ...
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0answers
243 views

N-body simulation for particles

I would like use N-body simulation for measure a torque on an object in a liquid (helium). It's a 2D study. On the site : http://www.browndeertechnology.com/docs/BDT_OpenCL_Tutorial_NBody-rev3.html I ...
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0answers
213 views

How to estimate if a velocity field is statistically homogeneous?

For a 3D velocity field $\mathbf{u}$ obtained by direct numerical simulation. Assuming that the field is defined on a periodic domain $\mathcal{P}$ of periodicity $L_x$ in the $x$ direction, $L_y$ ...
3
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1answer
410 views

General case Kutta condition

I'm working on a 2D inviscid fluid simulation using a "panel method", with Potential being used to enforce the no-through boundary condition. I'm trying to incorporate the Kutta condition, which says ...
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0answers
2k views

Create 2D plot from two data sets in ParaView

I'm currently running a CFD simulation for an internal flow and need to compare my computed results to experimental data. The experimental data is saved as a comma separated file with columns for x,y,...
2
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3answers
1k views

2D Stokes equation Code

Does anyone know where could I find a code (in Matlab or Mathematica, for example) for he Stokes equation in 2D? It has been solved numerically by so many people and referenced in so many paper that I ...
2
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1answer
4k views

What's the difference between grid-based and mesh-based methods for PDEs?

I am into computational fluid dynamics and so far I've found that the most common approaches to solve for the governing equations are Eulerian and Lagrangian. The former samples the domain at fixed ...
2
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1answer
223 views

What is eighth order central difference?

The origin of the question can be found here. I know the details about forward, backward and central differences. If $u$ is the variable, does eight order means it approximates the $u_{xx}$ using $u$...
2
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2answers
375 views

2d Euler manufactured solutions

Where can I find manufactured solutions for the 2d Euler equations, with the complete analytical terms, including the Jacobian of the source term ?
2
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2answers
173 views

Why have specialised upwind schemes been developed to solve hyperbolic equations?

Are upwind schemes such as Godunov type methods superior to central differencing schemes? Do the reasons include superiority in modelling hyperbolic problems with Dirichlet BC's?
2
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2answers
179 views

Automatic timestep adjustment in a CFD solver

I have developed my own 3D Finite Volume Navier-Stokes solver based on projection method for nonuniform grid. I am looking to incorporate automatic timestep adjustment at each time step based on ...
2
votes
3answers
145 views

combination of field and particle methods for fluid dynamics

In numerical fluid dynamics there are field methods like finite-volume, finite-element, etc. and particle methods like Smoothed-Particle-Hydrodynamics – SPH and others. Both approaches have advantages ...
2
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2answers
136 views

Expected computational time for DNS computation of fluid flow

Using an established criterion involving capturing eddies down to the Kolmogorov length scale it can be reasoned that the order of grid points in the computational mesh needs to be $N^3 \ge Re^{9/4}$ ...
2
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2answers
656 views

Lattice Boltzmann methods vs Navier stokes/ other eulerian methods for *water* simulation

Note, there is already a question here, however the answers don't answer the original question, let alone specific considerations when dealing with nearly in-compressible fluids (water). Another ...
2
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2answers
313 views

Can we simulate compressible flows by simple direct explicit calculation, without solving systems of linear equations (such as Poisson eq)?

Is this is plausible at all? It seems the most obvious/naive approach, so there's probably good reasons why it's not used - what are they? Viscosity is not important. Starting with inviscid Navier ...
2
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1answer
505 views

What are acceptable boundary conditions for porous media flow?

I am attempting to simulate fluid flow through a porous foam. I would like to have no-slip boundary conditions on part of the boundary and free flow conditions on the inlet and outlet. Right now I am ...
2
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2answers
2k views

Patankar's algorithms for Numerical Heat Transfer and Fluid Flow

I am looking for the algorithm of Patankar (for example, SIMPLE, SIMPLER, SIMPLEC and PISO) written in Fortran for the simulation of heat transfer and fluid flow.
2
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1answer
211 views

Physical interpretation of divergence theorem

In a diverging pipe section like the following, the pipe of radius $r$ splits into two pipes of radius $r/2$. Consider a solute transported by convection from node 1. $$\frac{\partial C}{\partial t}...
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4answers
914 views

Simple methods for solving 2D steady incompressible flow?

I'm trying to make a CFD model where I can place a source and a sink anywhere in a grid and get the fluid flow rate across each cell boundary between those locations. I'm starting simple with a 3x3 ...
2
votes
1answer
637 views

Basic Finite Element Method (FEM) question: assembly and re-assembly

I'm reading up on the Finite Element Method (Zienkiewicz's Book), so I understand better what I'm doing in FEniCS and COMSOL. Currently, I'm wondering about this: Using FEM to solve fluid flow ...
2
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2answers
1k views

Vortex Panel Method implementation

I'm trying to understand and implement panel methods for a two-dimensional airfoil. I haven't found yet a very detailed explanation on how to implement it, and there are some things I don't' still ...
2
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3answers
185 views

How is central difference scheme second-order accurate?

In an arbitrarily unstructured mesh, shown in the figure below, in the context of finite volume method, I want to obtain an approximation of $\phi_f$, where $N$ and $P$ are cell centers of adjacent ...
2
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1answer
92 views

Confusion about Zabusky and Kruskal's stepper for the KdV equation

In Zabusky and Kruskal's paper about solitons, they derive the following update for the Korteweg de Vries equation (their footnote 6): \begin{align*} u_{i}^{j+1} = u_{i}^{j-1} - \frac{1}{3} \frac{k}{...

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