Questions tagged [integration]

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1answer
58 views

Trouble Making 3rd-Order Sympletic Integrator for Planitary N-Body Problem (A Hamiltonian System)

I am doing a solar-system simulation. I am using Ruth's 3rd order sympletic integrator to avoid the problem of Energy Drift (which I had with RK4), but the the planets quickly leave orbit, and energy ...
1
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1answer
46 views

Numerical integration problem: IntegrationWarning The integral is probably divergent, or slowly convergent

I am trying to get the numerical integration of a function using scipy's integrate.quad as follows. $$ \begin{equation} G (\alpha) = \frac{4\alpha}{\pi}\int_0^{\...
3
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1answer
36 views

Choosing an appropriate time step for a discrete & continuous dynamics simulation

I have inherited of a flight dynamics simulation in C++ which represents a small drone with it's autopilot, actuator dynamics and a solid state IMU. Hence, it is composed of a few models, some ...
2
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1answer
66 views

Find quadrature points and weights

I'm struggling with the following problem: What is the maximum degree of exactness that we can obtain with the following quadrature >formula $$\int_0^1 f(x)\frac{1}{\sqrt{x}}dx \approx w_0 f(x_0) +...
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0answers
86 views

Nondifferentiable coordinate transforms

Suppose that we have coordinates $u=u(x,y)$ and $v=v(x,y)$ in $\mathbb{R}^2$ so that $v$ is not differentiable when $u(x,y)=u_0$ where $u_0$ is a constant. Can we solve a differential equation, such ...
3
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1answer
132 views

How to use numerical integration to calculate the surface area of a superellipsoid?

I am working in an application in which I need to calculate the surface area of a superellipsoid. I have read that there is no closed form solution (see here), so I am trying to compute it using ...
1
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0answers
69 views

Computation of a functional for large values

Consider the following function : $$f(x) = \sin^2(\frac{π\Gamma(x)}{2x})$$ Now consider the following functional : $$I(x)=\int_0^\infty \frac{f(x + iy) − f(x − iy)}{e^{2πy}-1} dy$$ I need values for ...
2
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2answers
170 views

Weak form of the Navier-Cauchy equation

I am trying to obtain the weak form of the Navier-Cauchy equation, which is $$- \rho \omega ^2 \textbf{U} - \mu \nabla ^2 \textbf{U} - (\mu + \lambda) \nabla (\nabla \cdot \textbf{U}) = \textbf{F}$$ ...
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0answers
90 views

Is Romberg integration method implemented as weighted function values numerically correct?

I have to integrate expression f(x) * g(x) for many different functions f but just one g. I ...
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2answers
164 views

Integration by parts with cross derivatives to obtain the weak form [duplicate]

I’m trying to write the weak form of the Navier-Cauchy equation in the component form, where $u_1$ and $u_2$ are the displacement components: $$-(2 \mu +\lambda) \frac{\partial ^2 u_1}{\partial x_1 ^2}...
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1answer
55 views

How to use cumtrapz correctly?

I have tried to do a trapeze integration with f(x)=x^2, where I know how the antiderivative looks like, so F(x) = (1/3)x^3 Here's my code, just like I tried: ...
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1answer
91 views

Two RK4 method in one program

I want to solve this integral using RK4 by coding in Fortran: $$R=∫1/a(t) dt → dR/dt=1/a(t) =f(t)$$ Initial point: t=0 (or a=0.001) and R=0 And I have to get a(t) by solving another ...
2
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0answers
31 views

To use the confluent hypergeometric function or not to?

I am numerically computing the following integral as a function of positive $k$. $$I(k) := \int_0^\infty x^b(k+x)^{a-1} e^{-x} dx \tag1$$ It is shown in math.stackexchange.com that this can be ...
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0answers
43 views

Time independent Runge Kutta integration of SDE

I am trying to compare the result of numerical integration of time independent Runge_Kutta, github page for stochastic differential equations with the analytical solution. True answer match the ...
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0answers
20 views

Does order of data points matter for approximating AUC with unit time steps?

I have a time series of data where the increment is every minute. In order to approximate AUC, I just compute the sum of the data values, since they would all be multiplied by 1 anyway per Riemann sum ...
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0answers
74 views

Plot of ratio of two integrals:

Consider the following integrals $$ I_1(x) =\int_0^\infty\mathrm dy \frac{F(x + \mathrm iy) − F(x −\mathrm iy)}{\mathrm e^{2πy}-1}, $$ And $$I_2(x) =\int_1^x F(t)dt$$ Where, $ F(z) = \sin^2[π\Gamma(z)/...
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0answers
102 views

How to numerically evaluate this double Integral?

I want to evaluate the following integral: $$\int_{0}^{60} \ \left(\int_{0}^{2z} 0.5\cdot t \left(\mathrm{erf}(t-a) -1 \right)J_{0}(qt)\mathrm{d}t \right)^2 \mathrm{exp}\left(-\frac{(z-a)^2}{2s^2}\...
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3answers
253 views

Comparison of integrals with a function:

Consider the following integral: $$S(q)=\int_{x=2}^q\sin^2\left(\frac{π\Gamma(x)}{2x}\right)dx$$ And consider the functions : $$R(q)=\frac{q}{\log(q)}$$ $$T(q)=\int_2^q\frac{1}{\log(x)}dx$$ I ...
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1answer
91 views

Performing 2d numerical integration with Boost Cpp

I've been learning to use the numerical quadrature of the Boost library for Cpp. In the documentation, I've found an example for 1D Gauss-Kronrod Quadrature using Boost. ...
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3answers
75 views

Changing variables in integral to avoid infinity

I want to write a code in Fortran to solve this integral numerically: $$\int_{1095}^\infty \frac{dx}{x\sqrt{(x+644.153)(4.17 \cdot 10^{-5} x+0.145)}}$$ What is the best method for it? I tried Monte-...
2
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1answer
185 views

Vectorised second order ode solving in python

I am trying to write a python program that simulates the motion of a large number of particles by numerically integrating a second order ordinary differential equation. I first split the ODE into two ...
1
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1answer
60 views

Double Integral with Gauss- Hermite for one component

I am trying to perform the following integral $$\int_{0}^{2\pi}\int_{0}^{+\infty} \frac{r'\left(e^{-r'^2/2\sigma^2}\right)\left(r-r'\cos(\theta-\theta')\right)}{r^2+r'^2-2rr'\cos(\theta-\theta')}dr'...
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1answer
57 views

Plot of a function involving an integral and value changing parameters [closed]

I'm trying to plot the cross section with respect to the photon energy $h\nu$ but for $\gamma = 1.0, 1.2, 2.0 $ in the same axes $\sigma = \left[\left(\frac{\xi_{eff}}{\xi_{0}}\right)^2 \frac{n_r}{\...
1
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1answer
60 views

How do I find the portion of a cell/voxel lying within a defined surface?

We have a 3-dimensional grid of voxels (or cells), with individual voxels being of volume $dx\,dy\,dz$ where $dx=dy=dz=1$. A cone-like surface is defined by some function, $z = f(x, y)$, which in ...
2
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1answer
42 views

Adaptive Runge-Kutta for Stochastic (Projected) Gross-Pitaevskii Equation

I am using the XMDS library for solving the stochastic (projected) Gross-Pitaevskii equation $$i \hbar \partial \Phi\left(\mathbf{r},t\right)_t=\hat{\mathcal{P}}\left\{(1-i \gamma)\left(\hat{H}_{\...
2
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1answer
87 views

Using Implicit Euler with second order differential equations

We can numerically integrate first order differential equations using Euler method like this: $$y_{n+1} = y_n + hf(t_n, y_n)$$ And with Implicit Euler like this: $$y_{n+1} = y_n + hf(t_{n+1},y _{n+...
2
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0answers
40 views

Evaluating integral $F(r_2) = \frac{1}{r_2^n} \int_0^{r_2} r_1^n f(r_1)\ \mathrm{d}r_1$ without growing instability

I have the following expression to be numerically integrated in a vector-based library (e.g. numpy, MATLAB, etc), $$ F(r_2) = \frac{1}{r_2^n} \int_0^{r_2} r_1^n f(r_1)\ \mathrm{d}r_1, $$ where $n$ is ...
3
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4answers
488 views

Trapezoid rule vs Gaussian quadrature: what am I missing?

I'm reading a paper right now which criticizes a method because it uses trapezoid rule, rather than "more advanced quadrature rules like the Gauss quadrature"... The Gaussian quadrature rule requires,...
3
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2answers
205 views

Solving ODE with “Jumpy” Coefficients

I'm numerically solving a linear coupled ODE of the form $$y^{\prime}(t) = \hat{M}(t)y(t)=\left[\begin{array}{cc}0& A(t)\\ B(t)& 0\end{array}\right]y(t),$$ and the difficulty I'm running into ...
2
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0answers
56 views

2-dimensional Gauss-Hermite quadrature in R

A similar question was asked here and the given answer is perfect for a unidimensional integration. I need to make bidimensional integration in R with a Gauss-Hermite quadrature: $$\int_{R^2} h(p1,p2)...
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0answers
54 views

Is it possble to do this complex symbolic calculation with Matlab?

Sorry it's bit abrupt, but recently I am caught up in some symbolic calcualtion which is tedious and almost impossible with mere human hands, so just wondering is it possible to solve the double ...
2
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2answers
165 views

Solving a 1D diffusion equation with linear and nonlinear source terms

I would like to numerically solve the following equation: $$\frac{\partial \rho (z,t)}{\partial t} = B(N_D \rho (z,t) + \rho(z,t)^2) + D \frac{\partial^2 \rho (z,t)}{\partial z^2}$$ with the boundary ...
3
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0answers
68 views

Numerical integration with singularity term

In https://www.johndcook.com/blog/2012/02/21/care-and-treatment-of-singularities, the author explains the subtraction method to get rid of singularities when performing numerical integration. The ...
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0answers
36 views

FFT convolution works only with certain domain length

in my quest to understand how I can use FFT to compute integrals (see my other question click, still no answer there), I came across the fact that a convolution of two functions can be calculated by ...
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2answers
83 views

Is expm1 the right primitive?

I'm writing some code to calculate $\int_0^1 e^{ax} \mathrm{d} x$. Annoyingly there does not seem to be a way of doing this without if statements: ...
2
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1answer
49 views

Numerical integration of the dataset of a function

The energy equation for a spherically symmetric system is given by $$\mathscr{E}=\frac{v^2(r)}{2}+\frac{c_s^2(r)}{\gamma-1}+\phi(r)$$ where $\mathscr{E}$ is the total energy, $v$ is the velocity of ...
1
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1answer
82 views

Evaluating an indefinite integral that has no closed form

I need to evaluate the following indefinite integral: $$I=\int\frac{x^5+2ax^3+a^2x-4a}{x^7+ax^5+2ax^4}dx=\int\frac{x^5+2ax^3+a^2x-4a}{x^4(x^3+ax+2a)}dx$$ The solution that I obtained while ...
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2answers
53 views

Numerical integral with symbolic integral in exponent

Many times in fourier approximation we come across integrals such as $$\int_0^1 e^{-\gamma\int_0^xu_0(\eta)d\eta}dx$$ where $\gamma$ is a constant and the data for $u_0$ is provided as a discretely ...
2
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0answers
37 views

Monte Carlo domain not-so-dense

I already posted it on Physics SE, but maybe this is a better place: I have a 5D integral being calculated with a Monte Carlo uniform random sampling. The issue is that the region of integration is ...
7
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1answer
136 views

Numerically estimating expected value of f(x) when x is normally distributed

I need to estimate $$ \mathbb{E}_x[f_i(x)] = \int_{\mathbb{R}^n} f_i(x) p(x) dx $$ for many functions $f_i(x)$, where $p(x)$ is the density of a normal distribution. The evaluation of all the ...
4
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1answer
239 views

DG-FEM integration by parts

I am going through the book of Hesthaven and Warburton on discontinuous Galerkin methods. I have difficulties understanding some basic steps in the calculations. Consider the PDE: $$\frac{\partial u}...
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0answers
38 views

Techniques to optimise the integral of a function of known analytical form

I need to compute repeatedly a function that depends on an integral. The integral is not solvable analytically, but it depends on the argument of the function parametrically, like this: $$ f(x) = \...
11
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3answers
361 views

Numerical evaluation of highly oscillatory integral

In this advanced course on applications of complex function theory at one point in an exercise the highly oscillatory integral $$I(\lambda)=\int_{-\infty}^{\infty} \cos (\lambda \cos x) \frac{\sin x}...
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1answer
87 views

How to : numerical integration by quadrature in C language / remove NaN

What I wanna solve it the problem following ( by quadrature method ) I want to get two arrays of data ( z & tau ) from z[0], tau[0] to z[2249], tau[2249]. Since the integrand diverges at z=0.9, ...
1
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1answer
100 views

What's the minimum step size that can be used in Euler's method before it becomes unreliable?

In particular, if Euler's method is implemented on a computer, what's the minimum step size that can be used before rounding errors cause the Euler approximations to become completely unreliable? I ...
3
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4answers
568 views

Numerical integration in Python with unknown constant

I’d like to solve the below equation for the unknown $T$: $$\int_0^\infty \frac{x^2}{\exp\left(\frac{x}{T}\right)-1}\kappa_x \mathrm{d}x = C,$$ where $C$ is a known constant and $\kappa_x$ is some ...
4
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0answers
137 views

MATLAB: Compute the Schwarz-Christoffel transformation symbolically

Suppose we have a conformal mapping from the unit disk in the $\omega$ plane onto the exterior of a polygon in the $z$ plane. The Schwarz-Christoffel mapping in this case is defined as: $$f(u) = A - ...
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1answer
103 views

calculating integral for an ODE system

I have an ODE system defining a mathematical model of a biological system, say $$ \frac{da}{dt}=f_1(a,b,\ldots,z,p)\\ \frac{db}{dt}=f_2(a,b,\ldots,z,p)\\ \cdots\\ \frac{dz}{dt}=f_n(a,b,\ldots,z,p) $$ ...
5
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0answers
111 views

Best way to numerically compute elliptic integrals of the third kind with complex arguments?

I need to compute elliptic integrals of the third kind with complex arguments, preferably in C++. Is there code out there to do this? I have discovered the Arb library, but that does much more than I ...
0
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3answers
76 views

Rudin lecture — if f(x) is not integrable on some interval, does it not have a Fourier Series expansion on that interval?

I found an old lecture on YouTube given by Walter Rudin (1990, in Wisconsin), and towards the beginning he mentions that if $f(x)$ were not integrable, on some interval, it would be obvious that it ...