Questions tagged [least-squares]

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41 views

$(max(0, f(x)))^2$ or $(max(0, exp(f(x))))^2$ for soft constraints with Gauss-Newton

I need some kind of inequality constraint in my optimization problems (rude version of SVM for example or skeleton based mesh fitting). However hard constraints is not suitable for me because ...
2
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0answers
26 views

Choosing suitable polynomial degree based on information in advection stencil

I'm working on a finite volume advection scheme for unstructured meshes which uses a multidimensional polynomial weighted least squares fit for interpolating from cell centres onto faces. In 2D, the ...
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0answers
111 views

Calculating theoretical order of accuracy of least squares fit advection scheme

I'm familiar with finding the order of accuracy using von Neumann analysis for finite difference schemes formulated using Taylor series expansions. But is there a similar technique for finding the ...
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0answers
64 views

Fortran solver for the Sparse LSE problem

I was wondering if there is a Fortran library that contains a solver for the Sparse LSE(linear equality-constrained least squares) problem $$ min_{x}\|Cx-d\|^2 \text{ subject to } Ax=b $$ where $A$ ...
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2answers
204 views

Efficient methods to solve large dense singular least square problem (linear system)

I am trying to solve a singular linear least square problem: $$minimize: \phantom{2} ||Ax-b||^2 \\ subject \phantom{2} to: \phantom{2} x \ge 0$$ Here $ A \in R^{n \times m} $, and $ n\lt m$. here m ...
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2answers
42 views

Optimisation of purely integer quantity with bound-constraints for a 1D expensive function whose analytical form is not available

I have a computationally expensive objective function, whose analytical form is not available. The only input argument to the objective function is an integer variable. The goal is to compute the ...
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2answers
149 views

Fastest algorithm for pseudoinverse of skinny matrices

For a performance-sensitive problem, I need to compute the pseudoinverse of a skinny matrix (#rows = 1000–10000, #cols= 10–20). I already employ the traditional SVD econ method. For some problem ...
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1answer
295 views

Least Square fit with Double Zernike Polynomials

I need to describe the optical aberrations of my set-up with Zernike polynomials. To do this, I want to fit the first 15 polynomials in the following way on my data: $$\chi^2 = \sum_k\left(\beta_k^x -...
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3answers
297 views

rank-deficient NNLS

I want to find the minimum-norm solution to a rank-deficient least-squares problem, subject to positivity constraints, e.g. $$\min_x\ \|x\|^2 \quad s.t.\quad Ax = b,\ x \geq 0$$ where $A$ is large, ...
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1answer
62 views

Correct weighting in least squares fitting

I am trying to fit some data points $d_i$ to a non-linear model function $m_i$, which depends on a number of fit parameters $f_k$ (I want to determine these) and also on some known, constant values $...
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1answer
70 views

Solving for $C$ in $Q = YCZ$ using least squares in Matlab

I am trying to solve for the matrix $C$ in $Q = YCZ$ in matlab. I have preliminary results but they don't seem realistic. Here, $Q$ is $n \times m-1$, $Y$ is $n \times p$, $C$ is $p \times m$ and $Z$ ...
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1answer
139 views

Matlab interface for minpack2

Is there a Matlab interface for minpack2? minpack2 http://ftp.mcs.anl.gov/pub/MINPACK-2 consists of Fortran programs , but i would like to call the test problems from matlab. What can i do ?
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1answer
72 views

Least Angle when $\textbf{A}^T\textbf{A}$ is singular

I'm teaching myself this regression stuff, so forgive me if this is a basic question. I can't seem to find a discussion of my particular problem. So I'm least-squares-ing this overdetermined system $\...
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1answer
11k views

MATLAB Code Evaluation for Least Squares Regression (LSR) [closed]

Below is my own approach to implement the Least Squares Regression algorithm in MATLAB. Could you please take a look and tell me if it makes sense; if it does exactly what is supposed to do? EDIT: ...
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1answer
74 views

What is a good library in Python for correlated fits in both the $x$ and $y$ data?

I have $x$ and $y$ data, both of which have their own covariance matrices. scipy.optimize.curve_fit will accept a covariance matrix for the $y$ data, called ...
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1answer
75 views

Preconditionning for solving a non-linear system of equations with least squares

I am trying to solve a large system of non-linear equations (about a few hundred equations and variable but with less variable than equations). Given that the system is really sparse and large I am ...
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1answer
83 views

Pivoted Cholesky vs Modified Cholesky

I am solving nonlinear least squares problems with the normal equations approach, so on each iteration, I need to solve: $$ J^T J \delta = -J^T f $$ for the step $\delta$, where $J$ is a large (...
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1answer
124 views

Minimize cost with Levenberg-Marquart method

I want to minimize a cost function of the form, $$ \min_{q,t}\left(q^T\left(\mathcal A + \mathcal B\right)q + t^T\mathcal C t+\delta t+\varepsilon Q(q)^TW(q)t+\lambda\left(1-q^Tq\right)^2\right) $$ ...
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1answer
128 views

Least square with rectangular function

I have the function $c(t) = A \cdot \cos \left(\dfrac{2\pi}{\tau} \cdot t + \phi \right) $ which is used to define $ T(t) = \begin{cases} M + c(t), & c(t) > 0 \\ M, &c(t) \leq 0. \end{...
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1answer
1k views

How can I reuse the SVD of matrix A to solve LS problems for both A and its transpose via Eigen C++?

If $A\in R^{m\times n}, b\in R^m, c\in R^n$, if I need to solve the least square problems via SVD of $A$ and $A^T$, i.e. I need to solve the least square solutions to following linear systems via ...
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1answer
200 views

FETI-DP or BDDC with least squares FEM?

Have FETI-DP or BDDC methods been applied to alternative FEM discretizations - for example, least squares finite elements? My Google searching doesn't seem to yield many results, so I'm wondering if ...
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0answers
37 views

B-splines least squares with equality constraints

Can someone recommend the best way to solve a least squares fitting problem with B-splines, with additional equality constraints? I want to solve: $$ \min_x || b - A x ||^2, \textrm{subject to: } C x =...
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0answers
27 views

How to model a non-linear least-squares problem for triangles

I have a non-linear least-squares problem to solve and with my current modeling the solver is either very slow or does not converge to a correct solution. For the problem I need to minimize an energy ...
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0answers
34 views

fitting exponential versus exponential w/ power

I have two models which I would like to investigate for my data. One form is: \begin{equation} \label{one} f(r) = A e^{-B r} \end{equation} and the second is: \begin{equation} \label{two} g(r)...
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0answers
63 views

Stable Method of orthogonal projection onto a subspace with the help of Moore-Penrose inverse,

Projection of a vector $v$ onto the column space of a matrix $A$ is given by $AA^\dagger v$. From the definition of Moore-Penrose Inverse we know that $AA^\dagger v = (A^T)^\dagger A^T v $. Below is ...
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0answers
58 views

linear solution of curve fitting on multiple linear functions differing by a multiplier

I am facing the following problem. I know nonlinear least squares can provide a solution but I am wondering if a linear way to solve this data fitting problem may exists. This is my input dataset: I'...
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2answers
56 views

Finding parameters numerically

I suspect that a function $f(x,y)$ is of the form $f(x,y)=a(bx+c)^{dy+e}$. I have access to several values of $f(x,y)$. How do I proceed numerically to find the parameters $\{a,b,c,d,e\}$? By ...
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1answer
397 views

SVD regularization - ray 2D tomography

Sunny day today, isn't it? Please, I need help with my problem. I have written a program to do 2D ray tomography, according to this paper. For the result, I use formula (4.15) from the paper. Now I ...
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1answer
175 views

Linear Least-Squares Point-to-Plane ICP degenerative case

I'm trying to implement Linear Least-Squares Optimization for Point-to-Plane ICP Surface Registration Paper describes linear approximation for point to plane distance for rigid ICP. This approach is ...
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1answer
228 views

How to code gradient descent-based Tikhonov denoising that exactly matches LSQ Tikhonov denoise?

(Note: Corrected code is posted below the original code.) For an exercise in optimization, I am interested in coding a simple example from scratch: a Tikhonov denoising routine using gradient descent,...
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1answer
42 views

Spline regularization

I am fitting some B-splines to data, but the data has a "gap" region where the spline is less constrained by the data. I want to devise a regularization scheme to help prevent the spline from ...
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1answer
22 views

Minimize squared error of linear function

Let $M$ be a $m \times n$ matrix, $x$ a $n$-vector, $y$ a $m$-vector, and $\|\cdot\|_2$ represent the $L_2$ norm (i.e., Euclidean norm). Given $M,y$, the goal is to find $x$ that minimizes the ...
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1answer
104 views

Using least squares for computing gradients

I am developing a code where I am using the least squares method to compute gradients. Generally, we use least squares to obtain some model based on a set of data (${q_1 \cdots q_N}$) at locations ($...
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1answer
85 views

Least squares fitting

I have the following equation I came across which was solved using least squares $x = \sum_{n=1}^{N} A_{n} y_{n}$ Where $x$ is a $m \times p$ matrix and $y$ would be of size $m \times p$ as well ,...
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1answer
191 views

How to recover the 3x4 pinhole camera from 9 parameters

I downloaded the bundle adjustment data from this link: original data for bundle adjustment which is the supporting data for a paper titled: Bundle Adjustment in the Large I want to use the data ...
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16 views

Offline Parameter Estimation for second order system - Ordinary Least Squares

I have a second order system which is described by the following differential equation: $\ \ddot{y}+α_{1}*\dot{y}=b_{0}*u $ where $\ y $ is the output of the system and $\ u $ is the input of the ...
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37 views

Least square approximation of a polynomial with a constraint on the derivative in Python

I'm trying to fit a polynomial of the third degree through a number of points. This could be a very simple problem when not constraining the derivative. I found some promising solutions using CVXPY to ...
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1answer
104 views

How to use LAPACK function (DGELSY) in Fortran

I am trying to use Least Squares Minimization to solve a the matrix problem: b = A*x for x. The system is overdetermined, and A is a dense matrix. In the LAPACK library, I believe the routine DGELSY ...
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39 views

Parameter estimation using fmincon

This is a follow up to my previous question posted here. I am solving an optimization problem using fmincon in MATLAB. There are no equality constraints in my model....
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0answers
45 views

Parameter estimation using shooting method

I want to do the following, I have a set of 20 first order differential equations and I want to estimate some of the parameters. I've got the following initial and boundary conditions. The initial ...
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0answers
211 views

computation complexity of OLS in estimating a VAR model

Could someone tell me the computation cost of using Ordinary least squares in estimating a Vector autoregression model? I am thinking the cost is O(n) where n is the number of the training instance. ...