Questions tagged [matlab]

Questions about the numerical programming language MATLAB.

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48 views

Solve simultaneous differential equations with embedded functions and a parameter estimation

The aim is to solve the below equations and plot $m$ with time, i.e. $\frac{dm}{dt}$ $k$ is unknown and needs to be estimated. For the parameter estimation, the below values in the table for m versus ...
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0answers
59 views

Solute transport around a solid obstacle

I am a newbie in CFD and single/multiphase flow and transport in general. As part of my quest to learn, I am trying to model solute transport around a solid object in the center of a 2D domain. The ...
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1answer
424 views

Methods to implement floor dirt detection algorithm

I'm trying to detect dirty floor areas in a series of images, using MATLAB and its Image Processing Toolbox, like the one that follows: In the image above, there are two distinct areas, the whiter ...
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3answers
340 views

Why do structured and unstructured discretizations give different errors?

It is necessary for me to solve a Poisson problem with a numerical method on a square domain with two types of triangular mesh: uniform triangular mesh (using uniform distribution nodes on square) and ...
3
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2answers
112 views

Is there a Python version of the ODE tool pplane?

This is the same question as this one, except for Python instead of Mathematica. Basically, the MATLAB software pplane is a staple in ODE courses. Is there a Python equivalent? Sample outputs from ...
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2answers
85 views

Backward Euler + Quasi Newton(Broyden) method fails to solve Van der Pol's equation(Stiff ODE)

The first guess is using the forward Euler approach. The first jacobian is using finite differences. Then NR method is used to solve for the next iteration and Broyden's method is used to update the ...
3
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1answer
81 views

Find $x$ that satisfy $(I-A^*A)+x(\frac{A+A^*}{2})\prec0$ using LMI or SDP on Matlab

Given $A\in\mathbb{C}^{n\times n}$, I want to use LMI or SDP to find feasibility of $x>0$ in the following inequality: $$(I-A^*A)+x(\frac{A+A^*}{2})\prec0,$$ where $D\prec0$ means that $D$ is ...
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1answer
539 views

How to simulate thermal expansion in a 2D plane using FEA?

I am trying to model 2D thermal expansion of a square area inside another square using FEATool. I have simulated plane strain by incorporating forces pointing along the $[1 \,\,\, -1]^T$ direction ...
5
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6answers
998 views

Open source auto-differentiation for MATLAB?

Are there any open-source auto-differentiation libraries for MATLAB? I am aware of commercial packages such as Tomlab/MAD and plenty of C++ libraries, but I can't find many more for MATLAB other than ...
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2answers
1k views

Generate random smooth 2D closed curves

I would like to know how can I generate a collection of random 2D closed smooth curves. I thought about generating a random 3D surface with random peaks, and then intersecting the Z=0 plane with it, ...
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0answers
74 views

Improve code of logarithmic quantizer

I am implementing a logarithmic quantizer which is defined as follows: $$ q(u) = \begin{cases} u_i , \frac{u_i}{1+\delta} < u < \frac{u_i}{1-\delta} \\ 0 , 0 \leq u \leq \frac{u_o}{1+\delta} \\ -...
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1answer
101 views

2-norm and infinty norm of a system in controls

How to compute 2-norm or infinity norm of following system? i am confused whether to calculate using simple matrix theory "where it don't regard for s domain" or H2 and H-infinty norm. ...
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1answer
86 views

Type of computer used for computation

In some scientific papers I see that authors provide what type of simulation tool and what type of computer was used for computation. For example: The computations were performed using MATLAB in ...
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0answers
18 views

How can this attempt to implement a Milstein numerical approximation for an Ito process of multiple components be fixed?

I have been reading Kloeden and Platen's Numerical Solution of Stochastic Differential Equations, and have more or less been trying to systematically complete the various exercises therein as I go ...
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1answer
188 views

Prescribing variables as an excitation in Runge-Kutta method

I am using Runge-Kutta to solve a $3 \times 3$ 2nd order linear ODE $$M x'' + C x' + K x = 0$$ and initial conditions are all zeros. Then I prescribe the 2nd variable to follow a given path. As for ...
3
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1answer
2k views

2D cross section from 3D surface

I am trying to apply the "restoring force surface" method to a dynamic linear system. The idea behind this method is that, knowing acceleration, displacement, velocity and input force it is possible ...
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1answer
38 views

Best search algorithm for optimal weight factor in SOR method

I had written an algorithm that searches for the optimal weight parameter to be implemented in the successive-over relaxation (SOR) method which worked cleanly by vectorizing the interval and for ...
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1answer
172 views

Reason behind different outputs for Fast Fourier Transform in Numpy and Matlab

Here is the output of Numpy np.fft.ifft([0, 4, 0, 0]) array([ 1.+0.j, 0.+1.j, -1.+0.j, 0.-1.j]) # may vary Here is the output of Matlab ...
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1answer
427 views

What is difference between L2 norm and H2 Norm?

When someone refers 2-norm of system,L2 and H2 are used interchangeably by author and is rather confusing. Even the matlab has different functions for H-infinity norm and L-infinity norm. as shown in ...
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6answers
5k views

What is the difference between MATLAB and FORTRAN?

In our university some Ph.D students for computational methods prefer FORTRAN over MATLAB. I can't understand why? What is the difference between them when are used in computational methods like ...
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1answer
33 views

relres in gmres MATLAB

I think the relres in MATLABis the form that relres = norm(M(b-Ax))/norm(M\b),when it smaller than tol then stop the iteration. I want to know how to change relres to norm((b-Ax))/norm(b). Or use ...
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2answers
535 views

Solution of the linear system using Sherman-Morrison formula for 1000000x1000000 (7450.6GB) matrix using MATLAB

Let $n = 10^6.$ Let $A \in \mathbb{R}^{n\times n} $ be the lower triangular matrix having 1's on and below the main diagonal. We want to solve the following linear system: $$ (A + uv^T)x = b$$ by the ...
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2answers
181 views

Continuation of solution to $-\nabla\cdot (k(x,y)\nabla u)=f$

I'm trying to solve the following problem, I had previously opened another discussion for the implementation and well, it seems that it has turned out well, it can be found here. I need to calculate ...
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2answers
356 views

Implementing routine for $-\nabla\cdot (k(x,y) \nabla u)=f$ in Matlab

I am solving the Poisson Equation for 2D given by the following expression: $$-\nabla\cdot (k(x,y) \nabla u)=f$$ in a rectangle with Dirichlet conditions on the boundary using Matlab. In principle I ...
2
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1answer
94 views

Vectorization Matlab/Octave of Markov Matrix Powers

I have just created a code snippet in Octave/Matlab that aims to create a plot which shows the accuracy of an initial probability vector $\vec{\pi}$ derived from the transition probability matrix $\...
3
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1answer
132 views

How can I extract the banded or block diagonal part of a sparse matrix in MATLAB?

Given a large sparse (square) matrix in MATLAB, how can I extract the banded or the block-diagonal parts (of fixed size) of it efficiently? These are useful operations when prototyping and testing ...
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1answer
130 views

Interpreting multivariable root-finding results from Matlab's fsolve algorithm

Edit: So I was able to get the same value of r that's given, when coding up the sum of squares of function values directly in the script file, rather than on the Command Window. So, maybe there's a ...
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1answer
238 views

What is the use of arrayfun if a for loop is faster?

This may not be so much of a scientific computing question but more of a MATLAB question, if that is the case, please feel free to close or migrate the question. Root-finding problems are commonly ...
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1answer
49 views

Efficient solution to linear system involving Kronecker sum in MATLAB

High dimensional finite difference problems often lead to linear systems of the form $$ A x = b, \qquad A = B_1 \oplus B_2 \oplus \cdots \oplus B_d, $$ where $\oplus$ denotes the Kronecker sum. $B_i \...
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3answers
244 views

Converting from planar polynomial domain to planar polygon

Let's assume we have a planar domain whose boundary can be described with a polynomial curve (like Bezier curves). Now assume that you want to produce a discretization of the boundary, i.e. you want ...
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2answers
563 views

Specifying ode solver options to speed up compute time

I'm specifying the 'JPattern', sparsity_pattern in the ode options to speed up the compute time of my actual system. I am sharing a sample code below to show how I ...
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0answers
87 views

Path constraints for state variables - fmincon, ODE45

My problem lies in constraining state variables (look for 23,24,25). I am currently using ODE45 to solve equations and fmincon to find best control variable.How would you go about solving this? Here ...
4
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1answer
102 views

How are Matrices Stored in MATLAB?

I have this simple question but I am trying to figure out why: Are matrices stored column-wise in MATLAB? If so then why? I theorize that they are stored column-wise because the memory does not have ...
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0answers
54 views

Can I get a symbolic solution for these coupled ODEs?

I found this IPython notebook called ‘Roller Coaster’ from", "numfys.net, where they model the movement of a ball over a path described by a third-degree polynomial $y(x)$ with slope $\...
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1answer
208 views

MATLAB : find an algorithm to inverse quickly a large matrix of symbolic variables

I have to solve the equality between 2 matrixes 12x12 containing a lot of symbolic variables and with which I perform inversion of matrix. There is only one unknown called "...
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1answer
44 views

Round-off error step choice

In the Numerical Recipes in section 5.7.- Numerical derivatives the choice of the step size $h$ in the numerical derivative should lead to a difference between $x$ and $x+h$ representable by an exact ...
1
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1answer
141 views

temperature profile on axial direction of a chamber

I have a task to plot average temperature profile at each cross-section in the axial direction of a combustion chamber. I have $x$, $y$, $z$ coordinates data in excel as well as the corresponding ...
2
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1answer
270 views

Minimal surface finite differences problem - Matlab assemble

I face to the following problem: $$(1+u_x^2)u_{yy} - 2u_xu_yu_{xy} + (1+u_y^2)u_{xx}=0.$$ Problem needs to be discretized and assembled. Does anybody know how to proceed in Matlab?
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37 views

Using event function to shift between 2 sets of ODE

I have a bunch of ODEs I am trying to solve using ode45 in MATLAB. I have hidden the details of the equations to keep it simple (so as to build a general algorithm)! \[\frac{dR}{dt}= F_{1}(R,N) \quad\...
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0answers
33 views

Problem with Numerical DAE Implementation of Nernst-Planck Equations

I write to you all today in order to clarify if I implemented my model correctly into MATLAB. I will outline the following: analytical governing equations, my discretization for the equations and ...
6
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2answers
838 views

Complex Eigenvalues using eig (Matlab)

I wanted to find and plot the eigenvalues of large matrices (around1000x1000). But discovered when using the eig function in matlab, it gives complex eigenvalues when it shouldn't. For example, in the ...
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2answers
176 views

How can I learn Scientific Python?

I am an intermediate user of Matlab and Mathematica, but I would really love to start learning Python language for scientific purposes (I am interested in Maths and Physics). Could please someone ...
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0answers
117 views

Error $L_{2}$ convergence in Finite Element for Poisson Equation

I have written a Matlab code to solve the equation $-u'' = f$ with conditions $u(0) = u'(1) = 0$ on the domain $x \in [0,1]$. I tested the code with $f(x) = -2, \forall x\in [0,1]$. I check the plot ...
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1answer
54 views

Rem function in Octave showing wrong result

I am trying to write an if statement that checks if 2 numbers are divisible before running some commands. The problem is, the rem function is giving some wrong results for certain number (2 is ...
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1answer
48 views

How to reduce computational time in DDE simulation on Matlab

I need to simulate a network of nodes. The weights of the edges are being given in a matrix . Due to the non-zero distances between the nodes, we consider time-delays, which are computed given the ...
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1answer
133 views

ODE45 and a variable that assumes multiple values during the timespan

I have tried in different ways to see what happens to voltage V and gating conductances m, n and h when, at time step x, current I switched from 0 to 0.1, and then at time step x + n it gets back to 0....
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2answers
3k views

FEM Stiffness Matrix is always close to Singular or Badly Scaled

I am making a code for an 18-node (3x3x2) 3D element FEM. However, even though I am (pretty) sure that all the shape functions are correct and whatnot, whenever I try and invert the stiffness matrix ...
0
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1answer
26 views

Software to find zero divisors of a ring

Are there some programs with packages that help to list all zero-divisors of the ring we desired? especially for the ring of Gaussian integers modulo $n$, $\mathbb{z}_n[i]$. Also want to find which of ...
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1answer
135 views

Plotting the difference between an exponential and its Taylor expansion as a function of number of terms?

I'm terribly green, please forgive me. I need to plot the difference between a chosen calculated Taylor expansion $e^x=1+x+\frac {x^2}{2!}+\frac {x^3}{3!}+\frac {x^4}{4!}+\frac {x^5}{5!}$... and the ...

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