Questions tagged [matrix-factorization]

Decomposition of a matrix into a product of matrices with special properties. Common matrix factorizations include LU, QR, SVD, and Cholesky.

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Methods to improve the efficiency and the memory requirement of LU factorization for complex symmetric system matrix

I want to solve a linear set of equations (Ax=b) using LU decomposition. My "A" matrix is a complex matrix which is ...
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Computing Singular Value Decomposition of small ($4\times 4$) matrices

I need to compute the Singular Value Decomposition (SVD) of many $4 \times 4$ matrices. I'm looking for SVD algorithms specialized for small matrices. I've read that the ...
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Binary data clustering by Matrix factorization [closed]

I have read an article talking about binary clustering using Matrix factorization(see attached), but i would like to understand some optimization concepts: Is it reasonable to use a Frobenius norm in ...
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57 views

Implementation of sparse matrix SVD for GPU

I have a sparse matrix $W$ which is almost-squared ($N+1 \times N$) and I would like to know the eigenvalues of $A = W^T W$. $A$ is Hermitian so the eigenvalues are real-positive valued. The usual ...
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Efficient way to solve a set of linear equations $Ax=b$ when $A$ is sparse and some elements of $b$ are equal to zero

I have a set of linear equations, $Ax=b$. And about half of the elements in the right-hand side (vector $b$) are equal to zero. My system matrix $A$ is a sparse complex matrix. And $A$ is in the size ...
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Functions from Scipy, Blas, or Lapack that compute only upper triangular matrix

My goal is to transform a matrix into upper triangular form in Python. I know the function scipy.linalg.lu will do LU decomposition and get both upper and lower ...
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Why is 'scipy.sparse.linalg.spilu' less efficient than 'scipy.linalg.lu' for sparse matrix?

I have a matrix B which is sparse and try to utilize a function scipy.sparse.linalg.spilu specialized for sparse matrix to ...
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Algorithm to factorize matrix whose many rows are already of upper triangular form?

I have a matrix whose many rows are already in the upper triangular form. $$\begin{bmatrix} x_{11} & x_{12} & x_{13} & x_{14} & x_{5} \\ 0 & x_{22} & x_{23} & x_{...
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Triangle on top of diagonal least squares

I need to solve many least squares problems with the following matrices: $$ \pmatrix{ R \\ D_i } $$ where $R$ is upper triangular and $D_i$ is diagonal. $R$ is the same for all the problems, while $...
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Reorder eigenvalues in Schur factorization in descending order

In this command: [US,TS] = ordschur(U,T,select) what should replace the select to rearrange the eigenvalues in descending ...
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How can I get Cholesky decomposition from eigenvalue decomposition?

I have $$S = QLQ^T$$ I know $Q$, $L$, $Q^T$. How can I get the $R$ and $R^T$ for the Cholesky decomposition $S=R^TR$?
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Bareiss algorithm vs. LU-decomposition

I at the moment try to fully understand the Bareiss algorithm for calculating determinants. One question that came to my mind is the following: Why is LU-decomposition much more often used than the ...
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Why the two Gram-Schmidt algorithms produce different results for qr factorization?

For the qr factorization using classic Gram-Schmidt algorithm, I found the 2 different implementations below. The first one uses the for loop to compute the upper ...
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Numerical methods. MDF (ILU) implementation

I am trying to implement Minimum Discarded Fill (MDF) Ordering algorithm for incomplete matrix factorization. The algorithm description is here on page 60 Preconditioning Techniques for a Newton–...
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Block-matrix: optimal fill-in reduction for LU factorization

Consider a square $N \times N$ block-matrix $\mathbf{A}$, where each $n \times n$ block $\mathbf{A}_{ii}$ is either a dense block or a zero-block. So, $N$ denotes the number of blocks, $n$ denotes the ...
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Reference for QR algorithm for complex matrix

I am trying to find out if the known QR algorithm to find the eigenvalues of a real matrix, which can be found in the book Fundamentals of Matrix Computations, can also be used for complex matrices ...
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Why does the matlab command **chol(A)** slower than **chol(A,'lower')** for a large sparse SPD matrix?

For a SPD matrix A, there exists Cholesky factorization $A=LL^T$ or $A=R^TR$, where L, R are a lower and upper triangular matrix, respectively. Also in matlab, there has a command R = chol(A) which ...
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Does a symmetric positive definite matrix also have $\mathbf{A} = \mathbf{L}^T\mathbf{L}$ (where $\mathbf{L}$ is a lower triangular matrix)?

As we know, for a symmetric positive definite (SPD) matrix $\mathbf{A}$, there is a theorem about the Cholesky factorization $\mathbf{A}= \mathbf{L}\mathbf{L}^T$, where $\mathbf{L}$ is a lower ...
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Low rank update of QR of inverse

I am in a situation where as part of a sort of inverse power method scheme, I want to very often perform the following step: Apply a symmetric rank one update $uu^\top$ to my inverse matrix $A^{-1}$ ...
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Do most statistical packages and libraries in high-level programming languages rely on LAPACK for their matrix inversion operations?

Possible an open-ended question, but I am wondering if most statistical packages and libraries, for instance, Stata, R, Python's NumPy and MATLAB rely on LAPACK algorithms to perform matrix operations,...
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58 views

How to avoid unnecessary checks when inverting this LU decomposition

Background for the question I am currently working on a Matlab code in which the systems of linear equations $Ax_1 = b_1$, $Ax_2 = b_2$, ... have to be solved. As the matrix $A$ is constant during ...
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Weighted QR Implementation

Say I want a QR decomposition of matrix $A$, where orthogonality of $Q$ is with respect to a generic non-degenerate positive-definite bilinear form $\phi$ (in my case, $\phi$ is "defined" by a finite-...
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399 views

Cholesky for ill-conditioned/singular covariance matrices

Can someone suggest a way to get Cholesky factorization of a singular covariance matrix? I need it to match Cholesky on full-rank matrices, ie coordinate order should be preserved. My attempt below ...
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1answer
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Incomplete LU decomposition of sparse matrix

I have a sparse matrix stored in CSR format. For this matrix, I would like to get the incomplete LU decomposition. I tried to find algorithms which can utilize the CSR format but I could not find ...
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126 views

How to use QZ decomposition for single matrix in Matlab?

Can I use QZ decomposition on a single square matrix in Matlab? Like, [Aa,Q,Z]=qz(A);
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Classical vs. modified Gram-Schmidt

It is often said that modified Gram-Schmidt is more robust with respect to rounding errors than classical Gram-Schmidt, but it is very hard to find a good explanation / example of why this is so. Can ...
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184 views

Givens rotation vs 2x2 Householder reflection

The usual story of Givens rotations vs Householder reflections is that Householder reflections are better if you want to map a long vector to $e_1$, while Givens is better if you want to map a 2-...
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1answer
58 views

Software for parallel incomplete LU factorisation

I am looking for a software package to compute incomplete LU factorisations in parallel. Further considerations are: The package must allow for arbitrary level-of-fill or threshold-based truncation. ...
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Regularized least squares with QR factorization

Consider the regularized least squares problem $$ \min_x || b - A x ||^2 + \lambda^2 ||x||^2 $$ which is equivalent to $$ \min_x \left|\left| \pmatrix{b \\ 0} - \pmatrix{A \\ \lambda I} x \right|\...
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Inverting a matrix from LU decomposition

The LAPACK routines xGETRI compute the inverse of a matrix $A = PLU$ in its LU decomposed form by first computing $U^{-1}$, and then solving the system: $$ (A^{-1} P) L = U^{-1} $$ My question is: ...
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162 views

Re-using LU factorization within iterative (?) setup for a sum of two matrices

So, I would love to make at least some use of my preexisting data, no matter how small, and just out of ideas. Maybe I am just a prisoner of a Kahneman-like theatre-ticket paradox, and don't know ...
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147 views

Pivoted Cholesky vs Modified Cholesky

I am solving nonlinear least squares problems with the normal equations approach, so on each iteration, I need to solve: $$ J^T J \delta = -J^T f $$ for the step $\delta$, where $J$ is a large (...
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ILUTP in sparse.linalg.spilu?

In Matlab, an ILU with threshold and pivoting (ILUTP) can be passed by default as: setup.type = 'ilutp'; [L, U] = ilu(A, setup); Looking for an equivalent in ...
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Numerical analysis, pivoting and incomplete LU decomposition

When doing LU decomposition, the algorithm will break down if any of the diagonal element $x_{ii}$ is zero. Therefore, we can use pivoting on the matrix such that $x_{ii}$ is no longer zero. That is ...
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459 views

Numerically find the nearest positive semi definite matrix to a symmetric matrix

I have a symmetric matrix $M$ which I want to numerically project onto the positive semi definite cone. To do so, I decompose it into $M = QDQ^T$ and transform all negative eigenvalues to zero. (...
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Factorize laplacian in terms of first derivative matrix

I am trying to factorize the following Laplacian matrix in terms of $ D^TD$, D is the first derivative matrix. The tridiagonal form of the secon derivative matrix using Neumann boundary condition is ...
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what is Sherman-Morrison formula

Can someone please explain what is the Sherman-Morrison formula and it's specialities when it comes to matrix calculations? I'm a little bit confused on understanding how the preconditioning works ...
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Factoring the sum of two matrices

Given \begin{equation} A_i=B+C_i \end{equation} where $A_i$,$B$ and $C_i$, $i=1,\dotsc,N$ are large square matrices, $B$ is symmetric, $C_i$ are zero matrices aside for a square block on the diagonal. ...
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Term for the typical “linear in the larger dimension, quadratic in the smaller” cost for linear algebra

Many dense linear algebra decompositions (QR, SVD...) on an $m\times n$ matrix have cost $$ O(\max(m,n)\min(m,n)^2) $$ when implemented in practice on a computer. Is there a colloquial name or a more ...
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Reweighted least squares factorization

This is a continuation of the question asked here. I want to solve numerous least squares systems of the form $$ D_i A x \approx D_i b $$ where $D_i$ are $m \times m$ diagonal matrices with positive ...
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1answer
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Ways to solve $Ax=b$ for a sparse (banded) $A$ with updates

I want to solve the time-dependent Schrodinger Equation using the Crank-Nicolson scheme. I end up with the following matrix equation ...
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inertia count sparse matrix with dense low-rank perturbation

I would like to determine the number of negative eigenvalues (inertia count) of the $(N \times N)$ symmetric real matrix $K - \sigma M$, with $K$ a positive-definite sparse matrix and $M$ a positive-...
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Least Squares with Dense-Block Diagonal Structure

I need to solve a least squares problem that takes the following form: $$p = \arg \min_{x}\Vert J V x - y \Vert_2, $$ where $J \in \mathbb{R}^{N \times N}$ is a general dense matrix, and $V \in \...
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How we can use CUR decomposition in place of SVD decomposition?

I have understood how CUR and SVD works, but have not been able to understand the following. How can we use CUR in place of the SVD decomposition? Do the $C$ and $R$ matrices in the CUR follow the ...
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Stable Method of orthogonal projection onto a subspace with the help of Moore-Penrose inverse,

Projection of a vector $v$ onto the column space of a matrix $A$ is given by $AA^\dagger v$. From the definition of Moore-Penrose Inverse we know that $AA^\dagger v = (A^T)^\dagger A^T v $. Below is ...
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Matrix factorization empty rows and columns

I would like to do non negative mf and I wanna ask a question about my main matrix. The question is should I include rows and columns that have no non-zero entry in them. I think if there is not a ...
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Supernodal vs multifrontal factorizations

What are the differences between supernodal and multifrontal matrix factorizations? Can you provide a few references or high-level points about the approaches?
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Rapidly determining whether or not a dense matrix is of low rank

In a software project that I'm working on, certain computations are vastly easier for dense low-rank matrices. Some problem instances involve dense low-rank matrices, but they're given to me in full, ...
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1answer
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Matrix Decomposition of Conics

I was reading about ellipse-ellipse intersection and I came across this article: https://math.stackexchange.com/questions/679622/intersection-between-conic-and-line-in-homogeneous-space/867428#...
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Fastest way to solve a sparse unsymmetric system many times

I have to solve a system $Ax^{(n)} = b^{(n)}$ many times, $A$ being a sparse (pentadiagonal in most part of its structure), unsymmetric, constant matrix. Currently, I am performing the LU ...