Questions tagged [newton-method]

Method for finding successively better approximations to the roots (or zeroes) of a real-valued function

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Solution predictors for accelerating convergence in nonlinear FEM

I am looking for the details of commonly-used predictors for accelerating the convergence of iterations using Newton-Raphson scheme for nonlinear problems in FEM. I am looking specifically for static ...
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1answer
63 views

Coding up Newton's method for a mapping from R^2 to R — the Jacobian wouldn't be invertible

I'm trying to code up in Matlab a multivariable Newton's method, for a mapping from R^2 to R, but the Jacobian would be a 2x1 matrix, not square, so it wouldn't be invertible. Does this mean that ...
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1answer
92 views

Solving system of nonlinear vector functions

I am trying to figure out how to implement a solver for a system of nonlinear equations of the form \begin{align*} u_1 &= y_n + h\left(a_{1,1}f(t_n + c_1 h, u_1) + a_{1,2}f(t_n + c_2 h, u_2)\...
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Quadratic optimization with nonlinear vector term

I wish to minimize the quantity $$W=1/2x^TAx-x^Tg(y)$$ with respect to $x$ and $y$, which are vectors of unknowns. $A$ is a sparse square symmetric positive definite matrix and $g(y)$ is a vector with ...
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Convergence of Truncated Newton for non-convex Hessian

I was wondering if anyone could enlighten me about the convergence properties of the truncated newton method in case of a non-positive definite hessian $\nabla^2 f = H$. From the Book 'Numerical ...
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1answer
26 views

How to check curvature of a vector valued function

In terms of numerical optimization, the newton-rapson method requires a pos. definite Hessian $\nabla^2f$ respectively pos. curvature for computing the next step $p_k$ by solving $$\nabla^2 f p_k = -\...
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1answer
143 views

Constrained Newton-Raphson root finding

Original Question I have a set of non-linear equations and I need to find the root where a subset of my solution vector is constrained to be greater than or equal to 0. I have implemented the Newton-...
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27 views

Solving natural convection equations (heat and flow) with the shooting method (managing 2 boundary values)

TL;DR I've been implementing a python program to solve numerically equations for natural convection based on a particular similarity variable using runge-kutta 4 and the shooting method. However I don'...
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40 views

Inverse Newton Method for optimization: is this the correct algorithm?

I am trying to implement the algorithm in this article. I have already asked a question before about it here, and I am trying to figure out what I am doing wrong. This time, it's this section of the ...
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1answer
87 views

How do I globally change the precision of a piece of code in Python to debug it?

I am solving a system of non-linear equations using the Newton-Raphson method in Python. This involves using the solve(Ax,b) function (...
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117 views

Jacobian-free approach for time-dependent equations for implicit time-stepping

When solving time-dependent non-linear equations, such as the non-linear diffusion equation $$\partial_tu=\nabla\left(D(u)\nabla u\right)$$ usually Newton's method is applied, with (coupled with the ...
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1answer
194 views

Parallelizing Newton-method in solving non-linear systems

Circuit simulation software based on SPICE (such as ngspice) uses Newton-Raphson method to solve non-linear system of equations ...
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1answer
75 views

How to avoid gsl root finder evaluate function outside its domain

When I use the newton's method or hybrid solver in the GSL package to deal with 1-D or multidimensional root solving problems, the code frequently crashes when the solver requests function value ...
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2answers
198 views

Evaluation of slope at iteration ith - Newton-Raphson method

I'd like to know how Ansys computes the slope (=stiffness matrix) at point x1 in figure. I'm studying the way in which Ansys uses the Newton-Raphson method when there are nonlinearities. In the slide ...
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1answer
141 views

Number of GMRES iterations increase when stepping forward in time, using the Newton method

I am solving a system of nonlinear time-dependent equations using the Newton method in a finite-element-setting, i.e. first I create the jacobian matrix for the current time, and afterwards I try to ...
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1answer
183 views

How to use Newton-Raphson method to handle nonlinear terms in coupled system of PDEs?

I'm trying to solve the Nonlinear Schrodinger's Equation (NLSE) in 2D using Finite Elements, but I don't know how to handle the nonlinear term. I suppose I have to apply the Newton-Raphson algortihm ...
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88 views

How to use Wolfe-Powell step-size control in quasi-Newton method?

I'm trying to find the minimum of a function using the quasi-Newton method with the Broyden-Fletcher-Goldfarb-Shanno (BFGS) algorithm. But I want to change the following implementation, so that: 1) ...
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1answer
188 views

Solving nonlinear PDE with finite difference based on Newton-Krylov

I am now working on solving MHD equations with finite difference method, which include nonlinear equations: $$ \frac{\partial\rho}{\partial t}+\nabla\cdot\left[\left(\rho_0+\rho\right){v}\right]-\...
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1answer
191 views

GMRES vs Newton-GMRES for Solving nonlinear PDE's

Often when numerically solving nonlinear PDE's using method of lines approach with an implicit integrator a system of nonlinear equations have to be solved. To be more specific, let's say we have ...
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1answer
98 views

Residual value goes to NaN while solving a system of nonlinear equations

I am solving a system of coupled nonlinear equations using Newton's method, similar to $$\begin{split} c_A(A, B)\partial_tA&=\nabla\left(k_A(A, B)\nabla A\right) + f_A(A, B, t)\\ c_B(A, B)\...
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2answers
126 views

Positive root of $x^q + bx - b$

Is there either a closed-form expression or fast/elegant algorithm for computing the positive root of the polynomial $$f(x)=x^q + \beta x - \beta,$$ where $\beta>0$ and $q\geq2$? How about the $q\...
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1answer
73 views

Product of rank one updates as a low rank update for quasi newton/BFGS

I'm trying to improve the speed of the following iteration to calculate $s_k$: $$B_k^{-1} = \Bigg( I + \frac{s_{k}s_{k-1}^T}{||s_{k-1}||^2}\Bigg)...\Bigg(I+ \frac{s_1s_0^T}{||s_0||^2}\Bigg) B_0^{-1}\\...
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1answer
71 views

Debugging Newton-method used in a CG-approach

I am currently proof-checking my program, which is intended to use Newton's method for solving nonlinear equations, using a continuous galerkin approach. Thus, as first step I checked it using a time-...
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1answer
260 views

Lack of quadratic convergence in Newton's method

It is well-known that Newton's method can converge quadratically, if initial guess is close enough and if the arising linear systems are solved accurately. I am applying Newton's method to highly ill-...
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76 views

Nonlinear system with diagonal nonlinearity

Consider a nonlinear system of the form $\boldsymbol{f}(\boldsymbol{x}) = \boldsymbol{0}_{\mathbb{R}^n}$ for $\boldsymbol{x} \in \mathbb{R}^n$, where the function $\boldsymbol{f}$ is given by \begin{...
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2answers
277 views

Implementation of the Jacobian-free Newton method

In my calculation (of a simple heat equation, for testing) using the Newton method, I tried to replace the full Jacobian matrix with an approximation vector, i.e. replacing $J$ in $$J(u)\delta u=-F(u)...
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1answer
325 views

Defining a condition number and termination criteria for Newton's method

The condition number of function evaluation $$ \mathrm{cond}(f,x) := \left| \frac{x f'(x)}{f(x)} \right| $$ is infinite at a root of $f$. Hence it is useless for rescaling a tolerance which defines an ...
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1answer
167 views

Shooting method implementation

I have a trouble of defining a Jacobian matrix for my problem. Basically, I have 4 differential equations to be solved. $$ \begin{aligned} \dot x_1(t)&=x_2(t)\\ \dot x_2(t)&=p_2(t)−\sqrt 2 ...
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1answer
437 views

Computational complexity of Newton's method

the classical Newton's method for non-linear systems of equations is $x_{k+1} =x_k-J_F(x_n)^{-1} F(x_n)$. In pratice, rather than compute the inverse of the Jacobian matrix, one solves the systems $...
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Imbalance of variables in Mixing Newton's method and Linear solver for a Non-linear system

Problem Solving a non-linear system of equations. The number of variables is the same as the number of equations. When I fix a set of variables (say $\vec{y}$) and keep another set free (say $\vec{...
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1answer
104 views

Newton's method problem

I struggle with this problem: I understand how to apply Newton's method to a already given function but I can't seem to find that function in this case from the given input n, t, d and s. I'm ...
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1answer
106 views

Root finding using Newton's method with quadratic interpolation - Is there a mistake in this textbook?

I've been trying to learn about root finding using Newton's method, which uses a quadratic interpolating polynomial. I found this text, Numerical methods for roots of polynomials, PART 2: McNamee &...
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1answer
97 views

Muller's method is the same as Newton's method with a quadratic interpolating polynomial?

I'm new to numerical analysis, and have been learning root finding algorithms. I am a bit confused about the difference between Muller's method, and Newton's method using an n-degree interpolating ...
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173 views

Difference between Dishonest Newton method and Very Dishonest Newton method

What is the difference between the Dishonest Newton method and the Very Dishonest Newton method? Is there a difference or do they mean the same thing? I have tried searching for this on the internet ...
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2answers
584 views

Which SciPy nonlinear solver when Jacobian is analytically known and sparse?

I have a nonlinear function fun with n inputs and n outputs. I also have a function jac which calculates the Jacobian, which is ...
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0answers
225 views

How to prevent BFGS from getting stuck on astronomically large gradient?

I have implemented BFGS myself from scratch in order to solve minimization problems. Part of BFGS, as I understand it, is that the approximation to the Hessian is supposed to be positive definite, ...
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2answers
4k views

How does one calculate reaction force in FEA?

I wrote a UEL (User Element in Abaqus) for one element and compared to a reference UEL which used standard FEM, where the results agreed satisfactorily, except the reaction force. The stress, strain, ...
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1answer
126 views

Can redundant variables be beneficial for root-finding convergence

Suppose I have $n$ generally nonlinear equations for $n$ variables, like e.g. for $n=2$ the system $F(x,y)=0$ $$ \begin{aligned} x^2+2y-4&=0\\ \sqrt{8}x+y^2-5&=0 \end{aligned} $$ By ...
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2answers
158 views

Nédélec Elements and Newton-Methods

If you want to develop numerical algorithms for variational inequalities, you often choose a Semismooth Newton Method. In many cases, this approach involves derivatives of $\max$ or $\min$ functions ...
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375 views

How to calculate/derive analytic FEM Newton Jacobian

I trying to wrap my head of derivation of the analytic FEM Jacobian for the Newton method. Say we have a nonlinear Poisson problem of the (weak) form $$ \int a(u)\nabla\ u\cdot \nabla v = \int f v $$ ...
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413 views

Vectorised root finding in Python

I have an array of size (254, 80) which I am trying to use Scipy's fsolve on. I have found that the speed of using fsolve on a vector is quicker than it is in a for loop but only for vectors upto ...
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540 views

Newton - Raphson method : maxima of function in 2 variables

I am computing the maximum of a function (with two-variables) using Newton-Raphson method. The function is : $e^{-(x \ - x_0)^2 - (y \ - y_0)^2}$, whose maxima exists at $(x_0,y_0)$. The Jacobian ...
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3answers
347 views

How can I use Projected Gradient Descent for this optimization problem with constraint?

Suppose $ q $ and $ A $ are given and that $ q, p \in R^{N} $ and $ A \in R^{NxN} $, then how can I find the vector $ p $ such that $$ (q - p)^{T}A(q - p) $$ is minimized constraint to $ \sum_{i=1}^{...
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75 views

Successive iteration method for solving eigenvalue ploblem

I have a question concerning the branch of successive iteration methods (Newton, Runge-Kutta). I definitely know (or can read in Wikipedia) the implementation of these methods. But I was wondering ...
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133 views

Jacobian of the electron and hole drift diffusion equations with respect to potential in semiconductors

These are the discretized drift diffusion equations as taken from the book "Analysis and Simulation of Semiconductor Devices". The electron continuity equation is: $$((\Delta_{j-1}^y+\Delta_j^y)/2\...
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1answer
131 views

Newton's method stagnates at small error

I have a system of the form $$A(u)f(u)=b$$ where $A$ is basically a matrix originating from the Finite Element Method. I try to solve it using the Newton method: $$R = A(u_{i}) f(u_{i}) - b $$ $$...
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85 views

Using Newton-Raphson method to solve the hydrostatic equation

I'm trying to use newton-raphson method for nonlinear systems of equations as described in 'Numerical recipies' book in chapter 9.6 to solve the hydrostatic equation for a polytropic star. For each ...
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1answer
1k views

Newton's method with box-constraints

I have to use an iterative method (Newton-Raphson, modified Newton and Broyden) to solve a system of nonlinear equations $f(x)=0$. Every unknown $x_i$ is bounded between $l_i$ and $u_i$, i.e., $l_i<...
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0answers
103 views

Optimization based integration for MPM

I'm considering implementing (just for simplicity) the unconstrained implicit optimization based integration for Material Point Method as described in Chenfanfu Jiang's thesis on MPM (the minimization ...
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350 views

Does applying the Newton-Raphson iteration for matrix reciprocal refine a matrix inverse from LU/GE?

This is a follow-up to this answer. Suppose you have a possibly very ill-conditioned matrix $A$, and you compute its inverse with LU/GE to get $X_{\text{lu}}\approx A^{-1}$. The Newton-Raphson ...