Questions tagged [numerical-modelling]

The tag has no usage guidance.

Filter by
Sorted by
Tagged with
2
votes
0answers
41 views

Solving Stokes Equations in 3D - Do I need to treat pressure-velocity coupling iteratively?

I need to develop a code to solve Stokes Equations in 3D in cubic geometries (structured grid, uniform mesh spacing). My code needs to take a pressure gradient in one direction as a BC (pinlet=p1, ...
0
votes
0answers
18 views

At what l/d ratio will a frame element start to behave as a shell element?

I'm working in ETABS. There are few columns of dimension 300mmx1400mm. The height of building is 36.6 meter above ground level and the dimension of building is 26mx68m. I'm getting the time period of ...
0
votes
0answers
59 views

Change one inlet boundary condition

This is a problem in modeling in hydraulic fracturing field. It's quite long so hopefully someone can patiently read and help me. The equation numbers are match those of the reference paper by ...
3
votes
0answers
49 views

How to construct a Fortin Operator for Crouzeix-Raviart Element?

I want to prove the LBB condition for the Stokes Equations discretised by the Crouzeix-Raviart element. The continuous Stokes Equation in the weak formulation is Find $u \in H_0^1(\Omega, \mathbb{R}^...
3
votes
1answer
77 views

Finite difference methods in cylindrical and spherical co-ordinate systems

I am quite familiar with finite difference schemes in cartesian coordinates. The key point here is that every point in the cartesian grid is treated equally as the spacing between consecutive points ...
3
votes
1answer
118 views

Suggestions for scientific computing projects to undertake to sharpen core skills

Currently I am completing all exercises in books like "Introduction to Python for Science and Engineering, David Pine" and "Guid to Scientific Computing in C++, Pitt-Francis, Whitley". I am looking ...
1
vote
0answers
20 views

Finding isocontour lines, populating points on said lines (in MATLAB)

I'm trying to extract data from a potential field. I have an example code of a potential field, using meshgrid in MATLAB. I've pasted the code below. What I'd like to do next is 'convert' this field ...
1
vote
0answers
37 views

Advice for a topic in a seminar

I am a master student in Mathematics, and I have to prepare a seminar for a course in mathematical methods for applied sciences. I have a good background in numerical analysis for ODEs, PDEs and hence ...
6
votes
1answer
248 views

What kind of a researcher am I?

So far, I've worked a bit in modeling, simulations and simple lab experiments, and I've really enjoyed all three research methods to approach a single research question. I can write tricky (in terms ...
0
votes
0answers
73 views

Numerical flow visualization in 2D for a moving boundary,

I have a rigid body that moves according to a set of governing ODEs, and I'd like to numerically visualize the vortices that are shed by this object. How could I proceed? I've been reading up on the ...
0
votes
1answer
125 views

How to visualize the vorticity / flow for a rigid body moving through a fluid?

How can I write down two-dimensional Navier-Stokes equations for a simple rigid object immersed in a flow and freely falling due to gravity? I'm trying to view the vorticity that's induced by the ...
3
votes
1answer
83 views

Difference between phenomenological modeling and mathematical modeling

Is there a difference between phenomenological modeling and mathematical modeling? When reading a few journal papers, I often see the former being used -- is it just fancier wording? If it's relevant,...
1
vote
1answer
56 views

When is a dynamical system discrete vs. continuous?

I have a basic question to ask: Let's say I am reading a paper which gives a good model that consists of a set of ordinary differential equations, with first and second derivatives. Continuity is a ...
4
votes
1answer
88 views

What's the right choice of variable settings for setting up my optimal control problem?

This is a followup to my previous question here I have the following dynamical system, $\frac{d \phi}{dt} = -M^TDM\phi \tag{1}\label{1}$ $\frac{d \hat\phi}{dt} = -M^T\tilde{D}M\hat \phi \tag{2} \...
6
votes
2answers
213 views

Numerical flux and source term in FVM (Burger's like equation)

I'm trying to solve the following equation with FVM $$u_t + f(u)_x = g(u)$$ where $g$ is some smooth function of $u$ and $f(u) = \frac{u^2}{2}$. This is really similar to Burger's equation, except ...
1
vote
1answer
57 views

How long should the hyperelastic equations be solved before updating the mesh?

How long should the hyperelastic equations be solved before updating the mesh? To be specific, I'm interested in the hyperelastic model with a neo-Hookean solid: $$ \nabla\cdot\sigma + f = \rho\ddot{...
1
vote
0answers
68 views

Compute mass matrix in vibrations problem by using finite element method

I have to compute the mass matrix of a Hexahedral mesh. There are 3 methods to compute mass matrix. I'm interested in one method which consists of dividing the mass of the element by the number of ...
4
votes
1answer
121 views

Which optimization method can be used to do the following?

I've the following system of equations for studying information flow in the below graph, $$ \frac{d \phi}{dt} = -M^TDM\phi + \text{noise effects} \hspace{1cm} (1)$$ Here, M is the incidence ...
1
vote
3answers
149 views

What numerical methods are used to model deformations in elastic physics?

What numerical methods are used to model deformations in elastic physics? For example, here's an example of a hyperelastic deformation in Ansys: Perhaps more simply than hyperelasticity, for linear ...
2
votes
1answer
140 views

Question on how MATLAB's pdepe solver works

I'm solving the following 1D transport equation in MATLAB's pdepe solver. $$\frac{\partial C}{\partial t} = D\frac{\partial ^2 C}{\partial x^2}-v\frac{\partial C}{\partial x}$$ At the inlet (left ...
1
vote
2answers
209 views

How to simulate over 1 billion particles?

I want to simulate human erythrocytes in capillaries. I calculated, that for a 1 meter long and 1 mm in diameter capillary there are about 3 billion blood cells. Erythrocytes are actually discs, but ...
3
votes
1answer
91 views

Can one publish a new model and simulation without physical experiments?

When I read strong papers from, say, the Journal of Fluid Mechanics, a simple model, simulations and physical experimental results are given, showing good agreement. Can one publish a new model and ...
0
votes
2answers
113 views

What's a nice simple PDE to play with in Matlab?

I want to learn a very simple PDE to gain physical and mathematical intuition—a PDE with just one spatial dimension $x$ and a time dimension $t$. And, I want to write code for it in Matlab and use a ...
1
vote
2answers
124 views

Solving a 1D diffusion equation with linear and nonlinear source terms

I would like to numerically solve the following equation: $$\frac{\partial \rho (z,t)}{\partial t} = B(N_D \rho (z,t) + \rho(z,t)^2) + D \frac{\partial^2 \rho (z,t)}{\partial z^2}$$ with the boundary ...
4
votes
1answer
94 views

Modelling flow through pipe networks

I'm trying to educate myself on modelling solute flows through pipe networks. This is a follow up of my previous post here $$\frac{\partial C}{\partial t} = - v\frac{\partial C}{\partial x}$$ While ...
2
votes
1answer
98 views

Does mass balance hold in convective diffusion

I'm trying to understand how convection-diffusion equations are solved in pipe flow modules available in CFD solvers. $$ \frac{\partial C}{\partial t} + \nabla \cdot (\mathbf{v} C) = \nabla \cdot (D \...
0
votes
1answer
116 views

Why is modeling a physical system with ODEs sufficient?

I've read a few papers in dynamical systems where the model equations are sets of ODEs, with the state space, say, the spatial variables x, y, z, and an angle variable phi all evolving forward in time....
2
votes
1answer
66 views

How to set up a time-dependant matrix for an ODE to be solved using python?

I want to solve a problem numerically in python like this: $$ y(t)' = \mathbf{M}(t)y ,\\ y(0) = (1,0,0,0 ...) $$ where $y$ is an $n$-dimensional vector and $\mathbf{M}(t)$ is a time-dependant $n \...
5
votes
2answers
147 views

Is the diffusion equation with Neumann and Dirichlet BCs well-posed?

I am considering the following diffusion equation: $$\frac{\partial f}{\partial t} = \frac{\partial}{\partial x}[D(x,t)\frac{\partial f}{\partial x}]$$ over a grid ...
1
vote
0answers
62 views

Solving diffusion equation using finite difference method

I am solving an 1-dimensional diffusion equation with Neumann boundary condition at outlet and constant concentration, C, at the inlet. In the end, I want to observe how the concentration diffuses ...
0
votes
1answer
148 views

Robin Boundary Condition with Implicit Upwind - Finite Difference Method for 2D Convection-Diffusion Equation

I am trying to solve a problem with 2D Convection-Diffusion equation with U = Concentration ($mg/m^{2}$) using Implicit Upwind Finite Difference Method like this $$ \frac{\partial U}{\partial t} + ...
0
votes
0answers
70 views

How one can simulate a system given by differential equation?

I want to simulate a diffusion environment given by the differential equation $$\frac{\partial u(x,y,t)}{\partial t}=D\left(\frac{\partial^2 u(x,y,t)}{\partial x^2}+\frac{\partial^2 u(x,y,t)}{\...
1
vote
1answer
64 views

What is the exponential trick to include laplacian term in Rayleigh-Bernard simulation

I have come across a Rayleigh-Bernard simulation code which doesn't have the laplacian term but an integrating factor (in the exponential form) containing viscosity and diffusivity. I found out that ...
6
votes
0answers
125 views

What are some good debugging habits for numerical simulation?

I'm currently writing a lid drive cavity CFD code on python. Currently, my code has some issues (values jumping bear b.c). I was wondering what are some good habits in debugging numerical codes. ...
0
votes
2answers
511 views

(FEM) 1D time-dependent heat equation convergence problem

I'm simulating a simple 3-node bar with convection BCs at the edges to validate my FEM code. The following data was used: Initial temperature = 25 ºC Temperature surrounding the rod = 10 ºC Thermal ...
15
votes
5answers
1k views

Why does the numerical solution of an ODE move away from an unstable equilibrium?

I wish to simulate the behaviour of a double-pendulum-like system. The system is a 2-degrees-of-freedom robot manipulator that is not actuated and will, therefore, behave mostly like a double-pendulum ...
7
votes
2answers
613 views

Spectral Element vs Finite Element

I am trying to understand the difference between SEM and FEM. If I go by this paper, spectral element methods are a subset of FEM methods and the only difference lies in the choice of basis functions. ...
0
votes
0answers
66 views

The final Boundary Condition is Unknown, Is Backward Euler is still valid to be implemented?

I am working on conductive polymer modeling and supposed to do one-dimensional diffusion model in the thickness of the polymer, however, due to the small value of thickness in micro, when I use the ...
2
votes
0answers
87 views

How to implement adaptive step size Runge-Kutta Cash-Karp?

Trying to implement an adaptive step size Runge-Kutta Cash-Karp but failing with this error: ...
2
votes
1answer
338 views

Analytical Solution of Transport Equation

I'm looking at the analytical solution of the convection-diffusion equation $$\frac{\partial C}{\partial t} = D\frac{\partial ^2 C}{\partial x^2}-v\frac{\partial C}{\partial x}$$ with initial ...
0
votes
1answer
52 views

Changing the domain of a 3D Finite Difference code from cube to sphere

I have an explicit FD (Finite Difference) code for diffusion/heat on a PDE in a cuboid domain, and it works fine. I would like to update the discretized equations and change the code so as to solve ...
0
votes
1answer
50 views

Given co-ordinates of 8 vertices, how to calculate the outward normal and surface area for each face of a irregular hexahedron?

I am working on an FEA mesh of hexahedron elements. The elemental level calculations involve finding the surface normals and area for each surface of a hex element. I preferred the vector cross ...
2
votes
0answers
139 views

Are there known accuracy issues between 2D axisymmetric and 3D solutions?

In my full 3D solutions I am solving for the potential throughout a $100\times 200\times 200$ grid. Inside is a ring electrode set to -5V via a Dirichlet boundary condition, and surrounded on all ...
1
vote
1answer
185 views

Libraries to deal with unstructured grids

I am dealing with a *.cgns file. This mesh format, when saved as an unstructured grid, holds nodes coordinates, nodes connectivity per element and boundary ...
3
votes
2answers
145 views

Computational cost comparison of DNS and SPH

I may be incorrect, but it seems like commercial graphics codes typically use smoothed particle hydrodynamics (SPH) to produce stunning simulations and not continuum based methods. Why is this? Is SPH ...
1
vote
1answer
87 views

Multi-steps method for Navier-stokes equations with strongly nonlinear diffusion

I am trying to solve a particular form of the Euler / Navier-Stokes equations in 1D, with very strong and non-linear diffusion coefficients. My system of equations is \begin{cases} \...
1
vote
1answer
178 views

Integrating direct dynamics form more than 1 second does not give back the correct result

I am trying to simulate a robot manipulator dynamics in SciLab. Basically, I generated a step function that has constant acceleration for half of the time and then the same acceleration but negative ...
5
votes
1answer
897 views

Solving for a set of coupled ODEs to get correct variable values

My question is about how I can solve a coupled system of ODE's, and print out the variables in a plot. I am solving for an q value and an e value, seen in this set of coupled ODE's below: $$ \begin{...
1
vote
2answers
69 views

Operator splitting for 4 subproblems

Typically an ODE System which involves 2 different physical problems such as diffusion and advection can be numerically approached by the well known Strang operator splitting scheme. I'm wondering if ...
1
vote
0answers
39 views

Limit to volume change in a discretized mathematical model?

I have set up a mathematical model describing the diffusion of ozone out of a gas bubble. The bubble is surrounded by a thin gas film. So actually, the model describes the diffusion of ozone through ...