Questions tagged [numerics]

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2
votes
1answer
56 views

Why do we have to resort to Higher order schemes for solving the 1-D advection equation/ continuity equation?

\begin{equation} \begin{aligned} \frac{\partial N}{\partial t} &+ \frac{\partial J}{\partial r} = 0, \\ \frac{\partial N}{\partial t} &+ \frac{\partial }{\partial r}(N \upsilon ...
-1
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0answers
40 views

Implementing fourth-order PDE into COMSOL

I would like to solve the following partial differential equation for the scalar function $\Psi(x,z)$: $$\epsilon^2\nabla^4 \Psi - \dfrac{\partial^2 \Psi}{\partial x^2}=0$$ on the domain $\Omega_\rm{f}...
-1
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1answer
42 views

Howo to implement complex step derivative for complex functions?

I have a complex analytic function of which I want to take the numerical derivative. \begin{align} f(z) &\equiv f(x,y) = u(x,y) + i v(x,y) \\ \frac{d f(z)}{d z} & = \lim_{h \to 0} \frac{f(z + ...
1
vote
1answer
74 views

Solving numerically the 1D Kuramoto-Sivashinsky Equation using spectral methods

Lately, I've been trying to solve numerically the 1D Kuramoto-Sivashinsky Equation using spectral methods. Let $\nu$ be the viscosity and $[0,L]$ the domain. The 1D equation is, $$ u_t + uu_x + u_{xx} ...
11
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2answers
197 views

Benchmark problems for eigenvalue reordering algorithms sought

Every real matrix $A$ can be reduce to real Schur form $T = U^T A U$ using an orthogonal similiary transform $U$. Here the matrix $T$ is quasi-triangular form with 1 by 1 or 2 by 2 blocks on the main ...
3
votes
2answers
155 views

How to solve second order coupled non linear differential equations

For a project I am doing, I have to solve the following system of differential equations numerically using my own code: $$ x^2K'' = KH^2 + K(K^2-1) $$ and, $$ x^2H'' = 2K^2H + \alpha H(H^2-x^2) $$ ...
0
votes
1answer
54 views

Error using scipy.integrate.solve_ivp: index error: the index 0 is out of bounds for axis 0 with size 0

I am recently working on the code based on the stick-slip phenomenon in Python. It's the stick-slip oscillator (chapter 3.4) in https://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/pii/S0888327020301205. And ...
17
votes
1answer
2k views

How to Run MPI-3.0 in shared memory mode like OpenMP

I am parallelizing code to numerically solve a 5 Dimensional population balance model. Currently I have a very good MPICH2 parallelized code in FORTRAN but as we increase parameter values the arrays ...
2
votes
4answers
130 views

Eigenvalue decomposition for a very huge matrix of medical images (such as the pixel physical coordinates of CT images)

I am trying to do eigenvalue decomposition for a huge matrix larger than 788000×788000 for medical image analysis. The matrix is not sparse and every element in the matrix has a real value. And, for ...
2
votes
1answer
517 views

1-D turbulent energy spectra in homogeneous direction (non-isotropic)

I am trying to compute the one-dimensional energy spectra for my channel-flow simulation. I have already written a post-processing script to achieve this; however, I need to validate my code before ...
3
votes
1answer
334 views

Time Reversibility of Velocity Verlet Algorithm

I'm very new to computational Physics and am finding conflicting statements on whether the velocity Verlet algorithm, defined as: $\begin{align} x_{n+1} &= x_n + v_n \Delta t + \frac{1}{2} a_n \...
0
votes
1answer
82 views

Numerical integrator for $a'(t)=e^{-a(t)}f(t)$

Suppose I know a function $f(t)$ and all its derivatives in $t$ in closed form. Given $a(0)$ and some $t_0>0$, I'm looking for an explicit integrator that can estimate $a(t_0)$, where $a(\cdot)$ ...
0
votes
1answer
97 views

interface value on the error equation

https://www.jstor.org/stable/pdf/2157482.pdf, here I have a problem in last equation of (2.6) in section (2.1). When they are considering error equation on the interface $\Gamma$ they get $e_v^{(n)} = ...
2
votes
1answer
908 views

Local truncation error of Dufort Frankel Scheme

The scheme is given by $$\frac{v_m^{n+1}-v_m^{n-1}}{2k} + b\frac{v_m^{n+1}+v_m^{n-1}-v_{m-1}^n-v_{m+1}^n}{h^2} = 0$$ where $v_m^n$ is the numerical solution at the $m^\text{th}$ spatial coordinate ...
0
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0answers
25 views

How to efficiently perform this 2D integral in Quadpy?

I need to integrate a function defined in 2Dims (z and radius r), for which I don't have an expression. I can just query the ...
1
vote
1answer
102 views

Accuracy gap for apparently stable solution

I was reasoning about the behaviour of the methods I'm using for my simulation and I noticed that, considering $h_s$ as the timestep over which I have unstable solutions and $h_a$ as the timestep ...
0
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0answers
36 views

Blown-up iterates in Gauss-Newton method

I am working on a non-linear least squares problem with standard form, in which I need to calibrate a parameter vector $\Theta$ to a set of inputs $\mathbf{x}$ and outputs $\mathbf{y}$: $$\begin{align}...
2
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3answers
158 views

Linear solver recommendation(s) for small problems

I am interested in solving many linear systems $Ax = b$, where $A$ is symmetric positive definite and small (i.e. less than 25,000 rows) --- $b$ will be changing. We can assume that $A$ arises from ...
2
votes
1answer
136 views

Solving Cahn-Hilliard equation using semi-implicit Fourier spectral methods

So, I have written both a C and python code to solve the 2D Cahn-Hilliard equation: \begin{equation} \frac{\partial c}{\partial t} = \nabla^2\left(c^3 - c - \kappa\nabla^2c\right) \end{equation} ...
1
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0answers
36 views

discretization of advection diffusion with variable coefficients

I am looking for help to find a somewhat stable FD numerical scheme for the advection diffusion equation posed on a curve $(x(r),y(r))$. The equation becomes $$u_t=\alpha(r) u_r +\beta(r) u_{rr}+f(r,t)...
2
votes
0answers
22 views

Errors in Integral Estimate of Gaussian using Trapezoidal Rule

I'm trying to estimate the percentage error in computing the integral of a Gaussian via composite trapezoidal rule versus via an exact formula. To do this I've generated a gaussian with mean 0, ...
0
votes
1answer
49 views

finding boundary conditions when transforming a higher order ode to system of first order ode

given the following ODE: $$\frac{d^{4}w}{dx^{4}} + B\frac{d^{2}w}{dx^{2}} = 1$$ with boundary conditions $w(0) =0 , w(1) = 0,w'(0) = 0,w'(1) = 0$ its possible to solve analytically but I am attempting ...
0
votes
1answer
54 views

High Running Time and Suboptimal Accuracy of 2D Wave Equation Solver with Finite Differences

Im trying to solve the following 2D wave equation: $$u_{tt} = u_{xx} + u_{yy}, \hspace{3mm} u(x,y,0) = \cos(4 \pi x) \sin(4 \pi y), \hspace{3mm} u_t(x,y,0) = 0$$ with the periodic boundary condition ...
2
votes
1answer
57 views

Initial condition precision

Is there a way to have an estimate of the error propagated on an ode numerical solution by the error of the initial conditions? I suppose this depend on the numerical method used and on the problem ...
0
votes
1answer
57 views

2 point BVP solver: how to compute errors

Background I am working with chapter 2 in LeVeque's book: https://faculty.washington.edu/rjl/fdmbook/ I have build my own solver in Python to solve the 2 point BVP: $$ \epsilon u''+u(u'-1) =0 , \\ u(0)...
1
vote
1answer
263 views

Robin Boundary Condition with Implicit Upwind - Finite Difference Method for 2D Convection-Diffusion Equation

I am trying to solve a problem with 2D Convection-Diffusion equation with U = Concentration ($mg/m^{2}$) using Implicit Upwind Finite Difference Method like this $$ \frac{\partial U}{\partial t} + ...
0
votes
1answer
105 views

Trouble Implementing 1d Wave Equation Finite Difference Solver

Im trying to solve the 1d Wave Equation on $x \in \mathbb{R}, t > 0$: $$u_{tt} = c^2u_{xx}, \hspace{5mm} u(x,0) = \cos(4 \pi x), \hspace{5mm} u_t(x,0) = 0$$ with $c = 1$ and a periodic boundary ...
1
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0answers
41 views

Solving two field Schrodinger-Poisson system numerically

I want to solve the system of Schrodinger-Poisson equations numerically: \begin{align} \chi_1''(r) + \frac{2}{r}\chi_1'(r)&=2U(r)\chi_1(r) \\ \chi_2''(r) + \frac{2}{r}\chi_2'(r)&=2\...
-2
votes
1answer
66 views

Forward Euler Adaptive Step Size Stability

Given with a generalization using adaptive times-stepping as then is it still reasonable to assume that to ensure stability of the Euler’s forward method we need the growth factor for all n to be ...
1
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0answers
35 views

Energy cannot decent during optimization despite non-zero gradient

Assume we have an (at least) 2nd-order differentiable energy $f(x), x\in R^n.$ And $n$ is very big. Mathematically, I think it is impossible to find a point $\bar{x}$ where the energy cannot be ...
-1
votes
1answer
59 views

illegal use of ODEINT

given the following system: $$\frac{dP}{dt} = \alpha P(1-\frac{P}{K}) - \beta P I$$ $$\frac{dI}{dt} = \beta P I - \rho I$$ how do I solve the system numerically. as when I attempt to solve this is the ...
2
votes
1answer
66 views

Linearization of Remez algorithm rational case

In the rational case, we are interested to find polynomials $P(x)$ and $Q(x)$ s.t. $f(x_k)-P(x_k)/Q(x_k)=(-1)^kE$ for $k=1,2,\ldots, N$ where $N=deg(P)+deg(Q)+2$ This can be rewritten as $$ (1)~~~~~~(...
3
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0answers
46 views

Difference between wave vector and density matrix in numerical calculation of Schrödinger equation

I solved Schrödinger equation for a following tow-level time-dependent Hamiltonian numerically in two ways: ...
0
votes
1answer
147 views

Perturbation problem using Runge-Kutta 4

I'm trying to evaluate the perturbations magnitude between 2 body orbiting a central one in three dimensions. In order to do this I need to have an estimate of the error, which I did using Richardson ...
1
vote
1answer
148 views

Drawing saddle node bifurcation diagram for a non-linear ODE in Python

I'm trying to draw the bifurcation diagram of the following ODE, This ODE leads to a saddle-node bifurcation (see wiki) However what I get is not exactly right. There's a lot of "noise" as ...
0
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0answers
126 views

Numerov method for solving Schrödinger equation

I have just begun learning computer science to apply it to Physics and I am trying to write a code for solving Schrödinger's equation of the harmonic oscillator (setting $V=\frac{x^2}{2}$) in one ...
2
votes
2answers
133 views

Accelerating convergence of a generalized continued fraction

I wish to compute $$ \frac{1}{1 + \frac{1^3}{1 + \frac{2^3}{1 + \frac{3^3}{1+\cdots} } } } $$ to high accuracy. To start, I tried computing $$ \frac{1}{1 + \frac{1^2}{1 + \frac{2^2}{1 + \frac{3^2}{1+\...
1
vote
1answer
106 views

Reference request: C++ and numerical analysis book

I'm a master student with a good Numerical analysis background. I'm going to do a master thesis in the same subject, but I need to use C++ since my advisor loves it, and I also believe it's the best ...
2
votes
1answer
202 views

Comparing numerical solutions with very different time grids

I've read an article (Long-term integrations and stability of planetary orbits in our Solar system) in which the authors solved the problem of the absence of an analytical solution for the solar ...
1
vote
1answer
74 views

Calculate the arc length of a Steinmetz curve numerically

I'd like to know the length made by the intersection curve of two orthogonal cylinders of different radii a and b where a > b >0. I came across this post that provides a solution with an ...
2
votes
0answers
147 views

Best way to compute given functional with accuracy:

I need to plot the following functional with accuracy: $$ I(x,s) =\int_0^\infty\mathrm dy \frac{F(x + \mathrm iy,s) − F(x −\mathrm iy,s)}{\mathrm e^{2πy}-1}, $$ Where $ F(z,s) = \dfrac{1}{z^s\Gamma(\...
-2
votes
1answer
39 views

Solving differential equation by setting vectorization `on` in MATLAB

This is a follow up to my previous question posted here. I've set up an ode system in MATLAB and I'm trying to vectorize the code to increase the speed of computation. The follow is the code for my ...
0
votes
1answer
55 views

Solving differential equation by specifying jacobian pattern

This is a follow up to my previous question posted here I'm trying to construct the sparsity pattern of the jacobian matrix to speed up the computation of a large system of odes. The following is the ...
3
votes
1answer
94 views

Anomaly in 2-body simulation error

I've generated a solution for a planet motion around the Sun (placed at the reference frame center). I wanted to test what would I get for the error of the method I'm using (Runge Kutta with 4 stages, ...
0
votes
0answers
64 views

Sparse linear solver in fortran working with REAL16

I need some (direct) sparse linear solver for fortran, which works with REAL16 data type. Any suggestions? Both Pardiso and MUMPS support only REAL8. (identical question: https://math.stackexchange....
1
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0answers
36 views

Are FDS scheme and ROE-FDS scheme the same?

In SU2 documentation about the numerical schemes (https://su2code.github.io/docs_v7/Convective-Schemes/) FDS is mentioned as a "standalone" method. Yet, when looking online for more ...
0
votes
1answer
95 views

Interpreting multivariable root-finding results from Matlab's fsolve algorithm

Edit: So I was able to get the same value of r that's given, when coding up the sum of squares of function values directly in the script file, rather than on the Command Window. So, maybe there's a ...
0
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0answers
61 views

Shape recognition of tangientially connected polygons using openCV

Lately, I have encountered the following problem, namely how to recognize the shapes of particular polygons. I have realized that quite straightforward to do so when the polygons are separated by ...
8
votes
2answers
8k views

Use of machine learning in computational fluid dynamics

Background: I have only built one working numeric solution to 2d Navier-Stokes, for a course. It was a solution for lid-driven cavity flow. The course, however, discussed a number of schemas for ...
-1
votes
1answer
480 views

Imposing periodic boundary condition for linear advection equation - Node problem

I've spent the whole day trying to figure out what is the correct way to impose (and implement) periodic boundary conditions $u(0,t)=u(1,t)$ for all $t>0$ for the simple advection equation $u_t + v ...

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