Questions tagged [numpy]

NumPy is the fundamental package for scientific computing with Python.

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120 views

Specifying mesh spacing for DFT in numpy

I was testing the .fft package of numpy 1.16.1 in Python 3.7.2. In particular I was trying to verify that the transform resembles the analytical one for: $$f(x) = \mathrm{exp}\left[-\left(\frac{x-5}{2}...
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2answers
160 views

Calculate determinant of unitary matrices based on SVD implementation

I have a real square matrix $X$ which I need to perform a Singular Value Decomposition on. Now, performing the operation $$ X = USV^T $$ as $U$ and $V$ are orthogonal, we know that $\det(X)=\pm\det(S)$...
11
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1answer
703 views

Fast Automatic Differentiation for numpy?

I would like to use automatic differentiation to calculate gradients to function written in numpy. I've come across a number of packages, including autograd tangent chainer But none of them seem ...
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2answers
278 views

Is it possible to partition 2D data into bins such that each bin contains the same number of samples?

I am trying to sort data following a bivariate distribution into a numpy histogramdd, where each bin should contain the same number of data points (to the nearest whole sample). I expect that some ...
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1answer
179 views

solve_ivp from scipy does not integrate the whole range of tspan

I'm trying to use solve_ivp from scipy in Python to solve an IVP. I specified the tspan ...
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2answers
119 views

Implementation of $[X, \cdot]$ as an $n^2 \times n^2$ matrix, where $X$ is an $n \times n$ matrix

Let $M_n(\mathbb{R})$ denote the set of $n\times n$ matrices with real entries. I have an $n\times n$ matrix $X\in M_n(\mathbb{R})$, and I would like to implement the linear operator $[X, \cdot] : M_n(...
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127 views

Getting euclidean distance between vector A and C without anyway of retrieving them when their distances with a common vector B is known

Motivation: My plan is to get the overall euclidean distance matrix for all the vectors in N number of dataset. Each dataset is basically an array of n-dimensional points. For e.g: A dataset can be ...
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0answers
43 views

Plotting the motion of a positive charge in a cylindrically symmetric magnetic field

I want to plot the motion of a positive charge in a cylindrically symmetric magnetic field. I am assuming a cylinder around the z-axis, with the magnetic field going in clockwise direction. The B-...
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1answer
171 views

Reason behind different outputs for Fast Fourier Transform in Numpy and Matlab

Here is the output of Numpy np.fft.ifft([0, 4, 0, 0]) array([ 1.+0.j, 0.+1.j, -1.+0.j, 0.-1.j]) # may vary Here is the output of Matlab ...
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0answers
56 views

Solving multiple linear regression in parallel

I am working on a problem where I need to solve approximately 500 Million Linear Regressions (OLS). What would be the most efficient way to do this (e.g. using GPU or a some framework that can do this ...
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1answer
166 views

Using ODE to plot particle-motion with scipy.integrate.solve_ivp

My Problem: A positively charged particle (mass = 2 * 10-27 kg) is moving along the x-axis. It is travelling in a homogenous magnetic field such that the field axis in z-direction. The energy of the ...
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2answers
90 views

numerical solution for differential equation

I have these 3 equations and i want to solve them with numerical methods. so I am using scipy library but I don't know how to solve 3 equations together. R, g, sigma and density are constants. \begin{...
3
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1answer
40 views

Forming a particular (averaged) block matrix with numpy

Say I have a set of $n \times n$ matrices $A_1, ..., A_m$ as numpy arrays. I'd like to create the block matrix defined below. I'm looking for a clean, elegant, and easy-to-interpret way of doing this ...
1
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1answer
128 views

How do I find the portion of a cell/voxel lying within a defined surface?

We have a 3-dimensional grid of voxels (or cells), with individual voxels being of volume $dx\,dy\,dz$ where $dx=dy=dz=1$. A cone-like surface is defined by some function, $z = f(x, y)$, which in ...
3
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1answer
108 views

Lanczos algorithm for finding top eigenvalues of a matrix sum

I am trying to find the top k leading eigenvalues of a NumPy matrix (using python dot product notation) L@L + a*X@X.T, where $L$ ...
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2answers
87 views

Validating that a code is a good spherical code

Apologies if this is a trivial question. If that is the case I imagine I would benefit from someone explaining where my understanding is lacking. I am having some trouble interpreting the (putatively ...
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1answer
96 views

illegal use of ODEINT

given the following system: $$\frac{dP}{dt} = \alpha P(1-\frac{P}{K}) - \beta P I$$ $$\frac{dI}{dt} = \beta P I - \rho I$$ how do I solve the system numerically. as when I attempt to solve this is the ...
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56 views

Difference between wave vector and density matrix in numerical calculation of Schrödinger equation

I solved Schrödinger equation for a following tow-level time-dependent Hamiltonian numerically in two ways: ...
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1answer
1k views

Saving Data in Multiple Columns with np.savetxt

I have managed to write the following code for the following problem: Projectile's horizontal and vertical displacement are given by: $$ x = v_0 \, t \cos(\theta) $$ $$ y = v_0 \, t \sin(\theta) - \...
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0answers
41 views

Interpolate location based on triangular sensor array

There are 3 sensors (A, B, C) on a plane, located in the corners of a (known) equilateral triangle. I want to calculate the (2D) location of an object (X) inside that triangle. One sensor returns one ...
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1answer
95 views

plotting $F=K \frac{q_1 q_2}{r^3}$ in python

I tryin to plot the position of electron in the hidrogen atom by Coulomb's law, $F=K \frac{q_1 q_2}{r^3}$ This is mi code ...
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1answer
94 views

Solve integral $ \int_{-\infty}^{\infty} e^{-x^2}dx$

i trying to solve this integral $$\int_{-\infty}^{\infty} e^{-x^2}dx$$ I'm using this CODE ...
2
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1answer
183 views

How to Invert a Poorly Conditioned Matrix

In my research, I need to invert a Fisher matrix in order to get a covariance matrix for me to do parameter estimation. Unfortunately, the values of Fisher matrix vary by many orders of magnitude, and ...
4
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1answer
269 views

Backwards Difference Implicit Method for Nonlinear Parabolic PDE in Python

Original Stack Overflow Question: https://stackoverflow.com/questions/65683788/indexerror-index-31-is-out-of-bounds-for-axis-1-with-size-31?noredirect=1#comment116218335_65683788 PDE: u_t = u_xx + u(...
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1answer
189 views

How to compare 2D vector fields and minimize the difference?

I want to compare the field of two electrical currents and compare the resulting field to a magnetic dipol field and find magnetic momentum that minimizes the difference of the two fields. My current ...
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1answer
149 views

Help with modified bessel functions

I'm trying to parse the following expression (Eq. 35 in The Magnetic Field in the Vicinity of Parallel and Twisted Three-Wire Cable Carrying Balanced Three-Phased Current) in Python and calculate its ...
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0answers
59 views

Help with vectorized computation where vector multiplication would need to create an additional dimension

I want to use vectorized computation (with python and numpy) to do some calculation involving bessel functions. As is often the case, I need to calculate the sums of bessel functions of (infinit) ...
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2answers
199 views

The derivative of a gauss function via FFT and IFFT in Python

I have a problem with computing a derivative of a Gauss function using FFT and IFFT from NumPy library. I use the fact that $$ \begin{equation} \frac{d}{dx}f(x) = \frac{1}{\sqrt{2\pi}}\int{ike^{ikx}\...
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0answers
23 views

Problem with recursive implementation of Subspace Iteration method in Numpy

I am having trouble with implementing the method of subspace iteration to find the eigenvalues and vectors of a random, symmetric matrix, A that is mxm with m = 10. ...
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1answer
211 views

Converting for loop from matlab to python

I am converting some MATLAB code in to python and have the encountered the error "ValueError Traceback (most recent call last) in 1 for ig in range(nbas): ---->...
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0answers
55 views

how can I plot specific iterations?

I have made this code for an explicit Euler method but I want to plot only the 0,1,25,50 iterations not all of them.How can I do it? ...
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0answers
180 views

fastest way to compute many small dot products

I have two n-by-3 blocks contiguous in memory ("n vectors of length 3") and I'd like to compute the dot product between each of the rows as fast as possible. In numpy, using ...
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1answer
115 views

Odeint error for nonlineal differential equations

I receive the following error when I run the code. ODEintWarning: Excess work done on this call (perhaps wrong Dfun type). Run with full_output = 1 to get quantitative information. warnings.warn(...
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0answers
341 views

How to take convolution of two arrays in Python by using NumPy?

Generally, we know that if we have this relation between Fourier transforms of three functions in frequency domain as: $$\mathfrak{F}\{\mathsf{P}(t)\} = \mathfrak{F}\{\mathsf{Z}(t)\}\mathfrak{F}\{\...
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3answers
6k views

Runge-Kutta Simulation For Projectile Motion With Drag

I am attempting to simulate projectile flight with drag. However, with a timestep of 0.1 seconds, I am consistently getting an error of ~0.1-1%. ...
3
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1answer
324 views

Fast nonzero indices per row/column for (sparse) 2D numpy array

I am looking for the fastest way to obtain a list of the nonzero indices of a 2D array per row and per column. The following is a working piece of code: ...
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1answer
150 views

Composite matrices in Numpy

Lets say I have four matrices A, B, C and D, and I want to combine them together into one new matrix for computation: $$ \left( \begin{matrix} A & B\\ C & D \end{matrix}\right) $$ How can I ...
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2answers
499 views

Numpy FFT gives me a pulse shorter than it should be. Not sure what I am doing wrong

I've created a code (Python, numpy) that defines an ultrashort laser pulse in the frequency domain (pulse duration should be 4 fs), but when I perform the Fourier Transform using DFT, my pulse in the ...
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3answers
6k views

Calculating partial trace of array in NumPy

A simulation I'm doing requires me to calculate the partial trace of a large density matrix. I am trying to calculate it using tools from numpy, but my code seems to be having some problems. For ...
2
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1answer
111 views

Best way to convert a sparse (containing zeros) covariance matrix into a correlation matrix?

I have a $100$x$100$ covariance matrix that looks like this. Some rows/cols are all-zero because those corresponding elements are not present in the sample from which covariance is calculated. I'm ...
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1answer
144 views

Numpys `tensordot` and what is happening mathematically

I've encountered a program where np.tensordot was used, so I tried looking it up but I can't really understand what this function is doing... I feel rather ...
4
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2answers
438 views

Fastest Way to Mutiply $10^4$ 2x2 Matrices

In a code that I work with (written in python, but also tagging as matlab because numpy is so close and I could use it if need be), we use a transfer matrix method to compute the properties of a ...
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0answers
2k views

Finding eigenvectors and eigenvalues of large matrices in Python's numpy

I am running a PCA analysis on a data set using Python's (v2.7.10) NumPy. I validated that my program works by running the PCA analysis on a smaller dataset and then confirming that I get similar ...
5
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1answer
107 views

How do I globally change the precision of a piece of code in Python to debug it?

I am solving a system of non-linear equations using the Newton-Raphson method in Python. This involves using the solve(Ax,b) function (...
2
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1answer
281 views

Numerical stability in the product of many matrices

I have to calculate in numpy the matrix-product of many matrices (~400). Are there common practices to increase numerical stability? If this is relevant, the matrices are $300\times 300$ orthogonal ...
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0answers
103 views

Calculate integrals using numpy.fft

Good evening, I would like to understand why I do not get the correct result: I assume that I know my function on discrete data points and expand it as a discrete Fourier transform: $\text{sin}(x)=\...
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0answers
347 views

What algorithm do BLAS and ATLAS use for matrix multiplication?

I have searched and what I understood was that they use the naive one with several memory and cache optimizations. However, I wanted to know whether they are using the Strassen or the Coppersmith-...
3
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1answer
2k views

Numerical derivative in python

I am trying to take the numerical derivative of a dataset. My first attempt was to use the gradient function from numpy but in that case the graph of the derivative ...
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0answers
106 views

Smoothing FFT result

I am trying to calculate the spectrum of Bremmstrahlung, which involves calculating the Fourier transformed acceleration. I am solving a non-linear ODE to numerically calculate the acceleration in the ...
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1answer
1k views

Implementing structured grid boundary conditions using NumPy arrays?

I am making a toy code in Python to solve the advection equation $$u_t + cu_x = 0$$ with, for example, periodic boundary conditions. Background information The numerical grid is specified like this: ...