Questions tagged [ode]

Ordinary Differential Equations (ODEs) contain functions of only one independent variable, and one or more of their derivatives with respect to that variable. This tag is intended for questions on modeling phenomena with ODEs, solving ODEs, and other related aspects.

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126 views

system of coupled nonlinear ODEs with complex coefficients

I am interested in numerically solving the following system of coupled ODEs $$\left(i-\frac{1}{2\Omega}f_{m,n}\right) \frac{d a_{m,n}(t)}{dt} =E_{m,n}^{\text{kin}}(t) + \left(\omega_{0}+V_{m,n}-\frac{...
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0answers
62 views

Quick scheme for separable first-order ODE

I'm trying to integrate an incredibly simple ODE: $$ y'(x) = -f(y),\quad y(0) = y_0 \ , $$ from $x=0$ to $x=1$. This is a decay type of equation, $f$ is the (variable) decay rate and $y$ is the ...
2
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1answer
107 views

RK4 giving wrong result [closed]

I am trying to numerically solve a simple second order differential equation $x'' = -x$. I used a new variable $x'=v$, so I have two equations. While it seems simple, it somehow produces a result that'...
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3answers
155 views

Numerical solution of IVP for linear ODE with variable coefficient blows up

Cross posted in Mathematica.SE, I'll try to rephrase it in a more general way here. A friend of mine showed me this initial value problem (IVP) for a linear ordinary differential equation (ODE) with ...
4
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1answer
548 views

What is the case of trade-off in different Runge Kutta methods

There are so many Runge Kutta methods, including Dormand-Prince 45 Cash-Karp 54 Fehlberge 78 Is there any comparison between them? What is each approach sacrificing? What is the general trade-off ...
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1answer
170 views

How do I stop negative numbers and error message: " Failure at t=3.562559e+03. Unable to meet integration tolerances

I am using 8 ODEs in Matlab to simulate the effect of asymptomatic infections in the epidemiology of a vector borne disease. Searching the parameter space under certain settings produces negative ...
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2answers
242 views

Initializing implicit linear multistep methods

A sixth order backward differentiation formula (BDF) need six (five plus initial value) previous solutions to get started. How I can get these previous solutions? I need a method accurate to sixth ...
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2answers
1k views

How to solve ODEs with constraints using BVP4C?

I am using BVP4C to solve a system of ODEs which is as follows. \begin{equation} \left\{ \begin{aligned} \frac{\partial f(x,y)}{\partial x} &- \frac{d}{ds}\big(\...
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1answer
71 views

What are some tips on developing a problem-specific ODE solver?

I have a small system of stiff ODEs describing a chemical reaction. The right-hand side is quite complicated, as well as the Jacobian. This equation will be solved many times with different initial ...
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0answers
48 views

Can variational formulations be solved using series solutions?

What I specifically mean is, given some functional $F\left[\mathbf{x}\right]$ which is stationary with respect to $\dot{\mathbf{x}}=f(\mathbf{x})$ and some boundary or initial conditions, can one ...
5
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1answer
298 views

Quantify integration error of scipy ode / ODEPACK

I am trying to integrate a 2nd order ODE with potential several singularities using the lsoda solver wrapped in scipy.integrate.ode(). I would like to put an error bar on the solution or at least ...
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1answer
152 views

Step-wise finite element formulations: can this be done?

Given the functional: $$ F[\mathbf{x}]=\frac{1}{2}[\mathbf{x}^{\text{T}} * D(\mathbf{x})]-\frac{1}{2}[\mathbf{x}^{\text{T}} * \mathbf{Ax}]-\frac{1}{2}\mathbf{x}^{\text{T}}(0)\mathbf{x}(t) $$ Where $...
7
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1answer
422 views

Why are functional representations of systems important in numerical applications?

I tried asking a similar question in SE.Physics, and I got some information regarding the abstract side of this, but I figured I should post here to get more complete information about the numerical ...
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1answer
517 views

Dirichlet boundary condition

I am trying to solve ODEs in matlab using ode15s. Instead of specifying ODEs in the format M * dC/dt = f(C,t) where C is a function of x and t. I want ...
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0answers
74 views

Large residual when integrating 2nd order ode close to singularity with SciPy ode / ODEPACK

I am trying to integrate a 2nd order ODE with a singularity at close to the initial condition. Why do I get large residuals when I plug-in the result of my integration back into the ODE? The equation ...
5
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2answers
609 views

How to impose boundary conditions on eigenfunction problems?

I am trying to solve for the eigenfunctions of a (1D) differential operator using finite differences: $$A \, f(x) = \lambda f(x)$$ Here is an example in Python where $A = \partial_x^4$: ...
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2answers
2k views

BDF2 and TR-BDF2: what is better?

What method of numerical solving ODEs is better? BDF2 or TR-BDF2? Namely, what advantages has TR-BDF2 over BDF2? The BDF2 method requires the values of $y_{n-1}$ and $y_n$ for computing $y_{n+1}$ ...
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1answer
80 views

methods for a peculiar BVP system

Consider the following system defined on the open interval (-1, 1): $y_1' = c y_3 \\ y_2' = c y_4 \\ y_3' = -f(y_1, y_2)y_2 \\ y_4' = f(y_1, y_2)y_1 $ given $ y_3(-1) = 0 = y_3(1) \\ ...
5
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3answers
5k views

Dynamically ending ODE integration in SciPy

I have a light ray moving through space-time, i.e. a curve in R⁴, parametrized by some variable λ. The exact trajectory, i.e. the coordinate functions $x^μ(λ)$ of the curve are given by some ODE $\...
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0answers
86 views

Is it normal to expect the error of simulation of a damped harmonic oscillator to decrease as the damping factor decreases?

I am simulating a damped harmonic oscillator using the RK4 method of numerical integration. I am comparing the simulated results with the analytical ones (for the free evolution case) and obtaining ...
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1answer
1k views

Switch between 2 equations to be given to ODE using events

I am trying to simulate a system with bilinear stiffness described by the following equations: $25\ddot{x}+15\dot{x}+330000x = p(t)$ if $x < 0.00072$ $25\ddot{x}+15\dot{x}+930000x = p(t)$ if $x &...
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0answers
2k views

How to solve an ode with stochastic time-dependent input

I am trying to repeat an example I found in a paper. I have to solve this ODE: $25 \ddot{x} + 15 \dot{x} + 330000 x = p(t)$ where $p(t)$ is a white noise sequence band-limited into the 10-25 Hz ...
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0answers
89 views

How to tell if symplectic integrator is more suitable for my problem, and what are downsides?

This question follows another one that I have already asked. My intention was to use a classical Runge-Kutta 45 method to solve ODEs of my system. However, I have seen recommendations for using ...
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1answer
775 views

How can I call the Boost C++ odeint Runge-Kutta integrator for a system of ODEs?

I would like to use Boost C++ odeint Runge-Kutta integrator on a system that looks like this : $$\ddot x = - \frac A{||x||^3} * x $$ $ x $ is a vector in 3D space, so basicaly $ x(i, j, k) $ $ \...
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1answer
5k views

Nonlinear ODE to solve Duffing's equation

I am trying to solve the Duffing's equation in MATLAB. $ m\ddot{y}+c\dot{y}+ky+k_{3}y^{3} = f(t) $ where $ f(t) = A \sin{\omega t}$ To do that I wrote a function to be given to the ode45. ...
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1answer
286 views

Solving electron density function for Hydrogen and drawing in 3D

I recently stumbled upon interesting site that has interactive 3D representation of radial electron distribution (atomic orbital). here is the url: http://winter.group.shef.ac.uk/orbitron/AOs/1s/e-...
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1answer
2k views

2D cross section from 3D surface

I am trying to apply the "restoring force surface" method to a dynamic linear system. The idea behind this method is that, knowing acceleration, displacement, velocity and input force it is possible ...
6
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2answers
391 views

How does the L-stability or A-stability of a scheme relate to its ability to preserve a quadratic invariant?

I am working with the simple example of an oscillator: $$(1) \; \; \ddot{u} + u = 0, \; \; u(0) = u_0$$ I know that Forward Euler does not preserve an invariant of the above system: $$(2) \; \; \dot{...
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0answers
134 views

Solvers for stiff initial value ODEs with sparse Jacobian

What ODE solvers are optimized for solving stiff systems with sparse Jacobian? Such systems appear, for instance, when a parabolic PDE is discretized in space using typical finite difference or finite ...
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1answer
102 views

Libraries with the method of lines for parabolic PDEs [closed]

Could you please advise some programs or libraries for solving parabolic PDEs (or its systems) in 1D, 2D and 3D, for example, with the method of lines? The system of parabolic PDEs can be nonlinear in ...
2
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1answer
726 views

Matlab equivalent of scipy's 'vode' and 'zvode' ode routines

In python I have used the ode method from scipy.integrate. There I used the vodeintegrator ...
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2answers
7k views

scipy odeint - Excess work done on this call

I'm newbie both in calculus and Python/Scipy so I apologize if this question is too dumb. I'm trying to model flow between two pressure vessels. Let's say we have two points and a link between them ...
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1answer
4k views

Runge-Kutta 4th order for 4 coupled first order differential equation [closed]

I have to solve 4 coupled first order differential equations for $f(t)$ ,$g(t)$, $h(t)$ and $w(t)$ witch are only functions of $t$ , but for every reference link a function of 3 variables is assumed (...
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1answer
1k views

Solving large, non-linear systems of ODEs numerically: what do I need to consider in order to figure out which solver to use?

I would prefer recommendations that don't require the use of proprietary tools (such as Matlab). I know of two ODE solving options for the Python ecosystem: PyDSTool (Dopri, Radau, other Runge-Kutta ...
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1answer
38 views

Why might the time taken to compute the solution of an ODE system over some interval increase non-linearly with increasing size of interval?

Currently, my problem requires me to solve a system a large system of non-linear ODEs (up to ~5000). So far, I have been using scipy.integrate.odeint as my ...
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1answer
89 views

Possible to reduce effort needed to solve non-linear ODEs by taking some coefficients/parameters as constant over small time intervals?

So far, I have been using scipy.integrate.odeint as my "workhorse" ODE solver. My current problem requires that I solve a large system (up to ~5000) ODEs. Here's ...
3
votes
1answer
742 views

How to know whether a boundary-value ODE problem is well defined?

I am using bvp4c from Matlab to solve a boundary values ODEs problem. Given the ODEs and boundary conditions, is there any way to have more information on the solutions? How many do I expect? 0, 1, ...
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1answer
2k views

scipy.integrate.odeint: how can odeint access a parameter set that is evolving independently of it?

I might have some non-linear ODEs that are being solved by scipy.integrate.odeint. However, a parameter at each time step might have to be updated by using a non-DE ...
2
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1answer
276 views

How to impose an integral conservation in solving ODEs boundary value problems (BVP)?

I have a system of coupled ODEs that I want to solve. The functions are A(x), B(x), C(x). It is a boundary values problem. I am using Matlab bvp4c. So far I am not satisfied with my solutions. For ...
2
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2answers
2k views

Why does scipy's odeint function give a non-monotonic solution for a problem whose solution should be monotone?

The solution to the ode below looks like it is monotonically increasing: However on closer inspection we see that it is not: How can I ensure that the numerical solution is monotonically increasing?...
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1answer
147 views

Numerical methods for boundary-value ODEs with a jump condition

I want to solve a non linear system of equations of a particular kind. I find it hard to formulate clearly so I directly give a simple example. $ f''=A(f,g)\\ g''=B(f,g) $ with the boundary ...
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2answers
2k views

Is the shooting method the only general numerical method for solving nonlinear boundary value ODEs?

During my wandering in Mathematica.se, I gradually noticed that a certain kind of differential equation solving problem is "troubling" us all the time, that is, the boundary value problem (BVP) of ...
4
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1answer
273 views

Non-conservative implementation implicit Euler

In Matlab R2013a I have implemented the Implicit Euler (time) integration scheme. To find the $x^{n+1}$ value I use fixed point iterations: $x^{n+1} = \Delta t f(x^{n+1}) + x^n$ To test this, I use ...
9
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2answers
948 views

Constructing explicit Runge Kutta methods of order 9 and higher

Some older books I've seen say that the minimum number of stages of an explicit Runge-Kutta method of a specified order is unknown for orders $\geq 9$. Is this still true? What libraries are there ...
3
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1answer
241 views

ODE boundary value problem relaxation method reference request

This is a somewhat basic question, I guess. Take the ODE boundary value problem $$ \frac1\lambda y''-y'=0, \qquad y(0) = 0, \quad y(1) = 1, $$ with the solution $$ y(x) = \frac{e^{x\lambda}-1}{e^\...
3
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1answer
540 views

Solving a system of nonlinear equations with an ODE solver is faster than with the Newton method?

This is somehow unexpected, but my recent experience with solving a system of nonlinear equations is that treating them as the right hand side of a system of ordinary equations and then evolve the ...
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1answer
98 views

Appropriate algorithm for (non-linear) ODE with integral equilibrium constraint: collocation?

I have a problem of the following structure: For some scalar $g$, functions $F(z)$ and $h(z)$ defined on $[0,\bar{z}]$ , and a non-linear operator $\phi(F,z)$ (in reality, $F$ and $h$ are vector ...
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2answers
769 views

Searching for periodic solutions of Mathieu equation using MATLAB's ode45 and a crude shooting algorithm

I am numerically simulating the Mathieu equation using ODE45 and I have to keep changing the parameters delta and epsilon for each simulation to get the required peiodic solution. Following is the ...
2
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2answers
316 views

wavelet for numerical partial differential equations

Is there a good introduction into wavelet Galerkin schemes for numerical partial (and ordinary) differential equations?
4
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2answers
920 views

scipy odeint: sum of conservative ode equations does not remain zero as it is being solved — is this normal?

Let us say we have the following equations: dy1/dt = f(y1, t) [1] dy2/dt = g(y2, t) [2] The equations are such that they are "conservative", i.e. the ...