Questions tagged [ode]

Ordinary Differential Equations (ODEs) contain functions of only one independent variable, and one or more of their derivatives with respect to that variable. This tag is intended for questions on modeling phenomena with ODEs, solving ODEs, and other related aspects.

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111 views

Runge-Kutta method for an ODE with initial value which is root of denominator

I wrote a code in Fortran to solve this differential equation using RK4 method: $$ \frac{dy}{dx}=A\sqrt{\frac{B}{y}+\frac{C}{y^2}} $$ $A$, $B$, and $C$ are some known constants. The problem is that ...
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1answer
31 views

MATLAB ode45 doesn't start at initial conditions

I wrote a code in MATLAB to solve a system of differential equations, but my solution doesn't seem to take into consideration the initial conditions I specified. I am not sure how to interpret this ...
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2answers
117 views

Solving a 1D diffusion equation with linear and nonlinear source terms

I would like to numerically solve the following equation: $$\frac{\partial \rho (z,t)}{\partial t} = B(N_D \rho (z,t) + \rho(z,t)^2) + D \frac{\partial^2 \rho (z,t)}{\partial z^2}$$ with the boundary ...
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1answer
64 views

How can I evaluate more accurate energy eigenvalues from Schrodinger equation using shooting method?

I am trying to use the "shooting method" for solving Schrodinger's equation for a reasonably arbitrary potential in 1D. But the eigenvalues so evaluated in the case of potentials that do not have hard ...
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1answer
39 views

solve_ivp - Overflow encountered in double_scalars

I'm modeling an electron that orbits the nucleus. Of course, charged particles radiate away there energy so it'll crash into the nucleus. My approach has been to to evaluate the coulomb force and add ...
2
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0answers
40 views

Solving a complex ODE with large number of variables (>1e6 variables) - best practise?

I have to solve a non-linear ODE of the shape $$\partial_zA=f(A)$$ with $f$ a non-linear function and $A$ a matrix/vector with >1e6 variables (i.e. $A$ is a matrix with >1000x1000 entries). For each ...
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0answers
28 views

Scipy.integrate.odeint is returning curves with almost the same frequency for different damping ratios, shouldn't they be different?

I am trying to solve the ODE for a harmonic oscillator using Scipy's odeint solver for different dampening factors. I'm using the following code, based off of this example: ...
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0answers
67 views

Solving a non-linear BVP using Finite Differences method

Edit: I have updated my question using the feedback in the comments. I have a boundary value problem that I need to solve using finite difference. My task is specifically to solve it using finite ...
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0answers
22 views

More efficient way of solving for transfer function between boundaries of wave equation

I am considering the wave equation with position varying material properties $$ m(x) \frac{\partial^2 u}{\partial t^2} = \frac{\partial}{\partial x}\left(k(x) \frac{\partial u}{\partial x}\right), \...
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0answers
32 views

Solving nonlinear pendulum using Runge-Kutta 4 for smaller steps

I am trying to solve nonlinear pendulum using 4th order Runge-Kutta method for limits between a=0.0 to b=110 seconds and simulated the results to observe the pendulum movement. But when I increase the ...
5
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2answers
622 views

Solving coupled differential equations in Python, 2nd order

I have a system of coupled differential equations, one of which is second-order. I am looking for a way to solve them in Python. I would be extremely grateful for any advice on how can I do that! $k$...
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1answer
178 views

Integrating direct dynamics form more than 1 second does not give back the correct result

I am trying to simulate a robot manipulator dynamics in SciLab. Basically, I generated a step function that has constant acceleration for half of the time and then the same acceleration but negative ...
2
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1answer
69 views

Vectorised second order ode solving in python

I am trying to write a python program that simulates the motion of a large number of particles by numerically integrating a second order ordinary differential equation. I first split the ODE into two ...
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1answer
145 views

Prescribing variables as an excitation in Runge-Kutta method

I am using Runge-Kutta to solve a $3 \times 3$ 2nd order linear ODE $$M x'' + C x' + K x = 0$$ and initial conditions are all zeros. Then I prescribe the 2nd variable to follow a given path. As for ...
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1answer
91 views

Numerical solution of pendulum equation

Given a system of equations: \begin{align} &f''(x) = -a \cdot \sin(f(x))\\ &f(0) = b\\ &f'(0) = c \end{align} $a, b, c, dt, N$ are arbitrary parameters. How to get a values of $f(0), f(...
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1answer
2k views

2D cross section from 3D surface

I am trying to apply the "restoring force surface" method to a dynamic linear system. The idea behind this method is that, knowing acceleration, displacement, velocity and input force it is possible ...
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0answers
69 views

Numerical method for harmonic oscillator with jumping constant

Let $k_1 \neq k_2$ be positive reals, $t_0 > 0$ and consider the following Cauchy problem in $[0,+\infty)$: \begin{cases} y(t) + k(t)y''(t) = 0 \newline y(0) = 1/\sqrt{k_1} \newline y'(0) = 0, \end{...
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1answer
127 views

Solving numerically a linear ODE

I start by saying that I do not have a strong background in numerical analysis, so I may miss some basic things or make trivial mistakes. Motivated by some problems in digital signal processing, I ...
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3answers
123 views

Coroutines for ODE solvers

Are there any ODE solver packages that use coroutines and yield their results instead of functions and returning? Briefly, a subroutine in a programming language does some computations, returns a ...
2
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1answer
95 views

Lambdifying a symbolic matrix in Julia

If I have a symbolic matrix defined as T below, is there any way to lambdify this as function of variables, say σ..., and return ...
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1answer
56 views

When is a dynamical system discrete vs. continuous?

I have a basic question to ask: Let's say I am reading a paper which gives a good model that consists of a set of ordinary differential equations, with first and second derivatives. Continuity is a ...
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1answer
50 views

integrate.solve_ivp bugged

I am trying to solve an ODE with solve_ivp, but I am getting strange errors. Documentation: https://docs.scipy.org/doc/scipy/reference/generated/scipy.integrate.solve_ivp.html ...
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1answer
83 views

Solving ODEs with nonlinear constraints

I'm trying to solve an ODE problem. Let's say $\mathbf{x}(t)$ represents the position of a particle at time $t$, and $\mathbf{u}(\mathbf{x},t)$ is a velocity field defined in Cartesian coordinates on ...
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1answer
70 views

Solving a large system of coupled ode. (Python)

I really have a problem here. I have not found a solution yet. The system I need to solve similar to this:(Basic idea) $$c_1 = \dfrac{dx}{dr}+y$$ $$c_2 = \dfrac{dy}{dr}+x$$ Both $c_1/ c_2$ are ...
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5answers
7k views

Dynamically ending ODE integration in SciPy

I have a light ray moving through space-time, i.e. a curve in $\mathbb{R}^4$, parametrized by some variable λ. The exact trajectory, i.e. the coordinate functions $x^μ(λ)$ of the curve are given by ...
3
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2answers
10k views

scipy odeint - Excess work done on this call

I'm newbie both in calculus and Python/Scipy so I apologize if this question is too dumb. I'm trying to model flow between two pressure vessels. Let's say we have two points and a link between them ...
4
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1answer
174 views

The velocity Verlet method and variable time steps

Does the velocity Verlet handle variable time steps? I found controversial statements about it. In the paper Skeel, R. D., "Variable Step Size Destabilizes the Stömer/Leapfrog/Verlet Method", BIT ...
1
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1answer
78 views

Numerical integration methods: Explicit vs Semi-Implicit vs Newton-Euler 1, 2 and use in cyclone physics engine

I am trying to understand the difference between explicit Euler and semi-implicit Euler integration, where in explicit Euler the current position is calculated as $$x_{n+1} = x_n + v_n$$ and semi-...
20
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5answers
7k views

Why are higher-order Runge–Kutta methods not used more often?

I was just curious as to why high-order (i.e. greater than 4) Runge–Kutta methods are almost never discussed/employed (at least to my knowledge). I understand it requires greater computational time ...
1
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1answer
74 views

Unexpectedly Slow Convergence Implicit Euler

I'm solving the coupled ODE $$ \left[\begin{array}{c}x^\prime(z)\\p_x^\prime(z)\end{array}\right] = C(z)\cdot\left[\begin{array}{c}x(z)\\p_x(z)\end{array}\right] = \left[\begin{array}{cc}0& A(z)\\...
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1answer
93 views

Parareal for particle simulations

Recently I have stumbled upon this video of M. J. Gander https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=dn5vqN8ezuE and the coresponding notes that he wrote on Time Parallel Time Integration and I find it a quite ...
3
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2answers
191 views

Solving ODE with “Jumpy” Coefficients

I'm numerically solving a linear coupled ODE of the form $$y^{\prime}(t) = \hat{M}(t)y(t)=\left[\begin{array}{cc}0& A(t)\\ B(t)& 0\end{array}\right]y(t),$$ and the difficulty I'm running into ...
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3answers
165 views

Solving coupled ODEs using Runge-Kutta method

I want to solve the following sets of $n$ coupled equations. Initial values of $x_{n}(t)$ and $p_{n}(t)$ are specified. The problem is, I have an 1D lattice where every particle is bound with ...
4
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0answers
158 views

How to compute numerical fluxes in the local discontinuous galerkin method for poisson equation 1D

Some days ago I began to study the local discontinuous galerkin (LDG) method, this is my first time working with a discontinuous method, so I decided to solve the poisson equation in 1D to learn the ...
2
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1answer
258 views

Numerical Solution to Rayleigh Plesset Equation in Python

I have been trying to numerically solve the Rayleigh-Plesset equation for a sonoluminescence bubble in Python. You can read about this phenomenon here: https://iopscience.iop.org/article/10.1088/0143-...
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2answers
4k views

What does “symplectic” mean in reference to numerical integrators, and does SciPy's odeint use them?

In this comment I wrote: ...default SciPy integrator, which I'm assuming only uses symplectic methods. in which I am refering to SciPy's odeint, which uses ...
3
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1answer
321 views

The Formula of Explicit Runge-Kutta Fourteen order

I need an explicit Runge-Kutta 14th order formula. If you know about some reference that discusses at least 10th order (or higher, since I'm looking for the 14th) of Runge-Kutta and there is ...
4
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1answer
118 views

Recommendation for a fixed-step ODE solver?

My problem involves the solution of a second-order ODE with a fixed-step (input and output). Specifically, this ODE is the radial part of Dirac and Schrödinger equation for a spherical symmetric ...
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0answers
32 views

Can't plot correctly precession of perihelion of Mercury in MATLAB using ode45 or ode23

I was trying to plot precession of perihelion of Mercury using matlab. For this I am following a book Computational Physics by Nicholas J. Giordano and Hisao Nakanishi 2nd Edition. In that book ...
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2answers
4k views

Options for solving ODE systems on GPUs?

I would like to farm out solving systems of ODEs onto GPUs, in a 'trivially parallelisable' setting. For example, doing a sensitivity analysis with 512 different parameter sets. Ideally I want to do ...
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0answers
20 views

Using nondimensionalization to solve an ode in MATLAB [duplicate]

I am trying to solve an ode that uses some extremely large numbers and some extremely small numbers, namely $$ e = 1.6\times 10^{-19}\\ E = 10^6\\ \tau = 6\times 10^{-24}\\ m = 9.1\times 10^{-31}\\ c ...
2
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1answer
38 views

How to store all solutions of an ODE on Matlab for multiple values of a parameter

I would like to solve an ODE for multiple values of the parameter p and most importantly, save all the solutions for all the different values. Till now, I have ...
0
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1answer
115 views

Why is modeling a physical system with ODEs sufficient?

I've read a few papers in dynamical systems where the model equations are sets of ODEs, with the state space, say, the spatial variables x, y, z, and an angle variable phi all evolving forward in time....
2
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1answer
66 views

How to set up a time-dependant matrix for an ODE to be solved using python?

I want to solve a problem numerically in python like this: $$ y(t)' = \mathbf{M}(t)y ,\\ y(0) = (1,0,0,0 ...) $$ where $y$ is an $n$-dimensional vector and $\mathbf{M}(t)$ is a time-dependant $n \...
12
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1answer
260 views

Algorithms for linear system of ODEs

I wonder: what is the best algorithm to solve \begin{equation} \frac{du}{dt} = Au \end{equation} Where $A$ is a real $n\times n$ matrix. A is not explicitly time-dependent, usually sparse but not ...
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2answers
2k views

scipy.integrate.odeint: how can odeint access a parameter set that is evolving independently of it?

I might have some non-linear ODEs that are being solved by scipy.integrate.odeint. However, a parameter at each time step might have to be updated by using a non-DE ...
1
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1answer
51 views

Attempting to perturb ODE when initial condition is equilibrium point does not work

I have the following system of differential equations: $$ x' = ax- cy + e1 $$ $$y' = by- dx + e2 $$ for variables $x,y$ and parameters $a,b,c,d,e1,e2$. I'd like to solve this in python, which is ...
1
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1answer
265 views

ODE Solving in Scilab

I have a certain ODE problem that needs to be solved using Scilab. dx(1)/dt=k*x(1)-x(5) dx(2)/dt=k2*x(2)-k1*x(1) dx(3)/dt=k1*[x(2)-x(3)] dx(4)/dt=k1*[x(3)-x(4)] <...
2
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3answers
146 views

What is the flaw in my stability analysis?

The ODE $${d^2x\over dt^2}=-kx; k>0$$can be converted in the system of linear equations as $$\begin{align} {dx\over dt} & =v\\ {dv\over dt} &= -kx\\ \end{align}$$ Using Euler’s method, ...
0
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0answers
30 views

solving electron motion in undulator by Boris method

I am trying to use Boris scheme to solve the electron trajectory in undulator. The undulator field I used is: $$B_x = b_0\sin(2\pi \tfrac{z}{\lambda_u})$$ where $b_0 = \dfrac{2\pi c_{0}K}{q m_{e} \...

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