Questions tagged [ode]

Ordinary Differential Equations (ODEs) contain functions of only one independent variable, and one or more of their derivatives with respect to that variable. This tag is intended for questions on modeling phenomena with ODEs, solving ODEs, and other related aspects.

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2
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1answer
64 views

Numerical solution to parametrized second order ODE with nonuniform coefficients

I am trying to solve numerically the following second order linear ODE: $a \frac{\partial^2 u}{\partial x^2} + \frac{\partial u}{\partial x} \frac{\partial a}{\partial x} + b u =0$, on the domain $[...
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1answer
53 views

ODE Event detection for calculating multiple roots of continuous sinusoidal equation

Hey everyone I have a paper that has a method for computing rise and set times of a satellite given a closed form solution. It is a complicated sinusoidal function and the paper has a method to ...
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1answer
82 views

How to Break Coupled ODEs down to first order for Runge-Kutta

My question might seem a bit simple. I am trying to solve a system of ODEs using Runge-Kutta method. I am having difficulty breaking down the equations into a system of first order ones required ...
2
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1answer
52 views

Passing data as arguments in ODE45

I need to import data from file in order to describe the structure of a network. I used the following: weights = readtable('weights192.txt'); W = weights{:,:}; ...
3
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2answers
105 views

ode45 with matrix initial conditions

EDIT: We have a coupled system of 10 ode each. The coupling presents in the last equation. I thought about using a matrix 10 by 2 as initial conditions. I also followed a similar question with the ...
8
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1answer
127 views

Eigenvalue-like problem with coupled ODEs

I am looking at the following system of ODEs: \begin{array}{r}{\left[c_{2}(k)-\partial_{\tau}^{2}\right] \varphi_{2}\left(\tau \right)=f_{21}(\tau) \varphi_{1}\left(\tau \right)} \\ {\left[c_{1}(k)-...
2
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0answers
39 views

Equivalent of multiple-scale analysis for a linear ODE

I came across the method of multiple-scale analysis and was intrigued, because I am trying to solve a linear ODE with multiple characteristic timescales. When I apply the method as described, say, ...
25
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6answers
5k views

How can the gravitational n-body problem be solved in parallel?

How can the gravitational n-body problem be solved numerically in parallel? Is precision-complexity tradeoff possible? How does precision influence the quality of the model?
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0answers
56 views

How to deal with a huge system of ODEs in Boost ODEINT?

I am using the C++ library ODEint, which is part of Boost, to solve an extremely large system of coupled ODEs - in particular 1975 equations with large rational functions in the coefficients. In the ...
0
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0answers
33 views

Solutions in Ngspice do not converge to right value

I recently noticed while using Ngspice that the solution converges to a deviated value if the number of iterations per unit period for a square wave is less than 100, i.e. if I am using a square wave ...
3
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1answer
84 views

Good reference on the implementation and limitations of SDIRK methods

For the solution of many PDE, implicit high-order time integration schemes are required. I am specifically interested in schemes that do not require a constant time step. I am well acquainted with ...
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0answers
55 views

A non linear ode with boundary conditions at infinity

I want to solve the non-linear ODE $$\frac{d^2}{dx^2}y=a(y+y^3)$$ With the boundary conditions that $$\lim_{x\to \pm \infty} y(x) =0$$ I am not aware of any analytical method for solving this kind ...
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0answers
49 views

Can Taylor methods be used effectively on stiff ODEs?

Cleve Moler has stated that "all numerical methods for stiff odes are implicit." However, I don't know whether this statement is a mathematical fact, or an simply an observation. Moreover, many ...
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1answer
138 views

Solving systems of nonlinear ODEs in epidemiology

I have a 9 systems of nonlinear ODEs to solve. I want to determine the endemic equilibrium points. How do I go about it? I tried manual calculation but it becomes cumbersome. Can software be used ...
2
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0answers
70 views

How to solve $y(x) y'''(x)=f(x)$

I have a PDE of the form $\partial_t y(x,t)+\partial_x(y(x) y'''(x)-f(x))=0$, where $f(x)=\cos(x)$. Suppose a stable equilibrium exists, and I want to find the steady-state solution $y(x) y'''(x)=f(x)...
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5answers
1k views

Why does the numerical solution of an ODE move away from an unstable equilibrium?

I wish to simulate the behaviour of a double-pendulum-like system. The system is a 2-degrees-of-freedom robot manipulator that is not actuated and will, therefore, behave mostly like a double-pendulum ...
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1answer
163 views

How can i define algebraic equation in differential function in MATLAB?

I want to solve 7 pde's that are functions of time, radius(j) and length(i). I used the method of lines and converted them to a system of odes in time and it becomes something like this: $$dy/dt=((y(i,...
6
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1answer
94 views

Going back in time in an initial value problem

Consider an initial value problem (IVP) $y'=f(t,y)$ with the initial value given by $y(t=0) = 0$. If I need to find $y(t^*)$, hence finding the path for $y$ in $t \in [0,t^*]$ and $t^*<0$; is the ...
5
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1answer
98 views

What are systematic ways of approximating a non-smooth (non-continuously differentiable) system dynamic to be n-smooth?

I have a system dynamic that is non-smooth because it has several signum and absolute value functions in it (three-tank level control). I can obviously choose different sigmoid functions to ...
4
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1answer
96 views

$L^\infty$ stability property of an ODE

Suppose we have the initial-value problem on $(0,L)$: $$ \frac{d u(x)}{d x} = f(x) u(x),\, \qquad x\in\Omega,\,~~ u(0) = u_0, $$ I am reading a claim that says if we multiply the ODE by $u$ and ...
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0answers
49 views

Computing Trajectory Equations of Kerr Geodesics

I want to numerically solve the trajectory equations of a Kerr geodesic given by wikipedia in Matlab. The trajectories look like: I implemented the equations and solved it with the standard Runge-...
2
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1answer
68 views

Symplectic linear multistep method?

I'm doing a gravitational n-body simulator and I'm thinking of implementing linear multistep methods like Adam-Bashforth. But is there any symplectic multistep methods?
2
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1answer
331 views

Forward and backward integration — cause of errors

I write a test program to integrate foward on $[0,T_f]$ and then backward on $[T_f,0]$ from the endpoint of the forward integration an Hamiltonian system: $$ \dot q(t) = \frac{\partial H}{\partial p}(...
7
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1answer
198 views

Is there any explicit symplectic Runge-Kutta method?

As far as I know, all the symplectic Runge-Kutta methods are implicit which need to solve non-linear equations during the calculation. Is there any explicit method? If not, why?
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0answers
48 views

Finite dimensional optimization problem over dynamical system

I am interested in solving numerically the following mathematical problem Consider an ode of the form $$ \dot q(t) = f(q(t),t_1,\ldots, t_N),\qquad t\in [0,T], $$ where $q\in \mathbb{R}^n$ is the ...
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0answers
28 views

Finding the polynomial for the solution of an ODE

I’m stuck trying to solve part (b) and (c) of the below problem, but part (b) is the one of main concern here as I think (c) should follow easily once (b) is completed. I don’t know where to start ...
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1answer
81 views

Online Parameter Estimation using steepest descent

I have a first order system which is described by the following differential equation: dx/dt = -a*x + b*u where u is the input <...
2
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1answer
39 views

Discretization with non-constant matrix containg entries form unknown vector

Consider a system of PDEs $$ \begin{cases} u_t = \nabla \cdot (D(u)\nabla u) + \frac{c}{K_U+c}u-ku\\ c_t = d_c\Delta c -\frac{\nu_U c}{K_U + c}u \end{cases} $$ with some boundary conditions. Here, $D(...
2
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1answer
345 views

Dormand–Prince 5(4): How to update the stepsize and make accept/reject decision?

https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Dormand–Prince_method I want to implement the Dormand-Prince 4(5) version to solve Initial Value problems. Using regular notation I have $A$ matrix and the $c,b,\hat{b}$ ...
5
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1answer
380 views

Is there a database/website with Butcher tableaus?

I have started investigating in mostly Runge Kutta and Runge Kutta Nyström methods and there one of the only differences between the methods of the same type is their Butcher tableu. For the most ...
3
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0answers
69 views

Calculate the Bloch wave

The eigenvalue problem $$\frac{d^2u}{dx^2}+2i k\frac{du}{dx}-[k^2-6\sin(x)^2]u(x)=-\mu u(x)$$ gives the first five eigenvalues with $k=0$ or $k=1$ which are $2.06$, $2.26$, $5.16$, $6.81$, and $7....
2
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0answers
86 views

How to implement adaptive step size Runge-Kutta Cash-Karp?

Trying to implement an adaptive step size Runge-Kutta Cash-Karp but failing with this error: ...
2
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1answer
144 views

Formulation of the least-squares parameter estimation problem

I have a system of 10 ordinary differential equations of the form, $$\frac{dy_1}{dt} = f1(V1,k1,y1,y2)\\ \vdots \\ \frac{dy_{10}}{dt} = f_{10}(V_{10},k_{10},y_{9},y_{10}) $$ I want to estimate the ...
0
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0answers
41 views

Time sampling changes solution

I'm currently trying to solve a problem using numerical methods. The set-up is rather long, so I apologize in advance... TL;DR: My solutions change depending on how big my steps are and I don't know ...
3
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0answers
79 views

Solve ODE with non-negative and maximization constraints

My task is to solve $$\eta_k\frac{d^2C_k}{dz}(z)=-e_k, k = 1,2,3$$ $$C_k\ge0$$ $$C_1(0)=0, C_2(0)=A, C_3(0)=0$$ $$C_1(L)=B, \frac{dC_2}{dz}(L)=0, \frac{dC_3}{dz}(L)=0$$ with $$e_1 = -\beta_1-\beta_3$...
1
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1answer
96 views

What's the minimum step size that can be used in Euler's method before it becomes unreliable?

In particular, if Euler's method is implemented on a computer, what's the minimum step size that can be used before rounding errors cause the Euler approximations to become completely unreliable? I ...
1
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1answer
356 views

Solving differential equation in Python with variable coefficients (I just know the coefficients numerically)

I am trying to implement a routine to solve a differential equation in Python. Basically the kind of equation that I am interested in solving is of the form: $\displaystyle \frac{d}{dx^2} \left(x y(x)...
1
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1answer
456 views

What is the state of the art in solving stiff initial value problems?

I'm looking for current references on solving stiff ODEs. Most of what I know (say, BDF methods) apparently date back to the 1980's, and I feel like a lot of progress should have been made in that ...
2
votes
1answer
176 views

Mass Matrix and how to handle it (ODEs) - References

I'm interested in a good reference/paper about how to handle numerically a mass-matrix system as \begin{align} \mathbf{M}(t,y)\dot{y} =F(y,t) \end{align} I know that such a problem can be solved by ...
0
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2answers
216 views

Non-linear Boundary Value Problem. How to compute the Jacobian?

Consider a Boundary Value Problem: $$ \delta u''+u(u'-1) =0 \Leftrightarrow u''=\frac{-u(u'-1)}{\delta}=:f(t,u',u), \\ u(0)=a, u(1)=b $$ $\delta,a,b$ are known parameters. I want to implement Newton'...
0
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1answer
108 views

Combining multiple coupled 1st order equations in python

I'm having serious troubles with solving translating 3 coupled differential equations into python. The 3 DE's stem from a 4th order DE used to calculate the bending moment of an underwater pipeline ...
3
votes
1answer
137 views

What does the exponential function mean in numerical ODE solving formulas?

I'm trying to read papers on numerical ODE algorithms and I always seem to stumble upon huge amounts of exponentials multiplied by each other. For example in New families of symplectic splitting ...
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0answers
17 views

Translating grid with extrusion speed

I am putting into MATLAB code the equations that describe a plastic extrusion process. From a paper, I found I should use a spatial grid that translates with the extrusion speed, being the reference ...
10
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1answer
158 views

Are there shortcuts for numerically approximating systems of ordinary differential equations when autonomous?

Existing algorithms for solving ODEs handle functions $\frac{dy}{dt} = f(y, t)$, where $y \in \mathbb R^n$. But in many physical systems, the differential equation is autonomous, so $\frac{dy}{dt} = f(...
6
votes
2answers
118 views

Efficient approach for solving matrix plus diagonal matrix system that varies in time

When solving a system of ODEs, as part of a preconditioner, I get the system $(A + D(t))x = b(t)$ where $A$ is a sparse matrix and $D(t)$ is diagonal. I'm currently solving this by taking the LU-...
3
votes
1answer
70 views

What is ABA and BAB schemes when talking about numerical integrators

I have read a lot about numerical integrators (ode solvers) lately and tried reading a few papers but I have stumbled upon something that I can't understand and it's something called ABA and BAB. ...
0
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1answer
85 views

Actual global error vs theoretical global error: How to combine theory with practice

I have implemented an Adams Bashforth 4 method to solve an Initial Value Problem for an ODE and I am testing it against the test equation: $y'=\lambda y$ with $y(0)=1$ with the exact solution: $y(t)=...
1
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1answer
69 views

Adam Bashforth 4 method: how to determine starting values and stil keep the the order of accuracy

I am using an Adam Bashforth 4 method to solve an IVP problem so I need other numerical method to estimate the first 3 values. I am very much interested in finding a way to estimate the first 3 values ...
3
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0answers
150 views

Solving an ODE using shooting method

I have been trying to solve the following nonlinear ordinary differential equation: $$-\Phi''-\frac{3}{r}\Phi'+\Phi-\frac{3}{2}\Phi^{2}+\frac{\alpha}{2}\Phi^{3}=0$$ with boundary conditions $$\Phi'(...
3
votes
1answer
68 views

Numerical solving Lotka-Volterra ODE in R

Aim: I am trying to numerically solve a Lotka-Volterra ODE in R, using de sde.sim() function in the sde package. I would like to use the ...

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