Questions tagged [projection]

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Reduce projection error while retaining similar amount of elements in CG-FEM

Based on the answers I got to my questions (Interpolation of function onto mesh gives different results, depending on mesh density and Solving a non-linear heat equation with the galerkin method gives ...
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2answers
67 views

projective reconstruction from orthogonal views

This is a problem from projective geometry. Suppose I have a vector $z \in R^k$ of unit length $\| z \| =1$ inside a $k$-dimensional hypercube. I don't know its value but do know its projection upto ...
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1answer
105 views

Projection onto the set of Orthogonal matrices

Let $M \in \mathbb{R}^{n \times n}$ and denote the set of Orthogonal matrices by \begin{equation} \mathcal{O}_{n} = \left\lbrace Q \in \mathbb{R}^{n \times n} \colon QQ^{T} = \mathbb{I}_{n} \right\...
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Geometric interpretation of lemma

I am currently studying eigenvalue problems. I already worked through the Minimax-principles, seen why $\lambda_{h, m} \geq \lambda_m$, when comparing the eigenvalues of a discretization and the ...
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65 views

Padua-type pointset for functions singular on line $x=y$

The Padua points $\mathrm{Pad}_{n} \subset [-1,1]^{2}$ are a unisolvent pointset with optimal growth of Lebesgue constant, described in detail here. With some work they can be used to generate a ...
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1answer
61 views

Wanting an explanation of the variables in Iterative PCA algorithm

I've been trying to implement the CPU GS-PCA algorithm in this paper . The code starts on page 28 I have a program written a script in python which gives the same output as the C++ program in the ...
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1answer
110 views

Questions about iterative projection methods in Saad book

I am reading Chapter 5 of Saad's iterative methods book, and I don't understand section 5.2.1 about the two propositions of optimality results. In the statements of the propositions, what does it mean ...
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59 views

Stable Method of orthogonal projection onto a subspace with the help of Moore-Penrose inverse,

Projection of a vector $v$ onto the column space of a matrix $A$ is given by $AA^\dagger v$. From the definition of Moore-Penrose Inverse we know that $AA^\dagger v = (A^T)^\dagger A^T v $. Below is ...
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72 views

Backward stable algorithm to get orthogonal projection onto the column space of a matrix

I have to find the orthogonal projection of a vector $b$ onto the matrix $A$ of size $m \times n$. In my application, I don't have the luxury of calculating the QR factorization. All I have are ...
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3answers
308 views

How can I make sure the flow is divergence-free when I use moving mesh?

I am using projection method and P2/P1 finite element method to solve the incompressible Navier-Stokes equations while the mesh is constantly adapted as the body moves (edge swapping, splitting and ...
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1answer
84 views

$L_2$ projection with integer constraints and prescribed sum

Suppose I am given a vector $v^0\in\mathbb{R}^n$ and integers $k,\ell\in\mathbb{Z}$. Assuming $k$ is close to zero (e.g. $0\leq k\leq5$), is there an algorithm for solving the following integer ...
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75 views

How does this Constrained Minimization algorithm work?

I don't fully understand the subsection 3.2 Constrained minimization of this paper. In particular, I don't understand the first step "Register active set" and the definition of projection $P(x)$. ...
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2answers
248 views

Efficiently removing projection to subspace without having an orthogonal basis

I have a number of vectors $v_1, …, v_n$ and another vector $w$, that all are linearly independent, but not orthogonal. Let $V := \mathop{\text{span}}(v_1, …, v_n)$. I need to remove $w$’s projection ...
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1answer
197 views

Minimizing linear objective on intersection of convex sets

Suppose I wish to solve the following optimization problem: $$ \begin{array}{rl} \min_{\mu\in\mathbb{R}^n} &\mu^\top c\\ \textrm{subject to} & \mu\in C_1\cap C_2\cap\cdots\cap C_k, \end{array} ...
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1answer
76 views

Regarding solution vector of the wave equation

I am simulating the wave equation using FEM. For a 2D wave equation, when I visualise my output in Paraview, I see a separate solution in 'x' and 'y' direction for each node on the mesh. Therefore, if ...
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162 views

How to obtain projections from sinogram in ART reconstruction technique?

I'm kind new in the Computed Tomography field and I'm trying to understand and implement ART technique. Said it, I started to read the book The Mathematics of Medical Imaging - A Beginners Guide by ...
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80 views

Oscillations in Chorin's method due to the BC

I am pretty new to the CFD and I wanted to start with Chorin's projection. The starting problem is just a free jet flowing in the investigated area. I got terrible oscillations almost immediately and ...
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2answers
167 views

Implicit projection method with inflow boundary conditions

I am trying to use a projection method that deals with the viscous effects implicitly to model flow around a cylinder. I'm having trouble figuring out what the boundary conditions should be, ...
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0answers
35 views

BC's for intermediate velocities in Implicit Fractional Step Methods

Lately, I was reading some seminal papers on Fractional Step Algorithms and I found this one: Kim, D., Choi, H. A Second-Order Time-Accurate Finite Volume Method for Unsteady Incompressible Flow on ...
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1answer
94 views

Projecting a vector field onto a H(div) space

I've got a uniform quadrangular mesh and for each node there's a vector quantity $u$ defined. I also have a non-aligned material interface across the mesh. Now I need that vector quantity to have a ...
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1answer
42 views

How to compute $\mathrm{proj}_{SDP}(C\odot X)./C$ without numerical problems?

I have a matrix, $X$, it is symmetric. I project $C \odot X$ and $D\odot X$ to semidefinite cone. $C$ is a Gramian matrix with some elements near zero and of course semidefinite, with one row and ...
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1answer
113 views

Approximation properties of FEM projections operators on a boundary

We have an elliptic projection $$P: V \rightarrow V_{h}$$ which satisfies $$\Vert u - Pu \Vert_{L^{2}(\Omega_{e})} \leq Ch^{k+1} \enspace .$$ Can we say anything about $\Vert u - Pu \Vert_{L^{2}( ...
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0answers
148 views

How to obtain the reduced model from a subspace projection method?

I have a system of ordinary differential equations (ODEs). It is a large system that has dozens of equations and hundreds of parameters. I wish to reduce its size so it becomes computationally more ...
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1answer
130 views

How to project a 0 genus mesh model on a sphere?

I have a mesh which represents a 0-genus model. My goal is to construct a homeomorphism from that mesh to its bounding sphere. I'm trying to understand a paragraph in http://citeseerx.ist.psu.edu/...
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2answers
631 views

Incompressible Navier-Stokes equations: Is projection method exact?

Is the projection method of integrating Navier-Stokes equations exact? Take the incompressible flow equations: $$ \frac{\partial\mathbf{u}}{\partial t} = -\mathbf{u}\cdot \nabla \mathbf{u} -\nabla ...
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1answer
484 views

How to project a vector into the H(div) space (in the context of finite elements)?

Say I have a simple elliptic PDE: $$ -\nabla\cdot(K\nabla p) = f \;\;\;\text{in}\;\Omega $$ with the appropriate boundary conditions. I solve for $p$ using a FEM (a discontinuous Galerkin method to ...
4
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1answer
276 views

Active Elements in Projected Newton's Method?

To those who are familiar with the projected Newton's method or projected gradient method... We consider a constrained optimization problem with simple bounds. Particularly, minimize f(x) subject to ...
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5answers
857 views

Motivation behind Galerkin method

I have a question about Galerkin method. I don't understand why the Galerkin method weights the residual by the shape functions and sets it equal to zero. I want to know what is reason of this. Why we ...
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0answers
227 views

Treatment of Neumann (Traction) boundary conditions using projection methods

I am looking to solve the incompressible Navier-Stokes equations in 3D, using an inflow boundary condition specifying a velocity: $\mathbf{u} = \mathbf{g}_0 \,\, \forall \,\, \mathbf{x} \in \Gamma_u$ ...
4
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2answers
1k views

Projection Method: Boundary condition on intermediate velocity field

I'm trying to solve variable density and viscosity Navier-Stokes equation using lagged pressure projection method. I'm solving for cavity problem as a test case now (once I get projection right, I ...
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2answers
166 views

Projection of vector field on to a gradient field

Say I have a vector field with non-zero curl, therefore the potential function depends on the path I choose to integrate. In this paper the authors proposed to project the vector field into a gradient ...
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59 views

Mass-conservative reprojection (on a sphere)

I have a 2D distribution of mass on a sphere given as a matrix of masses in latitude-longitude grid cells. I need these masses projected to another grid on the same sphere with different location of ...
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1answer
1k views

Lid driven cavity flow problem to solve with the help of projection method and use coding in fortran 90 [closed]

I want to solve Lid driven cavity flow with the help of projection method i want to make own fortran program to solve two dimensional unsteady flow. I propose to solve the equations in the following ...
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0answers
660 views

Generating pseudo-random orthonormal bases for random projection

I am performing series of random projections i.e. projecting the input matrix onto randomly generated orthonormal bases (of much lower dimensionality). The projection is just a matrix multiplication ...
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2answers
860 views

How to properly use polynomial projection to get values at visualization nodes?

I am trying to implementing a nodal discontinuous Galerkin spectral element method for linear and non-linear systems of equations. The solution at each time step is given at ...