Questions tagged [python]

A general purpose high-level programming language that emphasizes ease of code syntax and readability.

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1answer
183 views

Another way to evaluate the gravitational force from a uniform cube?

Appendix A of Liu, Baoyin, and Ma (2011) Equilibria, periodic orbits around equilibria, and heteroclinic connections in the gravity field of a rotating homogeneous cube shows an analytic expression ...
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1answer
70 views

Fitting using curve_fit of scipy in python gives totally different answer for 1/t and t

I was trying to fit some data to a single degree exponential decay function but a*exp(-x*t) and a*exp(-x/t) gives completely ...
2
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1answer
78 views

Determining the voxels between two boundary surfaces

Issue description I am working on human brain tACS simulations where I have the models of the skin, skull, csf, brain and ventricles in STL format. The shape does not matter and there are no ...
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0answers
25 views

second order finite function for 2D function in Python

My task is to Implement the derivative with the 2nd order finite difference for 2D functions. Evaluate the accuracy of the numerical derivatives of J(x,y) at the point (x = 5, y = −2) by determining ...
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0answers
25 views

Scipy: Sampling a custom distribution

Using Scipy, I would like to draw a random sample according to a certain probability density. The probability density function I consider is defined on the real line and depends on k parameters that I ...
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1answer
47 views

Trying to do a 2D random walk for a particle

I am trying to perform a two-dimensional random walk for a particle, but I am not getting the desired result. The plot produced is a linear plot, which obviously should not have been. Similar code for ...
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0answers
47 views

scipy solve_ivp with adaptive solution

I am struggling to understand how scipy.solve_ivp() handles errors in a system of ODE. I have a complex systems of ODE with very large varying time-scales, for which my state "y" is composed ...
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1answer
171 views

Translating the Euler code in scipy's solve_ivp

My code is based on the similarity transformation X=VZ.I simulate the model for transformed equations involving Z by replacing ...
0
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1answer
171 views

Pseudospectrum of non square Matrix in Python

I have a rectangular matrix $A \in \mathbb{R}^{m \times n}$ ...
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2answers
49 views

Passing in user inputs with mpirun

I am building a quantum circuit simulator using mpi4py. The simulator takes user inputs to build the initial system and quantum gates the system passes through. I can get the code to work if I do not ...
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2answers
79 views

numerical solution for differential equation

I have these 3 equations and i want to solve them with numerical methods. so I am using scipy library but I don't know how to solve 3 equations together. R, g, sigma and density are constants. \begin{...
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1answer
87 views

Error using scipy.integrate.solve_ivp: index error: the index 0 is out of bounds for axis 0 with size 0

I am recently working on the code based on the stick-slip phenomenon in Python. It's the stick-slip oscillator (chapter 3.4) in https://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/pii/S0888327020301205. And ...
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1answer
28 views

Generate 3D “matrix” with Pandas, based on comparing two dataframes [Python]

Good morning everyone. I am working with Python and Pandas. I have two DataFrames, of the following type: ...
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0answers
69 views

How to distinguish primary hosts (stars) and orbiting satellites (planets) and tertiary bodies (moons) by their mass and trajectory?

I posted this question in the astronomy stackexchange. There are no responses, and it was suggested that I pose the question here. The "too long, didn't read" was taken from a comment, and ...
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1answer
1k views

How to compute Singular value decomposition of a large matrix with Python

Language: Python3 Problem: I have a matrix Q of shape [51200 rows x 51200 cols] stored in a binary file, each of the element in this matrix has a data type of complex64. To load the data into memory I ...
3
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1answer
354 views

Poisson image blending artifacts

I am trying to implement Poisson image blending as in the paper Poisson Image Editing. This is the task of filling in a masked region of an image by minimizing $$\min_f\int_\Omega \left | \nabla f - \...
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0answers
21 views

Why does this Non-Standard FDTD implementation lead to infinite increase in the magnitude of an EM pulse?

I have been working on a Particle-In-Cell Framework in Python and have noticed an issue where the magnitude of a EM pulse increasing infinitely as the simulation updates. Currently, I am using the Non-...
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1answer
66 views

In a random walk simulation, how do I get the mean and standard deviation of how many times the walk returns to the origin?

So I'm simulating a 1-dimensional random walk, with 1000 walks that each take 1000 steps. How do I calculate the average number of times that a walker returns to the origin and then the standard ...
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0answers
29 views

Ising model in Python (Magnetization Scaling)

I am trying to implement the Ising Model in Python for Gibbs Distribution: $$\pi(x) = \frac{1}{Z(\beta)} e^{-\beta H(x)}$$ \begin{align*} p(x,y)&=r(x,y) \cdot \min \left( \frac{\pi(y)}{\pi(x)},1 \...
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0answers
66 views

Errors in Integral Estimate of Gaussian using Trapezoidal Rule

I'm trying to estimate the percentage error in computing the integral of a Gaussian via composite trapezoidal rule versus via an exact formula. To do this I've generated a gaussian with mean 0, ...
2
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1answer
114 views

How is the fuzzy logic calculated in scikit-fuzzy?

I am following this example from documentation of scikit-fuzzy library, but cannot figure out the math behind fuzzy rules there. Here is a short version of the ...
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0answers
30 views

Vector Form Using the Curl (Line Integral ) in Python

There is an example in Vector Calculus from Madsen & Tromba page 435 that states: Let $F=(xy^2,y+x)$.Integrate $(\nabla \times F)\cdot k$ over the region in the first quadrant bounded by the ...
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1answer
40 views

Question about scipy’s ivp solver

there is one thing I don’t understand. Is the tolerance to compute the step size updated at each timestep or fixed at all timestep. Also, when we look at the documentation and how the tolerance is ...
0
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1answer
74 views

How to improve the efficiency of periodicity detection for long time based lined and gapped datasets

Our data set has $10^4$ data points, but has a long baseline and many gaps. As the histogram shows, the horizontal-axis is time and most of the time, there are no data. The vertical-axis is data ...
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1answer
117 views

Solving numerically the 1D Kuramoto-Sivashinsky Equation using spectral methods

Lately, I've been trying to solve numerically the 1D Kuramoto-Sivashinsky Equation using spectral methods. Let $\nu$ be the viscosity and $[0,L]$ the domain. The 1D equation is, $$ u_t + uu_x + u_{xx} ...
2
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1answer
141 views

Double Integral with Gauss- Hermite for one component

I am trying to perform the following integral $$\int_{0}^{2\pi}\int_{0}^{+\infty} \frac{r'\left(e^{-r'^2/2\sigma^2}\right)\left(r-r'\cos(\theta-\theta')\right)}{r^2+r'^2-2rr'\cos(\theta-\theta')}dr'...
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3answers
151 views

Solving a PDE with 2 variables, with one variable whose derivative with respect to space is only known

I am trying to solve a PDE of the form $$\frac{\partial u}{\partial t} = D \frac{\partial^2u}{\partial x^2} + k\ \ \ (1)$$ where only $k$'s first derivative with respect to $x$ is known $$\frac{\...
6
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4answers
2k views

Efficient eigen-decomposition of covariance matrix

I am looking for an C/C++/Python algorithm implementation that calculates eigenvalues and eigenvectors of a symmetric, positive semidefinite covariance matrix. A general-purpose eigen-decomposition ...
4
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4answers
442 views

Find representatives of vector-space in set of vectors?

Suppose I have a multi-dimensional vector space $X$, and a collection of $n$ vectors $\{x_i\}_{i=1}^n \subset X$, which are not evenly "spaced-out" in $X$. I am searching for $m<<n$ of these $...
5
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2answers
190 views

Arbitrary Precision Optimization Libraries?

Are there any well-known optimization libraries (ideally with Python bindings or even in Python) supporting (unconstrained) minimization (of $f:\mathbb{R}^n \to \mathbb{R}$ for $n$ for $n\sim 10^1,10^...
2
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1answer
59 views

Solving the 2D Rectangular Waveguide PDE with a Neumann boundary condition for TE modes

I am trying to find the possible modes of a 2d rectangular waveguide by solving the equation, $$\Big(\frac{\partial^2}{\partial x^2} + \frac{\partial^2}{\partial y^2} + \gamma^2 \Big)\psi = 0$$ where $...
2
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4answers
139 views

Eigenvalue decomposition for a very huge matrix of medical images (such as the pixel physical coordinates of CT images)

I am trying to do eigenvalue decomposition for a huge matrix larger than 788000×788000 for medical image analysis. The matrix is not sparse and every element in the matrix has a real value. And, for ...
3
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0answers
26 views

Unexpected CUDA processing time dependency on thread count [closed]

When calling a kernel function, the number of threads per block should ideally be a multiple of the warp size. This yields more efficient use of resources and lower processing times. However, there ...
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2answers
165 views

How can I learn Scientific Python?

I am an intermediate user of Matlab and Mathematica, but I would really love to start learning Python language for scientific purposes (I am interested in Maths and Physics). Could please someone ...
3
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1answer
90 views

Lanczos algorithm for finding top eigenvalues of a matrix sum

I am trying to find the top k leading eigenvalues of a NumPy matrix (using python dot product notation) L@L + a*X@X.T, where $L$ ...
2
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1answer
412 views

Incorporating a potential barrier in a wave-packet simulation (Fourier Transform method)

I'm trying to simulate the scattering of a wave-packet at a potential barrier in Python. I'm using a Fourier Transform method (not sure if its the same as the Split-Step method), where I apply Fourier ...
0
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0answers
33 views

How to efficiently perform this 2D integral in Quadpy?

I need to integrate a function defined in 2Dims (z and radius r), for which I don't have an expression. I can just query the ...
0
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1answer
74 views

Reason behind different outputs for Fast Fourier Transform in Numpy and Matlab

Here is the output of Numpy np.fft.ifft([0, 4, 0, 0]) array([ 1.+0.j, 0.+1.j, -1.+0.j, 0.-1.j]) # may vary Here is the output of Matlab ...
3
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1answer
53 views

Python documentation on creation of an exponential random variable

I didn't really know if this stack was the right place to post but I was reading the documentation for creating an exponential random variable in numpy. But isn't there a typo. Like shouldn't it be : $...
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1answer
36 views

Generating Rvs for a given PDf in python

Two random variables $X$ and $Y$ are distributed according to \begin{align} f_{XY}(x,y)= \begin{cases} x+y & 0\leq x \leq 1, 0\leq y \leq 1 \\ 0 & otherwise \end{cases} \end{align} I ...
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0answers
104 views

Numerical Range of a matrix in Python

In the mathematical field of linear algebra and convex analysis, the numerical range or field of values of a complex $n\times n$ matrix $A$ is the set $$W(A)=\left\{{\frac {{\mathbf {x}}^{*}A{\...
0
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1answer
150 views

N-body problem with differents solvers (RK2, RK4, Euler symplectic, Stormer-Verlet) : planets drift to infinity

I'm trying to write an integrator for the 2 and 3-body problem. I choose to start from a generalisation to N-body problem so I can just pass my bodies to the same integrator in the two cases. I'm ...
0
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1answer
80 views

Specifying mesh spacing for DFT in numpy

I was testing the .fft package of numpy 1.16.1 in Python 3.7.2. In particular I was trying to verify that the transform resembles the analytical one for: $$f(x) = \mathrm{exp}\left[-\left(\frac{x-5}{2}...
4
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3answers
1k views

Tanh-sinh quadrature numerical integration method converging to wrong value

I'm trying to write a Python program to use Tanh-sinh quadrature to compute the value of \begin{equation} \int_{-1}^1 \frac{dx}{\sqrt{1-x^2}} \end{equation} but although the program converges to a ...
0
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0answers
35 views

Newton-Raphson for estimating Weibull distribution does not converge

I've been trying to estimate the two-parameter (a,b) Weibull distribution (loc. param. = 0). $$f(t;a,b)=\frac{b}{a}\left(\frac{t}{a}\right)^{b-1}\exp(- \left(\frac{t}{a}\right)^b) $$ To find the ...
1
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1answer
38 views

Looping in Python to find additional vectors using a given initial condition

My question relates to looping in Python. I have an original $6$-sized vector, $F(n,t=0)=[1,0,0,0,0,0]$ Hence, the $n$-values range from $0 \rightarrow 5$. This output for the original vector is just ...
0
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1answer
61 views

High Running Time and Suboptimal Accuracy of 2D Wave Equation Solver with Finite Differences

Im trying to solve the following 2D wave equation: $$u_{tt} = u_{xx} + u_{yy}, \hspace{3mm} u(x,y,0) = \cos(4 \pi x) \sin(4 \pi y), \hspace{3mm} u_t(x,y,0) = 0$$ with the periodic boundary condition ...
1
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1answer
228 views

Calculating Error for Poisson Equation using Successive Over-Relaxation technique, Python

I am trying to solve the Poisson Equation $\frac{\partial^2 T}{\partial x^2} + \frac{\partial^2 T}{\partial y^2} = 32(x(x-1) + y(y-1))$ for a 61x61 grid using Python3 with boundary conditions being $T=...
2
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2answers
120 views

Generating particles from a distribution function using Monte Carlo

I have been given a 4D ($x, y, v_x, v_y$) distribution function, $f(x,y,v_x, v_y)$, generated by an external code. I want to generate a set of particles from this distribution function, say 10k ...
3
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2answers
326 views

CUDA & Python for numerical integration and solving differential equations

Can anyone please suggest some libraries which allow use CUDA in Python for numerical integration and/or solving of differential equations? My goal is to solve large (~1000 equations) of coupled non-...

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