# Questions tagged [solid-mechanics]

Studies the behavior of solid materials, and deformation under the action of forces

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### relation between different tangent stiffness

I need to find a relation between the tangent stiffness $L_1$ of the first Piola-Kirchhoff stress tensor with the tangents stiffness $L_2$ of the second Piola-kirchoff stress tensor. They are defined ...
1 vote
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### Transition from 2D to 3D finite element code, what are the inevitable modifications to be implemented?

Imagine we have a simple 2D FEM solver (we are dealing with solid mechanics) and we would like to develop it to a 3D FEM solver (let's say for the same solid mechanics problem) in this case what are ...
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### How to solve a linear problem A x = b in PETSC when matrix A has zero diagonal enteries?

I am solving a structural mechanics problem that involves setting constraints, and I use Lagrange multipliers to set it. Consequently, some diagonal entries of the tangent stiffness matrix vanish, and ...
111 views

### How are the classical set of equilibrium equations for linear elasticity derived?

In linear elasticity, the governing PDE is the equilibrium equations (absent of vibration considerations): $$-\nabla \cdot \sigma = F$$ Is this equation simply derived from the sum of forces and ...
45 views

### Hi I am trying to model a 2D Lug angle using Gmsh 4.6. How can I combine transfinite quad and regular full quad meshes in the following geo file?

I need transfinite mesh a small section of the bolt hole to insert a crack. However, The transfinite mesh and regular full quad mesh seem being incompatible and throwing errors. How can I combine ...
642 views

### Global stiffness matrix from element stiffness matrices for a thin rectangular plate (Kirchhoff plate)

I have the element stiffness matrix for a thin "kirchhoff" plate. The plate is 3 [m] x 5 [m] and is simply supported on all edges. It's thickness is 0,2 [m]. On the plate there acts a ...
1 vote
56 views

### implementation of shell elements in a topology optimization algorithm

I am working on developing a topology optimization solver based on the finite element method and I want to add a triangular shell element in it. I used the classic finite element method but I didn’t ...
1 vote
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### How to determine global stiffness matrix is constrained or not

Background In solid fem, we often solve $$\mathbf{Ku}=\mathbf{p}$$ where $\mathbf{K}$ is global stiffness matrix, $\mathbf{u}$ is displacement, $\mathbf{p}$ is global load vector. If displacement not ...
1k views

### 4th order tensor rotation - sources to refer

I am trying to model a linear elastic material in Abaqus using a UMAT. For my application, I need to rotate the 6x6 compliance matrix for a given set of eigenvectors (or a rotation matrix). I came ...
74 views

### Uniaxial stretching solution not uniform in FEM code

I am trapped here for a long time. I wrote a toy Matlab FEM code. I want to run the follow simulation. Mesh Suppose we have a cube, and we divide it into subcube along $x,y,z$ axis, then each subcube ...
156 views

### FEM with elastic inhomogeneous properties leads to mesh-induced anisotropy

I'm solving an elastic homogenization problem and I'm having problems with mesh artifacts. I would like to first give a brief summary of what I do: I have a system with inhomogeneous (but isotropic) ...
225 views

### I wrote a 2D Finite Element program for Axial Loaded Plates, but the results are unexpected

TLDR: I used Python to write a 2D Finite Element program using 'Constant Strain Triangles' and my beam keeps pointing slightly upwards instead of straight sideways (like the force). I'm new to FEA and ...
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### At what l/d ratio will a frame element start to behave as a shell element?

I'm working in ETABS. There are few columns of dimension 300mmx1400mm. The height of building is 36.6 meter above ground level and the dimension of building is 26mx68m. I'm getting the time period of ...
142 views

### Why does smoothed aggregation multigrid method used as preconditioner in conjugate gradient slows down the solution time?

I'm solving a system of linear equations obtained from the FEM discretization of a simple linear elasticity problem on a cube with zero displacements at one plane and a load on the opposite one. The ...
1 vote
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### Well posedness dirichlet BC in elasticity

I always thought that a Dirichlet BC need to be prescribed on at least one part of the domain in order for linear elasticity to be well-posed. Is this correct? But I was recently told by a colleague ...
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### Strange spectral (finite) element results of a solid plate

I tried to implement the spectral element method1 as proposed in . I simulated an aluminum plate and a vertical concentrated force was applied at the middle of the top left quarter of the plate2. I ...
117 views

### Linear elasticity modeling load using traction vs. mixed BC

In classical linear elasticity, when modeling a force/load boundary condition, it appears that we could either: Use a pure Neumann boundary condition, where the 3 traction components are specified. ...
903 views

### Why is the FVM traditionally used in CFD, and FEM in computational structures?

Most CFD codes use FVM. Most computational structures codes use FEM. Why is the FEM not frequently used in CFD, and why is FVM not frequently used in FEM?
1 vote
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### Structural boundary conditions - rotational/translational DoFs and displacement/tractions BCs

I am a little bit confused over the concept of translational and rotational degrees of freedom (DoFs) in structures, and their relation to displacement/traction BCs. Do displacement boundary ...
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### Structural Analysis Library

Can anyone recommend a structural analysis library that satisfies the following requirements: C++ API Simulate both beam elements and shell (slab) elements Both static and dynamic analysis Free and/...
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### Given co-ordinates of 8 vertices, how to calculate the outward normal and surface area for each face of a irregular hexahedron?

I am working on an FEA mesh of hexahedron elements. The elemental level calculations involve finding the surface normals and area for each surface of a hex element. I preferred the vector cross ...