# Questions tagged [solid-mechanics]

Studies the behavior of solid materials, and deformation under the action of forces

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### When does reduced integration lead to artificial zero energy modes in stiffness matrix?

This question relates to the topic of locking free finite element development. In the case of application of reduced integration to global stiffness matrix for the Timoshenko beam element with ...
70 views

### Why the solid FEM problem can not be solved after constraining 3 degrees of freedom?

I write a simple MATLAB code for solving solid FEM problem. The problem looks like that (1) (2) x-------x | / | | / | | / | x-------x (3) (4) ...
76 views

### Dynamic linear elasticity problem is stiff (numerically)

I am considering a dynamic linear elasticity problem applied to a simple structure such as a beam. In system form, the PDE can be written as $M \ddot{X} + D \dot{X} + XK = F$ where $X$ represents the ...
92 views

### Extracting FEM matrices in matlab pde toolbox

I am trying to follow the dynamic linear elasticity in Matlab, link here. My goal is to extract the FE Matrices using the function assembleFEMatrices in matlab and solve the resulting system of second-...
35 views

### Divergence issues when using intrinsic cohesive elements approach

When I model the strain localisation of a microscopic sample (or say RVE ) with cohesive elements approach, the convergence performance looks very terrible. I have to use extremely time increments (...
64 views

### Evaluation of slope at iteration ith - Newton-Raphson method

I'd like to know how Ansys computes the slope (=stiffness matrix) at point x1 in figure. I'm studying the way in which Ansys uses the Newton-Raphson method when there are nonlinearities. In the slide ...
92 views

### Reference request: Riks method (Nonlinear FEM)

I'm struggling to find a good detailed reference explaining the Arc-length method or, more generally, Riks method and its derivations. I looked for the classical books in nonlinear mechanics (the ones ...
60 views

### Strain propagation from surface to bulk in COMSOL

I am trying to simulate strain propagation from the surface into the bulk. I have a rectangular semiconductor block (~2 μm thick) on top of which metal gates (~25 nm thick) are deposited as seen in ...
39 views

### contact mechanics in COMSOL

It seems to be very hard to use comsol to solve contact mechanics problems. Parametric solvers seem to be the only working solvers, followed by Static solvers. Transient solvers never work. Are these ...
80 views

### Abaqus, ANSYS, and FVM solver for thermal expansion problem converges to different values

Is it reasonable for a FEM and FVM code to converge to slightly different solutions for the same physical problem (identical BCs, geometry, properties, etc...), provided stability constraints are ...
67 views

### Split solution of FEM problem depending on number of DOF

Assume we have a 3D finite element structural problem discretized with hexahedral elements with 8 nodes and 3 degrees of freedom per node. Instead of solving the global stiffness matrix system for all ...
28 views

### Numerically computing deflection due to thermal expansion

Using linear elasticity formulation, I am attempting to numerically compute the displacement due to thermal expansion. This is done for a 3-D isotropic material. The governing equations are simply: ...
46 views

### Isotropic thermal expansion

I frequently see the equation $$\sigma_t = E\alpha \Delta T$$ as the equation for thermal stress. Where $E$ is Young's modulus, $\alpha$ is the CTE, and $\Delta T$ is the change in temperature. ...
51 views

### Strange spectral (finite) element results of a solid plate

I tried to implement the spectral element method1 as proposed in . I simulated an aluminum plate and a vertical concentrated force was applied at the middle of the top left quarter of the plate2. I ...
54 views

### Linear elasticity modeling load using traction vs. mixed BC

In classical linear elasticity, when modeling a force/load boundary condition, it appears that we could either: Use a pure Neumann boundary condition, where the 3 traction components are specified. ...
302 views

### Why is the FVM traditionally used in CFD, and FEM in computational structures?

Most CFD codes use FVM. Most computational structures codes use FEM. Why is the FEM not frequently used in CFD, and why is FVM not frequently used in FEM?
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### Structural boundary conditions - rotational/translational DoFs and displacement/tractions BCs

I am a little bit confused over the concept of translational and rotational degrees of freedom (DoFs) in structures, and their relation to displacement/traction BCs. Do displacement boundary ...
63 views

### Structural Analysis Library

Can anyone recommend a structural analysis library that satisfies the following requirements: C++ API Simulate both beam elements and shell (slab) elements Both static and dynamic analysis Free and/...
45 views

### Given co-ordinates of 8 vertices, how to calculate the outward normal and surface area for each face of a irregular hexahedron?

I am working on an FEA mesh of hexahedron elements. The elemental level calculations involve finding the surface normals and area for each surface of a hex element. I preferred the vector cross ...
95 views

### Is steady linear elasticity inherently ill-conditioned?

Compared to the transient PDE for linear elasticity, the steady equations appear to less well-conditioned. Are they inherently ill-conditioned without the transient term? The condition number for ...
70 views

### Strain from FEM simulations to strain gauge measurements

I am looking for some intuition in making comparisons of FEM simulations to experimental measurements. In particular, I am interested in comparisons to strain gauge readings, and perhaps even LVDTs. ...
31 views

### Is it possible to obtain a 'relaxing lengths' for 8 node hexaedral element

I am using 3D FEM with 8-node brick elements to model a certain type of growth/expansion, which is not a plastic deformation. First, I apply a pressure/load and I get displacement and the new position ...
54 views

### Thermal stress to displacement through finite volume method

I am attempting to solve for a displacement field where I know the thermal stresses on my discretized domain, which consists of hex cells. My first question is: is easier way to solve for the ...
397 views

### What is the difference between Abaqus and Calculix contact input?

I would like to say first that am new at using Calculix. I'm using Abaqus/CAE to create a cup deep drawing simulation and everything worked perfectly but my objective is to run the same exact ...
160 views

### Purpose of compatibility equations in linear elasticity

I have a vague understanding of the compatibility equations for linear elasticity. They appear to be necessary in obtaining a unique displacement field. However, why is it that, in my papers I've come ...
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### Combining fluid flow solver based on lattice Boltzmann method with a mechanical deformation solver based on finite element method

I'm thinking to couple my fluid flow solver based on lattice Boltzmann method with a mechanical deformation solver based on finite element method to take account for solid deformation in my models. In ...
192 views

### What is the mathematical and physical principle behind of RBE2 element？

I am writing a 3d linear finite element code to solve the standard linear elasticity equation on a tetrahedron mesh of a gearbox. Notice that, the two rectangular plates above the gearbox are fixed, ...
43 views