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Questions tagged [terminology]

For questions about words, phrases and definitions that are specific to computational science.

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2
votes
1answer
124 views

Why don't we call the simulation “a model for …”?

When a set of model equations, e.g. some coupled differential equations, has solutions that behave in ways similar to real-life phenomena such as blood flow in the heart, a wave movement, or a plate ...
5
votes
1answer
48 views

Term for an small optimisation algorithm used as a subroutine

Is there a term describing a specialised solver which is used as a subroutine or a different, larger solver? For example, a gradient descent solver which, at each step, uses a line search to optimise ...
3
votes
0answers
42 views

Is it Grid/Cluster/Cloud Computing? How are those terms defined?

There are three very connected and widely used terms: Grid and grid computing Cluster and cluster computing Cloud and cloud computing In many situations, it is not obvious which term to use, as I ...
4
votes
2answers
115 views

Is saying “math modeling and numerical simulation” wordy and redundant?

I'm describing some work on my website, and I'm wondering if my math modeling and computer simulation work is described ok: I say math modeling and numerical simulation. Should I say "...
3
votes
1answer
68 views

What is ABA and BAB schemes when talking about numerical integrators

I have read a lot about numerical integrators (ode solvers) lately and tried reading a few papers but I have stumbled upon something that I can't understand and it's something called ABA and BAB. ...
5
votes
1answer
71 views

What is the name for this type of constraint?

I have what would be a straightforward mixed-integer linear programming problem, except for the fact that some of the constraints are of the form $f(x_1,x_2,x_3,\ldots,x_n) < c$, where $f$ is 'take ...
1
vote
2answers
89 views

What are the names of the variables in the linear system $Ax=b$

I've been discretizing PDEs and formulating $Ax=b$ systems, and yet I don't really know what the $A$ and $b$ are in words. I occasionally call the $A$ matrix the "Jacobian matrix," but for linear ...
5
votes
1answer
265 views

What is the difference between recursive bisection and direct k-way partition?

The usual problem of graph partitioning is to split a graph (or a mesh) into two partitions. According to its Github repository's README file, KaHyPar supports both recursive bisection and direct k-...
1
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0answers
36 views

Name for vectors in a Krylov space but not the preceding one

It seems to me that a useful concept to define when studying Krylov subspace methods is the idea of a vector that belongs to a Krylov subspace $\mathcal{K}_{n+1}(A,b)$ but not to the preceding one $\...
9
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3answers
3k views

Scientific computing vs numerical analysis

I'm a double major in computer science and mathematics. I love both subjects. I'm thinking in taking a graduate career, perhaps in scientific computing. What's the real difference between scientific ...
1
vote
1answer
78 views

Is there a single noun to indicate “the ordering (row-major or column major) used in an array”?

Is there a single noun that indicates unambiguously (to a computational scientist, at least) "the ordering (row-major or column major) used in an array"? For instance, the term endianness (or ...
8
votes
2answers
175 views

Name of an Optimization Approach to Reduce Size of Variable Space

I am dealing with an optimization problem that has a large number of variables to optimize over - for example let's call these variables $x$, $y$, and $z$ and I wish to minimize the function $f(x,y,z)$...
4
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0answers
70 views

Is there a term for Goodhart's Law in the context of optimization?

Let's say I'm optimizing something. To pick an arbitrary example, let's say I'm choosing the shape of some part to maximize strength-to-weight ratio. So I get some FEM software, parametrize the shape, ...
3
votes
1answer
1k views

Does this “reverse binary search” have a name?

Normally when searching in sorted sets, binary searches are a fast, nice and easy way to locate data. It does however break down in the hypothetical scenario of having a set of arbitrarily large but ...
6
votes
2answers
429 views

applications of computational geometry in fields such as CFD?

Out of curiosity, I was recently trying to search what skills are required to be successful as developer in scientific computing field (e.g. CFD or similar). And to do so, I was going to through ...
5
votes
1answer
120 views

The etymology of “Umbrella Sampling”

I am just wondering where the term Umbrella Sampling came from. Is there another meaning of literal "umbrella" in physics or mathematics?
2
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4answers
837 views

What is the meaning of “preasymptotic” and “superconvergent”?

Precisely the title of the question. I have encountered these terms in two areas: conjugate gradient method, and adaptive finite elements.