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I have a geometry where current density distribution is constant. I can calculate the $z$ component of magnetic flux density according to Biot-Savart law as following:

$$B_z(x,y,z) = \int\limits_x\int\limits_y\int\limits_z \frac{(y-y')J_x(x',y',z')-(x-x')J_y(x',y',z')}{((x-x')^2+(y-y')^2+(z-z')^2)^{\frac{3}{2}}}dx'dy'dz'\, .$$

I can calculate this integral numerically using MATLAB on various points $(x,y,z)$. My question is, how do we handle infinities which occur when $(x,y,z)=(x',y',z')$.

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  • $\begingroup$ There is no infinity there if current density is finite, both numerator and denominator vanish when $x=x', y=y',z=z'$ and in the end it all cancels out. $\endgroup$ – Maxim Umansky Feb 22 at 1:03
  • $\begingroup$ What are the integration limits? $\endgroup$ – nicoguaro Feb 22 at 2:20
  • $\begingroup$ The denominator vanishes faster than the numerator, so it is so not obvious how this works out, but it does (see a proof of the Helmholtz decomposition theorem, for example at the beginning of Classical Electricity and Magnetism by Panovksy and Philips). $\endgroup$ – Amit Hochman Feb 22 at 9:45

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